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WASSELING

THEY DON'T HAVE HALLOWEEN IN ENGLAND. THEY HAVE WASSELING NEAR
CHRISTMAS.IT'S A DAY IN THE CHRISTMAS SEASON SET ASIDE FOR KIDS TO
GO AND COLLECT CANDY, PRESENTS, ETC.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROSEVILLE

James Callow Keyword(s): BEGGING GIFT-GIVING ; WASSAIL WASSAILING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- October 31 Halloween
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Christmas Season See F645.2 for Advent Season.

Date learned: 11-00-1974

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SUPERSTITION

THE IRISH HAVE A BELIEF THAT 2 SILVER DOLLARS SHOULD
BE PRESENTED TO A NEW INFANT, TO ASSURE MONETARY COMFORT
IN LIFE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFT-GIVING

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
686 Seconds / Twice / Two
BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Birth

Date learned: 11-11-1974

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BRIDAL SHOWER GIFTS

AT A BRIDAL SHOWER YOU NEVER BRING KNIVES FOR A GIFT BECAUSE
SHE AND HER FUTURE HUSBAND WILL QUARREL ALL THE TIME.

Submitter comment: THIS WILL CAUSE THE COUPLE TO HAVE BAD LUCK IN THE FUTURE.
THIS ITEM WAS LEARNED DURING HER ADOLESCENT STAGE IN HER HOME TOWN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFT-FIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Use of Object
BELIEF -- Bad luck P882.18

Date learned: 00001930S

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IRISH GIFT GIVING CUSTOM

ALWAYS PUT MONEY (SILVER) IN A WALLET OR PURSE THAT YOU ARE
GIVING AS A GIFT. THIS SHOWS YOU WISH THE PERSON TO BE
PROSPEROUS.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS CUSTOM FROM HIS GRANDMOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFT-GIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank

Date learned: 11-22-1974

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POLISH PRAYER

ZA TWE MAMO PRACE TROSKI BEDA PROSIE MATKI BOSKI BY CIE
OBDARZYLA ZDROWIEM JAK WOSNE VIECEJ POWIEM. TRANSLATION: FOR ALL
YOUR WORK AND WORRY, I BESEECH THE MOTHER OF GOD TO GIFT YOU
WITH HEALTH AND WHEN I GROW UP I'LL TELL YOU MORE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HAMTRAMCK

James Callow Keyword(s): FUNCTIONAL SHIFT: GIFT AS VERB ; PIOUS GOOD WISHES

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Custom Festival C840.643
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Belief Belief
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 21 equinox to June 20

Date learned: 11-07-1974

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NEW YEARS'S CUSTOM

ON NEW YEAR'S A BUNCH OF KIDS KNOCKED ON THE DOOR SHOUTING LET THE
NEW YEAR IN. RUN AROUND THE TABLE THREE TIMES SHOUTING LET THE NEW
YEAR IN AND GET MONEY ON WAY OUT - GO TO THE NEXT HOUSE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; TOLD IN

James Callow Keyword(s): VISITING AND GIFT-GIVING ON NEW YEAR'S.

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's

Date learned: 11-30-1972

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EASTER BUNNY

THE EASTER BUNNY (MY PARENTS) WOULD VISIT OUR HOUSE THE NIGHT
BEFORE EASTER MORNING. HE WOULD LEAVE BRIGHTLY COLORED EGGS,
ONES THAT I HAD DECORATED THE NIGHT BEFORE HIDDEN IN VARIOUS
SPOTS IN THE HOUSE, ALONG WITH BASKETS OF CHOCOLATES, JELLY
BEANS, AND OTHER CANDIES. I WOULD THEN FIND THESE GOODIES,
MY PARENTS ALSO USED TO GET LIVE BUNNIES FROM MY UNCLE'S RABBIT
FARM THAT WOULD BE HIDDEN IN THE HOUSE,

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SAINT CLAIR SHORES

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Elements
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Bunny

Date learned: 0001950S

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EASTER BASKETS ARE HIDDEN FROM THE CHILDREN ON THE NIGHT BEFORE.
IN THE MORNING THE CHILDREN FIND THE BASKETS WITH THEIR NAME ON IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter baskets

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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WHEN WE VISITED SOMEONE FOR THE FIRST TIME AT THE FIRST OF THE
YEAR WE HAD TO TAKE THEM SOMETHING. IF THE FAMILY WAS NOT
TAKEN SOMETHING THEY WOULD BE IN NEED FOR THE REST OF THE
YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFT-GIVING AT NEW YEAR'S SEASON

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Year
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-20-1972

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CHILDREN'S SONG

MY BOYFRIEND GAVE ME PEACHES
MY BOYFRIEND GAVE ME PEARS
MY BOYFRIEND GAVE ME FIFTY CENTS
AND KICKED ME DOWN THE STAIRS.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT TOLD ME THAT MANY OF HER FRIENDS AND HER SISTERS USED
TO SING THIS WITH HER WHEN SHE WAS YOUNG. SHE ALSO TOLD ME THAT
THIS CAN ALSO BE USED WITH A CLAPPING BEAT OF WHATEVER THE SINGER
THINKS WILL GO WITH THE SONG.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FARMINGTON ; TOLD IN

James Callow Keyword(s): FRUIT AS GIFTS ; INITIAL ITERATION MEDIAL ITERATION ; RHYME: ABCB

