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A TRADITION ON CHRISTMAS EVE IN A POLISH FAMILY IS TO HAVE NINE
FOODS AT THE SUPPER TABLE AND THE TABLE WASN'T TO BE CLEARED UNLESS
A LITTLE OF EACH FOOD REMAINED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 686.1.9
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Food

Date learned: 11-00-1972

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CHRISTMAS EVE CUSTOM

PUTTING A PILE OF STRAW IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TABLE, THEN THE MAIN
COURSES OF FOOD (IN LARGE BOWLS) ARE PLACED ON THE STRAW. IF THE
STRAW STICKS TO THE BOWL, THEN THAT PARTICULAR FOOD WILL BE
PLENTIFUL THE COMING YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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CHRISTMAS NIGHT (EVE)

ON CHRISTMAS NIGHT (EVE) IN IRELAND, CANDLES ARE LIT AND PUT ON THE
WINDOWS. THE FATHER OF THE FAMILY LEADS THE CHILDREN, FOLLOWED BY
THE MOTHER, INTO EACH ROOM TO LIGHT THE CANDLES. THE ROSARY IS
RECITED DURING THE PROCESSION, AND PRAYERS ARE SAID FOR THE DEAD, THE
LIVING AND "THE BORN TO BE." THEN FOOD IS LEFT ON THE KITCHEN TABLE
BECAUSE JESUS, MARY AND JOSEPH MAY DROP IN DURING THE NIGHT FOR
SOMETHING TO EAT. THE KITCHEN DOOR IS LEFT OPEN ALL NIGHT TO RECEIVE
THEM OR ANY OTHER TRAVELER WHO MAY NEED LODGING FOR THE NIGHT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Lights and candles

Date learned: 11-00-1970

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FOR THE CHRISTMAS EVE SUPPER, UKRAINIANS PUT FRESH CLEAN STRAW
ON THE TABLE UNDER THE TABLE CLOTH, AND UNDER THE TABLE, AS A
REMINDER THAT CHRIST WAS BORN IN A MANGER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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A CUSTOM PERFORMED BY MY GRANDPARENTS WAS THIS:
ON CHRISTMAS EVE THEY WOULD COVER THE DINNER TABLE WITH HAY.
THEY WOULD HAVE 7 OR 9 DISHES OF FOOD TO EAT. THERE COULD NEVER BE
AN EVEN NUMBER OF DISHES OF FOOD. AFTER THEY ATE THEY
WOULD LEAVE EVERTHING ON THE TABLE UNTIL THE NEXT DAY. THEN
THEY WOULD PICK UP THE HAY AND FEED IT TO THE CATTLE IN
THE BARN. NEXT THEY WOULD LOOK FOR ANY GRAIN THAT MAY HAVE
BEEN LEFT ON THE TABLE. THESE SEEDS SOMETIMES BECOME MIXED WITH
THE HAY. IF THERE WERE SOME GRAIN SEEDS FOUND ON THE TABLE THE
GRAIN CROP FOR THE NEXT YEAR WOULD BE GOOD.

Where learned: LOCATION NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

Keyword(s): FOOD

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-15-1969

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SYMBOL OF LAND FERTILITY

DURING THE UKRAINIAN CHRISTMAS EVE MEAL, A SHEAF OF
STRAW IN THE FORM OF A MAN IS PUT INTO A CORNER AND SYMBOLIZES
LAND FERTILITY. THE "MAN" IS CALLED DIDUKH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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SWADDLING CLOTHES

IN POLAND AT THE BIG FESTIVE MEAL ON CHRISTMAS
EVE, THE POLISH PEOPLE PUT STRAW UNDER THE TABLECLOTH TO
REMIND THEM THAT CHRIST WAS BORN IN SWADDLING CLOTHES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, SOME POLISH FAMILIES LAY STRAW ON THE
DINNER TABLE FOR THE MAGI.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 01-00-1968

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A REMEMBRANCE OF THE STABLE

DURING THE UKRAINIAN CHRISTMAS EVE MEAL, STRAW IS
SCATTERED UNDERNEATH THE TABLE IN REMEMBRANCE OF THE
STABLE WHERE CHRIST WAS BORN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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CHRISTMAS

DURING THE CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER STRAW IS PUT UNDER THE TABLE
CLOTH FOR HEALTH AND PROSPERITY. THIS IS ANOTHER POLISH CUSTOM.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant is collector's mother.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; informant's home

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 03-19-1970

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

AT CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER, A BUNDLE OF HAY IS PUT UNDER THE TABLE.
 

