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AUSTRIAN CUSTOM

ON ST. NICHOLAS@ DAY THE CHILDREN LEAVE THEIR SHOES OUTSIDE THEIR
DOORS. IT THEY ARE BAD ST. NICK WILL PUT COAL IN THEM BUT IF THEY
ARE GOOD THEY WILL RECEIVE PRESENTS.

Submitter comment: HEARD FROM GRANDPARENTS WHO CAME FROM AUSTRIA

Where learned: LOCATION NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

Keyword(s): ST. NICHOLAS'DAY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR.

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ST. NICHOLAS' DAY

ON DEC. 6 A MAN WEARING A WHITE SHEET AND CARRYING A BIG CHAIN WOULD
VISIT ALL THE HOUSES AND ASK THE CHILDREN IF THEY HAD BEEN GOOD AND
IF THEY KNEW THEIR PRAYERS. IF NOT THEY WERE TOLD SANTA CLAUS
WOULDN'T VISIT THEM ON CHRISTMAS. IT WAS VERY EFFECTIVE, EVERYONE
WAS GOOD FROM THEN TILL CHRISTMAS BECAUSE THEY WERE FRIGHTENED
OF HIM.

Submitter comment: PRACTICED IN STEELTON, PA. ABOUT 00001920

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ST. NICHOLAS' DAY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 01-12-1964

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ST. NICHOLAS DAY: ON DECEMBER 6TH, THE CHILDREN WOULD GATHER AND
GO FROM ONE RELATIVE'S HOUSE TO THE OTHER WITH A BAG IN THEIR HANDS.
WHEN THEY REACHED THE HOUSE, THEY WOULD HAVE TO KNEEL DOWN AND PRAY.
IF THEY WERE NOT GOOD, THEY WOULD BE HIT WITH A SWITCH.

Submitter comment: MRS. DEVEREUX LEARNED THIS FROM HER RELATIVES AND IT WAS THE CUSTOM
IN HER DAY ALSO.

Where learned: HOME

Keyword(s): ST. NICHOLAS DAY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 11-03-1963

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BLACK PETER

IN HOLLAND, ON DECEMBER 6, ST. NICHOLAS TRAVELS AROUND THE COUNTRY
LEAVING FRUITS AND SWEETS FOR THE GOOD CHILDREN. BLACK PETER
ACCOMPANIES HIM AND TAKES ALL THE BAD CHILDREN AWAY ON A BOAT TO
AFRICA.

Submitter comment: MR. CLISDAL LEARNED OF THIS WHILE IN EUROPE LAST YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROYAL OAK

Keyword(s): ST. NICHOLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-16-1967

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

A FAMILY CUSTOM OF GERMAN ORIGIN ( HER MOTHER'S SIDE OF FAMILY ) WAS
TO LEAVE A BOWL ON THE FRONT PORCH DURING DINNER, ON THE FEAST OF
ST. NICHOLAS, DECEMBER 6. A LOUD KNOCK WAS HEARD, AND WHOEVER
ANSWERED THE DOOR FOUND NO ONE, BUT THE BOWL WAS FILLED WITH CANDY
AND SWEETS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROYAL OAK

Keyword(s): ST. NICHOLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 11-30-1967

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CUSTOM

WHEN I WAS YOUNGER, OUR FAMILY USED TO HANG UP CHRISTMAS STOCKINGS
ON ST. NICHOLAS' DAY ( DECEMBER 6 ) AND IN THE MORNING WE WOULD
FIND CANDY AND OTHER GOODIES IN THE STOCKINGS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ST. NICHOLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 00-00-1960

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CHRISTMAS LEGEND

ON DECEMBER 6, ST. NICHOLAS VISITS THE HOMES OF THE PEOPLE
AND LEAVES GOODIES FOR GOOD LITTLE CHILDREN, AND SOOT IN THE
SHOES OF BAD ONES.

