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HAZELWOOD TREE LEGEND.

THERE IS A LEGEND ABOUT THE HAZELWOOD TREE.
WHEN MARY AND JOSEPH AND JESUS WERE FLEEING TO EGYPT, THEY CAME
TO A POPLAR TREE THAT WAS BIG AND TALL AND STRAIGHT. MARY
ASKED THE POPLAR TREE TO COVER HER UP AND PROTECT HER FROM
THE RAIN. THE POPLAR TREE WOULD NOT. MARY SAID,'MAY YOU NEVER
HAVE YOUR LIMBS DOWN AND MAY YOUR LEAVES NEVER REST.
THIS IS WHY THE POPLAR TREE IS ALWAYS TREMBLING, IN WIND OR NOT.
THE NEXT TREE THAT MARY CAME TO, WAS THE HAZELWOOD TREE.
THEY DO NOT GROW VERY HIGH, ARE SQUATTY, AND ALWAYS HAVE A LOT OF
BRANCHES ON THEM. MARY ASKED THE HAZELWOOD TREE TO COVER HER AND
IT DID. SHE BLESSED THE TREE IN RETURN, SAYING? 'MAY YOU BE BLESSED
FOR ETERNITY BECAUSE YOU HAVE SHELTERED ME. MAY YOUR LEAVES BE A
MEDICINE TO PEOPLE THAT NEED YOU. HEAL THEM OF DISEASES, AND MAY
YOU GROW FRUIT FOR MANKIND AND BEASTS.' SINCE THEN THE HAZELWOOD
TREE HAS PRODUCED LOTS OF NUTS CALLED FILBERTS.

James Callow comment:

POPLAR BRANCHES REACH UP, AS IF ARMS EXTENDED IN PRAYER

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): PLANT ANIMAL

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Religious hero
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew
BELIEF -- Plant

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BELIEF

ONE GIRL ASKED A BOY TO MAKE HER A PEANUT BUTTER SANDWICH.
HE MADE IT, BUT SHE SAID NOT TO CUT IT, LEST THE FLAVOR GO OUT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FERNDALE

James Callow Keyword(s): FOOD ; KNIFE

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Home

Date learned: 09-26-1965

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ONE GIRL ASKS A BOY, 'MAKE ME A PEANUT BUTTER SANDWICH.'
SO HE MADE IT. HE WAS ABOUT TO CUT IT WHEN THE GIRL SAID, ' DO
NOT CUT IT BECAUSE THAT WAY ALL THE FLAVOR GOES OUT.'

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FERNDALE

James Callow Keyword(s): KNIFE

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Home

Date learned: 09-26-1965

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EXPLANATION OF POPCORN AND PEANUT SELLING AT SPORT EVENTS:

IN ROMAN DAYS, RED HOT PEAS WERE SOLD AT GLADIATOR GAMES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Flavoring Spice
BELIEF -- Entertainment Diversion

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THE CHRISTMAS TREE

ALL THE CHRISTMAS TREES IN POLAND ARE DECORATED WITH ORNAMENTS
MADE BY THE PEOPLE OF THE HOUSE. THESE ARE USED FROM
YEAR TO YEAR. SOMETIMES NUTS AND CRANBERRIES ARE
STRUNG TOGETHER AND THE GARLAND HUNG ON THE BRANCHES OF THE TREE.
THE LIGHTS ARE USUALLY SMALL CANDLES LIT CAREFULLY BY THE LADY
OF THE HOUSE. THE TREE IS ALWAYS DECORATED ON CHRISTMAS EVE,
LONG AFTER THE LITTLE ONES HAVE GONE TO BED.

Submitter comment: RECEIVED BY LETTER FROM POLAND SEVERAL YEARS AGO

Where learned: POLAND ; KRAKOW

James Callow Keyword(s): PLANTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Plant food Fruit
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut

Date learned: 12-01-1975

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RELIGIOUS CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

CALLED THE OPLATKI. IT IS A BLESSED WAFER ON WHICH YOU PUT HONEY AND
A WALNUT. A GOOD WALNUT REPRESENTS GOOD HEALTH. THEY ALSO USED TO
PUT GARLIC ON IT TO CHASE AWAY THE EVIL SPIRITS. SHE SAID THAT THIS
TASTED AWFUL.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A SLOVAK CUSTOM THAT IS HARD TO PRACTICE BECAUSE OF THE
DIFFICULTY IN ACQUIRING A BLESSED HOST.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Devil Demon
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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ITALIAN-AMERICAN COOKING

AT CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER, MEAT IS NEVER SERVED. INSTEAD, ITALIAN-
AMERICANS DINE ON DIFFERENT KINDS OF FISH AND ROASTED CHESTNUTS.

Submitter comment: REALLY ENJOYS TALKING ABOUT ITALIAN COOKING.

Where learned: OHIO ; AKRON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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ITALIAN-AMERICAN COOKING

ON EASTER, THEY SERVE WHOLE ROASTED BALRY LAMB AND MANICOTTI WITH
TOMATO SAUCE. EVERY HOLIDAY HAS ITS OWN SPECIAL MEAL, BUT THEY ALL
END UP WITH EXPRESSO COFFEE AND FRUIT AND NUT MIX.

Submitter comment: REALLY ENJOYS TALKING ABOUT ITALIAN COOKING.

