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James Callow Folklore Archive

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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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IF YOU ARE MISERABLE THROUGH ANY CAUSE, IT IS
USUALLY A SIGN THAT YOUR PRESENT TROUBLES WILL
SOON BE OVER WITH.

Submitter comment: SHE BELIEVED IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): CYCLICAL HISTORY

Subject headings: Observation

Date learned: 00-00-1980 ; 00-00-1985

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Martin Luther King Holiday

This holiday (the 3rd Monday of January) was passed in honor
of a man (born January 15, 1929) who stood for peace and equality
for all. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee (1968) at the
age of 39. It is the first legal holiday honoring a Black or
Afro-American. In 1986, the automotive industry started
celebrating the Monday following Easter (called "Easter Monday")
as its holiday honoring Dr. King. As of this year (1992), the
automotive industry has two "paid holidays" honoring Dr. King.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Black History

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Secular hero

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DURING THE YELLOW FEVER EPIDEMIC BACK IN 1780, THE COFFEE
WAS THOUGHT TO BE THE CAUSE.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Product or activity of man or animal
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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FOR CHOLERA (TO PREVENT IT):
WEAR AN OLD ONION AROUND THE NECK AND BURN TAR ON EVERY
STREET CORNER. THEY DID THIS DURING THE NASHVILLE EPIDEMIC
AROUND THE TURN OF THE CENTURY.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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PEOPLE USED TO SHAKE HANDS SO THAT THEY COULD ASCERTAIN
WHETHER THE OTHER PERSON WAS CONCEALING A WEAPON IN
HIS HAND.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: 602 Body Parts
SPEECH -- Body parts involved
SPEECH -- Greetings Salutations

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ORIGIN OF THE HANDSHAKE

EMMISARIES WOULD GRASP THE RIGHT FOREARM OF THE ONE THEY WERE
MEETING IN ORDER TO AVOID HAVING A POSSIBLE ADVERSARY HAVE
ACCESS TO HIS WEAPONS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: 602 Body Parts
SPEECH -- Body parts involved S602.1
SPEECH -- Greetings Salutations
SPEECH -- Respect

Date learned: 00-00-1963

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GESTURE

BOWING TO THE MASTERS.

Submitter comment: THIS ACTUALLY HAPPENED DURING SLAVERY TIMES.
SLAVES HAD TO BOW TO THEIR OWNERS.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: SPEECH -- Respect

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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THE MILITARY SALUTE STARTED IN THE MIDDLE AGES WHEN
KNIGHTS WOULD RAISE THE VISORS ON THEIR HELMETS
BEFORE COMBAT TO SEE WHO THEY WERE FIGHTING
AGAINST.

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: SPEECH -- Salutes

Date learned: 00-00-1965

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SALUTE

THE SALUTE EVOLVED FROM ANCIENT ROME. AS A MEANS
OF GREETING, THE ROMANS PUT THEIR HANDS UP TO
SHOW THAT THEY WERE FRIENDS AND HAD NO WEAPONS.
THIS STARTED BECAUSE BRUTUS KILLED CAESAR WHO
WAS SUPPOSEDLY A FRIEND. IT THEN EVOLVED INTO A
WAY OF GREATING A FRIEND AND FINALLY INTO A SALUTE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): HISTORY

Subject headings: 602 Body Parts
SPEECH -- Greetings Salutations
SPEECH -- Salutes

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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RIDDLE

APRIL FLOWERS BRING MAY FLOWERS. WHAT DO MAY FLOWERS BRING?
-- PILGRIMS.

Where learned: HOME ; TOLD AT

Keyword(s): HISTORY SPRING

Subject headings: RIDDLE -- Riddle Question

Date learned: 11-22-1970

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Play on Words

Its very easy for a girl to be poor on history but great on dates.

Submitter comment:

He heard it from a friend. A girlfriend I might add.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

James Callow comment:

Submission card located in pile marked These don't sound traditional - Do Not File Yet.

Keyword(s): Dates ; DATING ; Girl ; HISTORY ; HUMOR ; PUN

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- B300

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Toast

The Art of Toasting:

Toasting "healths" began hundreds of years BC when warriors offered drinks to Pagan Gods. Greeks drank at banquets to every God on Olympus. RomNS dded a pledge to Caesar - with a cup to each letter in his name. Norsemen drank to Thor, and Oden, plus cups to love, memories, absent friends. Merrymakers drank to each other's health. Pledging in these cutthroat days was very real. A man was especially vulnerable while drinking. When kinsman "pledged health," they swore to defend each other. Rowdy songs and chug-a-lugging begame part of health drinking as well as toasts to the ladies, wealth and success.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

James Callow comment:

Not ONE example.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Caesar ; DRINKING ; Greek ; HISTORY ; Kinship ; Kinsman ; Norse ; Oden ; Pagan ; Protect ; Romans ; Social ; SUCCESS ; Thor ; TOAST ; Viking ; Warriors ; WEALTH

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Speech Speech
SPEECH -- Formula

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Saying

Let sleeping dogs lie

(Don't bring up the past)

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Where learned: FLORIDA ; Plant City

Keyword(s): Dogs ; Dredge ; HISTORY ; Miscellaneous Motifs ; PAST ; Sleeping

Subject headings: SPEECH -- Vocabulary

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Music

The article studies three historical traditions of the banjo, the folk, minstrel popular, and classical.

Traditions of the banjo are characterized by:

a) The ways in which knowledge of the banjo was transmitted.

b) Closeness of the performer or craftsman to his audience or clientele

c) Self-perceived relation between the craftsman or musician to other crafstmen or musicians.

Exact origins of banjo unknown. Possible from West Africa with slaves.

Earliest banjo was made from a gourd.

Frets introduced in the 1860's and 70's

Peak of development (quality) in 1920's

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Where learned: ; The Physical Development of the Banjo ; New York Folklore Quarterly

Keyword(s): Audience ; Banjo ; Classical ; Craftsman ; Folk ; Fret ; GOURD ; HISTORY ; Instrument ; Minstrel ; MUSIC ; Origin ; Performer ; Slaves

Subject headings: ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Wood Gourd
ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Musical instrument

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showing 14 items

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