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TO CAUSE ILLNESS IN WITCHES

TO MAKE A WITCH SICK YOU NEED TO DO THESE THINGS:
GET THREE NAILS FROM A COFFIN AND STICK THEM INTO A SAUCE
OF BUTTER AND WINTERGREEN
SAY THE WITCHES NAME AS YOU PLACE
THE SAUCE IN A HIDDEN SPOT WHERE NEITHER SUNLIGHT NOR MOONLIGHT
WILL PENETRATE. YOUR WITCH WILL BE SICK FOR SIX MONTHS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ANN ARBOR

James Callow Keyword(s): ANIMAL PRODUCT ; PLANT NERB

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Witch Shaman

Date learned: 10-00-1969

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ITALIAN COOKING

OLIVE OIL AND HERBS ARE USED IN PRACTICALLY EVERY ITALIAN RECIPE.
HOWEVER, IN NORTHERN ITALY, THE COOKS PREFER TO USE BUTTER, THOUGH
AN EXTRA DROP OF OIL IN THIS OR THAT COMBINATION CAN ADD AN
INDEFINABLE DISTINCTION OF FLAVOR.

Submitter comment: REALLY ENJOYS TALKING ABOUT ITALIAN COOKING.

Where learned: OHIO ; AKRON

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Kind of Food and Its Preparation
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
Food Drink -- Flavoring

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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THIS IS HOW YOU MAKE BUTTER.
TIGHTEN THE TOP AND CHURN SLOWLY-- IF YOU GO TOO FAST YOULL GET
WHIPPED CREAM. WHEN THE BUTTER GETS SO THICK YOU CANT CHURN ANY
MORE, WHY, ITS DONE. SQUEEZE ALL THE BUTTERMILK OUT, SALT IT A BIT,
MOLD IT, AND PUT IT AWAY.

Where learned: MISSOURI ; AGENCY

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: CA00001967

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BUTTER

ON THE INFORMANT'S FARM IN MANITOBA EXCESS BUTTER WAS USED TO
GREASE AND LUBRICATE THE MACHINERY. IT WAS FOUND TO BE SUPERIOR
TO OIL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CANADA

Subject headings: Favorites
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 09-00-1971

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WHEN MAKING HOME MADE BUTTER IN IRELAND AND A VISITOR COMES IN WHILE
THE BUTTER IS BEING TURNED, THE VISITOR MUST ALWAYS HELP THEM
AWHILE, OTHERWISE THE BUTTER WOULD NOT COME.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1970

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BUTTER TEST

TO FIND OUT IF YOU LIKE BUTTER YOU RUB A DANDILION UNDER
YOUR CHIN, IF YOUR SKIN TURNS YELLOW THEN YOU LIKE BUTTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HUNTINGTON WOODS

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Body part Senses
BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 00001960S

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BANA CAULDA (HOT BUTTER)

PEEL TWELVE LARGE CLOVES OF GARLIC. THINLY SLICE INTO A
ONE QUART SAUCEPAN. ADD FOUR OUNCES OF FLAT FILET
ANCHOVIES. COVER BOTTOM OF PAN WITH OLIVE OIL. PUT ON
MEDIUM HEAT. COOK TIL GARLIC IS SOFT. DO NOT BROWN.
MASH GARLIC AND ANCHOVIES WITH A FORK TIL FINE. ADD ONE
POUND OF BUTTER. STIR TIL BUTTER MELTS AND COMES TO A SOFT BOIL.
USING A FORK, DIP CABBAGE OR VEGETABLES OF CHOICE IN MIXTURE.
USE SLICED BREAD TO CATCH THE DRIPPINGS.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN MEAL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Service Table furnishing and decoration Implement to handle food
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Mixed preparation in liquid
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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BOURAG

BEAT ONE EGG, ADD ONE TABLESPOON SALT AND ONE CUP ICE COLD WATER.
GRADUALLY ADD THREE TO FOUR CUPS FLOUR TO BREAD DOUGH CONSISTENCY.
PUT IN REFRIGERATOR TWENTY MINUTES. TAKE OUT AND ROLL OUT TO
18 INCH BY 12 INCH RECTANGLE. TAKE TWO STICKS BUTTER AND LAYER
ON DOUGH. FOLD IN HALF FOUR TIMES, PUT IN REFRIGERATOR
TWENTY MINUTES. ROLL OUT DOUGH TO SAME SIZE AS BEFORE WITHOUT
UNFOLDING. FOLD, PUT IN REFRIGERATOR TWENTY MINUTES. ROLL OUT
AGAIN. REFRIGERATE NO MORE THAN TWO DAYS. CUT DOUGH IN FIVE STRIPS.
CUT STRIPS IN FIVE PIECES. FLATTEN EACH WITH A ROLLING PIN TO A
SMALL SQUARE. COMBINE TWO BEATEN WITH ONE POUND MUENSTER
CHEESE. USE THIS TO FILL DOUGH BY TEASPOONS. FOLD DOUGH TO A
TRIANGLE TO CONTAIN FILLING. BRUSH EACH WITH A BEATEN EGG.
COOK AT 450 DEGREES FOR TWENTY MINUTES. THEN COOK AT 350 DEGREES
FOR FIFTEEN TO TWENTY MINUTES.

