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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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TURONIE

IN POLAND, THE PERIOD BETWEEN THE NEW YEAR AND THE BEGINNING
OF LENT IS CHARACTERIZED BY PARDIES AND MASQUERADE BALLS THAT
REACH THEIR HEIGHT ABOUT THE LAST PRE_LENTEN THURSDAY. THESE
ACTIVITIES DERIVE FROM THE OLD CUSTOM OF DRESSING IN ANIMAL AND
MONSTER COSTUMES TO FEND OFF EVIL SPIRITS FROM HOMES TO FIELDS
TO INSURE A BOUNTIFUL HARVEST. FOLK LEGEND ASCRIBED SUCH
MAGICAL PROPERTIES TO GOATS, STORKS, BEARS, WOLVES, AND THE
"AUROCKS" (AN EXTINCT WELD OX) AND THE CUSTOM IS KNOWN AS "TURONIE".
(NAMED AFTER THE WELD OX OR "TUR").

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; LIBRARY ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): RELIGIOUS CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 10-11-1972

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MARCH 21-JUNE 20, SPECIAL OR FESTIVE MEALS

ON THE CHINESE NEW YEAR AN OFFERING OF FOOD IS MADE TO THE GODS.
THE FAMILY'S DINNER IS PLACED OUTSIDE THE HOUSE WITH BURNING
INCENSE. AFTER THE FOOD STAYS OUT FOR A WHILE, IT IS BROUGHT
IN THE HOUSE AND EATEN.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S FAMILY PARTAKES IN THIS RITUAL EVERY NEW YEAR.

Data entry tech comment:

AMONG THE CHINESE THE NEW YEAR APPARENTLY OCCURS BETWEEN

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 21 equinox to June 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-08-1971

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MARCH 21- JUNE 20, COLOR, LUCK

ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE CHINESE NEW YEAR, THE CHILDREN RECEIVE RED
ENVELOPES WITH MONEY IN THEM. THE COLOR RED IS CONSIDERED TO BE
LUCKY.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT HAS COLLECTED RED ENVELOPES ON THE CHINESE NEW YEAR
EVER SINCE SHE WAS A CHILD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): GIFTGIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 21 equinox to June 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
BELIEF -- Color
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 11-04-1971

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CHINESE CELEBRATE THE LUNAR NEW YEAR
COMPARABLE TO OUR CHRISTMAS.

Where learned: Informant's office

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 11-11-1971

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DURING NEW YEAR'S FESTIVITIES YOU GO TO ALL
RELATIVES FOR VISITS AND EXCHANGE GIFTS.

Where learned: Informant's office

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 11-11-1971

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DURING LUNAR NEW YEAR, YOU PARTAKE IN
ANCESTOR WORSHIP. INCENSE AND FIRE CRACKERS ARE
DONE IN FRONT OF TABLET REPRESENTING ANCESTORS.
DELICIOUS FOOD IS ALSO PLACED IN FRONT OF THE TABLET.

Where learned: Informant's office

Keyword(s): NOISE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 11-11-1971

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NEW YEAR'S CUSTOMS AND CELEBRATIONS

SEVERAL DAYS BEFORE THE NEW YEAR THE CHINESE WILL
PREPARE A PASTRY. THIS IS PREPARED BY THE METHOD OF
STEMMING. IF CHILDREN ASK IF THE PASTRY IS DONE
BEFORE IT IS FULLY COOKED, THE PEOPLE BELIEVE
THAT THE PASTRY WILL NEVER BE FULLY COOKED.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED THIS IN TAIWAN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; 4001 W MCNICHOLS ; LANGUAGE DEPARTMENT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SPEECH TABU ; STEAMING FOOD

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
Food Drink -- Pastry Sweet Dessert

Date learned: 02-02-1971

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THE REASON THAT HANUKAH IS CALLED THE FEAST OF LIGHTS IS BECAUSE
A LONG TIME AGO WHEN THE JEWS WERE AT WAR, THE PRIESTS WERE
GUARDING THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM DURING A SEIGE. THEY ONLY HAD
ENOUGH FUEL TO LIGHT THE LANTERN IN THE TEMPLE ONE DAY. BUT
MIRACULOUSLY THE LANTERN STAYED LIT FOR EIGHT FULL DAYS UNTIL
MORE FUEL COULD BE GOTTEN AND THE CITY WAS SAVED. SO NOW AT
HANUKAH IT IS TRADITION TO LIGHT THE MENORAH FOR 8 FULL
DAYS IN REMEMBRANCE OF THOSE BRAVE JEWS.