Submitter comment:

This practice took place when informant lived on her parents' farm located near Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 02-22-1970

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CHRISTMAS

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, HAY WAS PUT ON THE DINNER
TABLE AND THE CLOTH PUT OVER THE HAY. IN THE
HAY WAS PUT SOME COIN MONEY FOR EACH PERSON
SO THEY WOULD NOT BE BROKE IN THE COMING YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; TOLD AT COLLECTOR'S HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.4
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 03-10-1970

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CHRISTMAS EVE

STRAW IS TO BE PLACED IN ABUNDANCE UNDERNEATH THE TABLECLOTH FOR THE
CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER IN ORDER TO PREPARE FOR THE COMING OF THE
CHRIST CHILD.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT PRACTICES THIS CUSTOM EACH YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector reside on same street.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; TOLD AT INFORMANT'S HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 02-18-1971

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

SETTING THE TABLE AT CHRISTMAS--
12 VARIETIES OF FOOD - 12 APOSTLES
STRAW ON TABLE FOR CHRIST CHILD
EMPTY CHAIR - FOR CHRIST CHILD OR UNEXPECTED GUEST.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Mistletoe and other greenery
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-18-1967

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CHRISTMAS

AT THE CHRISTMAS DINNER IN POLAND, A THIN LAYER OF HAY
IS PLACED UNDER THE TABLECLOTH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 03-25-1971

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CHRISTMAS

AFTER SUPPER ON CHRISTMAS EVE,
THE MOTHER TAKES 3 TABLESPOONS
OF EACH FOOD ON THE TABLE, AND
PLACES THEM IN A DISH FOR THE
SPIRITS OF THE DECEASED IN THE
FAMILY.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-19-1967

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THE UKRAINIANS PUT ONE EXTRA PLACE SETTING AT
THE CHRISTMAS EVE SUPPER TABLE FOR ALL THE DEAD MEMBERS
OF THEIR FAMILY, AND WILL FILL IT WITH FOOD SO
THAT THE SPIRITS WILL NOT GO HUNGRY ON THIS
"SVIAT VECHIR" OR HOLY EVENING.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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CHRISTMAS MEAL FOR THE DECEASED

THERE IS ANOTHER UKRAINIAN CUSTOM WHICH SOME
FOLLOW TODAY STATING THAT AFTER THE TRADITIONAL
CHRISTMAS EVE MEAL, PEOPLE LEAVE THE LEFT-OVERS
ON THE TABLE FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE NIGHT IN
ORDER THAT MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY WHO WERE DECEASED
MAY HAVE SOMETHING TO EAT THAT ONE NIGHT IN THE YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 09-14-1969

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CHRISTMAS EVE

AT THE CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER AS EACH TYPE OF FOOD
OR AS EACH DISH OF FOOD WAS BEGUN TO BE PASSED
AROUND THE TABLE, BEFORE ANY PERSON TOOK SOME, A
TEASPOONFUL OR SO WAS GIVEN TO THE FAMILY ANIMALS
SO THEY WOULD FEEL INCLUDED IN THE FAMILY AND
SO THEY WOULD PRODUCE MORE IN THE COMING YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; TOLD AT INFORMANT'S HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 03-11-1970

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Christmas Bean Serving

IT IS A POLISH CUSTOM, DURING CHRISTMAS
EVE DINNER, FOR ALL THE CHILDREN TO SAVE
ONE SPOONFUL OF BEANS UNTIL THE END OF
THE BEAN SERVING. THEY TAKE THIS SPOON AND
GO TO THE BACKDOOR AND THROW THEM
OUTSIDE.

Submitter comment:

THE REASON IS TO SYMBOLICALLY OFFER
THE WOLF FOOD SO HE WILL NOT COME
TO THE DOOR DURING THE UPCOMING YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ANIMALS ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.4
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Feeding animals, spirits of trees

Date learned: 11-00-1968

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