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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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CUSTOM-POLISH

IN POLISH FAMILIES AROUND XMAS TIME (CHRISTMAS TIME) IT IS
CUSTOMARY TO TAKE A LITTLE BIT OF EVERY TYPE OF DISH, AND NOT TO
JUST EAT ONE OR A COUPLE OF THINGS.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

James Callow comment:

Original BN [F500] crossed out. Replaced with current classification.

Where learned: MICHIGAN, ASSUMED ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS, ASSUMED

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; FOOD ; FOOD CUSTOM ; holiday ; POLAND ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Menus

Date learned: NOT RECORDED

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CRAVAY

CRAVAY IS A ROUND, DOUGHNUT LIKE BREAD WHICH IS TRADITIONALLY
GIVEN AROUND CHRISTMAS IN BULGARIA TO THE CHRISTMAS CAROLLERS.
THIS IS GIVEN BY THE VILLAGERS IN APPRECIATION OF THE CAROLLERS'
SONGS.

Submitter comment:

THE INFORMANT SAID THAT THE TRADITIONAL CAROLS WERE A COMBINATION
OF FOLK SONG--BLESSINGS, MEANT TO BLESS A HOUSE OR PEOPLE WITH
A MESSAGE OF PROPERITY (PROSPERITY).

Data entry tech comment:

COLLECTOR'S PUNCTUATION CORRECTED BY KEYPUNCHER.

Updated by TRD

Where learned: DETROIT

Keyword(s): Bulgaria ; Carolers ; CHRISTMAS ; Cravay ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Pastry
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Songs, caroling

Date learned: 03-21-1970

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Ethnic: Polish

A POLISH, CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER CALLS FOR EACH SERVING TO BE
SERVED SEPARATELY. THE NEXT SERVING IS NOT BROUGHT ON UNTIL THE
PREVIOUS ONE HAS BEEN CONSUMED BY ALL THAT WANT IT. GENERALLY,
THE SERVINGS ARE OF VEGETABLES. THERE IS NO MEAT EATEN. NOTHING
IS DRANK DURING THE MEAL.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated 02-23-2011 / TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE ; CHRISTMAS ; Course ; CUSTOM ; Dinner ; DRINK ; ETHNIC ; Feast ; FOOD ; holiday ; meat ; POLISH ; Serve ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 11-00-1968

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HOLIDAY MEAL

VOGELIA--IN A SPECIAL FAMILY DINNER ON CHRISTMAS OR EASTER, AN
ODD NUMBER OF COURSES ARE SERVED (7,9, OR MORE). NO MEAT IS SERVED
AT ALL, BUT FISH IS ALLOWED. EACH COURSE IS BROUGHT OUT
INDIVIDUALLY; FOR EXAMPLE, BREAD MIGHT BE FIRST, THEN
FOLLOWED BY SOUP, THEN FOLLOWED BY THE FISH OR BY FRUIT FOR DESSERT.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

James Callow comment:

Please make a copy. Label it F663

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; CHRISTMAS ; Easter ; FOOD ; FOOD CUSTOM ; holiday ; Menu ; tradition ; VOGELIA

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Seven / Sevenths / Several
686 Ninths / Nine
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 11-02-1971

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CHRISTMAS FAMILY CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS MORNING THE MOTHER COMES TO WAKE HER CHILDREN AND
BRINGS THEM "COMMUNION." THIS IS A LARGE WAFER OF UNLEAVENED BREAD
WHICH THE PRIEST GAVE HER AND SHE BREAKS OFF A PIECE FOR
EACH CHILD.

Submitter comment:

PRACTICED IN PITTSBURG, PA. ABOUT 1910

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; Communion ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; RELIGION ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.82

Date learned: 01-13-1964

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When it is exactly midnight, on New Year's Eve, someone
has to be outside, and they must go in by the back door
and out through the front door, and round, and in again
by the back.

