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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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EASTER SATURDAY

THE UKRAINIANS BLESS BASKETS CONTAINING: A SPECIAL EASTER BREAD
"PASKA", MEAT, EGGS, CHEESE, BUTTER, SALT, HORSERADISH AND
SPECIALLY PAINTED EASTER EGGS, IN CHURCH ON EASTER SATURDAY, IN A
SPECIAL CEREMONY. A LIGHTED CANDLE IS PUT BY EACH BASKET.
(ORIGINALLY, AND IN SOME CHURCHES EVEN NOW, THE CEREMONY TOOK PLACE
BEFORE SUNRISE EASTER SUNDAY. WEATHER PERMITTING, THIS CEREMONY IS
PERFORMED OUTSIDE.)

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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SALUTATION

THE UKRAINIAN TRADITIONAL GREETING FOR THE EASTER SEASON IS
"KHRYSTOS VOSKRES" (CHRIST IS RISEN) TO WHICH THE REPLY IS, "VOISTYNO
VOSKRES" (HE IS RISEN INDEED). THIS SALUTATION SUPERCEDES (SIC) ALL
FROM EASTER MORNING TO ASCENSION DAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): RITUAL SPEECH

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Ascension Day

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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AMONG UKRAINIANS IT IS CUSTOMARY TO EAT A CEREMONIAL EASTER BREAKFAST
AFTER RESURRECTION SERVICES. BEFORE BREAKFAST BEGINS, THE FATHER
CUTS THE SPECIALLY BLESSED EASTER EGG AND GIVES A PIECE TO EACH
MEMBER OF HIS FAMILY, FROM OLDEST TO YOUNGEST. WHILE DOING THIS HE
SAYS TO EACH ONE--"LET THE MERCIFUL GOD GRANT THAT WE STILL BE
TOGETHER ALIVE AND WELL FOR MANY MORE EASTERS TO COME."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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LUCK

LIGHTING THREE CIGARETTS ON ONE MATCH IS BAD LUCK.

Submitter comment: THE SUPERSTITION OF LIGHTING THREE ON A MATCH IS SAID TO HAVE STARTED
AT THE TIME OF THE CRIMEAN WAR WHEN BRITISH SOLDIERS WHO LIT A MATCH
LONG ENOUGH TO PASS IT AROUND THREE TIMES WERE GIVING THEIR ENEMY
PLENTY OF TIME TO AIM AND FIRE.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

Subject headings: 686 Thirds / Thrice / Three / Triple
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Speech Speech

Date learned: CA11001973

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DON'T COUNT THE CARS IN A FUNERAL PROCESSION OR YOU'LL BE
THE NEXT TO DIE.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Number Counting beliefs

Date learned: 10-15-1973

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MY GRANDMA HAD AN ALOE PLANT IN HER YARD IN FLORIDA. SHE PEELED THE
COVER FROM THE PLANT AND RUBBED IT ON THE SUNBURN. IT WORKED FINE.

Submitter comment: OUR FAMILY WOULD ALWAYS VACATION UN FLORIDA, AND THE LITTLE ONES
GET SUNBURNED. MY GRANDMOTHER HAD AN ALOE PLANT IN HER YARD SHE USED
TO SOOTHE OUR PAIN. INTERESTINGLY, ALOE HAS BECOME A MAIN INGREDIENT
IN TODAY'S SUNTAN LOTIONS.

Where learned: FLORIDA ; VENICE

Subject headings: Favorites
BELIEF -- Plant

Date learned: 00-00-1966

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FOR THE CHRISTMAS EVE SUPPER, UKRAINIANS PUT FRESH CLEAN STRAW
ON THE TABLE UNDER THE TABLE CLOTH, AND UNDER THE TABLE, AS A
REMINDER THAT CHRIST WAS BORN IN A MANGER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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If you find a penny pick it up if the head side is up,
because that is good luck. However, if the tail side
is up do not pick it up because that is bad luck.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; VENICE

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Measure of quality Monetary systemMoneyWealth
BELIEF -- Good luck Money
BELIEF -- Bad luck Money

Date learned: 00-00-1977

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LUCK

NEVER WASTE SALT ON THE FLOOR. IT CAUSES BAD LUCK.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

James Callow Keyword(s): SPILL

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Mineral
BELIEF -- Conversions P883.17

Date learned: CA11001973

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LUCK

IF YOU GET OUT OF THE BED ON THE LEFT SIDE YOU WILL BE CRABBY ALL
DAY.

