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NEW YEAR'S CUSTOM

EXCHANGE APRONS AS GIFTS WITH FRIENDS ON NEW YEAR'S DAY TO KEEP
THE FRIENDSHIPS.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT PRACTICES THIS CUSTOM.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; PITTSBURGH

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-02-1971

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NOT GIVEN

WHEN WE VISITED SOMEONE FOR THE FIRST TIME AT THE FIRST OF THE
YEAR, WE HAD TO TAKE SOMETHING TO THEM. IF THE FAMILY WAS NOT
TAKEN SOMETHING, THEY WOULD BE IN NEED THE REST OF THE YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Number

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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ENGAGEMENT RING

IF A BOY GIVES YOU AN ENGAGEMENT RING ON A SPECIAL DAY LIKE YOUR
BIRTHDAY, CHRISTMAS, EASTER, ETC., IT CAN BE REGARDED AS A GIFT
AND NEED NOT BE RETURNED. YOU MUST RETURN IT IF HE GIVES IT TO
YOU ON AN ORDINARY DAY.

Submitter comment: I LEARNED THIS INFORMATION FROM MY GIRL FRIEND, MARGIE SMITH,
ABOUT 1960.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SOUTHFIELD

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Engagement ring
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Fixed DateFor specific dates, use the following system:
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Movable Date
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday

Date learned: 05-12-1965

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PUT BIRDS' NESTS IN YOUR CHRISTMAS TREE TO BRING GOOD
LUCK.

Where learned: NEW YORK ; WILSON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Good luck Animals

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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EVE OF NEW YEAR

FOR NEW YEAR'S EVE YOU ARE TO HAVE SOURKRAUT AND SPARE RIBS

Submitter comment: THIS ITEM WAS LEARNED FROM HER ADOLESCENT STAGE IN HER HOME TOWN.
THIS IS A SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF OF HAVING CERTAIN FOODS FOR A
SPECIFIC DAY, IN ORDER TO BRING GOOD LUCK FOR THE COMING YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): SAUERKRAUT

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

Date learned: 00001930S

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STARTING THE NEW YEAR

ON THE FIRST OF THE NEW YEAR YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO LET THE FIRST
DARK PERSON THAT YOU KNOW COME THROUGH THE DOOR FIRST
WHILE HE CARRIES A PIECE OF BLACK CHARCOAL (IF NOT MALE THEN
HAVE A FEMALE DO IT).
SO THAT YOU MAY HAVE GOOD LUCK THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.

Submitter comment: THIS ITEM WAS LEARNED DURING HIS LATE ADOLESCENT STAGE IN HIS
HOME TOWN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): FIRST FOOTING

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Number
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.1
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 00001930S

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NEW YEAR'S

EAT PORK ROAST AND SAUREKRAUT ON NEW YEAR'S EVE FOR GOOD LUCK.

Submitter comment: MANY SUCH COMMON DISHES ARE EATEN ON SPECIAL DAYS BY ETHNIC GROUPS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 02-00-1974

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LUCK

WHEN STIRRING GO IN ONLY ONE DIRECTION, OR YOUR BATTER WILL BE
SPOILED. AND IF YOU SEE AND KILL A SPIDER, IT IS BAD LUCK. ALSO
IF THE FIRST PERSON TO CROSS YOUR THRESHOLD AFTER NEW YEAR'S IS A
WOMAN, IT IS BAD LUCK.

Submitter comment: CHURCH PROCESSIONS ALSO COINCIDED WITH THE IDEA OF ONLY GOING IN
ONE DIRECTION, AS IS SEEN IN SOME FAIRY TALES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): ANIMAL ARACHNID

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation
BELIEF -- Moon
BELIEF -- Bad luck P882.3
BELIEF -- Bad luck P882.42

Date learned: 02-00-1974

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NEW YEARS

WHATEVER YOU ARE DOING ON NEW YEAR'S EVE, YOU WILL DO IT FOR
THE REST OF THE YEAR.

Submitter comment: SOME SOURCES CLAIM IT IS WHAT YOU DO ALL WEEK.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Observation
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Moon

Date learned: 02-00-1974

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CUSTOM

TO BRING GOOD LUCK FOR THE UPCOMING YEAR, YOU MUST KISS SOMEONE
EXACTLY ON THE STROKE OF MIDNIGHT ON NEW YEAR'S EVE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; NEW JERSEY ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; ELIZABETH ; CAMPUS

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
686 Sixths / Six
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 10-00-1973

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CUSTOM

ON VALENTINE'S DAY, IT IS A TRADITION OF MY FAMILY TO SEND YOUR GIRL
OR SWEETHEART, A CARD. HOWEVER, THE SENDER MUST NOT SIGN HIS NAME TO
THE CARD. IF THIS IS FOLLOWED THROUGH, TRUE LOVE WILL PREVAIL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; NEW JERSEY ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; ELIZABETH ; CAMPUS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 14 Valentine's Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
SPEECH -- To Be Seen

