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THE REASON BELL BOTTOM PANTS WERE USED IN THE NAVY WAS THEY COULD
ROLL THEM UP EASIER WHEN SAILORS HAD TO SWAB THE DECKS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

James Callow Keyword(s): ETYMOLOGY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F535
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Dress Lower body and legs

Date learned: 10-17-1972

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BELIEF ABOUT LITTLE PEOPLE

WHENEVER YOU MILK A COW, THE FIRST SQUIRT SHOULD ALWAYS GO ON THE
GROUND FOR THE LITTLE PEOPLE. IF YOU DO NOT, EARLY IN THE MORNING THE
LITTLE PEOPLE WILL COME AND MILK THE COW DRY.

Submitter comment: THIS ITEM WAS GIVEN TO MRS. CHESNEY BY MATILDA MELLON, HER MOTHER,
WHO WAS AN IRISH IMMIGRANT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HARPER WOODS

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 09-16-1975

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I ALWAYS HATED TO WASH HANDKERCHIEFS FOR ALL THE PEOPLE IN MY
FAMILY. BUT IN THOSE DAYS, IT WAS THE ONLY WAY TO GET THEM REALLY
CLEAN. FIRST YOU HAD TO SOAK THEM ALL IN A BUCKET OF AMMONIA
AND WATER FOR A DAY. THEN PUT THEM (CAREFUL--YUCK) INTO THE WASH
BOILER AND BOIL THEM AS USUAL. WASH, AND HANG TO DRY.

Submitter comment: THANK GOD FOR WASHING MACHINES.

Where learned: MISSOURI ; SAINT JOSEPH

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

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SEWING

MRS. RANKIN WAS TOLD BY HER MOTHER THAT IT IS A SIN TO SEW ON SUNDAY.
SHE, IN TURN, HAS PASSED IT DOWN TO HER CHILDREN AND HER CHILDREN
HAVE PASSED IT DOWN TO THEIRS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

Keyword(s): SABBATARIANISM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Work Commerce Business
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 07-00-1964

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DAILY LIFE

POLISH WOMEN ARE VERY FUSSY ABOUT CLEANING THEIR HOUSE. THEY DO ALL
CLEANING BY HAND AND GET A LOT OF HELP FROM THE BOYS AND GIRLS.

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Home
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 04-14-1979

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MOTTO USED BY MANAGEMENT AT MCDONALD'S RESTAURANT

IF THERE'S TIME TO LEAN, THERE'S TIME TO CLEAN.

Where learned: HOME

James Callow Keyword(s): SLOGAN ; WORK REST BREAK

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Proverb Proverb
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Proverb Proverb
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Work Commerce Business
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
PROVERB -- Proverbial Metaphor

Date learned: 04-02-1968

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WOMEN INSIST ON DOING THE LAUNDRY ON MONDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BERKELEY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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ALABAMA NEW YEAR'S DAY CUSTOM

"THE WOMAN OF THE HOUSE SHOULD NEVER DO THE WASH
ON NEW YEAR'S DAY, BECAUSE IT WOULD BRING ILLNESS TO
A MEMBER OF THE FAMILY".

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT LEARNED THIS ITEM AS A CHILD IN BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA
FROM HIS MOTHER, CIRCA 1928. SHE LEARNED IT FROM HER MOTHER
IN ALABAMA CIRCA 1900.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ALABAMA ; DETROIT ; BIRMINGHAM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 11-22-1980 ; 00-00-1928 ; 00-00-1900

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A CUSTOM OF CHICAGO HIGH IRON WORKERS: THESE MEN
ALWAYS EAT THE DESSERT FROM THEIR LUNCH BEFORE THEY
START WORK IN THE MORNING, BECAUSE IF SOMETHING
HAPPENED DURING THE MORNING'S WORK, AND THEY NEVER
MADE IT TO LUNCH, THEY'VE HAD THE BEST PART OF THEIR
LUNCH. BY THIS ACTION THEY BELIEVE THAT THEY HAVE
ONE STEP UP ON ANY BAD LUCK OR MISFORTUNE WHICH LOOMS
ON THE HIGH IRON.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; CHICAGO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 00001930S

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STORE HOURS

NORMAL STORE HOURS ARE FROM EIGHT IN THE MORNING UNTIL
SEVEN AT NIGHT ON MONDAY TO FRIDAY. THEY ARE CLOSED
FROM ONE TO TWO EACH DAY FOR LUNCH.
ON SATURDAY STORES ARE ONLY OPEN A HALF DAY FROM
EIGHT UNTIL TWO. ALL STORES ARE CLOSED ON SUNDAY
ALL DAY.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 01-00-1971

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SEWING

EVERY STITCH YOU SEW ON SUNDAY YOU WILL HAVE TO PULL
OUT IN HELL.

