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FOOD CUSTOM

IRANIANS ABSTAINED FROM ALL FISHES THAT DO NOT HAVE FINS & SCALES

Submitter comment: THIS ITEM WAS FOUND TO BE TRUE FROM BERTHOLET,"COMMENTARY ON LEN

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BLOOMFIELD

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 00-00-1974

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SMELTS

AN ITALIAN CUSTOM IS TO EAT SMELTS ON CHRISTMAS EVE.
THEY SYMBOLIZE THE FISHERMEN (APOSTLES) AND THE COMING OF CHRIST

Where learned: DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): ANIMAL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Single dishes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 11-03-1972

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ITALIAN-AMERICAN COOKING

AT CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER, MEAT IS NEVER SERVED. INSTEAD, ITALIAN-
AMERICANS DINE ON DIFFERENT KINDS OF FISH AND ROASTED CHESTNUTS.

Submitter comment: REALLY ENJOYS TALKING ABOUT ITALIAN COOKING.

Where learned: OHIO ; AKRON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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CUSTOMS (NEW YEAR)

IF AT THE STROKE OF MIDNIGHT A MARRIED
COUPLE IS HOLDING CASH IN ONE HAND
AND A PICKLED HERRING IN THE OTHER HAND AND EACH TASTES OF THE
HERRING THEY WILL HAVE GOOD LUCK THROUGHOUT THE COMING YEAR.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED FROM THE FAMILY.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; CHICAGO

Keyword(s): MONEY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Fixed DateFor specific dates, use the following system: F640.1231
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
BELIEF -- Fish
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 09-30-1967

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NEW YEAR'S

AFTER MIDNIGHT ON NEW YEAR'S EVE EAT HERRINGS FOR GOOD LUCK IN THE
NEW YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; collector's home

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Fixed DateFor specific dates, use the following system: F640.1231
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
BELIEF -- Fish
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: 03-10-1970

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Bring in the New Year with Fish

AN OLD BELIEF THAT HAS BEEN OBSERVED IN MY FAMILY:
BRING IN THE NEW YEAR WITH FISH

Submitter comment:

WHILE I DO NOT BELIEVE THIS CUSTOM WILL BRING GOOD LUCK, MY
PARENTS AND GRANDPARENTS ALWAYS ARE SURE TO START THE NEW YEAR
BY EATING A TYPE OF FISH--NO PARTICULAR TYPE. THIS IS TO
INSURE GOOD LUCK FOR THE NEW YEAR. AND IN OUR HOME IT IS
ALWAYS DONE.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.
 

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UTICA ; 4290 Sandy Creek

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Year
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
BELIEF -- Fish
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.42

Date learned: NOT RECORDED

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ON CHRISTMAS EVE, ITALIANS SERVE FIVE DIFFERENT KINDS OF FISH.
THEY ARE SMELT, SHRIMP, EEL, COD AND SQUID SAUCE OVER SPAGHETTI.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; CAMPUS

Subject headings: 686 Fifths
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 02-26-1979

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PURPOSE OF HERRING

EATING HERRING ON NEW YEAR'S EVE, GERMANS BELIEVE WILL BRING
MONEY ALL YEAR LONG.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Year
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: CA00001930

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DRUNK LOBSTER

TO PREPARE THIS FOOD YOU TAKE A LIVE LOBSTER AND PUT IT INTO A
LARGE GLASS BOWL. THEN YOU COMPLETELY COVER THE LOBSTER WITH GRAIN
ALCOHOL. NEXT YOU SHAKE THE BOWL BACK AND FORTH THUS MAKING THE
LOBSTER DRUNK. THEN THE LOBSTER IS PLACED ON YOUR PLATE AND YOU EAT
IT WHILE IT IS STILL ALIVE. THAT WAY YOU KNOW THAT WHAT YOU ARE
EATING IS STILL FRESH.

Submitter comment: MY INFORMANT COLLECTED THIS IN TAIWAN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 00-00-1978

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BANA CAULDA (HOT BUTTER)

PEEL TWELVE LARGE CLOVES OF GARLIC. THINLY SLICE INTO A
ONE QUART SAUCEPAN. ADD FOUR OUNCES OF FLAT FILET
ANCHOVIES. COVER BOTTOM OF PAN WITH OLIVE OIL. PUT ON
MEDIUM HEAT. COOK TIL GARLIC IS SOFT. DO NOT BROWN.
MASH GARLIC AND ANCHOVIES WITH A FORK TIL FINE. ADD ONE
POUND OF BUTTER. STIR TIL BUTTER MELTS AND COMES TO A SOFT BOIL.
USING A FORK, DIP CABBAGE OR VEGETABLES OF CHOICE IN MIXTURE.
USE SLICED BREAD TO CATCH THE DRIPPINGS.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN MEAL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Service Table furnishing and decoration Implement to handle food
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Mixed preparation in liquid
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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FISH IS ALWAYS SERVED AT THE MEAL FOLLOWING A FUNERAL
SERVICE AND ALSO AT THE MEMORIAL SERVICE FORTY DAYS LATER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
BELIEF -- Number P686.1.40

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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RECIPES FOR FOUR NATIVE DISHES (CUISINES) MADE IN THE BAHAMAS.