Submitter comment:

RONNIE LEARNED THIS ITALIAN LEGEND FROM HER FATHER WHO IS
FROM ITALY.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CHRISTMAS ; GIFTS ; holiday ; Presents ; Saint Nicholas

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 12-04-1967

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ON DECEMBER 6, ONE OF THE NEIGHBORS WOULD DRESS
UP AS SAINT NICHOLAS IN OLD CLOTHES AND WOULD
DISTRIBUTE BAGS OF FRUIT, ESPECIALLY APPLES, NUTS,
AND CANDY TO ALL THE CHILDREN. THEY ALSO
CELEBRATED CHRISTMAS.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CANDY ; Celebrate ; Consumption ; CUSTOM ; Feast ; FESTIVAL ; FOOD ; holiday ; Nicholas ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 03-31-1971

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ON ST. NICHOLAS DAY (DECEMBER 6) IT IS A TRADITION AMONG
POLES IN CHICAGO TO HAVE THEIR CHILDREN PUT SHOES
OUT ON THE FRONT PORCH; DURING THE NIGHT THE SHOES
ARE FILLED WITH TANGERINES, A FAVORITE FRUIT
AROUND CHRISTMAS TIME.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT HIGH SCHOOL

Keyword(s): Celebration ; CUSTOM ; CUSTOM ; FESTIVAL ; GAME ; holiday ; Nicholas ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 10-27-1971

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ON ST. NICHOLAS DAY, DECEMBER 6, PARENTS GIVE THEIR
CHILDREN ONE GIFT.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; GLENVIEW

Keyword(s): CUSTOM ; GIFT ; holiday ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 11-29-1970

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EVERY ST. NICHOLAS FEAST DAY CHILDREN WOULD RECEIVE GIFTS
AS THOUGH IT WERE CHRISTMAS. HOWEVER, THE CHILDREN ALSO
RECEIVED GIFTS AGAIN AT CHRISTMAS.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S GRANDPARENTS OBSERVED THIS CUSTOM IN
GERMANY. HIS PARENTS CONTINUED THIS PRACTICE IN THE
U.S. WITH THEIR CHILDREN.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GERMANY ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Celebration ; CUSTOM ; holiday ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 02-19-1970

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TRADITIONALLY OUR FAMILY OBSERVES ST. NICHOLAS' FEAST
DAY BY PUTTING THE CHILDREN'S SHOES IN FRONT OF THE
FIREPLACE. AFTER THE CHILDREN HAVE GONE TO BED, THE
PARENTS FILL THE SHOES WITH GIFTS AND CANDY.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT EXPERIENCED THIS CUSTOM IN APPLETON,
WISCONSIN. INFORMANT'S GRANDPARENTS WERE IMMIGRANTS
FROM HOLLAND AND THIS CUSTOM IS ARDENTLY OBSERVED THERE.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; HOLLAND ; WISCONSIN ; APPLETON

Keyword(s): Celebration ; holiday ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 12-02-1967

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FINDING A BOWL OF NUTS AND FRUIT ON THE MORNING OF
ST. NICHOLAS DAY (DECEMBER 6) (IS A CUSTOM).

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Celebration ; CUSTOM ; holiday ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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GERMAN CUSTOM

ON DECEMBER 6 THE GERMANS PUT THEIR STOCKINGS OUT,
AND THIS IS IN THE OLD CHRISTMAS TRADITION. IF
THE CHILD IS GOOD, HE RECEIVES ALL KINDS OF GOOD
THINGS, BUT IF HE IS A BAD CHILD, HE RECEIVES TWO
LUMPS OF COAL.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Celebrate ; CUSTOM ; GERMAN ; holiday ; Nicholas ; Saint ; St. Nick ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 11-00-1968

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ON DECEMBER 6 ALL THE CHILDREN HANG UP THEIR STOCKING AND
ST. NICHOLAS COMES (EQUIPPED WITH BISHOPS HAT AND
A LONG WHIP). HE FILLS THE GOOD CHILDREN'S STOCKINGS
WITH FRUIT AND NUTS, THE BAD CHILDREN GET COAL.

