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NOT GIVEN

A PIECE OF CARROT SHOULD BE EATEN ON NEW YEAR'S EVE TO BRING
GOOD LUCK.

Submitter comment: MRS. DEVEREUX LEARNED THIS AS A CHILD AND STILL PRACTICES IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE PARK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

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FRENCH CUSTOM

ON NEW YEAR'S EVE BEFORE GOING OUT TO CELEBRATE, YOU SHOULD EAT
MEAT PIE (WHICH IS MADE OF GROUND PORK SHOULDER, SALT AND PEPPER)
TO GREASE YOUR STOMACH. THIS PREVENTS ONE FROM GETTING DRUNK AND
BECOMING SICK.

Submitter comment: LEARNED FROM MY MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 03-20-1967

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FOOD BELIEF

TO INSURE GOOD LUCK THROUGHOUT THE NEW YEAR, ONE SHOULD EAT
PORK ON NEW YEAR'S DAY.

Submitter comment: MISS ZITZEWITZ LEARNED THIS AS A CHILD AND HER FAMILY STILL
PRACTICES IT TODAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Bred animal
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 10-02-1963

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NEW YEAR'S SUPERSTITION

YOU MUST HAVE PORK FOR YOUR NEW YEAR'S DAY DINNER.

Submitter comment: THIS OLD GERMAN SUPERSTITION IS TRADITIONAL IN MY UNCLE'S FAMILY.
ACCORDING TO HIM: "PORK WAS SUPPOSED TO BRING GOOD LUCK AND
FORTUNE, AND THIS WAS BASED ON AN OLD RURAL BELIEF THAT MOST
FARM ANIMALS WANDERED AWAY FROM THE HOUSE, WHILE THE HOGS ALWAYS
ROOTED TOWARDS THE HOUSE." HE ADDED WITH A SMILE, "MY MOTHER
WASN'T SUPERSTITIOUS, BUT WE ALWAYS HAD PORK FOR NEW YEAR'S."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WYANDOTTE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Animal
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 01-00-1964

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EVE OF NEW YEAR

FOR NEW YEAR'S EVE YOU ARE TO HAVE SOURKRAUT AND SPARE RIBS

Submitter comment: THIS ITEM WAS LEARNED FROM HER ADOLESCENT STAGE IN HER HOME TOWN.
THIS IS A SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF OF HAVING CERTAIN FOODS FOR A
SPECIFIC DAY, IN ORDER TO BRING GOOD LUCK FOR THE COMING YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): SAUERKRAUT

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

Date learned: 00001930S

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NEW YEAR'S

EAT PORK ROAST AND SAUREKRAUT ON NEW YEAR'S EVE FOR GOOD LUCK.

Submitter comment: MANY SUCH COMMON DISHES ARE EATEN ON SPECIAL DAYS BY ETHNIC GROUPS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 02-00-1974

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UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC CHRISTMAS CUSTOMS