Submitter comment: THIS RECIPE WAS LEARNED BY THE INFORMANT FROM HER ARMENIAN
MOTHER-IN-LAW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Animal product Egg
Food Drink -- Animal product Cheese
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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GNOCCHIS

PUT ONE POUND PEELED, WASHED POTATOES IN A POT WITH SALTED
WATER ENOUGH TO COVER POTATOES. COOK TIL TENDER. DRAIN. DRY
POTATOES AND MASH THEM. MEASURE 1 3/4 CUPS FLOUR INTO BOWL.
MAKE A WELL IN THE CENTER OF THE FLUOR. PUT MASHED POTATOES
INTO THE WELL WHILE POTATOES ARE STILL HOT. MIX TIL IT IS A
SOFT, ELASTIC DOUGH. TURN DOUGH ONTO A LIGHTLY FLOURED SURFACE
AND KNEAD. ROLL DOUGH TO PENCIL THICKNESS. CUT IN 3/4 INCH
LENGTHS. BRING THREE QUARTS WATER TO BOIL IN A POT. GRADUALLY
ADD GNOCCHIS. BOIL RAPIDLY UNCOVERED FOR 8 TO 10 MINUTES TIL
GNOCCHIS ARE TENDER AND COME TO THE SURFACE. DRAIN IN COLANDER.
SERVE GNOCCHIS COVERED WITH MELTED BUTTER AND GRATED PARMESAN CHEESE.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN MEAL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Animal product Cheese
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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BLACK AMERICAN

IF BUTTER WILL NOT COME, DROP
A RED HOT HORSE SHOE IN THE
MILK TO KILL THE WITCHES; THEN
THE BUTTER WILL COME. INFOR-
MANT HEARD ON GRANDMOTHER'S FARM
WHEN A CHILD.

Where learned: MISSISSIPPI

James Callow Keyword(s): HORSESHOE ; IRON

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Witch Shaman
BELIEF -- Mineral

Date learned: 09-15-1985

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POLISH

ON HOLY SATURDAY, FOOD IS BLESSED IN THE CHURCHES. ONE
OF THE SPECIAL FOODS BLESSED IS LAMB FORMED OUT OF
BUTTER WHICH SYMBOLIZES THE RISEN CHRIST.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; TRENTON

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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ON EASTER, THE POLISH PEOPLE HAVE BUTTER OR A CAKE
IN THE SHAPE OF A LAMB.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A POLISH CUSTOM AND A FAMILY TRADITION.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 04-11-1967

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POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

THE POLISH PEOPLE USE BUTTER IN THE FORM OF A LAMB.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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BUTTER AND BUTTER MILK: BY SHAKING A GALLON CAN OF
RICH CREAM FOR A SHORT TIME, IT WOULD BECOME THICK,
THE LIQUID WOULD SEPARATE FROM THE FAT, ADD A LITTLE
SALT AND WE HAD BUTTER. WE DID NOT OWN A BUTTER
CHURN ALTHOUGH MANY DID.

Submitter comment: THE LIQUID AROUND THE BUTTER WAS BUTTERMILK.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; PEORIA

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-01-1971

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IF A PIECE OF BREAD AND BUTTER FALLS ON THE THE
FLOOR AND THE BUTTERED SIDE HITS THE FLOOR, IT IS
CONSIDERED BAD LUCK.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; LINCOLNSHIRE

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Bad luck Food and drink

Date learned: 03-03-1971

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IF YOU PUT A DANDELION UNDER A PERSON'S CHIN, AND IT
REFLECTS YELLOW, IT MEANS THAT THE PERSON LIKES
BUTTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Use of Object Plant

Date learned: 10-00-1967

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IF YOU RUB A BUTTERCUP ON YOUR CHIN AND THE YELLOW
COMES OFF ON IT, YOU CAN BE SURE YOU LIKE BUTTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Use of Object Plant

Date learned: 11-13-1970

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IF, WHEN YOU HOLD A DANDELION UNDER YORU CHIN, THE
YELLOW REFLECTS ON YOUR SKIN, THEN YOU LIKE BUTTER.

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Use of Object Plant

Date learned: 11-19-1968

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THERE IS A BELIEF THAT THE BUTTERCUP FLOWER, WHEN HELD
TO A PERSON'S CHIN, INDICATES WHETHER THAT PERSON
IS IN LOVE OR LIKES BUTTER. IF YELLOW STAINS THE
CHIN, THAT PERSON IS IN LOVE OR VARIOUSLY LIKES
BUTTER.

Submitter comment: THIS BELIEF WAS SHOWN TO ME YEARS AGO ON MY GRAND-
FATHER'S FARM. BUTTERCUPS GROW IN THE MEADOW.

Where learned: MINNESOTA ; STURGEON LAKE

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Use of Object Plant

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IF A YELLOW DANDELION HELD UNDER YOUR CHIN SHINES YELLOW
ON YOUR CHIN, YOU LIKE BUTTER.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; DORM ; PEABODY COLLEGE ; NASHVILLE

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Animal product Butter
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Chin
BELIEF -- Plant

Date learned: 05-05-1969

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