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INDIAN RIDDLE

Q: TWO INDIANS WERE WALKING DOWN A PATH. THE ONE BEHIND THE ONE IN
FRONT WAS THE SON OF THE FIRST ONE. THE FIRST ONE WASN T HIS
FATHER, WHO WAS IT?
A: HIS MOTHER.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT HEARD THIS RIDDLE WHILE AT A SORORITY PARTY.

Data entry tech comment: ANOTHER EXAMPLE IN THE 5 X 8 CARD FILES. CK[ FAMILY MEMBERS ; SHORT STORY AS RIDDLE

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ACTIONS (Q) ; PARTICULAR AREA (Q) ; PERSONS (A) ; PERSONS (Q)

James Callow Keyword(s): FAMILY MEMBERS ; SHORT STORY AS RIDDLE

Subject headings: RIDDLE -- True Riddle

Date learned: 02-17-1971

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PROVERBIAL APOTHEGM

ADMIRATION IS THE SON OF IGNORANCE.

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

James Callow Keyword(s): FAMILY METAPHOR ; PUN? ON SON SUN?

Subject headings: PROVERB -- Proverbial Metaphor

Date learned: 11-00-1968

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POLISH PROVERB

SWAJ SWAJEGO NIE SKRZYWDZI (POLISH)
ONE WILL NOT DO HARM TO ONE'S OWN

Submitter comment: MY GRANDMOTHER KNOWS THIS FROM POLAND

Data entry tech comment: ORIGINAL 5 X 8 CARD CONTAINS POLISH TEXT

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

James Callow Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; TRANSLATION

Subject headings: PROVERB -- Proverbial Apothegm Maxim

Date learned: 11-27-1967

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TRADITIONAL POLISH CELEBRATION OF HOLY WEEK AND EASTER

ON HOLY THURSDAY THE BISHOPS AND PRIESTS WASH THE FEET OF 12
POOR PEOPLE IN MEMORY OF THE LAST SUPPER.
ON GOOD FRIDAY THERE IS A SPECIAL MASS WITH PRAYERS FOR ALL.
THE HOLY SACRAMENT IS PUT INTO A DARK CELL, AS CHRIST WAS, TO BE
ADORED CONSTANTLY. THERE IS A SPECIAL TOMB PUT UP AT A SIDE ALTAR
WHICH IS DECORATED WITH FLOWERS AND OFTEN DOVES. HERE THE PEOPLE
COME TO VISIT AND PRAY BOTH FRIDAY AND SATURDAY.
ON HOLY SATURDAY WATER AND THORNS ARE BLESSED IN THE MORNING AT
CHURCH. IN THE AFTERNOON, A BASKET OF FOOD IS TAKEN TO THE CHURCH TO
BE BLESSED. THE BASKET TRADITIONALLY CONTAINS BREAD, SALT, PEPPER,
EASTER EGGS (BOILED), KIELBASA (SAUSAGE), AND BUTTER IN THE FORM OF
A LAMB. ALSO, IT IS CUSTOMARY TO VISIT AS MANY CHURCHES AS POSSIBLE
THAT DAY.
AT DAWN OF EASTER SUNDAY, THE RESURRECTION MASS IS HELD.
AFTER THIS MASS, THE FAMILY COMES HOME TO EASTER BREAKFAST
COMPOSED OF THE EASTER BASKET FOOD. AS A CUSTOMARY PRACTICE, THE
MEAL IS STARTED BY THE OLDEST MEMBER, WHO TAKES A BLESSED EGG, WHICH
HAS BEEN QUARTERED, AND SHARES IT WITH EACH MEMBER, WISHING HIM
HAPPINESS AND HEALTH. THE EGG IS REPRESENTATIVE OF LIFE. THEN
EVERYONE SITS DOWN TO EAT THE EASTER MEAL.
MY GRANDMOTHER REMEMBERS THIS FROM PRACTICE TO THIS DAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA ; WATER

Subject headings: 663 Holy Thursday
663 Good Friday
663 Holy Saturday
Favorites
DRAMA -- Religious
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting F663.30

Date learned: 10-27-1967

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EASTER CUSTOM

ON HOLY SATURDAY OF EASTER WEEK, EACH FAMILY TAKES A BASKET OF FOOD
TO CHURCH TO BE BLESSED. ALL THE FOOD IS PRE-PREPARED: HARD BOILED
EGGS, BREAD, SAUSAGE, HAM, SALT AND PEPPER, BUTTER AND HORSERADISH.
THE NEXT MORNING, ALL OF THE BLESSED FOOD IS EATEN. THE FATHER
CHOPS UP THE EGG INTO AS MANY PIECES AS THERE ARE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY, AND DISTRIBUTES THEM TO BE EATEN.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 11-02-1969