ON CHRISTMAS EVE "A HOLY SUPPER" IS SERVED WHEN THE FIRST EVENING
STAR APPEARS IN THE SKY. THE SUPPER CONSISTS OF NON-MEAT
FOODS, FOR THE DAY OF CHRISTMAS EVE IS DEVOTED TO PRAYER, FASTING
AND STRICT ABSTINENCE. THE FLOOR IS COVERED WITH STRAW AND THE
TABLE WITH HAY, A REMEMBRANCE THAT JESUS WAS BORN IN A STABLE
AND LAID IN A MANGER. A WHITE TABLE CLOTH IS SPREAD OVER
THE TABLE. ON THE CENTER OF THE TABLE A LARGE LIGHTED CANDLE
REPRESENTS THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM. FOR SUPPER THERE ARE TWELVE
PLATES. IT BEGINS WITH A PRAYER. THE HEAD OF THE FAMILY
DISTRIBUTES "PHOSPHORA", LITTLE PIECES OF BREAD WITH HONEY.
SUPPER CONSISTS OF ITEMS SUCH AS KUTIA, BOILED WHEAT AND HONEY,
BORSCH, BEET SOUP, HOLUBUTSI, CABBAGE ROLLS, PYRAHY, BOILED
ROLLS FILLED WITH MASHED POTATOES, CABBAGE AND CHEESE, AND FISH.
EACH A REMEMBRANCE OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES.
A SHEAF OF RYE IN THE CORNER OF THE ROOM IS A SYMBOL OF THE FERTILITY
OF THE UKRAINIAN SOIL. DURING SUPPER CAROLS ARE SUNG. GROUPS OF
CAROLERS VISIT THE HOME AND CAROL "KOLIADA" DURING THE EVENING.
A GROTTO IS CARRIED WITH THE SHEPHERDS AND MANGER AND ALSO THE
CAROLERS CARRY SIX OR EIGHT POINTED STARS WITH TWO SURFACES AND
A CANDLE IS PLACED BETWEEN THEM. THE CAROLERS REPRESENT THE
SHEPHERDS AND ANGELS, CAROLING IS POPULAR TO GLORIFY JESUS
AND MARY AND INSTILL RELIGIOUS TRUTHS TO THE PEOPLE. CAROLS
ORIGINATED IN THE 17 CENTURY. THE OLDEST IS "BOH PREDVICHNEY", THAT
IS "ETERNAL GOD IS BORN". THE CAROLS ARE IN TWO GROUPS, "KOLIADY"
AND "SCHEDRIVKY". THE FIRST GROUP IS RELIGIOUS AND THE SECOND
EXPRESSES GREETINGS PEOPLE GREET ONE ANOTHER WITH. AN EXAMPLE
IS "KHRYSTOS RAGHDAYETSIA" OR CHRIST IS BORN, THE ANSWER
"SLAVYTE YEHA" OR PRAISE HIM.

Submitter comment: THESE ARE VERY INVOLVED AND SYMBOLIC CUSTOMS FOR CHRISTMAS.
THEY ARE PRACTICED HERE AND IN THE UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 Seconds / Twice / Two
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Custom Festival C840.1224
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F455
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Moon
SPEECH -- Vocabulary of Special Group

Date learned: 02-00-1974

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EASTER BREAKFAST CUSTOM

ON HOLY SATURDAY YOU WOULD PREPARE A BASKET LINED WITH LINEN NAPKINS
AND COVERED WITH THEM TOO. IN THE BASKET YOU WOULD PUT LITTLE ROUND
LOAVES OF BREAD, COLORED BOILED EGGS, LAMB SHAPED WHIPPED BUTTER,
SALT AND PEPPER, HORSERADISH, KIELBASA AND HAM. YOU WOULD TAKE THIS
TO THE PARISH TO BE BLESSED AND ON EASTER MORNING IT WOULD BE YOUR
BREAKFAST. ANYTHING YOU DIDN'T EAT WOULD HAVE TO BE BURNED OR BURIED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): LEFTOVERS

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter baskets
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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CHRISTMAS EVE CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE THERE IS A MEAL CALLED WILIA (?) (VEELEA). THIS
IS A MEATLESS MEAL AND IT CANNOT BE STARTED UNTIL THE FIRST STAR
APPEARS. IT MUST ALSO BE FINISHED BEFORE MIDNIGHT MASS. BEFORE THE
MEAL THERE IS A LONG, THIN WAFER CALLED AN OPLATEK (OPWATEK) WHICH
EACH PERSON HAS AND WHICH EACH OTHER PERSON BREAKS A PIECE FROM.
AS THEY DO THIS THEY SHARE CHRISTMAS GREETINGS AND EAT THE WAFERS
TOGETHER. THESE WAFERS WERE MADE BY CATHOLIC COMMUNION HOST
COMPANIES AND WERE AVAILABLE FROM RECTORIES AND CONVENTS. THE MEAL
WOULD BE HELD AT THE OLDEST AVAILABLE PARENTS' HOUSE WITH ALL THE
CHILDREN PRESENT. IF SOMEONE MISSED THE MEAL EVERYONE WOULD HOLD
ON TO THEIR WAFERS TILL THE NEXT DAY AND PERFORM THE CEREMONY THEN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Number Numbers used for ordering, organizing, or explaining a hierarchy: the oldest son should receive the inheritance.