CONCH IS A WHITE FLESHY MOLLUSK WHICH LIVES INSIDE A LARGE SHELL.
AFTER THE CONCH HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM ITS SHELL IT CAN BE USED
TO PREPARE A VARIETY OF DISHES SUCH AS:
(1) "SCORCH CONCH"
(2) "CRACK CONCH"
(3) CONCH FRITTERS
(4) CONCH SALADE
TO PREPARE SCORCH CONCH THE STEPS BELOW MUST BE FOLLOWED:
(1) WASH THE CONCH IN EITHER WATER AND LIME, WATER AND VINEGAR OR
WATER AND SALT TO REMOVE THE SLIME AFTER IT HAS BEEN REMOVED
FROM ITS SHELL.
(2) YOU THEN SCORCH THE CONCH BY CUTTING IT INTO SEGMENTS, WHICH
MAY BE SEPARATED INTO BIG CHUNKS OR REMAIN AS ONE.
(3) ONIONS, AND TOMATOES ARE CUT INTO BIG PIECES.
(4) SQUEEZE LIME JUICE FROM LIMES OR YOU MAY USE THE BOTTLED
LIME JUICE.
(5) CUT A FEW HOT PEPPERS INTO SMALL PIECES
(6) PUT EVERYTHING INTO ONE BOWL AND MIX TOGETHER
(7) ADD SALT (IF YOU DESIRE), AND THE CONCH IS READY TO BE SERVED.
THE PREPARATION OF CONCH SALADE IS SIMILAR EXCEPT FOR A FEW
STEPS. CONCH SALADE IS PREPARED AS FOLLOWS:
(1) WASH THE CONCH TO REMOVE SLIME
(2) CUT THE CONCH INTO SMALL PIECES
(3) CUT THE ONIONS, TOMATOES, SWEET PEPPER (GREEN PEPPER), HOT
PEPPER (AND CUCUMBER IF YOU DESIRE) INTO SMALL PIECES
(4) PUT EVERYTHING INTO ONE BOWL, AND SQUEEZE A LOT OF LEMON
JUICE ON THE CONTENTS IN THE BOWL
(5) ADD SALT AND MIX EVERYTHING TOGETHER.
TO PREPARE CONCH FRITTER THE STEPS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
(1) CUT CONCH INTO SMALL PIECES
(2) CUT THE ONIONS, SWEET PEPPER, AND HOT PEPPER INTO SMALL
PIECES AS WELL
(3) MIX THE ABOVE ITEMS INTO FLOUR AND WATER UNTIL THE BATTER OR
MIXTURE IS STICKY OR THICK
(4) THYME, A SPICE OR SEASONING, MAY BE ADDED IF YOU DESIRE.
(5) USING A TABLE SPOON, TAKE OUT THE AMOUNT YOU DESIRE AND FRY
THEM INTO LITTLE OR BIG BALLS. WHEN THEY ARE A BROWNISH COLOR
THEY MAY BE REMOVED AND SERVED. THEY MAY BE EATEN LIKE THIS OR
WITH A SAUCE MADE FROM KETCHUP, MUSTARD, HOT-SAUCE AND MAYONNAISE.
CRACK CONCH IS PREPARED AS FOLLOWS:
(1) BEAT THE CONCH WITH A CONCH BEATER TO MAKE IT SOFTER TO CHEW
(2) BEAT A FEW EGGS
(3) ADD SALT AND CREAM (MILK) TO THE EGG AND MIX TOGETHER
(4) DIP THE CONCH INTO THE EGG MIXTURE
(5) COVER THE CONCH WITH A FLOUR COATING (AFTER IT HAS BEEN
DIPPED INTO THE EGG)
(6) FRY THE CONCH UNTIL IT IS A GOLDEN BROWN COLOUR
(7) IF YOU DESIRE YOU SQUEEZE LIME JUICE ON THE CONCH, AND OTHER
THINGS SUCH AS KETCHUP AND HOT-SAUCE MAY BE ADDED AS WELL.

Submitter comment: CONCH IS SAID TO BE VERY GOOD FOR STRENGTHENING THE BACK.

Where learned: BAHAMAS ; NASSAU

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 00001970S

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BLACK-AMERICAN RECIPE FOR SHRIMP CREOLE

4 TABLESPOONS BACON DRIPPINGS
2 MEDIUM SIZED ONIONS
1 GREEN PEPPER
1 1/2 CUPS CELERY, CHOPPED FINE
1 QUART TOMATOES
3 TABLESPOONS TOMATO PASTE
SALT AND PEPPER - SEASONED YOUR WAY
4 CUPS COOKED SHRIMP
PEPPER SAUCE
CHOP (VERY SMALL PIECES) ONIONS, GREEN
PEPPER AND CELERY AND SAUTE IN BACON
DRIPPINGS FOR 15 TO 20 MINUTES ON LOW
TO MEDIUM HEAT (DO NOT BURN). ADD QUART
OF TOMATOES AND 3 TABLESPOONS OF TOMATOE
PASTE. LET THIS SIMMER SLOWLY, LOW HEAT
TO A THICK CONSISTENCY FROM 30-45 MINUTES.
ADD PEPPER SAUCE TO TASTE. ADD COOKED
SHRIMP 15 MINUTES BEFORE SERVING. (FRESHLY
COOKED SHRIMP SHRIMP IS BETTER). CAN BE
SERVED OVER RICE.

Submitter comment: RECIPE PASSED TO 89 YEAR OLD AUNT FROM HER
MOTHER.

Where learned: LOUISIANA

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 00-00-1960

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Superstition

Never eat fish in a month without an "R" in it.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CALENDAR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- July
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- August
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Month
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 00001930ca

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Eating Herring on New Year's brings good luck. The more you
eat the more good luck you will have.

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 00001960S

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