Where learned: OHIO ; TOLEDO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 10-00-1968

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SWEEPING TRASH OUTSIDE THE DOOR AFTER DARK BRINGS BAD LUCK.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
BELIEF -- Measure of time WeekDayHour
BELIEF -- Bad luck Broom Sweeping

Date learned: 09-19-1982

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YOU SHOULD ALWAYS RESPECT THE SABBATH AND NOT WORK
NOR SWEAR. THIS DAY SHOULD BE SET ASIDE AND SHARED WITH
YOUR FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 03-00-1983

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WHEN WASHING BRIGHT COLORS, IF SALT IS ADDED INTO THE WASH
WATER, THE COLORS WON'T RUN OR BLEED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): HOUSEHOLD HINT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
BELIEF -- Mineral

Date learned: 00001984CA

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You can use health and beauty aides as laundry spot removers.
I learned that shampoo is a very good spot remover especially for
grease. The other product that can be used is hairspray to remove
ink stains.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HOUGHTON LAKE

Keyword(s): Household hints

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Home
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

Date learned: 00-00-1987

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IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA, THE JEWISH PEOPLE IN THE VILLAGE
WOULD NOT DO ANY WORK ON SATURDAY, THE SABBATH.
A GENTILE WOULD EVEN GO TO LIGHT THEIR STOVES
FOR THEM AND CARRY THEIR PRAYER BOOKS TO THE TEMPLE.

Submitter comment: FROM COLLECTOR'S MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: 03-02-1970

