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CHRISTMAS DINNER

CHRISTMAS DINNER IN DENMARK. THE MAIN DISH IS DUCK, USUALLY
WITH A SWEET, RICH SAUCE. BEFORE ANYTHING ELSE IS EATEN A
DISH CALLED RISENGROD, A RICE PUDDING, IS SERVED. IN THE PUDDING
IS ONE ALMOND. THE PERSON WHO GETS THE ALMOND GETS A SPECIAL
GIFT MADE FROM MARZIPAN.

Submitter comment:

(THE INFORMANT IS) DANISH.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; Danish ; Denmark ; DUCK ; FOOD CUSTOM ; GIFTS ; holiday ; Marzipan ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: NOT RECORDED

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VIGILIA

CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER SHOULD BE WITH THE ENTIRE FAMILY AT THE MOTHER'S
HOUSE--CALLED VIGILIA. THERE SHOULD BE 13 DIFFERENT DISHES
SERVED AND EACH PERSON SHOULD HAVE AT LEAST ONE OF EACH ITEM.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; ERIE

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; Dinner ; FOOD ; holiday ; tradition ; Vigilia

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Specific number by specific number being described

Date learned: 00001920'S

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

MANY POLISH PEOPLE EAT ONLY CERTAIN FOODS ON CHRISTMAS EVE (DEC. 24).
THESE FOODS CONSISTS (CONSIST) OF FISH, CHEESE, EGGS, BREAD,
FRUIT, SALT AND PEPPER, AND MILK.

Submitter comment:

THE INFORMANT PRACTICES THIS CUSTOM EVERY YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 11-07-1971

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CHRISTMAS

THERE IS A POLISH CUSTOM THAT THE MEAL EATEN ON CHRISTMAS EVE DAY IS
TO BE A MEATLESS MEAL. THIS MEAL IS CALLED "VIGELIA" BY THE POLES.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition ; Vegetarian

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 03-19-1970

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CHRISTMAS EVE CUSTOM

A POLISH FAMILY SERVES 12 VARIETIES OF DISHES FOR CHRISTMAS EVE
SUPPER. IT IS CALLED VIGILIA.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Seconds / Twice / Two

Date learned: 11-00-1965

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CHRISTMAS FOOD

POLISH CATHOLICS ABSTAIN FROM MEAT ON CHRISTMAS EVE BUT HAVE NINE
TRADITIONAL FOODS WHICH ARE: SOUP, HERRING, BARLEY, FISH,
DUMPLINGS, PRUNES, PIEROGI, MUSHROOMS, AND BREAD.

Submitter comment:

(AT A POLISH FAMILY DINNER )

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Ninths / Nine

Date learned: 02-00-1970

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM (POLISH)

A POLISH CUSTOM ON CHRISTMAS EVE IS THAT THE FAMILY MUST EAT NINE
DIFFERENT KINDS OF FOOD TO REPRESENT THE NINE MONTHS OF WAITING
FOR THE BIRTH OF THE CHRIST CHILD.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROSEVILLE

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Initiation rite Hazing F686.1

Date learned: 09-00-1969

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FOOD

ON CHRISTMAS EVE ELEVEN DIFFERENT DISHES ARE PREPARED. THESE ARE
TRADITIONAL POLISH FOODS USUALLY LEFT UP TO THE DECISION OF THE
HOSTESS AS TO WHAT WILL BE SERVED. THE ONLY DISH WHICH MUST BE
SERVED IS THAT OF ANGEL BREAD.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HAMTRAMCK

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.82
BELIEF -- Number P686.1.11

Date learned: 03-21-1971

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HOLIDAY CUSTOM

IT IS AN ITALIAN CUSTOM NEVER TO EAT MEAT ON CHRISTMAS EVE, BUT
TO EAT MANY VARIETIES OF FISH AND THIN SPIGETTI (SPAGHETTI) WITH
OLIVE OIL AND FISH SAUCE.

Submitter comment:

THIS CUSTOM GOES BACK TO SOUTHERN ITALY WHERE THE INFORMANT'S
PARENTS CAME FROM AND WAS TOLD TO THE INFORMANT BY HER MOTHER.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: NEW YORK ; PORT CHESTER

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Italian ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 11-28-1970

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, AT THE TIME WHEN THE FASTING LAWS WERE IN
EFFECT, MY FAMILY WOULD HAVE A SPECIAL DINNER WHERE ALL THESE
DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEATLESS DISHES WERE PREPARED. EACH PERSON
HAD TO EAT AT LEAST 9 DIFFERENT TYPES OF FOOD AT THIS DINNER IN
HONOR OF THE BIRTH OF CHRIST. WHY THE NUMBER 9, I DO NOT KNOW,
BUT THE EXPERIENCE IS VERY VIVID IN MY MIND SINCE I NEVER DID LIKE
ANY OF THE DISHES WHICH WERE SERVED.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; tradition ; Vegetarian

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Ninths / Nine

Date learned: NOT RECORDED

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JULAFTON FOODS

SOME OF THE TRADITIONAL CHRISTMAS EVE FOODS AMONG THE MINNESOTA
SWEDES INCLUDED LUTFISK (BRINE FISH), SWEDISH POTATO SAUSAGE,
POTATIS KORV, SYLTA, FRUIT BREAD, JULKAKA (MEAT), COOKIES, AND
ROSETTES (FRIED BATTER).