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HOLY SATURDAY

A POLISH TRADITION, WHICH IS CELEBRATED ON HOLY SATURDAY, IS OBSERVED
DURING EASTER WEEK. ON THIS DAY THE ENTIRE FAMILY ABSTAINS FROM FOOD
UNTIL DINNER TIME, WHERE ( WHEN ) THE FAMILY IS SERVED A MODERATE
DINNER OF FISH AND POTATOES. AFTER DINNER THE FAMILY EATS A PIECE
OF ANGEL BREAD (A LIGHT WAFER), AND EXCHANGES A PIECE WITH EVERYONE
ELSE AT THE TABLE. THIS REPRESENTS THE NEW LIFE WHICH IS COMING ON
EASTER SUNDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 03-17-1970

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"ANGEL BREAD"

ON EASTER EVE, IT IS A POLISH CUSTOM TO PASS A LOAF OF WAFER BREAD
AROUND TO EACH MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. EACH MEMBER TAKES A PIECE OF
BREAD AND EATS IT. IT IS A GESTURE OF UNITY AMONG THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday

Date learned: 09-22-1969

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TOAST

( POLISH WORD OMITTED BECAUSE ALPHABET COULD NOT BE DUPLICATED ) --
(ENGLISH TRANSLATION "WAFER"). THIS IS BOTH A CHRISTMAS EVE AND
EASTER CUSTOM, BUT IS PRIMARILY RESERVED FOR THE POLISH LENTEN MEAL
AT EASTERTIME. THE CUSTOM IS THAT AT THIS MEAL THE OLDEST MEMBER OF
THE IMMEDIATE FAMILY (IN INFORMANT'S CASE, HIS GRANDFATHER) CRACKS
OFF A BIT OF THIS SPECIAL WAFER AND GIVES IT TO THE PERSON NEXT TO
HIM WISHING THEM ( HIM ) "GOOD HEALTH", "HAPPINESS", ETC.

Where learned: TELEPHONE ; TOLD BY

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 11-02-1971

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AT EASTER BREAKFAST OR DINNER A THIN WAFER IS DIVIDED AMONG ALL THOSE
PRESENT AT THE TABLE. EACH PERSON BREAKS OFF A PIECE OF WAFER
FROM EACH OTHER. THE WAFER REPRESENTS THE COMMUNION WAFER AND EACH
PERSON RESOLVES TO LIVE A BETTER LIFE WITH THE BEGINNING OF EACH NEW
CHURCH YEAR.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT SAID THAT SHE PRACTICES THIS EACH TIME SHE HAS RELATIVES
OVER FOR EASTER DINNER. INFORMANT DOES NOT KNOW WHEN IT ORIGINATED
BUT CONSIDERS IT MEANINGFUL AND BEAUTIFUL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Morning mealsBreakfast

Date learned: 10-20-1971

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POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

FOR EASTER BREAKFAST, THE FATHER TAKES A THIN WAFER WITH A FANCY
DESIGN ON IT. HE BREAKS IT IN HALF, THEN HE TAKES A PIECE. HE
PASSES IT ON TO THE OTHERS AND THEY ALL TAKE A PIECE.

Submitter comment: SHE LEARNED IT FROM HER GRANDMOTHER WHO IS POLISH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; CARPOOL ; EAST SIDE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

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"BREAKING THE OPIATKEJ"

DURING THE HOLIDAYS OF CHRISTMAS AND EASTER, AN EMBOSSED PIECE OF
UNLEAVENED BREAD IS PASSED AROUND THE DINNER TABLE. EACH MEMBER,
STARTING WITH THE HEAD OF THE FAMILY, BREAKS OFF A PARTICLE AND
PARTAKES OF IT. THE OPIATKEJ IS SUPPOSED TO BRING GOOD LUCK AND
WELL-BEING TO THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; HEALTH ; LUCK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

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POLISH EASTER CELEBRATIONS

ON EASTER DAY, IT IS A CUSTOM IN POLISH FAMILIES TO BREAK A BREAD
WAFER (LIKE A COMMUNION WAFER) AND PASS THIS WAFER THROUGH THE WHOLE
FAMILY SO THAT EACH MEMBER TRULY COMMEMORATES THE CELEBRATION OF MASS
ON THAT DAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; RATHSKELLER