Submitter comment: Her family has done that as far back as she can remember.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; JACKSON

Keyword(s): tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Wall Partition Door Window
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 00001970S

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Mock Wedding

There is an annual "Mock Wedding" party among the
lifeguards at Windmill Pointe Park. The name of each guard
is written on a piece of paper, and put into a pot. There is
a list of all the participants in the wedding, such as: the
bride, groom, wedding party, photographer, parents of bride
and groom, drinking buddies, flower girl and ring bearer,
choir, jilted lovers, priest, etc.
One by one the names are drawn, and written on the list of
titles, respectively (according to male & female).
The different groups of people in the wedding can come up
with themes for their members. Example: One year the bride
and her maids & buddies, all wore black. One year they
dressed like hippies.
The day of the "wedding" the ceremony takes place. As the
choir sings its creative songs, others play their part.
After the ceremony, a "good time" is had by all at the
reception.

Submitter comment: Our mock wedding took place in the old bathhouse at the
park. It has been converted into a hall for real parties
as well.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE

Keyword(s): tradition, pretend

Subject headings: Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Lyrical Verse
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 06-00-1987

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Custom

Pounding a preacher is a Methodist custom of welcoming a new preacher by having a fellowship supper and at the end surprising him with the homemade gifts each person has brought.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Keyword(s): Covered ; CUSTOM ; Dish ; Fellowship ; FOOD ; Gathering ; GIFTS ; Homemade ; Potluck ; Pounding ; Preacher ; RITUAL ; Supper ; SURPRISE ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church

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TRUMPETER OF KRAKOW STORY

LONG AGO THE TARTARS WERE ATTACKING POLAND. THE POLES
HAD CHECKED THE ADVANCE OF THE TARTERS, ON MOST FRONTS,
BUT SOMEHOW THE ENEMIES MANAGED TO GET INTO THE CITY
OF KRAKOW. ALL THE PEOPLE OF THIS CITY HAD FLED WHEN
THEY HEARD THE TARTERS WERE COMING. ONLY ONE MAN
REMAINED, A TRUMPETER, WHO HAD VOWED TO PLAY A HYMN
TO THE VIRGIN MARY ON HIS TRUMPET EVERY DAY IN THE TOWER
OF MARY'S CHURCH IN THE CITY. SINCE HE HAD MADE THIS
VOW, HE COULD NOT FLEE. SO, WHILE THE TARTERS WERE
INVADING THE CITY, THIS TRUMPETER WAS IN THE TOWER
PLAYING. SUDDENLY, HE WAS HIT IN THE HEART BY AN ARROW
OF ONE OF THE TARTERS. HE STOPPED HIS PLAYING IN
MID-NOTE AND DROPPED DEAD. TO THIS DAY, THE POLES PLAY
AND SING THIS HYMN, WHICH THEY CALL THE "HYMN OF THE
BROKEN NOTE."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): POLISH TRADITION

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Religious hero

Date learned: 10-15-1971

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TRUMPETER OF KRAKOW STORY

LONG AGO THE TARTARS WERE ATTACKING POLAND. THE POLES
HAD CHECKED THE ADVANCE OF THE TARTERS, ON MOST FRONTS,
BUT SOMEHOW THE ENEMIES MANAGED TO GET INTO THE CITY
OF KRAKOW. ALL THE PEOPLE OF THIS CITY HAD FLED WHEN
THEY HEARD THE TARTERS WERE COMING. ONLY ONE MAN
REMAINED, A TRUMPETER, WHO HAD VOWED TO PLAY A HYMN
TO THE VIRGIN MARY ON HIS TRUMPET EVERY DAY IN THE TOWER
OF MARY'S CHURCH IN THE CITY. SINCE HE HAD MADE THIS
VOW, HE COULD NOT FLEE. SO, WHILE THE TARTERS WERE
INVADING THE CITY, THIS TRUMPETER WAS IN THE TOWER
PLAYING. SUDDENLY, HE WAS HIT IN THE HEART BY AN ARROW
OF ONE OF THE TARTERS. HE STOPPED HIS PLAYING IN
MID-NOTE AND DROPPED DEAD. TO THIS DAY, THE POLES PLAY
AND SING THIS HYMN, WHICH THEY CALL THE "HYMN OF THE
BROKEN NOTE."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): POLISH TRADITION

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Religious hero

Date learned: 10-15-1971

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Wedding Custom

Wedding Custom:

