RE:SEARCH logo
University of Detroit Mercy Libraries / Instructional Design Studio
UDM HOME BLACKBOARD MY UDMERCY
RESEARCH HOME / FIND / SPECIAL COLLECTIONS / THE JAMES T. CALLOW FOLKLORE ARCHIVE /
James Callow Folklore Archive

Collection Home

About Dr. James T. Callow

Dr. James T. Callow publications

Collectors

Browse by

Subject heading

Keyword

Location

Questions or comments on this site? Please email davidsor@udmercy.edu.

The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

search for

Content filter is on

Your search for 645.2 returned 25 results.

prev | items 1 - 21 | next

ADVENT CALENDAR

FOR ADVENT ONE OF THE KIDS IN THE FAMILY (USUALLY THE OLDEST)
WOULD MAKE AN ADVENT CALENDAR. THIS CONSISTS OF TWO LARGE
PIECES OF CARDBOARD PUT TOGETHER. THERE WOULD BE A PICTURE ON ONE
SIDE AND CERTAIN ITEMS IN THE PICTURE WOULD BE NUMBERED AND MADE
SO IT COULD BE OPENED. BEHIND EACH NUMBER (ONE FOR EACH DAY
OF DECEMBER) WOULD BE A PICTURE AND THE REST OF THE FAMILY WOULD
GUESS WHAT IT WOULD BE. ALWAYS BEHIND #25 WOULD BE THE
NATIVITY SCENE. ONLY ONE NUMBER WOULD BE OPENED A DAY. THERE
WAS NO REWARD FOR GUESSING THE RIGHT PICTURE.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname and place of residence.
 

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Guessing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Month
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-07-1972

View just this record

ADVENT WREATH

DURING ADVENT WE ALSO HAD AN ADVENT WREATH. THIS WAS ALWAYS MADE FROM
THE GREENS FROM THE EVERGREEN OUTSIDE OUR HOUSE, FOUR
WHITE CANDLES
AND HUNG WITH RED RIBBON. EVERY SUNDAY, ANOTHER CANDLE WAS LIT WHILE
SOMEONE READ THE GOSPEL FOR THAT DAY.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname and place of residence.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Christmas Decorations
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Lights and candles

Date learned: 10-07-1972

View just this record

IT USED TO BE TRADITION IN OUR FAMILY TO HAVE ADVENT CARDS. ONE
MEMBER OF THE FAMILY WOULD MAKE CARDS WITH A PICTURE AND A NAME
OF A SAINT ON IT. WE WOULD PICK ONE FROM A HAT AND HAVE TO TELL ABOUT
"OUR" SAINT THE FOLLOWING WEEK. THE CATCH WAS THAT THE FIRST LETTER
OF THE NAMES COMBINED WOULD SPELL A WORD (EX. "CHRISTMAS")  AND WE
WOULD TRY TO FIGURE WHAT IT WAS.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname and place of residence.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Guessing
BELIEF -- P645

Date learned: 10-07-1977

View just this record

WE HAD A SMALL WOODEN MANGER MADE FOR OUR FAMILY BY A FRIEND.
DURING ADVENT, EVERY TIME ONE OF THE CHILDREN WOULD DO A GOOD DEED,
HE OR SHE COULD PUT IN A SMALL PIECE OF YARN. BY CHRISTMAS EVE IT
WOULD BE QUITE SOFT FOR "BABY JESUS."

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname and place of residence.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes

Date learned: 10-07-1972

View just this record

WHEN I WAS A KID, OUR FAMILY MADE ADVENT CALENDARS AT CHRISTMAS TIME.
THIS CALENDAR CONSISTED OF A PICTURE WITH DOORS AND WINDOWS THAT OPENED.
ON EACH DOOR OR WINDOW WAS A DAY FROM 1 TO 25, THE DATES IN DECEMBER
BEFORE CHRISTMAS. LITTLE PIECES OF PAPER WITH THINGS TO DO WERE
PLACED BEHIND THE DOORS AND WINDOWS. EACH DAY SOMEONE WOULD OPEN THE
DOOR OR WINDOW FOR THAT DAY AND DO WHAT THE SLIP OF PAPER SAID.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-07-1972

View just this record

CHRISTMAS SONGS ARE NEVER SUNG OR PLAYED, IN OUR FAMILY, UNTIL AFTER
ADVENT STARTS. THIS IS ON OR ABOUT THE FIRST WEEK OF DECEMBER.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-07-1972

View just this record

ADVENT CANDLES

ON THE FIRST SUNDAY IN DECEMBER, THE SWISS MAKE A HOLLY WREATH WITH
FOUR CANDLES. EACH SUNDAY UNTIL CHRISTMAS THEY READ PART OF THE
CHRISTMAS STORY FROM THE BIBLE AND LIGHT ANOTHER CANDLE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

Subject headings: 645 645.2
686 686.1
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 11-04-1972

