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CUSTOM

AFTER MIDNIGHT MASS AT CHRISTMAS ANYONE WHO COMES INTO THE HOUSE
IS OFFERED UNLEAVENED BREAD AND WINE TO WISH THEM A BLESSED
CHRISTMAS.

Submitter comment: LEARNED THIS FROM HER MOTHER-IN-LAW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Mount Clemens

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Single dishes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Gifts, gift giving at Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 03-20-1967

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A CHILD'S BLESSING

GOD BLESS THE FATHER OF THIS HOUSE AND ITS MOTHER TOO/
AND ALL THE LITTLE CHILDREN THAT ROUND THE TABLE GO/ AND ALL YOUR
RELATIVES THAT LIVE FAR AND NEAR/ WISH THEM A MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A
HAPPY NEW YEAR.

Where learned: MARYLAND ; TOLD IN ; TURNERS STATION

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Custom Festival C840.642
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards
BELIEF -- Prayer

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HANG THE FIRST CHRISTMAS CARD WITH THE THREE WISE MEN IN IT OVER
THE DOOR EACH CHRISTMAS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 686.1
686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Number

Date learned: 10-00-1972

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CHRISTMAS GREETING CARDS ARE PLACED ON RIBBONS AND STRUNG
AROUND THE LIVING ROOM.

Submitter comment:

Family custom.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Christmas Decorations
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 10-00-1965

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BREAKING OF BREAD

DURING CHRISTMAS, BEFORE DINNER, THE FAMILIES GATHER TOGETHER AND
EACH MEMBER HAS A PIECE OF "ANGEL BREAD" (UNLEAVENED BREAD).
THEN EACH MEMBER BREAKS A PIECE OFF EACH OF THE OTHER MEMBER'S PIECE
OF "ANGEL BREAD" WHILE WISHING THEM THE BEST OF EVERYTHING FOR THAT
SEASON, FOLLOWED BY A KISS OR A HAND SHAKE. AFTER EVERYONE HAS
EXCHANGED, THE PIECES ARE EATEN.

Submitter comment:

IF A MEMBER IS OUT OF TOWN, THE OUT OF TOWNER SENDS A PIECE
OF "ANGEL BREAD" IN A GREETING CARD TO THE FAMILY FOR EXCHANGE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Oplatki
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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CHRISTMAS

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THE MOTHER THROWS INCENSE ON BURNING CHARCOAL AND
THE FAMILY PRAYS. (PRAYER IS TO RISE LIKE THE FRAGRANT SMELL)

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT RECIEVED INFORMATION FROM RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.4
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 11-19-1967

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FORMULA SPEECH

ON CHRISTMAS DAY ONE ROMANIAN, INSTEAD OF SAYING "HELLO," SAYS
"CHRIST IS BORN! " THE OTHER PERSON RESPONDS, "HE IS BORN INDEED!"

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT SAID THAT THIS HAS BEEEN THE CUSTOM FOR GENERATIONS. SHE
DOES NOT KNOW WHY IT IS DONE EXCEPT POSSIBLY TO STRESS THE THEME OF
THE SEASON.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; INFORMANT'S HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 11-08-1971

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COMMUNION HOSTS

THE INFORMANT'S AUNT WHO IS OF POLISH DESCENT, SENDS
SMALL SQUARES OF BLESSED HOSTS IN HER CHRISTMAS CARDS.
INFORMANT TOLD ME WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD, SHE AND HER
BROTHERS WOULD PLAY "CHURCH" AND PRETEND TO CELEBRATE
A MASS AND THEN EAT THE HOST.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; OAK PARK

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Oplatki
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

THE FIRST CHRISTMAS CARD YOU RECEIVE WITH A PICTURE OF THE
THREE KINGS, YOU TACK UP ABOVE YOUR FRONT DOORWAY INSIDE THE HOUSE,
TO ENSURE THE BLESSINGS OF THE THREE KINGS ON YOUR HOUSE FOR THE
COMING YEAR. YOU LEAVE IT UP UNTIL THE FOLLOWING YEAR, WHEN THE
CUSTOM IS REPEATED.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; TOLD IN ; SCRANTON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards
BELIEF -- Number

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

THE SENDING AND RECEIVING OF CHRISTMAS CARS FIRST ORIGINATED
IN ENGLAND AND WAS ADOPTED HERE IN THE UNITED STATES FROM
THE MID TO LATE 1800'S.