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CHAIN LETTER (TRANSLATED FROM ITALIAN).
PRAYER FOUND IN THE HOLY SEPULCHER OF O.L.J.C.
COPY OF A LETTER OF PRAYER FOUND IN THE HOLY SEPULCHER
OF O.L.J.C. IN JERUSALEM KEPT IN A SILVER CASE BY HIS
HOLINESS AND BY THE CHRISTIAN EMPERORS AND EMPRESSES.
SAINT ELIZABETH QUEEN OF HUNGARY, SAINT MATILDA, AND
SAINT BRIGIDE WISHING TO KNOW SOME THINGS REGARDING
THE PASSION OF JESUS CHRIST, MADE CERTAIN AND SPECIFIC
PRAYERS THROUGH WHICH JESUS CHRIST APPEARED AND TOLD
THEM:
KNOW (YOU) THAT THE ARMED SOLDIERS WERE 23, THE JUDICIAL
EXECUTIONERS 83, THE PUNCHES WHICH I RECEIVED IN THE
HEAD WERE 150, IN THE BREAST 108. THE KICKS ON THE SHOULDERS
80, AND I WAS DRAGGED WITH ROPES AND BY THE HAIR 23 TIMES.
THE SPITS IN THE FACE WERE 180, BEATINGS ON THE HEART
6,666, BEATINGS ON THE HEAD 110. THEY VERY FORCIBLY
RAMMED INTO ME (ONCE), MY HEAD WAS LIFTED BY THE HAIR
ON THE 21ST HOUR (9 P.M.), I SIGHED 120 SIGHS. I WAS
DRAGGED AND PULLED BY THE BEARD 23 TIMES, WOUNDS IN THE
HEAD 20, THORNS OF (BLANK BLANK) 72. THORN WOUNDS 110.
FATAL THORNS IN THE FOREHEAD 3, AFTERWARDS FLAGELLATED
AND CLOTHED AS KING IN MOCKERY. WOUNDS ON THE BODY
(WERE) 1000. THE (NUMBER OF) SOLDIERS THAT LED ME TO
CALVARY WERE 908, THOSE THAT GUARDED ME WERE 3, DROPS
OF BLOOD THAT I SHED WERE 5,475. TO WHOMEVER RECITES
SEVEN OUR FATHERS, AVES, AND GLORIAS EACH DAY FOR 15
YEARS, TO NUMBER (OR COUNT) THE NUMBER OF DROPS OF
BLOOD WHICH I LOST, I WILL ALLOW 5 GRACES: (1) A
PLENARY INDULGENCE AND REMISSION OF ALL SINS ; (2)
HE (OR SHE) WILL BE FREED FROM THE PAINS OF PURGATORY;
(3) IF HE (OR SHE) WILL DIE BEFORE FINISHING THE 15 YEAR
DEVOTION (4) IT WILL BE AS IF HE HAD FINISHED IT AND
SHED HIS BLOOD FOR THE FAITH. (5) I WILL COME DOWN FROM
HEAVEN TO RECEIVE HIS SOUL AND THOSE OF HIS RELATIVES
UP TO THE FOURTH DEGREE.
THE ONE THAT WILL CARRY THIS PRAYER WON'T DIE BY
DROWNING, NOR OF A BAD DEATH (I.E., HE WILL DIE A GOOD
DEATH), NOR WILL HE HAVE SUDDEN DEATH. HE WILL BE
FREED FROM CONTAGION, FROM THE PLAGUE, FROM LIGHTNING,
AND WILL NOT DIE WITHOUT CONFESSION;; HE WILL BE FREED
FROM HIS ENEMIES AND FROM JUDICIARY POWER (THE ARM OF
THE LAW) AND FROM EVERYONE WHO WISHES HIM EVIL, AND
FROM FALSE WITNESSES. WOMEN THAT COULDN'T CONCEIVE
WILL CONCEIVE AND WILL BE OUT OF DANGER.
IN THE HOUSE WHERE THIS PRAYER IS KEPT, THERE WON'T
BE ANY BETRAYALS NOR ANY BAD THINGS, AND 40 DAYS
BEFORE HIS DEATH, THE ONE THAT WILL DIE, WILL SEE
THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. AS SAINT GREGORY POPE SAID:
"A CERTAIN CAPTAIN TRAVELING BY LAND SAW NEAR
BARCELONA A HEAD CUT OFF WHICH SPOKE TO HIM THUS:
SINCE YOU ARE GOING TO BARCELONA, TRAVELER, BRING ME A
CONFESSOR SO I MAY RECEIVE CONFESSION, SINCE IT'S BEEN
THREE DAYS ALREADY SINCE I HAVE BEEN CUT OFF BY
THIEVES AND I CANNOT DIE UNLESS IF I HAVE NOT RECEIVED
CONFESSION. A CONFESSOR BEING LED TO THE PLACE BY THE
AFORESAID CAPTAIN, THE HEAD RECEIVED CONFESSION AND
THEN DIED. ON THE BODY FROM WHICH THE HEAD WAS CUT OFF
WAS FOUND THE FOLLOWING PRAYER; WHICH ON THAT OCCASION
WAS APPROVED BY VARIOUS TRIBUNALS OF THE HOLY JURISDIC-
TION OF SPAIN. THE AFOREMENTIONED SEVEN OUR FATHERS,
AVES, AND GLORIAS CAN BE RECITED AND APPLIED FOR WHICH
EVER SOUL ONE MAY WISH. ANOTHER SIMILAR COPY OF THE
LETTER HAS BEEN MIRACULOUSLY FOUND IN A PLACE (OR
LOCATION) CALLED PORTIS, FOUR LEAGUES FROM MARSEILLES
(OR MARSIGLIA), WRITTEN IN GOLDEN LETTERS AND BROUGHT
BY A SEVEN-YEAR-OLD CHILD OF PORTIS.
AN ADDITIONAL DECLARATION OF JANUARY 23, 1750 SAYS:
ALL THOSE THAT WILL WORK ON SUNDAY WILL BE CURSED BY
ME, SINCE ON SUNDAY YOU MUST GO TO CHURCH TO PRAY SO
THAT I MAY FORGIVE YOU YOUR SINS, AND IT IS FOR THIS
REASON THAT I HAVE GIVEN YOU SIX DAYS TO WORK AND ONE
FOR RESTING AND GIVING WORKS OF DEVOTION AND WITH WHAT
YOU HAVE (OWN) DO GOOD TO THE POOR AND YOUR ACTIONS
WILL BE FULL OF BLESSINGS AND GRACES (AND/OR FAVORS);
ON THE CONTRARY IF YOU DO NOT BELIEVE THIS, YOU AND
YOUR CHILDREN WILL RECEIVE MAJOR PUNISHMENTS, AND I WILL
SEND PLAGUES, FAMINE, WARS, ATROCIOUS GRIEF (HORRIBLE PAIN)
AND HEART SPASMS: AS A SIGN OF MY INDIGNATION, YOU WILL
SEE SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS, THUNDERS, EARTHQUAKES. THOSE
THAT WILL JUDGE THIS LETTER NOT TO BE WRITTEN BY WORK OF
THE DIVINE AND AS COMING FROM THE MOUTH OF GOD AND
THOSE THAT WILL MALICIOUSLY KEEP IT HIDDEN WITHOUT
WRITING IT TO OTHER PERSONS, WILL BE CURSED BY GOD AND
CONFUSED ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT AND HE WHO WILL COPY IT
(OR MAKE IT PUBLIC) EVEN IF HE HAD MANY SINS, IF HE IS
TRULY SORRY OF HAVING OFFENDED ME, AND AGAIN HAVING
WRONGED HIS NEIGHBORS ASKING ME PARDON, I WILL "ERASE"
(FORGIVE) HIS SINS: THE ONES THAT WILL READ IT AND
WILL FINISH THE DEVOTION, OR WILL HAVE IT READ, WILL
BE FREE FROM ALL TEMPTATION.
WITH ECCLESIASTICAL APPROVAL.

Submitter comment: THE ORIGINAL, IN ITALIAN, IS IN THE POSSESSION OF
THE INFORMANT'S MOTHER.

Where learned: UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 Fifths
686 Seven / Sevenths / Several
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Ghost Spirit Phantom Specter
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Physically handicapped Deformed
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Home
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control
BELIEF -- Church
BELIEF -- Birth
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Prayer
BELIEF -- Number P686.1.15
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 02-00-1968

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Custom; Agriculture

Plant cucumbers by the dark of the moon. If you plant them by the light of the moon, they will just make vines.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

Keyword(s): AGRICULTURE ; Crop ; Cucumber ; Dark ; FARMING ; LIGHT ; Lore ; MOON ; PLANT ; VEGETABLE ; Vine

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

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Custom; Agriculture

Plant beans when the sign is in the arms and the moon is dark.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE ;

Keyword(s): AGRICULTURE ; Arms ; Astrological ; ASTRONOMY ; Beans ; Dark ; FARMING ; MOON ; PLANT ; PLANTING ; SIGN ; Sky

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Working

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