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FEAST OF THE CORPUS CHRISTI

THE FEAST OF THE CORPUS CHRISTI WAS CELEBRATED IN JUNE. ALL THE
CHILDREN WOULD HUNT THROUGH THE WOODS, ALONG ROADSIDES AND TRACKS AND
PASTURES OR ANYWHERE TO GATHER WILD FLOWERS INTO SMALL BASKETS.
THEN, THE MORNING OF THE FEAST DAY THE GIRLS WORE WHITE DRESSES AND
THE BOYS WORE WHITE PANTS, AND THE BLESSED SACRAMENT WAS PARADED
FROM THE CHURCH TO THREE SMALL CHAPELS NEAR THE CHURCH AND BACK TO
THE CHURCH AGAIN. THE SCHOOL CHILDREN DRESSED IN WHITE STREWED
FLOWERS IN THE PATH OF THE PROCESSION. THE NIGHT BEFORE, THE OLDER
BOYS ALSO HAD PLANTED SMALL TREES LINING ON EACH SIDE OF THE WALK
ALONG THE WAY.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; PEORIA

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 11-19-1971

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MARCH 21-JUNE 20, SPECIAL OR FESTIVE MEALS

ON THE CHINESE NEW YEAR AN OFFERING OF FOOD IS MADE TO THE GODS.
THE FAMILY'S DINNER IS PLACED OUTSIDE THE HOUSE WITH BURNING
INCENSE. AFTER THE FOOD STAYS OUT FOR A WHILE, IT IS BROUGHT
IN THE HOUSE AND EATEN.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S FAMILY PARTAKES IN THIS RITUAL EVERY NEW YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

AMONG THE CHINESE THE NEW YEAR APPARENTLY OCCURS BETWEEN

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 21 equinox to June 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-08-1971

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MARCH 21- JUNE 20, COLOR, LUCK

ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE CHINESE NEW YEAR, THE CHILDREN RECEIVE RED
ENVELOPES WITH MONEY IN THEM. THE COLOR RED IS CONSIDERED TO BE
LUCKY.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT HAS COLLECTED RED ENVELOPES ON THE CHINESE NEW YEAR
EVER SINCE SHE WAS A CHILD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): GIFTGIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 21 equinox to June 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
BELIEF -- Color
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 11-04-1971

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DURING NEW YEAR CELEBRATION, YOU PUT TWO
GOOD LUCK SAYINGS ON EITHER SIDE OF THE
DOOR. BOTH SAYINGS MUST BE SYMMETRICAL (5 WORDS EACH
FOR EXAMPLE) AND COMPOSED BY YOU.

Data entry tech comment:

PROBABLY A CHINESE CUSTOM

Where learned: Informant's office

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 11-11-1971

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BREAKING OF BREAD

DURING CHRISTMAS, BEFORE DINNER, THE FAMILIES GATHER TOGETHER AND
EACH MEMBER HAS A PIECE OF "ANGEL BREAD" (UNLEAVENED BREAD).
THEN EACH MEMBER BREAKS A PIECE OFF EACH OF THE OTHER MEMBER'S PIECE
OF "ANGEL BREAD" WHILE WISHING THEM THE BEST OF EVERYTHING FOR THAT
SEASON, FOLLOWED BY A KISS OR A HAND SHAKE. AFTER EVERYONE HAS
EXCHANGED, THE PIECES ARE EATEN.

Submitter comment:

IF A MEMBER IS OUT OF TOWN, THE OUT OF TOWNER SENDS A PIECE
OF "ANGEL BREAD" IN A GREETING CARD TO THE FAMILY FOR EXCHANGE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Oplatki
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

IT IS TRADITIONAL TO LEAVE COOKIES AND MILK
FOR SANTA CLAUS, AND CARROTS FOR THE EASTER BUNNY.

