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MEDICAL BELIEF

CHEWED BREAD PLACED UPON AN INFECTED WOUND WILL DRAW THE
INFECTION OUT.

Submitter comment: THIS BELIEF IS PURPORTED TO WORK WELL. ITALIAN ORIGIN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Method of Curing

Date learned: 09-00-1982

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MEDICAL BELIEF

TOBACCO JUICE PUT ON A WOUND WILL PREVENT INFECTION.

Submitter comment: THIS BELIEF IS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR PRACTICE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Plant

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JUMP ROPE RIME

ONE, TWO, THREE, OH LARRY MY FIRST NAME IS MARY
SITTING ON A HUCKLEBERRY
ONE, TWO, THREE, OH LARRY

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT REMEMBERS USING THIS RIME DURING THE NINETEEN
THIRTIES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Game Verse Game Verse

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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WITCH BELIEF

WHILE LIVING IN ITALY, THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER USED TO SEE
A CERTAIN HORSE CROSSING A CERTAIN CREEK EVERY DAY. ONE DAY THE
HORSE STOPPED AT THE BANK AND DID NOT CROSS, BUT STOOD THAT
WAY, UNMOVING. THIS GRANDFATHER ATTRIBUTED THE HORSE'S REACTION
TO THE PRESENCE OF A WITCH.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER WAS WHOLLY CONVINCED OF THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Witch Shaman
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Mammal
BELIEF -- Witch Shaman

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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MONSTER BELIEF

IF YOU GO OUT OF YOUR HOUSE WHEN YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO BE IN BED
AT NIGHT, THE BESTIA WILL CARRY YOU OFF NEVER TO BE SEEN AGAIN.
THE BESTIA IS AS BIG AS A HOUSE.

Submitter comment: BESTIA MEANS BEAST IN ITALIAN. THIS SUPERSTITION WAS ACTUALLY
BELIEVED BY THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

James Callow Keyword(s): FUNCTION

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Supernatural Being
BELIEF -- Product or activity of man or animal

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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DIVINATION OF SEX BELIEF

THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER BELIEVED THAT WHEN SOME WOMAN
HE KNEW WAS PREGNANT HE COULD LOOK AT THE MOON AND GET A
FEELING WHETHER THE CHILD WOULD BE A BOY OR A GIRL.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER TENDED TO DISREGARD ANY INCORRECT
PREDICTIONS REGARDING THIS PRACTICE OF HIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

James Callow Keyword(s): SEX

Subject headings: Prophet / Seer / Soothsayer
Spirit / Mind / Body
Observation
BELIEF -- Moon
BELIEF -- Birth

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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HAIR-CUTTING BELIEF

IF YOU CUT YOUR HAIR WHEN THE MOON IS FULL IT WILL GROW BACK
THICKER.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT DOES NOT BELIEVE THIS TO BE TRUE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Observation
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Hair, on head, mustache, widow's peak
BELIEF -- Moon
BELIEF -- Product or activity of man or animal

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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FOOD GATHERING CUSTOM

TRUFFLES SHOULD BE GATHERED AT MIDNIGHT WHEN THEY WILL POP UP
OUT OF THE GROUND. IF GATHERED AT ANY OTHER TIME THEY WILL
NOT BE ANY GOOD.

Submitter comment: THIS BELIEF DOES NOT HOLD TRUE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food
BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Measure of time WeekDayHour

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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ITALIAN DINING CUSTOM

IT WAS CUSTOMARY AMONG THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER'S
GENERATION TO PUT WINE IN OR ON THEIR FOOD, NO MATTER WHAT IT
WAS, FOR LUNCH AND DINNER EVERY SINGLE DAY.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT'S GRANDFATHER LIVED TO BE 89 YEARS OLD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Noon mealsDinnerLunch
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Night mealsSupper
Food Drink -- Alcoholic beverage Fermented

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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GNOCCHIS

PUT ONE POUND PEELED, WASHED POTATOES IN A POT WITH SALTED
WATER ENOUGH TO COVER POTATOES. COOK TIL TENDER. DRAIN. DRY
POTATOES AND MASH THEM. MEASURE 1 3/4 CUPS FLOUR INTO BOWL.
MAKE A WELL IN THE CENTER OF THE FLUOR. PUT MASHED POTATOES
INTO THE WELL WHILE POTATOES ARE STILL HOT. MIX TIL IT IS A
SOFT, ELASTIC DOUGH. TURN DOUGH ONTO A LIGHTLY FLOURED SURFACE
AND KNEAD. ROLL DOUGH TO PENCIL THICKNESS. CUT IN 3/4 INCH
LENGTHS. BRING THREE QUARTS WATER TO BOIL IN A POT. GRADUALLY
ADD GNOCCHIS. BOIL RAPIDLY UNCOVERED FOR 8 TO 10 MINUTES TIL
GNOCCHIS ARE TENDER AND COME TO THE SURFACE. DRAIN IN COLANDER.
SERVE GNOCCHIS COVERED WITH MELTED BUTTER AND GRATED PARMESAN CHEESE.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN MEAL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Animal product Cheese
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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BOURAG