View just this record

ADVENT CUSTOM

IN HER FAMILY, AT THE BEGINNING OF ADVENT THEY EACH OFFER UP
SOMETHING TO THE CHRIST CHILD. ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THEY WRITE DOWN
WHAT THEY OFFERED UP AND PUT IT IN A BOX AND WRAP IT UP AND PUT IT IN
THE MANGER SO THAT ON CHRISTMAS DAY CHRIST WOULD ALSO RECIEVE
PRESENTS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Gifts, gift giving at Christmas

Date learned: 03-00-1971

View just this record

CHRISTMAS CUSTOM ADVENT PREPARATION COMING OF CHRIST

IT IS A CUSTOM FOR SOME PEOPLE TO MAKE A CHRISTMAS WREATH FOUR WEEKS
PRIOR TO THIS DAY. THE WREATH IS MADE WITH FOUR CANDLES. STARTING
WITH THE FIRST WEEK ONE CANDLE IS BURNED. EVERY WEEK A CANDLE IS
BURNED UNTIL THE FOURTH WEEK OR CHRISTMAS EVE. ON CHRISTMAS EVE THE
FAMILY OBSERVES THEIR TRADITIONAL FAMILY DINNER WHEN THE FIRST STAR
APPEARS IN THE SKY.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT AND HER FAMILY PRACTICE THIS CUSTOM EVERY YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve

Date learned: 11-05-1971

View just this record

CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

IT IS TRADITIONAL IN THE SUZIO FAMILY, THAT DURING ADVENT, ALL GOOD
DEEDS ARE REWARDED WITH A LITTLE STAR DRAWN ON A SHEET OF PAPER
HANGING ON A DOOR. EACH CHILD TRIES TO GET AS MANY OF THESE STARS,
AND THUS BE AS GOOD AS THEY POSSIBLY CAN BECAUSE ON CHRISTMAS EVE
LITTLE SCROLLS, TIED WITH RIBBONS, CONTAINING ALL THE STARS THEY
MERITED, ARE CARRIED IN A PROCESSION TO THE CRIB UNDER THE CHRISTMAS
TREE. EACH CHILD WANTS TO HAVE THE BEST GIFT POSSIBLE, SO THEY WORK
AS HARD AS THEY CAN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; DORM ROOM

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Christmas tree

Date learned: 11-12-1969

View just this record

ADVENT CUSTOM

THE GERMANS CELEBRATE ADVENT WITH A WREATH BEARING FOUR CANDLES, ONE
OF WHICH IS LIT EACH SUNDAY OF THE SEASON.

Where learned: GRADE SCHOOL

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20

View just this record

CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEARS CUSTOMS, POLISH

THE TRADITIONAL POLISH CELEBRATION OF CHRISTMAS BEGINS BY OBSERVING
THE ADVENT SEASON, AWAITING THE FESTIVE CHRISTMAS. THIS IS
CULMINATED AT THE VIGILIA MEAL, SERVED ON CHRISTMAS EVE. THIS IS
THE TRANSITION BETWEEN ADVENT AND THE DAY ON WHICH POLES COMMEMERATE
CHRIST'S BIRTH. THE WORD VIGILIA MEANS WATCHING AND THIS IS IN
EFFECT WHAT THE PARTICIPANTS DO. THE MENU INCLUDES HERRING, WHICH IS
THE MAIN COURSE. THIS IS EATEN WITH MILK SYMBOLIZING A BITTER-SWEET
TIME OF REPENTANCE AND AWAITED JOY. UPON THE CONCLUSION OF THE MEAL
THE CHRISTMAS WAFER (OPLATEK) IS BROKEN FIRST BY THE HEAD OF THE
HOUSEHOLD AND DISTRIBUTED TO MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY, THE OLDEST
RECEIVING HIS PORTION FIRST. EACH FAMILY MEMBER IN TURN BREAKS THE
WAFER WITH ANOTHER WISHING PEACE AND GOOD WILL TO ONE ANOTHER. THE
WAFER SYMBOLIZES THE BLESSINGS OF CHRIST THAT ARE HOPED TO BE
BESTOWED DURING THE COMING YEAR. FOLLOWING THE MEAL A SZOPKA MAY BE
PRESENTED. THIS IS A PUPPET SHOW RE-ENACTING "THE NATIVITY" AND IS
SHOWN IN A SPECIALLY BUILT, RICHLY ORNATE, WOODEN STAGE. IN THIS
WAY THE CHILDREN OF THE POLISH FAMILY COME TO UNDERSTAND THE TRUE
MEANING OF CHRISTMAS.
NO MORE ACTIVITY TAKES PLACE IN THE HOME. ITS MEMBERS ASSUME A
SOMBER CONDITION OF MIND AND DEPART FOR THE MIDNIGHT MASS. THIS MASS
IS THE TRADITIONAL PASTERKA IN WHICH THE SOLEMN TONE OF THE SEASON IS
HIGHLIGHTED BY THE SINGING OF KOLENDY OR POLISH NATIONAL CHRISTMAS
CAROLS. FOLLOWING MASS THE FAMILY RETURNS HOME AND EXCHANGE GIFTS.
NEW YEAR'S EVE IS NOT CELEBRATED AS A FESTIVE EVENT, BUT THE FEAST OF
THE THREE KINGS SYMBOLIZES THE END OF THE POLISH CHRISTMAS SEASON.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY LOUNGE

Subject headings: 122 Christmas
645 645.2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.82
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Gifts, gift giving at Christmas
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Songs, caroling
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Church

Date learned: 11-26-1970

View just this record

TEN DAYS BEFORE CHRISTMAS A RIBBON IS MADE WITH TEN PIECES OF CANDY
ATTACHED TO IT. A POEM IS MADE UP ABOUT HOW EACH DAY YOU TAKE A PIECE
OF CANDY AND WHEN THE LAST ONE IS EATEN IT'S CHRISTMAS.