Where learned: DORM ROOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Santa Claus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 11-17-1967

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POLISH CUSTOM

THERE IS A POLISH CUSTOM WHERE THEY HAVE A CHRISTMAS WAFER AND FOR
EASTER A HARD BOILED EGG. ANYONE WHO TAKES A BITE OF YOUR EGG OR
WAFER WILL HAVE GOOD LUCK.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM HER MOTHER AND IT IS PRACTICED IN THEIR HOME
STILL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.82
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 02-24-1970

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EASTER CUSTOM

FROM EASTER DAY TO ASCENSION IT IS CUSTOMARY TO GREET PEOPLE
WITH "KRISTOS VOSKRESE}" (CHRIST IS RISEN).
TO WHICH ONE WOULD ANSWER
"VOISTYNU VOSKRES}" (HE IS TRULY RISEN}).

Submitter comment: THIS GREETING HAS BEEN PASSED DOWN FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION.
THIS IS HOW THE COLLECTOR CAME ACROSS THE GREETING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Ascension Day
SPEECH -- Formula

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EASTER CELEBRATION

ON EASTER MORNING, FOLLOWING RESURRECTION SERVICES, EACH FAMILY WOULD
BRING A BASKET TO BE BLESSED BY A PRIEST. THE BASKETS WOULD USUALLY CONTAIN
A PASKA, A RICH ROUND BREAD WITH DOUGH ORNAMENTS, SEVERAL HARD BOILED COLORFUL
KRASHANKY (SOLID COLOR EGGS), ONE OR TWO PYSANKY, HAM, SAUSAGE, CHEESE, SMALL
CONTAINERS OF BUTTER, SALT, AND GRATED HORSERADISH. COVERING THE BASKET WOULD
BE MOTHER'S MOST BEAUTIFUL EMBROIDERED CLOTH. THE CLOTH WAS SET ASIDE AND THE
CANDLE IN EACH BASKET WAS LIT TO SIGNIFY NEW LIFE. THE PRIEST WOULD THEN SPRINKLE
HOLY WATER ON THE ARRAY OF FOODS. THIS FOOD WOULD LATER BE EATEN AS PART OF THE EASTER DINNER.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT HAS PASSED THIS CUSTOM DOWN TO COLLECTOR.
COLLECTOR HAS KNOWN THIS CUSTOM SINCE THE BEGINNING OF HIS CHILDHOOD.
THIS CUSTOM STARTED IN THE UKRAINE AND CAME TO THIS COUNTRY WITH THE
IMMIGRANTS. THERE IS A SPLIT BETWEEN WHAT DAY THE BASKET IS TO BE BLESSED.
FOR SOME IT IS ON SUNDAY, AS IT WAS IN THE OLD COUNTRY. BUT MORE CHURCHES
ARE BLESSING BASKETS ON HOLY SATURDAY EVE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: 663 Holy Thursday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 11-30-1977

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EASTER

A WHITE DOVE PICKS UP THE VEIL OF THE VIRGIN MARY STATUE WITH ITS
CLAWS AND DROPS IT SOMEWHERE, WHOEVER PICKS IT UP BECOMES LUCKY
IN LIFE

Where learned: UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 12-00-1977

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HOLY WEEK CUSTOMS IN THE PHILIPPINES

JESUS' WHOLE SUFFERING--CARRYING OF THE CROSS, CROWNING OF THORNS, AN
NAILING ON THE CROSS, IS ACTUALLY REENACTED WITH REAL THORNS
AND NAILS. THIS IS DONE TO REPAY FAVORS, TO ASK FOR FAVORS, OR TO
DO PENANCE.

Where learned: PHILIPPINES ; MAKATI

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Holy Week

Date learned: 00001960S

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MARDI GRAS

MARDI GRAS IS FRENCH FOR FAT TUESDAY. IT WAS SET UP TO EAT DRINK AND
BE MARRY BEFORE THE LENTEN SEASON, BECAUSE IN THE EARLY CHURCH MOST
CHRISTIANS FASTED ALL DAY ON ASH WEDNESDAY.

