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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

DURING SUPPER (OR AFTER) ON CHRISTMAS EVE, GIRLS SIT ON ONE SIDE OF
THE TABLE AND MEN SIT ON THE OTHER. THEN A CANDLE IS PUT BEFORE EACH
GROUP. ON THE SIDE THAT THE CANDLE BURNS OUT FASTER, A MEMBER OF THE
FAMILY WILL LEAVE.

Submitter comment: INFORMER RECIEVED INFORMATION FROM RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): PREDICTION

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Predictions
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Lights and candles

Date learned: 10-07-1967

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IRISH CHRISTMAS PRACTICE

THE CHRIST CHILD WANDERS AROUND ON CHRISTMAS EVE IN THE FORM OF A
POOR PERSON. THE HOMES HAVE A LIGHT IN THE WINDOW, FOOD ON THE TABLE
AND THE DOOR UNLOCKED, TO WELCOME THE ARRIVAL OF CHRIST.

Where learned: MARYGROVE COLLEGE

Keyword(s): BELIEF

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Beliefs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Lights and candles

Date learned: 00001968 FALL

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CHRISTMAS

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THE FATHER OF THE HOUSEHOLD PLACES A SCYTHE
UNDER THE TABLE AND COVERS IT WITH HAY. (THIS IS A SYMBOL OF HIS
WORK DURING THAT YEAR).

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM PARENTS IN UKRAINE.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): MATERIAL CULTURE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-19-1967

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CHRISTMAS

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THE MOTHER OF THE HOUSEHOLD PLACES A FEW GRAINS
OF VARIOUS SEEDS, AND VARIOUS SILVER COINS INTO A LINEN NAPKIN,
PUTS THE BUNDLE ON THE TABLE, COVERS IT WITH SOME HAY, AND THEN
COVERS ALL WITH A TABLECLOTH (THIS PREVENTS STARVATION AND POORNESS
ALL YEAR).

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM PARENTS.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.
 

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD ; MONEY ; SUPERSTITION ; SUPERSTITION

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-19-1967

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CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER

AT CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER THE TABLE IS TO BE SET WITH AN ODD NUMBER
OF DISHES.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S FAMILY PRACTICES THIS CUSTOM ON EACH CHRISTMAS EVE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; informant's home

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 02-06-1971

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CHRISTMAS

UKRAINIANS SIT DOWN TO THE CHRISTMAS EVE SUPPER ONLY AFTER THE FIRST
STAR COMES OUT, IN REMEMBRANCE OF THE STAR WHICH LED THE THREE WISE
MEN TO BETHLEHEM.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): BIBLE ; METEOROLOGY

Subject headings: 686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THE CHILDREN ALL STAND BY THE WINDOW AND WATCH
FOR THE FIRST STAR TO APPEAR BECAUSE NOT UNTIL THEN IS EVERYONE
ALLOWED TO EAT SUPPER.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD ; METEOROLOGICAL

Subject headings: 686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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START OF CHRISTMAS FEAST

THE POLISH PEOPLE DID NOT START TO EAT THEIR CHRISTMAS MEAL UNTIL
THE FIRST STAR SHONE AS A SIGN THAT CHRIST WAS HERE OR COMING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD ; METEOROLOGICAL ; RELIGION

Subject headings: 686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER

THE DINNER ON CHRISTMAS EVE SHOULD NOT BE STARTED TILL THE FIRST
STAR FALLS.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.
 

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; ERIE

Keyword(s): FOOD ; METEOROLOGICAL

Subject headings: 686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 00-00-1920

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CHRISTMAS EVE CUSTOM

THE ITALIANS NEVER DO DISHES AFTER CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Keyword(s): CUSTOM ; FOOD ; holiday ; Italian

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Night mealsSupper

Date learned: 11-17-1968

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POLISH SUPERSTITION

THE FIRST PERSON AT A CUSTOMARY POLISH CHRISTMAS VIGIL (VIGILIA)
MUST BE A MAN, OR THE HOUSEHOLD WILL EXPERIENCE BAD LUCK.