Where learned: LOCATION NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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GREEK CHRISTMAS CARDS

ALL THE CHRISTMAS CARDS HAVE A BOAT OR SHIP SOMEWHERE IN THE
PICTURE. THIS SYMBOLIZES THAT CHRIST CAME TO SAVE ALL MEN.

Where learned: MARYGROVE COLLEGE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

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CUSTOM CHRISTMAS

IT IS A POLISH CUSTOM TO SEND WAFERS WITH SCENES
IMPRINTED ON THEM TO THEIR FRIENDS INSTEAD
OF CHRISTMAS CARDS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Oplatki
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 00-00-1967

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SALUTATION

THE TRADITIONAL CHRISTMAS TIME GREETING AMONG UKRAINIANS
IS "KHRYSTOS RAZHDAYETSIA" (CHRIST IS BORN) TO WHICH
THE ANSWER IS "SLAVIM YOHO" (LET US GLORIFY HIM).
ALL UKRAINIANS GREET EACH OTHER IN THIS WAY FROM
THE RISE OF THE FIRST STAR ON CHRISTMAS EVE UNTIL
THE EVE OF THE FEAST OF JORDAN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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LITHUANIAN CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER

CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER CONSISTS OF DISHES COMBINING TWELVE TYPES
OF FASTING FOODS, INCLUDING FISH, BEETS, MUSHROOMS, POPPY
SEEDS, CRACKERS, NON-ALCOHOLIC COCKTAILS AND CUMQUAT PUDDING.
HAY IS PLACED UNDER THE TABLE CLOTH, AND A CRUCIFIX IS PUT ON
THE TABLE. BEFORE DINNER ALL MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY SEAT THEMSELVES
AND EMPTY CHAIRS ARE BROUGHT TO THE TABLE FOR ABSENT AND DECEASED
MEMBERS. EACH PERSON, BEGINNING WITH THE ELDEST, KISSES THE FEET
OF THE CRUCIFIX. THEN THE MEAL IS EATEN, ENDING IN TIME
FOR ALL TO ATTEND MIDNIGHT MASS.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Lithuanian

James Callow Keyword(s): KUMQUAT

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Seconds / Twice / Two
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: 11-16-1969

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CUSTOM

IT IS A POLISH CUSTOM TO BREAK OPLATEK (BREAD)
ON CHRISTMAS EVE. WHEN THOSE PRESENT EXCHANGE
BREAD THEY EXCHANGE A GREETING.

Where learned: informant's residence

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.82
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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YULE-TIDE GREETINGS

YULE-TIDE GREETINGS
I WISH YOU HAPPINESS TO-DAY
AND EACH CHRISTMAS WHEN
JOY-BELLS CHIME}
THE PASSING YEARS ALL GOLDEN BEADS
IN THE ENDLESS ROSARY OF TIME.

Where learned: VERSE FROM HIS POSTCARD COLLECTION

Keyword(s): RHYME: ABCDC

James Callow Keyword(s): GOOD WISHES ; RELIGIOUS METAPHOR

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Custom Festival C840.1225
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

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CLOSE THE DOOR TO CARE AND WORRY.

CLOSE THE DOOR TO CARE AND WORRY,
FLING IT WIDE TO MIRTH AND CHEER,
WITH GLADNESS MAY YOU GREET THE YULETIDE,
AND USHER IN A HAPPY NEW YEAR.

Where learned: VERSE FROM HIS POSTCARD COLLECTION

Keyword(s): GOOD WISHES ; RHYME: ABCB

James Callow Keyword(s): ADVICE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

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AT CHRISTMAS TIME, ALONG WITH A CHRISTMAS CARD, EACH FAMILY RECIEVES
A PAPER THIN WAFER CALLED " UPACKI" (OO PWUT KEY) IT REPRESENTS HOME
AND FAMILY TOGETHRENESS AT THE TIME OF CHRISTS BIRTH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HAWKS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Christmas Season See F645.2 for Advent Season.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Gifts, gift giving at Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards

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CHRISTMAS DINNER TRADITION

BEFORE EATING THE CHRISTMAS DINNER, THE HEAD OF THE HOUSEHOLD
BLESSES EACH ROOM AND ALL GUESTS WITH HOLY WATER.

Submitter comment: ITEM WAS LEARNED IN MINNESOTA BUT COLLECTED IN DETROIT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; BOTSFORD GRADE SCHOOL ; CLARENCEVILLE DISTRICT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Greetings, wishes, prayers, cards
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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