BEAT ONE EGG, ADD ONE TABLESPOON SALT AND ONE CUP ICE COLD WATER.
GRADUALLY ADD THREE TO FOUR CUPS FLOUR TO BREAD DOUGH CONSISTENCY.
PUT IN REFRIGERATOR TWENTY MINUTES. TAKE OUT AND ROLL OUT TO
18 INCH BY 12 INCH RECTANGLE. TAKE TWO STICKS BUTTER AND LAYER
ON DOUGH. FOLD IN HALF FOUR TIMES, PUT IN REFRIGERATOR
TWENTY MINUTES. ROLL OUT DOUGH TO SAME SIZE AS BEFORE WITHOUT
UNFOLDING. FOLD, PUT IN REFRIGERATOR TWENTY MINUTES. ROLL OUT
AGAIN. REFRIGERATE NO MORE THAN TWO DAYS. CUT DOUGH IN FIVE STRIPS.
CUT STRIPS IN FIVE PIECES. FLATTEN EACH WITH A ROLLING PIN TO A
SMALL SQUARE. COMBINE TWO BEATEN WITH ONE POUND MUENSTER
CHEESE. USE THIS TO FILL DOUGH BY TEASPOONS. FOLD DOUGH TO A
TRIANGLE TO CONTAIN FILLING. BRUSH EACH WITH A BEATEN EGG.
COOK AT 450 DEGREES FOR TWENTY MINUTES. THEN COOK AT 350 DEGREES
FOR FIFTEEN TO TWENTY MINUTES.

Submitter comment: THIS RECIPE WAS LEARNED BY THE INFORMANT FROM HER ARMENIAN
MOTHER-IN-LAW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Animal product Egg
Food Drink -- Animal product Cheese
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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PILAF

COOK HANDFUL OF FINE EGG NOODLES IN TWO TABLESPOONS MELTED
BUTTER TIL PINK, NOT BROWN. ADD TWO CUPS CHICKEN BROTH, COVER
PAN, BRING TO BOIL. ADD ONE CUP LONG GRAIN RICE, STIR WITH FORK
TIL BOILING RESUMES. TURN HEAT LOW, COVER AND COOK TIL ALL LIQUID
IS ABSORBED (20 TO 25 MINUTES), STIRRING OCCASIONALLY.
FLUFF WITH FORK BEFORE SERVING.

Submitter comment: THIS RECIPE WAS LEARNED BY THE INFORMANT FROM HER ARMENIAN
MOTHER-IN-LAW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

James Callow Keyword(s): PILAF

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Service Table furnishing and decoration Implement to handle food
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Mixed preparation in liquid
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Animal product Egg

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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ITALIAN BREAD

PUT FOUR TO FOUR AND ONE-HALF POUNDS FLOUR IN LARGE BOWL.
ADD ONE TABLESPOON SALT AND TWO TABLESPOONS SUGAR. MIX.
ADD TWO PACKAGES OF YEAST SOFTENED IN FOUR CUPS OF WATER. MIX
TIL IT NO LONGER CLINGS TO HANDS. ADD AMOUNT OF SHORTENING
EQUAL TO SIZE OF ONE SMALL EGG. KNEAD FOR FIFTEEN TO THIRTY
MINUTES. SET IN WARM PLACE TIL DOUBLE IN BULK. SHAPE AND
PUT IN LOAF PANS. LET RISE TIL DOUBLE IN SIZE. PLACE IN
300 DEGREE OVEN FOR ONE HOUR AND FIFTEEN MINUTES. REMOVE
FROM PANS AT ONCE. SET ON A METAL RACK TO COOL.