Submitter comment:

THIS DATES BACK TO THE EARLY 1900'S IN WARSAW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 10-05-1967

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CHRISTMAS

WHEN SITTING DOWN TO THE LAST SUPPER, IT IS CUSTOMARY TO BLOW AT
THE CHAIR FIRST (IN UKRAINE) TO WARD OFF SPIRITS AND THUS NOT SIT
ON THEM.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM PARENTS IN UKRAINE.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): SUPERSTITION

Subject headings: 686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.4
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

Date learned: 11-19-1967

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STRAW FOR THE CHRIST CHILD

POLISH PEOPLE PLACE STRAW UNDER THEIR DISHES ON CHRISTMAS EVE TO
SYMBOLIZE GIVING THE CHRIST CHILD WARMTH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-12-1969

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

PUTTING HAY UNDERNEATH THE TABLE CLOTH AT THE CHRISTMAS EVE SUPPER,
IN MEMORY OF THE CHRIST CHILD LAYING IN THE HAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; COLLECTED BY LETTER

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 03-09-1970

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HEALTH BELIEF

IF YOU EAT A PIECE OF GARLIC AND SOME HONEY ON CHRISTMAS EVE, YOU
YOU WON'T BE ILL FOR THE NEXT YEAR.

Where learned: UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN ; TOLD AT INFORMANTS DORM ; COUZENS HALL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Predictions
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing

Date learned: 03-10-1970

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CHRISTMAS

IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA, ON CHRISTMAS EVE A BUNCH OF STRAW IS PLACED UNDER
THE KITCHEN TABLE IN CASE THE BLESSED MOTHER WOULD NEED A PLACE TO
LAY HER BABY.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; TOLD AT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 03-02-1970

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THE MOTHER PUTS A FEW VARIETIES OF EACH FOOD ON
THE TABLE IN BASKETS, AND THE CHILDREN TAKE THE BASKETS TO THEIR GOD
PARENTS.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Santa Claus

Date learned: 11-19-1967

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IN THE UKRAINIAN VILLAGE,
ON CHRISTMAS EVE, PRIOR TO THE EVENING MEAL, A SPOONFUL
OF EACH DISH IS MIXED INTO THE FEED OF THE DOMESTIC
ANIMALS, BECAUSE ANIMALS WERE THE FIRST TO BEHOLD
THE NEW-BORN CHRIST.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant is collector's mother.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Feeding animals, spirits of trees

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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WIGILIA - THE POLISH TRADITION OF A DINNER ON CHRISTMAS EVE

THE TABLE WAS COVERED WITH STRAW, THEN COVERED WITH A CLOTH.
A DINNER THEN WOULD BE SERVED WHICH CONSISTED OF 3, 7, 9, 11,
OR 13 COURSES. THE SIZE OF THE DINNER WOULD VARY DEPENDING
UPON THE FAMILY BUT THE NUMBER OF COURSES WAS ALWAYS AN ODD NUMBER. AN EXTRA CHAIR WAS ALWAYS PLACED AT THE TABLE IN THE
HOPE THAT THE CHRIST CHILD OR SOME POOR STRANGER WOULD JOIN THE
FAMILY AT THE MEAL.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT REMEMBERS A MODIFIED VERSION OF THIS DINNER IN HER
POLISH HOME IN MANITOBA, CANADA IN THE EARLY 1900'S.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas

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LEAST OF HIS CREATURES

AT THE BIG MEAL ON CHRISTMAS EVE THE POLISH PEOPLE
PUT GRAIN AND OATS UNDER THE DINING ROOM TABLE AND
WHEN THEY FINISHED EATING THEIR MEAL TOOK THESE  OATS
TO THE ANIMALS. THEY DID THIS TO REMIND THEMSELVES
THAT CHRIST IS CONCERNED WITH THE LEAST OF HIS ANIMALS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Feeding animals, spirits of trees

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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