Submitter comment: WOMEN USUALLY SLEEP ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE BED WHICH CAUSES THEM
TO BE MORE CRABBY THAN MEN.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

James Callow Keyword(s): SEXISM

Subject headings: Observation
BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Measure of time Sleeping

Date learned: CA11001973

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LUCK

LEFT HANDED PEOPLE HAVE A TENDENCY TO BE CRAZY BECAUSE THEY DO
THINGS BACKWARDS.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

James Callow Keyword(s): POSITION DIRECTION

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Physically handicapped Deformed
BELIEF -- Physically handicapped Deformed

Date learned: CA11001973

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NUMBERS

THE SEVENTH CHILD BORN IN A FAMILY IS USUALLY THE LUCKIEST.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

Subject headings: 686 Seven / Sevenths / Several
BELIEF -- Birth
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.43
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.5

Date learned: CA11001973

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LUCK

SEVEN PEOPLE TURN A CLASS RING TO INSURE GOOD LUCK FOR THE OWNER
OF THE RING IN THE FUTURE.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

James Callow Keyword(s): JEWELRY

Subject headings: 686 Seven / Sevenths / Several
Prophet / Seer / Soothsayer
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.2

Date learned: CA11001973

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NUMBERS

A SEVENTH SON OF A SEVENTH SON HAS SPECIAL POWERS.

James Callow comment: P820 AND P720 ARE MY ADDITIONS--J. T. CALLOW
CN[ MERCIER, CYNTHIA 731458
C1[ 9333 STROLEITZ
C2[ NEW ORLEANS, LOUISANA
DNC[ 1,526
******************** C FILE 1 ********************

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; UNICE

James Callow Keyword(s): MAGICIAN PROPHET HEALER

Subject headings: 686 Seven / Sevenths / Several

Date learned: CA11001973

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Tongue Twister

Nonsense TongueTwister:

Howe many knees could a negro grow if a negro could grow knees?

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs Added By TRD

James Callow comment:

Sense? None? Ambiguous?

Where learned: UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT HIGH SCHOOL

Keyword(s): ALLITERATION ; Knees ; NEGRO ; Spoof ; TONGUE TWISTER

Subject headings: SPEECH -- Formula

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PENTECOST SUNDAY

ON PENTECOST SUNDAY THE UKRANIANS CELEBRATE SPECIAL SERVICES FOR
THE DEAD, CALLED "PARASTAS" AT EACH GRAVE, WHICH HAS BEEN
SPECIALLY DECORATED WITH FLOWERS AND WREATHS.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pentecost

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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PENTECOST SUNDAY

ON PENTECOST SUNDAY, "ZELENYJ SVIATA" (GREEN HOLIDAY), THE
UKRANIANS DECORATE THEIR HOUSES WITH GREEN TREE BRANCHES TO
SYMBOLIZE REBIRTH: OF NATURE (SPRING) AND SPIRITUAL THROUGH THE
HOLY GHOST.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FERTILITY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pentecost

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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THE MONDAY AFTER EASTER IS CALLED "POLYVANIJ PONEDILOK" OR WATERING
MONDAY AMONG THE UKRAINIANS. IT IS CUSTOMARY FOR PEOPLE, USUALLY
THE YOUNG, TO SPILL WATER AT EACH OTHER. IF A YOUNG MAN SPILLS WATER
ON HIS GIRL FIRST, HE WILL BE HEAD OF THE FAMILY; IF SHE GETS HIM
FIRST, SHE WILL BE HEAD.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): DYNGUS DAY ; WATER

Subject headings: 870
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
BELIEF -- Marriage

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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French Nativity Scene

The Nativity Scene used in the French culture are called
Santons. The santons are clay figures made by artisans. Some are
colorfully painted, while others are left in the natural clay
state. French families collect these Santons and display them
during the Christmas Season. The central figures represent the
nativity scene including, the baby Jesus, Mary, Joseph, shepherd,
the three Kings, and the traditional animals such as sheep, cows
and camels. In addition, many other figures represent the typical
townspeople and their occupations as they were in the nineteenth
century in Southern France.

Submitter comment: The first time Cynthia went to France, it was to study at the
University of Nice. This is where she discovered the custom of
the Santon. Since she teaches a French class at Western Michigan
University, she passes this French tradition on to the students
showing off her collection. Each time she returns to Nice, she
buys another figurine in order to expand her collection. At the
present time, she has about sixty figures in her collection.

Where learned: FRANCE ; Nice

Subject headings: ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Clay
ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Finished Product

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THE UKRAINIAN CHRISTMAS EVE SUPPER IS A TWELVE-COURSE MEAL. THE
TWELVE SYMBOLIZES THE NUMBER OF APOSTLES OF CHRIST, WHO
GATHERED G
GATHERED FOR THE LAST SUPPER.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; UKRAINIAN

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
686 Seconds / Twice / Two

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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