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UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC EASTER CUSTOMS

EASTER OR VELYKDEN OCCUPIES THE CENTRAL POINT IN THE LITURGICAL
YEAR. ON EASTER SUNDAY THERE IS A PROCESSION AROUND THE CHURCH IN
THE EARLY MORNING. IT COMMEMORATES THE PROCESSION OF THE MYRRH
BEARING WOMEN, TO THE TOMB OF JESUS. EASTER BREAD OR "PASKA"
IS BLESSED AND EATEN, IT REPRESENTS CHRIST. EASTER EGGS OR "PYSANKY"
ARE DELICATELY AND INTRICATELY HAND PAINTED. THE ORIGIN OF THE
CUSTOM TO PAGAN UKRAINE HAD PAINTED EGG REPRESENTING THE RESURRECTION
TO A NEW LIFE OF NATURE IN THE SPRING. PYSANKY ARE EXCHANGED
THROUGHOUT THE THREE DAYS OF THE EASTER HOLIDAY, SUNDAY, MONDAY,
AND TUESDAY, WITH THE FAMILIAR GREETINGS "KHRYSTOS VOSKRES" TO
WHICH THE RECIPIENT REPLIES "VOISTYNU VOSKRES". THIS MEANS "CHRIST
IS RISEN" AND "HE IS RISEN INDEED". THE WHOLE WEEK AFTER EASTER IS
"ZAHALNYTSIA" OR COMPACT WEEK. MEAT WAS ORIGINALLY ALLOWED TO BE
EATEN.

Submitter comment: THIS CELEBRATION HAS CHANGED VERY LITTLE OVER THE YEARS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 Thirds / Thrice / Three / Triple
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Elements
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day
BELIEF -- Moon
SPEECH -- Vocabulary of Special Group

Date learned: 02-00-1974

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EASTER CUSTOM

ON THE FIRST DAY AFTER EASTER THE BOYS IN THE CITY WOULD SPRINKLE
THE GIRLS WITH PERFUME BUT IN THE VILLAGE THE BOYS WOULD THROW
PAILS FULL OF WATER AT
THE GIRLS AS THEY WOULD BE GOING TO CHURCH. THE GIRLS WOULD
SPLASH THEM BACK WITH A CUPFUL OF WATER.

Submitter comment: THIS TOOK PLACE IN POLAND.
IN MY NEIGHBORHOOD, WHICH IS DETROIT, A LADY SAID THAT BOYS
WOULD HIT GIRLS THE DAY
AFTER EASTER AND THE GIRLS COULDN'T HIT BACK. THE OPPOSITE HELD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; POLAND ; Sterling Heights ; GOWARCZOW

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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EASTER CUSTOM

ON EASTER SATURDAY, IN OUR SLOVENIAN PARISH, BASKETS OF FOOD (HOME-
MADE BREAD, EASTER EGGS, SAUSAGE, HAM, POTICA--A TYPE OF NUTBREAD--)
ARE TAKEN TO THE CHURCH TO BE GIVEN A SPECIAL BLESSING. THIS FOOD
IS THEN EATEN FOR BREAKFAST ON EASTER SUNDAY, MONDAY, AND TUESDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 10-02-1967

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SLOVAK EASTER CUSTOM

ON MONDAY AFTER EASTER SUNDAY, THE YOUNG, SINGLE MEN WENT OUT TO
SEE HIS FAVORITE GIRL AND POURED PERFUMED WATER
ON HER HEAD AND SHE USED IT TO WASH HER
 FACE .
BUT THE BOYS WHO HAD NO GIRL IN PARTICULAR WENT INTO HOMES, DRAGGED
THE YOUNG LADY OUT TO THE WELL, AND DOUSED HER GOOD. THE MORE
POPULAR THE YOUNG LADY IS, THE MORE MEN CAME, AND OF COURSE THE
PARENTS WERE VERY HAPPY THAT THEIR DAUGHTER IS SO POPULAR AND HAD
MANY WOULD-BE SUITERS.
WHEN THE BOYS WATERED THE GIRLS, THE GIRL'S PARENTS INVITED THE BOYS
INTO THEIR HOME AND OFFERED THEM GOODIES AND DRINKS; SLIVOVIC (A PLUM
LIQUOR), KOLBASI, HAM, ETC.
ON EASTER TUESDAY, THE YOUNG LADIES TRIED TO RETURN THE WATER
SPLASHING ON THE YOUNG MEN.
THE EASTER HOLIDAY LASTED THREE DAYS.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; REVENGE ; SUITORS ; WATER