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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CHRISTMAS EVE CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE THERE IS A MEAL CALLED WILIA (?) (VEELEA). THIS
IS A MEATLESS MEAL AND IT CANNOT BE STARTED UNTIL THE FIRST STAR
APPEARS. IT MUST ALSO BE FINISHED BEFORE MIDNIGHT MASS. BEFORE THE
MEAL THERE IS A LONG, THIN WAFER CALLED AN OPLATEK (OPWATEK) WHICH
EACH PERSON HAS AND WHICH EACH OTHER PERSON BREAKS A PIECE FROM.
AS THEY DO THIS THEY SHARE CHRISTMAS GREETINGS AND EAT THE WAFERS
TOGETHER. THESE WAFERS WERE MADE BY CATHOLIC COMMUNION HOST
COMPANIES AND WERE AVAILABLE FROM RECTORIES AND CONVENTS. THE MEAL
WOULD BE HELD AT THE OLDEST AVAILABLE PARENTS' HOUSE WITH ALL THE
CHILDREN PRESENT. IF SOMEONE MISSED THE MEAL EVERYONE WOULD HOLD
ON TO THEIR WAFERS TILL THE NEXT DAY AND PERFORM THE CEREMONY THEN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Number Numbers used for ordering, organizing, or explaining a hierarchy: the oldest son should receive the inheritance.

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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EASTER CUSTOM

BOYS WOULD MAKE TINY HOLES WITH A NEEDLE AT OPPOSITE ENDS OF AN
EGG AND BLOW THE INSIDES OUT. WHEN THE GIRLS WERE STANDING UP
IN CHURCH THE BOYS WOULD SNEAK UP AND PIN THE EMPTY SHELL
ON THEIR BACKS.

Submitter comment: THIS WAS DONE TO UNMARRIED GIRLS IN POLAND.
THE INFORMANT IS NOT SURE WHETHER IT WAS DONE AT CHRISTMAS OR
OR EASTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; POLAND ; Sterling Heights ; GOWARCZOW

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Entertainment Diversion
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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A TRADITION ON CHRISTMAS EVE IN A POLISH FAMILY IS TO HAVE NINE
FOODS AT THE SUPPER TABLE AND THE TABLE WASN'T TO BE CLEARED UNLESS
A LITTLE OF EACH FOOD REMAINED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 686.1.9
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Food

Date learned: 11-00-1972

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GARLIC AND HONEY

A RUSSIAN CUSTOM FOR NEW YEAR'S EVE IS TO DIP GARLIC IN HONEY AND
EAT IT. THE GARLIC TAKES THE SINS OF THE PAST YEAR AWAY. THE
HONEY SWEETENS THE BODY FOR THE NEW YEAR

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Plant food
Food Drink -- Animal product
BELIEF -- Body part Senses
BELIEF -- Insect
BELIEF -- Plant

Date learned: 11-03-1972

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SMELTS

AN ITALIAN CUSTOM IS TO EAT SMELTS ON CHRISTMAS EVE.
THEY SYMBOLIZE THE FISHERMEN (APOSTLES) AND THE COMING OF CHRIST

Where learned: DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): ANIMAL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Single dishes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 11-03-1972

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ROMAN NUMERALS

A RUSSIAN AND ITALIAN CUSTOM IS TO WRITE THE YEAR IN ROMAN NUMERALS
ABOVE THE DOOR AT NEW YEAR'S. THIS BRINGS GOOD LUCK IN THE FOLLOWING
YEAR

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Number
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 11-03-1972

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BAD LUCK

IN ITALY DURING CHRISTMAS TIME YOU FEED THE FARM ANIMALS AS MUCH AS
THEY COULD EAT, OTHERWISE, THE FAMILY WOULD HAVE BAD LUCK ALL YEAR.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM AN ITALIAN FRIEND WHOSE FAMILY IN ITALY
BELIEVED THIS RELIGIOUSLY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Bad luck P882.46

Date learned: 09-25-1972

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FOR GOODLUCK FOR A YEAR, ON NEW YEAR'S DAY, EAT SOUL FOOD,
ESPECIALLY BLACKEYED PEAS.

Submitter comment: MRS. LOCKHART'S FAMILY HAS PRACTICED THIS FOR GENERATIONS.

Where learned: DETROIT ; TOLD IN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.36
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 01-01-1972

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FOR GOOD LUCK FOR A YEAR, A GOOD LUCKING PERSON, MAN OR WOMAN
1MUST RING THE DOORBELL ON NEW YEARS EVE OR DAY.

Submitter comment: I KNOW OF MANY FAMILIES BESIDES THE LOCKHARTS WHO BELIEVE IN THIS

Where learned: DETROIT ; TOLD IN

James Callow Keyword(s): GOOD LOOKING? HANDSOME?

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Year
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 01-01-1972

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