Submitter comment:

THIS IS AN ACTUAL PRACTICE IN NEW HAMBURG, MISSOURI
(OR WAS WHEN THE INFORMANT WAS YOUNG) SHE SAYS SHE
HEARD OF A NEIGHBOR BOY WHO RECEIVED COAL.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; MISSOURI ; DETROIT ; NEW HAMBURG

Keyword(s): Celebrate ; CUSTOM ; holiday ; Nicholas ; Saint ; St. Nick ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 09-20-1968

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HUNGARIAN CUSTOM

ON ST. NICHOLAS DAY A FELLOW CALLED "KRUMPUS" WOULD
COME THROUGH THE TOWN. HE WORE A LONG BELT FASHIONED
FROM CHAIN. HE CARRIED A WOODEN SWITCH AND A BAG OF
WALNUTS.
KRUMPUS WOULD WALK THROUGH THE TOWN AND STOP AT EACH
HOUSE. IF WELL-BEHAVED CHILDREN LIVED IN THE HOUSE,
HE WOULD THROW WALNUTS IN THE DOOR. IF BAD CHILDREN
LIVED IN THE HOUSE, HE WOULD STAND IN THE DOORWAY,
RATTLE HIS CHAIN AND SHAKE HIS SWITCH AT THEM.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

Keyword(s): Celebrate ; CUSTOM ; holiday ; HUNGARIAN ; Nicholas ; Saint ; St. Nick ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 11-17-1968

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IN BELGIUM ON ST. NICHOLAS DAY, DECEMBER 6, THE CHILDREN
ALL PLACE THEIR SHOES ON THE WINDOW SILL IN THE HOPES
THAT ST. NICHOLAS WILL LEAVE THEM A TREAT AS HE PASSES
BY.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; BELGIUM ; PITTSBURGH

Keyword(s): Belgium ; Celebration ; CUSTOM ; holiday ; Nicholas ; Saint ; St. Nick ; tradition

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 11-01-1970

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IN BELGIUM CHRISTMAS GIFTS ARE EXCHANGED ON DECEMBER 6.
THE CELEBRATION OF CHRISTMAS IS STILL ON DECEMBER 25,
BUT NO GIFTS ARE EXCHANGED.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT SAID THIS CUSTOM STILL PREVAILS TODAY.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BELGIUM ; SAINT CLAIR SHORES

Keyword(s): Belgium ; Celebration ; CHRISTMAS ; Gifts, Exchange ; holiday ; Nick ; Saint ; ST. NICHOLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 02-20-1972

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AT SIENA HEIGHTS COLLEGE, IN ADRIAN, MICHIGAN, THE STUDENTS
WOULD PUT THEIR SHOES OUTSIDE THE DOOR OF THEIR ROOM
ON DECEMBER 6, AND THE NEXT MORNING THERE WOULD BE AN
APPLE AND SOME CANDY IN THEIR SHOES.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; ADRIAN

Keyword(s): Apples ; CANDY ; Celebrate ; CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Nick ; Saint ; SHOES ; ST. NICHOLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 10-22-1968

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ST. NICHOLAS' HELPER

ON DECEMBER 6, ST. NICHOLAS DAY, IN BELGIUM, ST.
NICHOLAS VISITS EACH SCHOOL DRESSED AS A BISHOP.
HE WAS ACCOMPANIED BY A HELPER WHO WAS DRESSED IN BLACK
CARRYING AN EMPTY SACK AND A BIG STICK. THE CHILDREN
WERE TERRIFIED OF THE HELPER, FOR IF THEY WERE NOT
GOOD, THE HELPER WOULD PUT THEM INTO THE SACK AND ALL
THEY WILL GET IS COAL AS A PRESENT ON ST. NICHOLAS DAY.
SO GREAT WAS THIS FEAR, THAT A NEWSPAPER ARTICLE DURING
THE PAST YEAR IN LIEGE STATED THAT TWO BOYS RAN AWAY FROM
SCHOOL SO THAT THE HELPER WOULDN'T GET THEM.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; BELGIUM ; PITTSBURGH

Keyword(s): Celebrate ; CUSTOM ; Helper ; holiday ; Nicholas ; Saint ; St. Nick

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 6 Feast of St. Nicholas

Date learned: 11-01-1970

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