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 00001967 FALL

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SWITCHING DAY

ON THE DAY AFTER EASTER POLISH GIRLS STAY INSIDE IF THEY
KNOW WHAT'S GOOD FOR THEM. THE BOYS ARE OUT TO GET THEM WITH WATER
BALLOONS, EGGS, NUTS AND VARIOUS OTHER GOODIES. SOMETIMES IN THE
MORNING PARENTS WILL LET NEIGHBORHOOD BOYS IN, AND THEY QUIETLY MAKE
WAY TO THE DAUGHTER'S BEDROOM WHERE SHE SLEEPS, AND
BEGIN TO "SWITCH" THE FEET WITH LIMBS OF PUSSY WILLOW
TREES; THEY MAY ALSO SPRINKLE WATER ON THE GIRLS. THIS CUSTOM IS
DERIVED FROM THE ACTION OF LONG AGO
WHEN ST. STEPHEN WAS STONED THE DAY AFTER
EASTER. HOWEVER, THE BOYS MUST BEWARE, FOR TUESDAY IS REVENGE
DAY AND THE GIRLS ARE OUT TO GET THEM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HARPER WOODS

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; RITUAL WHIPPING ; WATER ; WILLOW

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 11-22-1971

View just this record

THE PRACTICE OF "DYNGUS"

IN POLAND, THE DAY AFTER EASTER IT IS A CUSTOM FOR THE BOYS TO SPLASH
THE GIRLS WITH WATER, IN ANY WAY THEY CAN MANAGE. THE NEXT DAY,
THEN, IT IS THE GIRLS' TURN TO TAKE THEIR REVENGE. THIS PRACTICE IS
CALLED "DYNGUS".

Submitter comment:

THIS IS A POPULAR PRACTICE IN POLAND, MY PARENTS REMEMBER.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant is collector's parent.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; WATER

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 11-04-1967

View just this record

EASTER MONDAY

THE DAY AFTER EASTER WAS CALLED "DYNGUS DAY" OR "SWITCHING DAY."
THE MONDAY AFTER EASTER THE BOYS WOULD SWITCH THE GIRLS OR IN OTHER
WORDS THEY WOULD HIT THEM ON THE LEGS WITH A SWITCH OR A PIECE OF
STICK. IF THE BOY CAUGHT YOU AND SWITCHED YOU, YOU HAD TO GIVE HIM
SOME CANDY OR AN APPLE OR HERE IN AMERICA SOME MONEY. THE NEXT
DAY, TUESDAY, IT WAS THE GIRL'S TURN TO SWITCH THE BOYS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; informant's home

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; EASTER GIFTS ; FOOD CUSTOM ; HEALTH ; REVENGE ; RITUAL WHIPPING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 03-11-1970

View just this record

SWITCH DAY

THE DAY AFTER EASTER IS KNOWN AS SWITCH DAY (DIENGUS) AMONG POLES.
ON THIS DAY BOYS BUY RED SWITCHES AND ARE ALLOWED TO TRY AND
"SWITCH" THE GIRLS. IF THEY SUCCEED, THE GIRLS MUST TAKE THEM HOME
FOR DINNER, WHERE THE GIRLS' FATHERS SEE THAT THE BOYS HAVE ALL THEY
WANT TO EAT AND DRINK. THE DAY AFTER THIS, THE SITUATION IS
REVERSED AND THE GIRLS GET TO SWITCH THE BOYS THEN TAKE THEM HOME
FOR DINNER.

Submitter comment:

THIS IS STILL A CUSTOM PRACTICED IN HAMTRAMCK.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; REVENGE ; RITUAL WHIPPING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 04-10-1967

View just this record

EASTER CUSTOM

FROM EASTER DAY TO ASCENSION IT IS CUSTOMARY TO GREET PEOPLE
WITH "KRISTOS VOSKRESE}" (CHRIST IS RISEN).
TO WHICH ONE WOULD ANSWER
"VOISTYNU VOSKRES}" (HE IS TRULY RISEN}).

Submitter comment: THIS GREETING HAS BEEN PASSED DOWN FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION.
THIS IS HOW THE COLLECTOR CAME ACROSS THE GREETING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Ascension Day
SPEECH -- Formula

View just this record

"DINGUS DAY" - IT IS THE DAY AFTER EASTER, WHEN BOYS GO AROUND TO
FRIENDS AND RELATIVES WHERE THERE ARE GIRLS IN THEIR OWN AGE GROUP
AND WHIP THEM UNTIL THEIR MOTHER GIVES THE BOYS A PIECE OF THE
BLESSED FOOD. THE SECOND DAY AFTER EASTER, THEY REVERSE THIS CUSTOM
SO THAT THE GIRLS GET THE BLESSED FOOD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BERKELEY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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EASTER EXPRESSION.

ON EASTER SUNDAY, THE DAY CHRIST HAS RESURECTED,
ONE GREEK SAYS TO ANOTHER "CHRIST HAS RISEN!" THE
RESPONSE FROM THE OTHER PERSON IS "TRULY HE HAS RISEN!"

Submitter comment: THIS PHRASE IS SAID IN THE CHURCH AND IN THE GENERAL
PUBLIC UNTIL PENTECOST. IT SIGNIFIES THE JOY AND
HAPPINESS PEOPLE HAVE FOR THE RESSURECTION OF CHRIST.
THIS IS A GREEK-AMERICAN CUSTOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Ascension Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pentecost
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: CA00001963

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DAY AFTER DYNGUS DAY

ON TUESDAY, THE GIRLS ARE GIVEN THE CHANCE TO DO SOME WHIPPING
WHENEVER THEY SEE BOYS.