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Children

Date learned: 09-25-1972

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

IN THE EVENING ON CHRISTMAS EVE A KNOCK WOULD BE HEARD AT THE DOOR.
UPON OPENING IT CANDY WOULD BE THROWN INTO THE ROOM BY WHOM WAS
BELIEVED TO BE ST. NICHOLAS. IT WAS A SIGN THAT THE CHILDREN IN THE
HOUSE HAD BEEN GOOD AND COULD EXPECT A VISIT FROM SANTA CLAUS THE
NEXT MORNING.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFTGIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-14-1972

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CUSTOMS

ON HALLOWEEN IN GREECE, THE KIDS GO FROM DOOR TO DOOR
KISSING THE HANDS OF THE GROWN-UPS. THEY THEN RECEIVE A
FEW PENNIES IN RETURN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ALLEN PARK

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFT-GIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F103
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- September 23 equinox to December 20 Also used for Advent.
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: 10-02-1972

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GODPARENTS

CONFIRMATION SPONSORS AND GODPARENTS GIVE PRESENTS AS PROTECTION
FROM EVIL.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

James Callow Keyword(s): BAPTISM ; GIFTGIVING

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Maturity

Date learned: CA1963-1975

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BELIEF

AT A BRIDAL SHOWER, THE NUMBER OF TIMES THE RIBBON BREAKS, IS THE
NUMBER OF CHILDREN YOU WILL HAVE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): UNWRAPPING GIFTS DURING BRIDAL SHOWER

Subject headings: 870
BELIEF -- Birth
BELIEF -- Marriage

Date learned: 01-00-1971

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EASTER CUSTOM

IN HUNGARY, CHILDREN MAKE A NEST AND PUT IT OUTSIDE THE HOUSE. THE
EASTER BUNNY COMES THE NIGHT BEFORE EASTER AND FILLS THE NEST WITH
EGGS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): GIFTS

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Bunny
BELIEF -- Mammal

Date learned: 03-00-1970

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EASTER CUSTOM

EVERY EASTER, MY MOTHER MAKES ABOUT 20 LAMB CAKES AND BUNNY CAKES,
AND GIVES THEM TO FRIENDS, THE PRIESTS, THE NUNS, AND RELATIVES.

Submitter comment:

FAMILY CUSTOM.

Where learned: TOLD BY ; QUESTIONNAIRE

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; GIFTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Bunny
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 03-26-1971

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CROATION EASTER CUSTOM

ON EASTER MONDAY, CHILDREN GO FROM HOUSE TO HOUSE IN THEIR
NEIGHBORHOODS CARRYING SMALL BOTTLES OF CHEAP PERFUME. WHEN THEY
DABBED SOME PERFUME ON THE OCCUPANT OF THE HOUSE, HE WOULD GIVE
THEM MONEY.

Submitter comment:

Told various dates at informant's home.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; informant's home

Keyword(s): EASTER GIFTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus

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"DINGUS"

ON EASTER MONDAY, YOU WOULD KNOCK AT PEOPLE'S DOORS AND POUR WATER
ON THEIR HANDS. THEN YOU WOULD SAY A POLISH SAYING AND THEY WOULD
GIVE YOU COOKIES OR SOMETHING.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S MOTHER PRACTICED THIS CUSTOM WHEN SHE WAS IN POLAND.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; SCRANTON

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; EASTER GIFTS ; FOOD CUSTOM ; WATER

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus

Date learned: 03-05-1972

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EASTER MONDAY

THE DAY AFTER EASTER WAS CALLED "DYNGUS DAY" OR "SWITCHING DAY."
THE MONDAY AFTER EASTER THE BOYS WOULD SWITCH THE GIRLS OR IN OTHER
WORDS THEY WOULD HIT THEM ON THE LEGS WITH A SWITCH OR A PIECE OF
STICK. IF THE BOY CAUGHT YOU AND SWITCHED YOU, YOU HAD TO GIVE HIM
SOME CANDY OR AN APPLE OR HERE IN AMERICA SOME MONEY. THE NEXT
DAY, TUESDAY, IT WAS THE GIRL'S TURN TO SWITCH THE BOYS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; informant's home

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; EASTER GIFTS ; FOOD CUSTOM ; HEALTH ; REVENGE ; RITUAL WHIPPING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 03-11-1970

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CUSTOM

ON THE DAY AFTER EASTER, THE POLISH CHILDREN WOULD GO FROM HOUSE TO
HOUSE KNOCKING ON THE DOORS. THE PEOPLE INVITED THEM INSIDE
WHERE ONE OF THE CHILDREN WOULD BRUSH THE PERSON ACROSS THE ANKLES
WITH A SWITCH WHILE THE OTHERS RECITED A SPECIAL GROUP OF WORDS.
WHEN THEY WERE FINISHED, THE OWNER OF THE HOUSE WOULD GIVE THEM
A BLESSED EGG, A PIECE OF CANDY, OR IN MOST CASES, MONEY.
THIS WAS CALLED DINGUS DAY, THE NAME DERIVED FROM THE WORDS RECITED;
DINGUS, DINGUS, PODINGUS...

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; TAYLOR

Keyword(s): EASTER GIFTS ; RITUAL SPEECH ; RITUAL WHIPPING

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Custom Festival C840.663
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus

Date learned: 11-27-1967

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