Submitter comment: THIS RECIPE WAS BROUGHT OVER FROM ITALY BY THE INFORMANT'S
ITALIAN GRANDMOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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CHICKEN CACCIATORE

BROWN FOUR HALF-POUND CHICKEN BREASTS IN CHICKEN FAT IN A
LARGE SKILLET, REMOVE FROM PAN. BROWN THREE CUPS DICED ONIONS
TIL GOLDEN IN PAN. ADD TWO POUNDS ITALIAN PULP TOMATOES CUT UP
FINE, FOUR LARGE GARLIC CLOVES DICED FINE, TEASPOON OF PEPPER,
ONE-FOURTH TEASPOON OREGANO, FIVE OUNCES SLICED MUSHROOMS,
FOURTEEN AND ONE-HALF OUNCES CHICKEN BROTH, STIR TO MIX WELL.
ADD CHICKEN. COVER AND SIMMER FOR ONE HOUR. TURN CHICKEN AFTER
ONE-HALF HOUR. SERVE WITH GRATED ROMANO OR PARMESAN CHEESE.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN MEAL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Mixed preparation in liquid
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Meat Bird Poultry
Food Drink -- Animal product Cheese
Food Drink -- Flavoring Herb

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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BANA CAULDA (HOT BUTTER)

PEEL TWELVE LARGE CLOVES OF GARLIC. THINLY SLICE INTO A
ONE QUART SAUCEPAN. ADD FOUR OUNCES OF FLAT FILET
ANCHOVIES. COVER BOTTOM OF PAN WITH OLIVE OIL. PUT ON
MEDIUM HEAT. COOK TIL GARLIC IS SOFT. DO NOT BROWN.
MASH GARLIC AND ANCHOVIES WITH A FORK TIL FINE. ADD ONE
POUND OF BUTTER. STIR TIL BUTTER MELTS AND COMES TO A SOFT BOIL.
USING A FORK, DIP CABBAGE OR VEGETABLES OF CHOICE IN MIXTURE.
USE SLICED BREAD TO CATCH THE DRIPPINGS.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN MEAL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Service Table furnishing and decoration Implement to handle food
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Kind of heatCooking equipment
Food Drink -- Manner of preparation Process
Food Drink -- Mixed preparation in liquid
Food Drink -- Plant food Cereal
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water
Food Drink -- Animal product Butter

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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ETHNIC FOOD COMBINATION

MY ITALIAN MOTHER LEARNED TO MAKE ARMENIAN FOODS FROM HER
ARMENIAN MOTHER-IN-LAW. ON HOLIDAYS AND SPECIAL OCCASIONS
SHE OFTEN PREPARES DISHES OF BOTH ITALIAN AND ARMENIAN ORIGIN.
THIS SHOWS THAT DIFFERENT ETHNIC FOODS CAN EXIST AND SURVIVE
SIDE BY SIDE, CONTRARY TO THE OPINION OF SOME FOLKLORISTS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Kind of Food and Its Preparation

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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MEASURE OF TIME CUSTOM

WHEN YOU CAN TOUCH THE HEAD OF YOUR SHADOW WITH YOUR FOOT, IT'S
STRAIGHT UP NOON.

Submitter comment: THIS IS REPORTEDLY AN ACCURATE GUAGE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour

Date learned: 11-00-1982

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BIRTH BELIEF-CUSTOM

IF A PREGNANT WOMAN EXPOSES HER STOMACH TO THE FULL MOON THE
CHILD WILL BE FEMALE. THIS BELIEF IS USUALLY HELD BY "BACKWOODS"
PEOPLES, PARTICULARLY IN THE SOUTHERN UNITED STATES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Birth
BELIEF -- Moon
BELIEF -- Birth

Date learned: 10-00-1982

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WARM WEATHER CUSTOM

TO COOL OFF ON A HOT DAY RUN COLD WATER OVER YOUR WRISTS
THIS WORKS FAIRLY WELL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Method of Curing

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CONJURATION BELIEF

IF YOU CLOSE YOUR EYES IN A DARK ROOM, STAND IN FRONT OF A
MIRROR AND REPEAT "I BELIEVE IN BLOODY MARY" 99 TIMES AND THEN
ON THE 100TH REPETITION CHANGE THE STATEMENT TO "I DON'T BELIEVE
IN BLOODY MARY" SIMULTANEOUSLY OPENING YOUR EYES, BLOODY MARY
WILL EMERGE FROM THE MIRROR, CLAW YOUR FACE AND YOU WILL DIE OF
FRIGHT. IT IS UNKNOWN WHO BLOODY MARY IS OR WHY SHE CAN BE
CONJURED IN THIS WAY. WHEN I FIRST HEARD OF THIS I SCOFFED
AT IT, BUT I HAVE NEVER HAD THE NERVE TO TEST IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CLINTON TOWNSHIP

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
Favorites

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