At Jewish weddings there is a practice of the bride and groom smashing their champagne glass againsst the floor during the ceremony to symbolize that marriage sometimes involves disorder and discontent.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Keyword(s): CEREMONY ; Cultural ; Culture ; DISCONTENT ; Disorder ; GLASS ; Jewish ; MARRIAGE ; Practice ; RELIGION ; Smash ; SYMBOL ; Symbolic ; Symbolize ; tradition ; WEDDING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage

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Wedding Custom

At all traditional weddings it is common for the guests and family of the groom to sit on one side of the church (room, etc) and for the guests and family of the bride to sit on the other side.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Keyword(s): Bride ; CHURCH ; CUSTOM ; FAMILY ; FRIENDS ; Groom ; Pews ; SEPARATION ; Side ; Sit ; tradition ; WEDDING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage

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Poem

Feeling that the Indians had been seriously mistreated Longfellow wrote in 1854, that he had found a plan for a poem on the American Indians that was fitting to their beautiful traditions. The poem did not totally portray the indians totally accurately.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs Added By TRD

Where learned: New York Folklore Quarterly ; The Making of Hiawatha

Keyword(s): AMERICAN INDIAN ; INDIAN ; Language ; LONGFELLOW ; poem ; Traditions

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Legend

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Custom

Historical record from James Callow Folklore Archive.

When you fart if you don't call "Safeties," Everyone calls "Sluggers" and everyone gets to slug you.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs Added By TRD

James Callow comment:

Original BN [F530] crossed out. Replaced with current classification.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): BODILY FUNCTIONS ; CHILDHOOD ; CHILDREN ; CUSTOM ; Fart ; GAME ; Gas ; Play ; SAFETY ; Slugger ; tradition

Subject headings: SPEECH -- Formula

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IN THE (MILITARY) ORDINANCE CORE, THE BRIDE AND GROOM
RIDE FROM THE CHURCH TO THE RECEPTION ON A MISSILE CARRIER.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

Keyword(s): CUSTOM ; MILITARY ; Missile ; tradition ; WEDDING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage

Date learned: 04-00-1972

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GIVE FRIENDS "EASTER BREAD" (CAKE LOAF) TO INSURE
GOOD LUCK.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

Keyword(s): BREAD ; Easter ; FOOD ; GIFT ; GOOD LUCK ; holiday ; LUCK ; Share ; SYMBOL ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: 04-00-1972

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Holiday Tradition

We have a family tradition. Christmas Eve dinner is the same each year. There is no meat served at that meal, going back to the Catholic observance of Christmas Eve as a day of abstinence. THe foods served are spaghetti with anchovi sauce, Baccala ( Cod fish with almonds and spices), fillet of sole, fried shrimp.

Data entry tech comment:

Input by TRD

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; SPRINGFIELD

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE ; Catholic ; Dinner ; ETHNIC ; FISH ; FOOD ; holiday ; Italian ; meat ; RELIGION ; tradition

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

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EVIL AVERTING CUSTOM

"AT CHRISTMAS TIME, IT IS A CUSTOM IN GERMANY TO HAVE DUCK AND
SAUERKRAUT, SOME STOLLEN--WHICH IS A FRUIT AND NUT COFFEE CAKE, AND
SOME BEER TO DRINK WHILE SONGS ARE SUNG. WHEN YOU DO THIS,
YOUR FAMILY WILL HAVE GOOD HEALTH AND HAPPINESS ALL YEAR."

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SOUTHFIELD

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; DRINK ; EVIL ; FOOD ; FOOD CUSTOM ; GERMAN ; Germany ; holiday ; LUCK ; LUCK ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Menus

Date learned: 02-04-1968

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CUSTOM-UKRAINIAN

THERE IS NO MEAT EATEN ON CHRISTMAS EVE, BUT A SPECIAL
12 COURSE DINNER IS SERVED ON CHRISTMAS DAY.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; CHRISTMAS ; FOOD ; FOOD CUSTOM ; tradition ; UKRAINIAN

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
122 Christmas

Date learned: 10-31-1968

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CUSTOM

IT IS A POLISH CUSTOM THAT NINE DIFFERENT KINDS OF FOOD ARE
EATEN ON CHRISTMAS DAY. IT STANDS FOR THE NINE MONTHS OF THE YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: RESIDENCE

Keyword(s): CUSTOM ; FOOD CUSTOM ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Ninths / Nine

Date learned: NOT RECORDED

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