Where learned: DETROIT ; SAINT AMBROSE RECTORY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 02-27-1979

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TRADITIONAL EASTER BLESSING

AT EASTER TIME ALL THE FOOD WAS BLESSED
BY A PRIEST WHO CAME TO THEIR HOME.

Submitter comment: HER MOTHER INSISTED ON ALWAYS HAVING A
PRIEST COME TO THE HOUSE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 04-00-1979

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"BRAIDING THE MAY POLE"

IN NEW ORLEANS IN THE MONTH OF MAY A LOCAL CUSTOM CALLED "BRAIDING
THE MAY POLE" TOOK PLACE. CHILDREN DRESSED IN DIFFERENT COSTUMES
HAD A ROUTINE IN WHICH THEY WALKED AROUND THE POLE ON TO WHICH
DIFFERENT COLORED RIBBONS WERE TIED WHILE MUSIC PLAYED. AT THE
END OF THE ROUTINE, THE RIBBON FORMED A BRAID AROUND THE POLE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SOUTHFIELD

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 02-00-1979

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CROPS WHICH GROW ABOVE THE GROUND SHOULD BE PLANTED IN THE
LIGHT OF THE MOON.
CROPS WHICH GROW BELOW THE SURFACE OF THE GROUND SHOULD BE
PLANTED IN THE DARK OF THE MOON.

Where learned: LOCATION NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

Subject headings: Observation
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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PLANTING CUSTOM

PLANT SWEET PEAS ON GOOD FRIDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GARDEN CITY

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
BELIEF -- Plant husbandry Farming

Date learned: CA00001972

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HOLY WEEK CUSTOM-HOLY UNCTION

ON HOLY WEDNESDAY, IT IS CUSTOMARY IN THE GREEK
ORTHODOX CHURCH TO DELIVER THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY
UNCTION TO THE PARISH. THIS IS THE ONLY DAY OF THE
YEAR WHERE HOLY UNCTION IS OFFERED TO THE ENTIRE
PARISH.

Submitter comment: HOLY UNCTION IS USUALLY ADMINISTERED TO THOSE WHO ARE
EXTREMELY ILL. WHEN IS IS ADMINISTERED ON HOLY
WEDNESDAY, THE OIL PLACED ON THE BODY SIGNIFIES THAT
THE PERSON RECEIVING THE SACRAMENT WILL BE BLESSED
FROM ALL DISEASES AND ILLNESSES.
THIS IS A GREEK-AMERICAN CUSTOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting F663.12
BELIEF -- Remedy
BELIEF -- Method of Curing

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HOLY WEEK CUSTOM

THE FAMILY WOULD FAST DURING HOLY WEEK AND ABSTAIN FROM MEAT
AND SWEETS FROM HOLY WEDNESDAY TO EASTER SUNDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: 00-00-1965

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EVANGELISMAS

THIS IS A DAY OF IMPORTANCE IN THE GREEK CALENDAR. IT IS THE FEAST
OF THE ANNUNCIATION AS WELL AS THE NATIONAL GREEK INDEPENDENCE DAY.
FISH AND OTHER SEAFOOD ARE TRADITIONALLY EATEN ON THIS DAY.

Submitter comment: I ENJOYED LEARNING ABOUT THE GREEKS' CELEBRATION ON HOLY DAYS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 00-00-1980

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PACZKI DAY

THE DAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY IS KNOWN AS PACZKI DAY,
AND ON THIS DAY MOST POLISH COOKS BAKE PACZKI AND
DISTRIBUTE THEM TO THE CHILDREN, AND THESE PACZKI ARE
THEN EATEN AS DESERT AFTER A MEAL ON THAT DAY.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT REMEMBERS THIS TRADITION FROM HER YOUTH
WHEN PACZKI, JELLY-BUNS, WERE EATEN ON THAT DAY,
ESPECIALLY TO REMIND THE PERSON OF THE LENTEN DAYS
WHICH LIE AHEAD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Home
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 01-09-1964

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