Submitter comment:

THE INFORMANT REMEMBERS HER MOTHER AND RELATIVES PREPARING THE
JULAFTON FEAST WEEKS IN ADVANCE.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MINNESOTA ; ROUTE 1 ; STURGEON LAKE

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Swedish ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 03-28-1970

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SLICE OF BREAD

AT THE BEGINNING OF A POLISH, CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER, EVERYONE
IS GIVEN ONE PIECE OF BREAD. THIS ONE SLICE MUST LAST THEM
FOR THE ENTIRE MEAL.
IT IS BAD LUCK TO CONSUME THE BREAD BEFORE THE MEAL HAS BEEN
COMPLETED; YOU WILL GO HUNGARY (HUNGRY) OR NOT FULFILL SOME
DESIRE DURING THE COMING YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ETHNIC ; FOOD CUSTOM ; holiday ; LUCK ; POLISH ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.2

Date learned: 11-00-1968

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BLOOD SAUSAGE

IN RURAL BULGARIA, AFTER A LOG HAS BEEN PLACED IN THE LARGE FIREPLACE
THE DAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS THE MAKING OF BLOOD SAUSAGE IS BEGUN. A
PIG IS SLAUGHTERED AND SAUSAGE IS MADE FROM ITS BLOOD NO LATER
THAN 12:00 MIDNIGHT BEFORE CHRISTMAS DAY. THE SAUSAGE CANNOT
BE EATEN BEFORE MIDNIGHT, BUT AFTER THIS EVERYONE IN THE HOUSE
FEASTS.

Submitter comment:

THE INFORMANT REMEMBERS PARTICIPATING IN THIS CUSTOM IN BULGARIA.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: HENDRICKSONS PHARMACY ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): BLOOD ; Bulgaria ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; ETHNIC ; FOOD ; holiday ; Pig ; Sausage ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 03-21-1970

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EATING CUSTOM

ALWAYS HAVE OYSTER STEW ON CHRISTMAS EVE.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Oyster ; Stew ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 09-24-1969

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

SOME SICILIANS SERVE CODFISH WITH TOMATO SAUCE ON CHRISTMAS EVE
(DEC. 24). THE FAMILY CELEBRATES THIS OCCASION TOGETHER.

Submitter comment:

THE INFORMANT'S FAMILY PRACTICE THIS CUSTOM EVERY YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; Cod ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; Italian ; Sicilian ; Tomato ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: NOT RECORDED

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YULE CAKE

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THEY ALL PARTAKE OF A YULE CAKE WHICH IS SPECIALLY
MADE FOR THE OCCASION. THEY BELIEVE THAT THIS WILL BRING THEM
GOOD LUCK FOR THE COMING YEAR.

Submitter comment:

TONY TELLS ME OF A TRADITION PRACTICED BY THE FAMILY OF ONE OF HIS
FRIENDS IN PITTSBURG.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Cake ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; LUCK ; tradition ; Yule

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.4

Date learned: 11-19-1968

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

IT IS TRADITIONAL IN STEVE'S FAMILY TO HAVE CHILI ON RICE FOR
CHRISTMAS EVE.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Chili ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; Rice ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 10-28-1968

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

IT IS TRADITIONAL IN MIKE'S FAMILY TO HAVE POTATO CAKES AND
OYSTER STEW ON CHRISTMAS EVE. THIS TRADITION HAS COME DOWN FROM
HIS FATHER'S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Cake ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Oyster ; POTATO ; Stew ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 10-28-1968

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IRISH CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE IT IS AN IRISH CUSTOM TO EAT OYSTER STEW AN (ON)
POTATO CAKES AS A SPECIAL TREAT.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Cake ; CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; ETHNIC ; FOOD ; Irish ; Oyster ; POTATO ; Stew ; tradition

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 03-20-1968

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ON CHRISTMAS EVE A GERMAN CUSTOM IS TO EAT WINE SOUP WITH
PUMPERNICKEL IN IT.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; LIBRARY ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CUSTOM ; ETHNIC ; FOOD ; GERMAN ; Pumpernickel ; Soup ; Stew ; tradition ; Wine

Subject headings: 122 Christmas

Date learned: 03-04-1971

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