Where learned: OHIO ; AKRON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Noon mealsDinnerLunch
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Plant food Fruit
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Meat Bred animal
Food Drink -- Non-alcoholic fruit beverage Coffee

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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FOOD

IN MANY ARMENIAN HOMES ONE MIGHT FIND A NUT-LIKE ITEM (LABLABOO)
MIXED WITH RAISINS IN A CANDY DISH.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT HAS OBSERVED THIS FOOD IN ARMENIAN HOMES TODAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Nut

Date learned: 11-01-1971

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COKE AND PEANUTS

IN THE SOUTH CHILDREN OFTEN BUY A COKE AND A BAG OF PLANTER'S
PEANUTS AND PUT THEM IN THE COKE BOTTLE. THIS CHANGES THE TASTE OF
THE COKE AND THE NUTS. I FIND THIS COMBINATION VERY PLEASING.

Where learned: LOCATION NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

Keyword(s): FOOD

Subject headings: Favorites
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Drink

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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RECIPE FOR WALNUT FILLING

GRIND WALNUTS 1 1/2 POUND
3 CUPS OF SUGAR
MIX TOGETHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): NUTS

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Nut

Date learned: 11-14-1971

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RECIPE FOR POTATO DOUGH

ROLL IN STICK SHAPES OR BALLS (POTATO), COOK IN BOILING WATER,
DRAIN - ROLL IN WALNUT FILLING (SEE RECIPE) OR GROUND POPPY
SEED FILLING.
POPPY SEED AND SUGAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut

Date learned: 11-14-1971

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GORP

GORP IS A HIGH ENERGY FOOD EATEN BY CAMPERS AND HIKERS. IT IS A
MIXTURE OF RAISINS, PEANUTS, M&M CHOCOLATE CANDY AND SOMETIMES BEEF
JERKY.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT RECOMMENDS IT AS A SNACK TOO} SHE SAID IT IS GOOD WHEN YO
ARE DOING STRENUOUS ACTIVITIES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WIXOM

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Food
Food Drink -- Plant food Fruit
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Meat
Food Drink -- Pastry Sweet Dessert

Date learned: 02-07-1980

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ST. STEPHEN'S DAY

ON DEC. 26, MIDDLEAGED PEOPLE THREW WALNUTS AT THEIR FRIENDS OR
FAMILIES. PROBABLY USED AS A REMINDER TO GET RID OF OLD YEAR
AND PREPARE FOR NEW ONE.

Submitter comment: THE OBSERVANCE OF THIS DAY IN HAMTRAMCK WAS PRACTICED BY PARENTS WHO
AWOKE THEIR CHILDREN BY TOSSING A WALNUT TO THEIR NOSE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HAMTRAMCK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 26 Boxing Day St. Stephen's Day
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut

Date learned: 00-00-1920

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PEANUTS IN THE HOUSE BRING BAD LUCK.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT DID NOT SPECIFY WHY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Bad luck Plants

Date learned: 03-00-1983

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IF YOU EAT AN ACORN, A LOVED ONE
WILL BE SUCCESSFUL.

Submitter comment: SHE DID NOT BELIEVE IT THEN OR NOW.

Where learned: JAMAICA ; PRINCETON

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank

Date learned: 00-00-1970 ; 00-00-1985

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It is believed in Greece that if an unmarried woman places three
"koufetta," meaning sugar-coated almonds, taken from a priest's tray
(meaning they were blessed) during a wedding, and places them under
her pillow at night while she is sleeping, she will see in her dreams
who she is to marry. The same is true for an unmarried male.

Where learned: GREECE

Subject headings: 686 Thirds / Thrice / Three / Triple
Favorites
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Service Table furnishing and decoration Food container
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Dreams Dreams about weddings, funerals, and other crucial moments of life
BELIEF -- P841,
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 00001950CA

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ON THE DAY AFTER CHRISTMAS, THE CHILDREN THROW NUTS AT
PEOPLE. THIS DAY IS ST. STEPHAN'S DAY, THE FIRST
MARTYR OF THE CHURCH WHO WAS STONED TO DEATH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; TAYLOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 26 Boxing Day St. Stephen's Day
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut

Date learned: 11-27-1967

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GOOD LUCK NUT

NUTS ARE PLACED IN DISHES AS PART OF THE CHRISTMAS
FEAST CELEBRATION IN BULGARIA. EVERYONE IN THE
HOUSEHOLD RETAINS ONE TO BE SAVED UNTIL NEW YEAR'S
DAY. EVERYONE THEN BREAKS OPEN THEIR NUT AND THE
CONDITION OF THE INTERIOR INDICATES THE OWNER'S
FUTURE FOR THE COMING YEAR. A SOUND NUT MEAT
INDICATES PROSPERITY FOR ITS OWNER, WHILE A ROTTEN IN-
TERIOR SAYS THE COMING YEAR WILL NOT BE GOOD FOR
ITS OWNER.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT REMEMBERS THIS AS A COMMON PRACTICE OF
HIS FAMILY IN BULGARIA.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; BULGARIA

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Use of Object Food

Date learned: 03-21-1970

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ONE GIRL ASKS A BOY,"MAKE ME A PEANUT BUTTER SANDWICH."
SO HE MADE IT. HE WAS ABOUT TO CUT IT WHEN THE GIRL SAID," DO
NOT CUT IT BECAUSE THAT WAY ALL THE FLAVOR GOES OUT."

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

James Callow comment:

Some BN crossed out [ P400; P500]

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FERNDALE

Keyword(s): BELIEF ; Flavor ; FOOD ; Peanut Butter ; Sandwich

James Callow Keyword(s): FOOD ; KNIFE

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
BELIEF -- Home

Date learned: 09-26-1965

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