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HONEY-ANCIENT FOOD OF UKRAINE

ONE OF THE BASIC INGREDIENTS AND MOST BENEFICIAL FOOD FOR
UKRAINIANS IS HONEY. THE HONEY WAS CONSIDERED MEDICINAL AND
WAS GIVEN TO THE ELDERLY, THE SICK AND BABIES. MANY OF THE
UKRAINIAN RECIPES INCLUDE HONEY AS A BASIC INGREDIENT. THE
HOLIDAYS ALWAYS INCLUDE HOMEMADE BAKED GOODS. HONEY WAS
USED IN HONEYCAKE, KUTIA FOR CHRISTMAS AS SYRUPY HONEY AND
WHEAT, AND MIXED WITH THE FILLINGS OF NUT ROLLS AND POPPY
SEED ROLLS TO MAKE THEM MOIST AND SWEET. CERTAIN FANCY, RICH
CAKES CALLED TORTES ALSO INCLUDE HONEY WITH CREAM, BUTTER,
NUTS AND FLAVORINGS. EVEN TODAY, UKRAINIANS ARE LARGE
CONSUMERS OF HONEY FOR ALL OF THE ABOVE REASONS.

Where learned: CANADA ; ALBERTA ; MUNDARE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
Food Drink -- Food
BELIEF -- Remedy

Date learned: 00001930S

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UKRAINIAN GREETING FOR A BISHOP

THE GREETING OF A BISHOP, ARCHBISHOP OR CARDINAL BY THE
UKRAINIANS FOLLOWS CERTAIN CUSTOMS. WHEN THE DIGNITARY
ARRIVES AT THE CHURCH DOOR, HE IS MET BY THE PASTOR, AN
ELDERLY PARISHONER OR CHURCH PIONEER AND A LITTLE GIRL.
THE PIONEER HOLDS A TRAY ON WHICH AN EMBROIDERED CLOTH
HAS BEEN PLACED. A ROUND BREAD WITH A CANDLE IN THE CENTER
IS PLACED ON THE TRAY TOGETHER WITH A CONTAINER OF SALT.
SOMETIMES A SYMBOLIC KEY IS ALSO ON THE TRAY. THE ELDERLY
PARISHONER EXTENDS THE TRAY TO THE CHURCH DIGNITARY FOR
A BLESSING. THE GIRL, OFTEN DRESSED IN A FULL UKRAINIAN
COSTUME OF BOOTS, SKIRT, BLOUSE, VEST AND HEADPIECE, THEN
PRESENTS A BOUQUET OF FLOWERS TO THE DIGNITARY. THE TWO
PEOPLE MAKING THE PRESENTATIONS EXTEND A FEW WORDS OF
WELCOME ON BEHALF OF THE PARISH. THEN THE PASTOR LEADS
THE DIGNITARY DOWN THE AISLE AT WHICH TIME HE BLESSES
THE CONGREGATION.

Submitter comment: THIS FORMAL WELCOME WOULD BE EXTENDED ON AN OFFICIAL
VISIT SUCH AS A PARISH VISITATION.

Where learned: CANADA ; ALBERTA ; MUNDARE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
BELIEF -- Mineral

Date learned: 00001940S

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METONU-A PICTURE CARD GAME IN UKRAINIAN

THIS PARTICULAR CARD GAME IS ONLY PLAYED THE WEEK BEFORE
LENT. THE CARDS CONTAIN NUMBERS AND PICTURES OF PEOPLE,
FOOD AND ANIMALS. SOME ITEMS ON THE CARDS ARE A JEWISH MAN,
A POLICEMAN, A ROBBER, GARLIC, ONIONS, CARROTS, A PIG,
AND A PORCUPINE. THE PLAYERS HAD TO KNOW THE NAMES OF THE
PICTURES IN UKRAINIAN AND HAD TO MATCH THE CARDS ACCORDING
TO USE, RELATIONSHIP OR ASSOCIATION. ONE MATCH COULD BE
THE POLICEMAN CATCHES THE ROBBER. ALL THE CARDS ARE DEALT
TO THE PLAYERS. ANY MATCHES IN THEIR HAND WERE LAID OUT ON
THE TABLE. THE REMAINING CARDS HAD TO BE MATCHED BY TAKING
A CARD FROM THE PLAYER ON THE RIGHT. CERTAIN CARDS HAD A
PENALTY. IF YOU PICKED THAT CARD YOU HAD TO GIVE THE PLAYER
ONE OF THE THREE BEANS EACH PLAYER RECEIVED AT THE START.
IF YOU LOST ALL THREE BEANS, YOU WERE OUT AND YOUR CARDS
WERE RETURNED TO THE DECK. THE PLAYER HAVING THE MOST
BEANS WON THE GAME.

Submitter comment: THIS CARD GAME IS NOT PLAYED BY THE UKRAINIAN LAY PEOPLE.
ONLY UKRAINIAN RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES OF PRIESTS AND OF
SISTERS STILL PLAY METONU BOTH IN CANADA AND THE UNITED
STATES.