Submitter comment: THIS IS USUALLY DONE WITH YOUNG CHILDREN TO ADD TO THE EXCITEMENT OF
CHRISTMAS AND THE ARRIVAL OF GIFT-GIVING DAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Port Sanilac

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F121
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F121
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 00-00-1975

View just this record

ADVENT CUSTOM

THE ADVENT WREATH. THERE ARE FIVE CANDLES: THREE PURPLE, ONE PINK
AND ONE WHITE. EACH CANDLE DENOTES (EXCEPT THE CENTRAL WHITE ONE)
1000 YEARS. THE CIRCLE FORM DENOTES THE ETERNITY OF GOD, WITHOUT
BEGINNING OR END; THE GREEN SPEAKS OF GROWTH; THE FOUR CANDLES
ARE THE AGES "SITTING IN DARKNESS AND IN THE SHADOW OF DEATH".

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GARDEN CITY

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Circle and other round forms
BELIEF -- Number P686.1.1000

Date learned: 00-00-1959

View just this record

DURING ADVENT, IRISH PEOPLE PUT A CANDLE IN THEIR WINDOW TO
WELCOME THE CHRIST CHILD.

Submitter comment: THIS WAS ORIGINALLY LEARNED IN WATERTOWN,, NEW YORK

Where learned: NEW YORK ; WATERTOWN

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Lights and candles

Date learned: 00-00-1940

View just this record

KRIS KRINGLES

"AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ADVENT SEASON, MY FAMILY PRACTICES THE
CUSTOM OF 'KRIS KRINGLES.' EACH PERSON WILL PUT THEIR NAME ON A
PIECE OF PAPER AND PUT IT IN A CONTAINER. THEN EACH PERSON WILL
DRAW OUT A NAME AND KEEP IT A SECRET. DURING THE PERIOD OF ABOUT
FOUR WEEKS, WE WILL DO SPECIAL THINGS FOR THE PERSON WHOSE NAME
WE DREW. ON CHRISTMAS EVE WE WILL TRY TO GUESS WHO HAD OUR NAME."

Submitter comment: WE PRACTICED THIS FOR MANY YEARS. MY MOTHER SAID THAT A RELATIVE
TOLD HER ABOUT IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SAINT CLAIR

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.

Date learned: 01-00-1984

View just this record

Through Advent, when I was a little girl, every time I was
good, or did a good deed, I put a piece of straw in the empty crib
beneath the Christmas tree so that Jesus had a soft bed when he
comes on Christmas morning.

Submitter comment: This was a Christian custom which my mom also did when she was
going to school.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Mount Clemens

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20

Date learned: 00001970'S

View just this record

CHRISTMAS

IF YOU ARE GOOD EVERY DAY YOU CAN ADD A LITTLE MORE
STRAW TO THE MODEL MANGER TO MAKE CHRIST'S CRIB
SOFTER.

Submitter comment: FAMILY CUSTOM AS A CHILD.

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 12-01-1967

View just this record

VIGILIA

THE TABLE FOR THE EVENING MEAL USED TO BE SET IN THIS
MANNER: A SHEAF OF WHEAT WAS PLACED IN THE CENTER OF
THE TABLE AND THE WAFERS WERE THEN PLACED ON TOP OF
THE SHEAF. STRAW WAS THEN SPREAD ON THE FLOOR AROUND
THE TABLE AND THE MEAL WAS EATEN BY THE LIGHT OF THE
ADVENT WREATH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; TAYLOR

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Table setting and clearing
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve Oplatki
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 11-27-1967

View just this record

CHRISTMAS

IF YOU ARE GOOD EVERY DAY YOU CAN ADD A LITTLE MORE
STRAW TO THE MODEL MANGER TO MAKE CHRIST'S CRIB
SOFTER.

Submitter comment: FAMILY CUSTOM AS A CHILD.

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Subject headings: 645 September 23 Equinox to December 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Straw

Date learned: 12-01-1967

View just this record

prev | items 1 - 21 | next

University of Detroit Mercy
4001 W. McNichols Detroit , MI , 48221-3038
This site is endorsed by the University of Detroit Mercy (UDM) and supports the views, values, and mission of UDM. The University of Detroit Mercy web site provides links to other web sites, both public and private, for informational purposes. The inclusion of these links on UDM's site does not imply endorsement by the University. Please contact the Instructional Design Studio for any questions regarding this web site.