Submitter comment: SOME GIRLS IN MY MOTHER'S NEIGHBORHOOD OF CHESTNUT ST. AND MILWAUKEE
AVE. DID WHIP SOME BOYS, BUT SHE NEVER DID.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; CHICAGO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 00-00-1930

View just this record

ON EASTER MONDAY, THE POLISH CELEBRATED "DYNGUS." BOYS AND
MEN WOULD CUT SWITCHES FROM TREES AND TRY TO WHIP GIRLS AND WOMEN
ON THE LEGS. MY GRANDMOTHER DOES NOT KNOW WHY. ON EASTER TUESDAY
THE PRIEST (AT CATHOLIC SCHOOL) WOULD GIVE THE GIRLS PERMISSION TO
RETALIATE IN KIND, BUT THEY NEVER DID.

Submitter comment: MY GRANDMOTHER ALWAYS PREVENTED THE MEN FROM HITTING HER
MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 00001920S

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EASTERTIDE--POLISH-AMERICAN CUSTOM

IN THE UNITED STATES, ESPECIALLY IN HAMTRAMCK, MICHIGAN
POLISH-AMERICANS CELEBRATE "DYNGUS" DAY. THIS OCCURS ON
THE FIRST DAY AFTER EASTER. POLISH-AMERICAN BOYS ARE
ALLOWED TO SWITCH GIRLS ON THE LEGS WITH SMALL TREE
BRANCHES. JUST AS IN THE POLISH CUSTOM, POLISH-AMERICAN
BOYS ARE ALLOWED TO ENTER THE HOME OF THE GIRL AND EVEN
ENTER HER BEDROOM TO SWITCH HER. ON THE SECOND DAY AFTER
EASTER, THE POLISH-AMERICAN GIRLS GET THE SAME OPPORTUNITY
TO SWITCH THE BOYS WITH SLENDER TWIGS. THE BOYS WERE
USUALLY SMARTER THAN THE GIRLS AND NEVER STAYED HOME ON
THE SECOND DAY AFTER EASTER. SWITCHING WAS NEVER DONE
OUTDOORS, AND THE BOYS WERE USUALLY PAID A FEW DIMES OR
NICKELS WHEN THEY SWITCHED A GIRL, AND IF THE GIRL'S
PARENTS DIDN'T HAVE MUCH MONEY, THEY GAVE FRUIT.

Submitter comment: CUSTOM IS NOT STILL PRACTICED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 10-15-1969

View just this record

ON EASTER MONDAY (DYNGUS) LITTLE BOYS KNOCK ON THE
DOORS OF LITTLE GIRLS' HOUSES. THE GIRLS MUST LET THEM
IN, AND IF THEY CAN SWITCH THE GIRLS WITH STICKS,
THE GIRLS MUST GIVE THE BOY AN EASTER EGG. ON
TUESDAY, THE GIRLS HIT THE BOYS WITH STICKS AND
POUR PERFUME ON IT (THEM?)

Where learned: HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 11-04-1969

View just this record

THE DAY AFTER EASTER SUNDAY, THE BOYS WHIP THE GIRLS
AND POUR COLOGNE ON THEM. ON TUESDAY, THE GIRLS
DO IT (TO THE BOYS?)

Data entry tech comment: DYNGUS DAY
CN[ O'BRIEN, DANIEL

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 11-02-1969

View just this record

THE DAY AFTER EASTER, MONDAY, IS CALLED DYNGUS DAY
(SWITCHING DAY). HERE THE MEN CAN SWITCH THE
WOMEN'S LEGS WITH A STRAP OR TWIGS. THE TUESDAY
FOLLOWING EASTER, THE GIRLS GET TO SWITCH THE MEN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 02-00-1970

View just this record

IN GERMANY ON EASTER MONDAY, THE BOYS WOULD SPRAY THEIR
FAVORITE GIRL WITH PERFUME. ON TUESDAY, THE GIRLS
WOULD DO THE SAME TO THEIR FAVORITE BOY.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; GERMANY ; ERIE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: 00001920S

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POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

ON EASTER MONDAY, THE BOYS GET WILLOW SPRIGS AND WHIP
THE GIRLS IN ORDER TO KNOCK THE LAZINESS OUT OF THEM.
THE GIRLS MAKE A BIG SHOW OF ESCAPING ON "WHIPPING
MONDAY" ALONG WITH THE SQUEALING AND CHASING.
SOMETIMES WATER OR COLOGNE IS USED AS A REPLACEMENT.
BUT TUESDAY IS THE GIRLS DAY TO WHIP THE BOYS.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

View just this record

GIRL'S SWITCHING DAY.

THIS IS THE TUESDAY AFTER EASTER AND ESSENTIALLY
FOLLOWS THE PROCEDURE FOR THE BOYS

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED FROM PARENTS

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Tuesday Revenge Day

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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