Where learned: CANADA ; ALBERTA ; MUNDARE

Subject headings: Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Special Object or Implement
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 00001940S

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Entry filtered.

CHRIST CAME BACK TO EARTH AND NOBODY RECOGNIZED HIM.
HE WAS WALKING AROUND AND HAPPENED TO STROLL INTO A
JEWISH SYNAGOGUE AND WAS TALKING TO THE RABBI. THE
RABBI LOOKED PECULIARILY AT HIM AND COMPLAINING OF
POOR EYESIGHT ASKED HIM TO MOVE BACK A FEW STEPS.
CHRIST DID. NOW AT THE BACK OF THE CHURCH THERE WAS A
HUGE CROSS (ED. NOTE. WHAT A CROSS WAS DOING IN A
JEWISH SYNAGOGUE I DON'T KNOW. WHEN I QUESTIONED THE
TELLER HE SAID IT WAS JUST THE WAY THE JOKE WAS TOLD.)
AND WHEN THE RABBI HAD BACKED CHRIST TO IT, HE QUICKLY
PULLED OUT A HAMMER AND NAILS AND NAILED CHRIST TO THE
CROSS, SAYING "GOT YOU AGAIN, AND THIS TIME YOU WON'T
GET AWAY."

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; RODNEY

Keyword(s): ANTISEMITISM

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Religious hero
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Jest Anecdote

Date learned: 03-25-1965

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CANADIAN SUPERSTITION

PEOPLE IN ALASKA AND CANADA WANT TO BE BURIED WITH
THEIR HEAD TO THE NORTH. THEY ARE AFRAID OF THE
MAGNETIC REVERSAL IF THEY WERE OTHERWISE BURIED.

Where learned: OHIO ; ALASKA ; TOLEDO ; CANADA

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 09-07-1965

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ROSES ARE RED, VIOLETS ARE BLUE,
I KISSED A LAMP POST AND THOUGHT IT WAS YOU.

Where learned: CANADA ; NOW MARRIED ; LIVING IN

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Autograph Verse Roses are red and other such associations

Date learned: 00-00-1959

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AFTER A DEATH IN THE FAMILY ALL THE UNMARRIED GIRLS IN THE
FAMILY WOULD WEAR THEIR HAIR DOWN TO SYMBOLIZE THE
ATTENDANCE OF THE DECEASED AT THEIR WEDDING. (THE CUSTOM
WAS FOR BRIDES TO WEAR THEIR HAIR LONG AND UNPLAITED
UNDER THEIR VEILS).

Submitter comment: INFORMANT REMEMBERS THAT SHE AND HER SISTERS DID THIS
AFTER HER FATHER'S DEATH EVEN THOUGH SHE WAS ONLY ABOUT
EIGHT YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. SHE BELIEVES THAT THIS WAS
A POLISH CUSTOM BROUGHT TO MANITOBA, CANADA BY POLISH
SETTLERS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CANADA ; DETROIT ; MANITOBA

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 12-18-1963

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REMEDY FOR GETTING RID OF WARTS.

TAKE A MILKWEED PLANT AND CUT IT OPEN AT THE STEM AND PUT THE JUICE
THAT COMES OUT ON THE WARTS AND THEY SHOULD DISAPPEAR WITHIN DAYS.

Submitter comment: THIS REMEDY WAS TOLD TO ME BECAUSE I HAD WARTS ON MY KNEE AND THERE
WAS MILKWEED AROUND ME. I USED IT BUT IT DIDN'T WORK.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Plant

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IF AN IRISHMAN IS COMING TO AMERICA ON THE 17TH
OF ANY MONTH AND IS ON THE SEA, HE IS SUPPOSED TO
HAVE FORTUNE AND FAME IN AMERICA.

Submitter comment: LEARNED FROM HIS FATHER WHEN HE WAS YOUNGER.

Data entry tech comment: RELATED TO ST. PATRICKS'S DAY--MARCH 17?

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; TOP HAT SUPPER CLUB ; WINDSOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 17
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 17
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 17
BELIEF -- Good luck

Date learned: 12101963 ASSUMED

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MUSIC GESTURE

IN MUSIC WHEN THE MAESTRO TAKES ONE HAND (OPPOSITE THE
HAND HOLDING THE BATON) WITH PALM UP AND MOVES THE
HAND IN AN UPWARD MOTION, HE IS SIGNALING THE
ORCHESTRA FOR MORE VOLUME.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT IS A CONDUCTOR OF THE WINDSOR SYMPHONY
ORCHESTRA. HE HAS USED THIS GESTURE REPEATEDLY
IN CONCERT PERFORMANCES.