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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PACKI (PUNCHKI) DAY

THE DAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY, PEOPLE WOULD BUY PACZKI AT BAKERIES.
IN THE OLD DAYS PEOPLE WOULD MAKE THEM INSTEAD. A PACZEK (SINGULAR)
IS LIKE A JELLYROLL. PEOPLE DID THIS AS ONE LAST CHANCE TO EAT SWEETS
BEFORE FASTING DURING LENT. THIS IS STILL DONE IN POLISH AREAS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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ORANGES

AN ITALIAN CUSTOM AT EASTER TIME IS TO EAT SLICED ORANGES WITH
OIL AND PEPPER ON THEM. THIS IS DONE FOR GOOD LUCK

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.36

Date learned: 11-03-1972

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SMELTS

AN ITALIAN CUSTOM IS TO EAT SMELTS ON CHRISTMAS EVE.
THEY SYMBOLIZE THE FISHERMEN (APOSTLES) AND THE COMING OF CHRIST

Where learned: DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): ANIMAL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Single dishes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 11-03-1972

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HOLY SATURDAY CUSTOM

IT IS A TRADITIONAL EUROPEAN CUSTON ON HOLY SATURDAY TO TAKE A BASKET
OF EASTER BREAD, BUTTER IN THE SHAPE OF A LAMB, AND EGGS TO BE
BLESSED BY THE PRIEST IN A CEREMONY IN WHICH ALL THE PEOPLE PARTICI-
PATE.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM HER GIRL FRIEND MANY YEARS AGO.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 09-25-1972

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GOOD LUCK

IT IS GOOD LUCK TO EAT PICKLED HERRING ON NEW YEAR'S EVE.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM A GERMAN IMMIGRANT AND INFORMANT }
HIMSELF DOES NOT BELIEVE IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 09-25-1972

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FOR GOODLUCK FOR A YEAR, ON NEW YEAR'S DAY, EAT SOUL FOOD,
ESPECIALLY BLACKEYED PEAS.

Submitter comment: MRS. LOCKHART'S FAMILY HAS PRACTICED THIS FOR GENERATIONS.

Where learned: DETROIT ; TOLD IN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.36
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 01-01-1972

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NEW YEAR'S CUSTOM

IN ORDER TO ENSURE GOOD LUCK THROUGHOUT THE COMING YEAR, SAUERKRAUT AND PORK
MUST BE SERVED AT THE MAIN MEAL NEW YEAR'S DAY.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 09-10-1972

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HOLY THURSDAY

CALLED GREEN THURSDAY; WAS THE CUSTOM TO EAT SPINACH, EITHER RAW
OR COOKED, TO ENSURE GOOD LUCK THROUGH THE YEAR; EATEN ALONG WITH
BREADED PORK CHOPS.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: 663 Holy Thursday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.4

Date learned: 09-10-1972

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"PINK SKIES AT NIGHT, A SAILOR'S DELIGHT. BLUE SKIES AT MORNING, A SAILOR'S WARNING."

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Belief Belief
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-15-1972

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CHOCOLATE CAKE

WELL, I ALWAYS HAVE BAKED A CHOCOLATE CAKE FOR YOUR DAD ON HIS BIRTHDAY, WITH
SPECIAL INGREDIENTS LIKE FRESH CHOCOLATE AND BUTTERMILK.  I MADE IT
FROM SCRATCH. MY MOTHER USED TO DO THAT FOR MY FATHER ON HIS BIRTHDAY
TOO.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant is collector's mother.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Sterling Heights

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Private birthday or anniversary
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Pastry Sweet Dessert

Date learned: 11-15-1972

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