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 02-27-1968

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BREAKING OF BREAD

DURING EASTER, BEFORE DINNER, THE FAMILIES GATHER TOGETHER AND EACH
MEMBER HAS A PIECE OF "ANGEL BREAD" (UNLEAVENED BREAD). THEN EACH
MEMBER BREAKS A PIECE OFF OF EACH OF THE OTHER MEMBERS' PIECE(S)
OF "ANGEL BREAD" WHILE WISHING THEM THE BEST OF EVERYTHING FOR THAT
SEASON, FOLLOWED BY A KISS OR A HANDSHAKE. AFTER EVERYONE HAS
EXCHANGED, THE PIECES ARE EATEN.
IF A MEMBER IS OUT OF TOWN, THE OUT OF TOWNER SENDS A PIECE OF "ANGEL
BREAD" IN A GREETING CARD TO THE FAMILY FOR EXCHANGE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

A HARD-BOILED EGG OR EGGS IS PASSED FROM PERSON TO PERSON AND EACH
ONE TAKES A PIECE. THIS IS A POLISH EASTER CUSTOM.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A POLISH CUSTOM AND A FAMILY TRADITION.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

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AN OLD POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

ONE EASTER EGG IS CUT SO THAT EACH FAMILY MEMBER WILL HAVE ONE PIECE.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EVERYBODY'S EATING PART OF THE ONE EGG IS THE
LESSON OF ONENESS AND FAMILY UNITY. THIS CUSTOM IS USUALLY OBSERVED
JUST BEFORE THE BREAKFAST MEAL ON EASTER SUNDAY.

Submitter comment: MY GRANDMOTHER LEARNED THIS CUSTOM AS A LITTLE GIRL SINCE HER FAMILY
HAD ALWAYS OBSERVED IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FERNDALE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

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EASTER CUSTOM

ON EASTER MORNING THE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY ASSEMBLE AT THE BREAKFAST
AND ONE HARD-BOILED EASTER EGG IS DIVIDED AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY.

Submitter comment: THIS CUSTOM IS PERFORMED EVERY YEAR AND IT IS SUPPOSED TO SIGNIFY
THE UNITY OF THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 10-20-1970

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AMONG UKRAINIANS IT IS CUSTOMARY TO EAT A CEREMONIAL EASTER BREAKFAST
AFTER RESURRECTION SERVICES. BEFORE BREAKFAST BEGINS, THE FATHER
CUTS THE SPECIALLY BLESSED EASTER EGG AND GIVES A PIECE TO EACH
MEMBER OF HIS FAMILY, FROM OLDEST TO YOUNGEST. WHILE DOING THIS HE
SAYS TO EACH ONE--"LET THE MERCIFUL GOD GRANT THAT WE STILL BE
TOGETHER ALIVE AND WELL FOR MANY MORE EASTERS TO COME."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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BELIEF IN A CUSTOM ( EASTER )

ON EASTER SUNDAY THE HARD-BOILED DYED EGGS THAT EACH PERSON HAS ARE
CUT INTO PIECES WHICH ARE THEN EXCHANGED AMONG THE PEOPLE AT THE
TABLE--EACH PERSON HAS 1 PIECE OF EVERYONE ELSE'S EGG. THE
SUPERSTITION HAS IT THAT ALL THE PEOPLE AT THE TABLE WILL BE THERE
AGAIN NEXT YEAR.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED ABOUT IT IN HER CHILDHOOD (1922-29) FROM HER
MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE ILE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 10-04-1970

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SPRING CUSTOM EASTER

SOME UKRANIAN ( UKRAINIAN ) PEOPLE ON EASTER HAVE THE HEAD OF THE
HOUSEHOLD SELECT ONE COLORED EGG AND DIVIDE IT INTO AS MANY PARTS
AS ARE PEOPLE AT THE TABLE. EACH PERSON EATS A PART OF THE EGG. THE
HEAD OF THE HOUSEHOLD DECLARES, "CHRIST HAS RISEN" AND THE OTHERS
REPLY, "INDEED CHRIST HAS RISEN".

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT'S FRIEND SMENA RAKOVSKEY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
WAS UKRANIAN ( UKRAINIAN ) AND HIS FAMILY DID THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-25-1971

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EASTER

AFTER MASS ON SUNDAY THE FAMILY GATHERS AROUND THE TABLE AND THE
FATHER IS TO SPLIT ONE HARD BOILED EGG AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY AND EACH IS TO EAT IT WITH HORSERADISH.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT'S FAMILY PRACTICES THIS ACTIVITY EACH EASTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 03-06-1971

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