Where learned: CANADA ; WINDSOR

Subject headings: 602 Body Parts
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Entertainment Diversion
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of quantity or weight
SPEECH -- Instructions Directions

Date learned: 11-10-1971

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IN CANADA, WHEN A FUNERAL PASSES BY, ALL THE CARS IN
THE OPPOSING LANE COMPLETELY STOP OUT OF COURTESY
AND RESPECT FOR THE DEAD, AND BOW THEIR HEADS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CANADA ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 02-18-1971

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FRENCH CANADIAN CUSTOM

WHEN THERE IS A DEATH IN THE FAMILY, ALL CLOTHES
INCLUDING UNDER CLOTHES ARE DYEDBLACK AND ARE WORN FOR
A PERIOD OF A MONTH, EXCLUDING THE WIDOW OR WIDOWER,
WHO WEARS IT FOR A PERIOD OF A YEAR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CANADA ; HAZEL PARK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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AFTER A DEATH IN THE FAMILY, ALL THE CLOCKS IN THE HOME
WERE STOPPED UNTIL AFTER THE FUNERAL. SYMBOLIZED THE
STOPPING OF TIME FOR THE DECEASED.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT REMEMBERS THIS CUSTOM AS PART OF HER OWN
FATHER'S FUNERAL IN BAUSEJOUR, MANITOBA, CANADA ABOUT
1902. SHE BELIEVES THE CUSTOM WAS PROBABLY BROUGHT TO
CANADA BY POLISH SETTLERS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CANADA ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 12-18-1963

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IN CANADA, BRIDAL SHOWERS ARE NOT GIVEN UNTIL AFTER
THE WEDDING AND ARE SOMETIMES HELD IN THE CHURCH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; CANADA ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Day after wedding

Date learned: 09-00-1969

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PROVERB -- HUNGARIAN

A MAN SHOULD PAY ALL HIS DEBTS IN THE CURRENT YEAR,
OTHERWISE HE WILL ALWAYS OWE IN THE NEW YEAR.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

James Callow Keyword(s): OBSERVATION

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Measure of time Year
PROVERB -- Proverbial Apothegm Maxim

Date learned: 11-17-1968

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IF A DATE FROM THE CALENDAR IS CROSSED OFF BEFORE
THAT DAY IS OVER, IT WILL BRING YOU BAD LUCK
FOR THE REST OF THAT DAY.

Submitter comment: HEARD THIS FROM A FRIEND WHILE ATTENDING SCHOOL
IN WINDSOR.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Measure of time WeekDayHour
BELIEF -- Bad luck Activities

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SPRING PLANTING

NEVER PLANT TOMATO PLANTS UNTIL AFTER THE FREEZING
SAINTS' DAYS:
ST. PONGRACY--MAY 12.
ST. SERVATS--MAY 13.
ST. BONIFACE--MAY 14.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May 12
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May 13
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May 14
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting F663.9

Date learned: 11-17-1968

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WISHES

WHENEVER THE FRENCH VISIT A CHURCH FOR THE FIRST TIME,
THEY MAKE THREE WISHES WHICH THEY ARE SUPPOSED TO KEEP
A SECRET. THEY BELIEVE THE WISHES WILL ONLY COME TRUE
IF THEY ARE KEPT A SECRET.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
BELIEF -- Church
BELIEF -- Prayer

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FRENCH NEW YEAR'S CUSTOM

ON THE EVE OF NEW YEAR'S, AT THE STROKE OF MIDNIGHT, THE
CHILDREN KNEEL BEFORE THEIR PARENTS AND ASK TO BE
FORGIVEN ANY WRONGS THEY HAVE COMMITTED DURING THE YEAR.
THEN THEY ASK FOR THEIR PARENT'S BLESSING. THE PARENTS
PLACED THEIR HANDS ON EACH CHILD'S HEAD TO BLESS THEM.
THE CHILD ROSE AND KISSED THE PARENTS.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Prayer
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: 00-00-1935

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THE DISAPPEARING ACT

IN ENGLAND, MANY YEARS AGO, A CHURCH SOCIAL WAS TAKING PLACE
AND EVERYONE WAS INVOLVED IN PLAYING GAMES. MOST OF THE MEN WERE
PLAYING RUGBY ON A HUGE FIELD. ONE MAN KICKED THE BALL INTO
A FAR CORNER OF THE FIELD AND WENT AFTER IT. HE STARTED TO RUN
AFTER THE BALL AND THAT IS THE LAST ANYONE SAW OF HIM. PEOPLE
THOUGHT THAT HE MIGHT HAVE FALLEN INTO A DITCH OR A HOLE BUT THEY
WENT TO LOOK FOR HIM AND COULD FIND NOTHING AND TO THIS DAY THEY
STILL COULD NEVER FIGURE OUT WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM.

Submitter comment: MRS. BACON SAID THAT HER MOTHER AND SISTER TOLD HER THIS
STORY IN ENGLAND ABOUT THIRTY YEARS AGO.

Where learned: CANADA ; ONTARIO ; WINDSOR

James Callow Keyword(s): MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCE

Subject headings: Favorites
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Human Being
PROSE NARRATIVE -- Product or activity of man or animal

Date learned: 12-00-1963

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