Submitter comment: LEARNED IN BROOKLYN, NEW YORK

Where learned: NEW YORK ; BROOKLYN

James Callow Keyword(s): HANUKKAH

Subject headings: 686 Eighths / Eight
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Explanation of a name
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 00-00-1965

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Martin Luther King Holiday

This holiday (the 3rd Monday of January) was passed in honor
of a man (born January 15, 1929) who stood for peace and equality
for all. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee (1968) at the
age of 39. It is the first legal holiday honoring a Black or
Afro-American. In 1986, the automotive industry started
celebrating the Monday following Easter (called "Easter Monday")
as its holiday honoring Dr. King. As of this year (1992), the
automotive industry has two "paid holidays" honoring Dr. King.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Black History

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Secular hero

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WINTER CUSTOM

BUILDING SNOWMEN; USING CHARCOAL (EYES) AND
CARROTS (NOSE), AND SCARVES FOR DECORATION.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

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CHINESE FESTIVAL

"THE CHINESE NEW YEAR" IS CELEBRATED ON THE FIRST DAY OF
THE FIRST MOON. IT IS A TIME OF PARTY GIVING, FAMILY
REUNION, AND GENERAL MERRIMENT. THE TRADITIONAL GREETING
IS "KUNG HEI FAT CHOY." ON THIS OCCASION, WE HAVE
TO WEAR NEW CLOTHES, SHOES, AND HAVE FLOWERS AND FRUITS
IN OUR HOME, WHICH WE BELIEVE WILL BRING PROSPERITY
AND GOOD LUCK TO THE FAMILY.

Data entry tech comment: ALWAYS BETWEEN JANUARY 21 AND FEBRUARY 19--K. LOESER.
CK SPRING
CN[ KNUFF, JEAN

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 02-24-1968

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JAPANESE FESTIVAL CELEBRATION-SNOW.

ON THE 12TH AND 13TH DAYS OF THE NEW YEAR BY THE LUNAR
CALENDAR, BOYS AND GIRLS IN AND AROUND YOKOTE CITY,
AKITA, A SNOWY PROVINCE, BUILD SNOW HUTS, IN WHICH AN
ALTAR DEDICATED TO THE GOD OF WATER, WITH OFFERINGS
OF RICE-CAKES, TANGERINES, SWEET-WINE, ETC.

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 00-00-1964

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CHANUKAH

IN THE JEWISH HOLIDAY OF CHANUKAH (FEAST OF LIGHTS)
A CANDLE IS LIT EACH DAY FOR EIGHT CONSECUTIVE DAYS,
AND SMALL GIFTS ARE EXCHANGED EACH DAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

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THE FESTIVAL OF "RAKSHA-BANDHAN," ALSO CALLED
"RAKHI BANDHAN," IS AN ANNUAL CELEBRATION IN INDIA
AT WHICH THE SISTER GIVES A GOLDEN BRACELET TO HER
BROTHER, RECEIVING A PLEDGE TO PROTECT HER IN
RETURN. THIS GENERALLY FALLS IN THE WINTER.

Data entry tech comment: RAKHI, FESTIVAL TO PLEDGE PROTECTION. JULY-AUGUST
KC[ (SRAVANA). SAME TYPE OF DESCRIPTION BUT IN MORE
KC[ DETAIL. SPICER, DOROTHY. "BOOK OF FESTIVALS," P. 159--
KC[ KATHY LOESER.
CN[ BOWMAN, GILBERT

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 03-19-1968

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showing 14 items

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