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Founding of the Incan Empire

The Four Ayar brothers came out of the sea. On the way
to Cuzco, one by one three of them died. One of them,
Manco Capac makes it and he finds the Empire with
the help of the Sun God. (Inti) So Manco Capac is
the first Inca.

Submitter comment: Even though it is known that this is not a true story,
it is taught in all the schools in Peru.

Where learned: Peru

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Secular hero

Date learned: 00001970S

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Don't ever pass the salt directly to anyone, or an argument
will be caused between the two people.

Submitter comment: My mother still will not pass the salt to anyone directly,
but she will set it down near them.

Where learned: Peru

Subject headings: Observation
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Eating For menu, see N222.
BELIEF -- Mineral

Date learned: 00001970S

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In Peru summer begins in January and goes until March.
January is also the beginning of Lent, which begins
the Carnival that lasts the entire summer. During the
Carnival there is throwing of water balloons and sometimes
eggs. It is really quite dangerous to go out walking during
this time, unless you would like to get attacked by water

Where learned: Peru

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Mardi Gras
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Lent

Date learned: 0001970S

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The pishtace are nocturnal murderers of Indians. The pishtaco murder Indians in order to obtain human fat to be sold as lubricants for machinery and to be used in pharmacuticals.

The legend derives from 16th and 17th centurey Spanish practices of using human body fats as treatment for wounds and diseases. the people who tell this tale are poor Indians and the pishtaco are usually wealthy industrial men in the area. The tale helps draw lines of social class.

Data entry tech comment:

Motifs added by TRD

Where learned: Journal of American Folklore ; The Pishtaco: Institutionalized Fear in Highland Peru

Keyword(s): BODY ; Cultural ; Culture ; Fat ; FEAR ; HORROR ; INDIAN ; INDUSTRY ; Kill ; Lubrication ; Machinery ; MEDICINE ; MURDER ; Native American ; Peru ; Peruvian ; Pharmaceutical ; Pishtaco ; Poor ; Social Class ; Wealthy

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Product or activity of man or animal

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