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AFTER A POLISH WEDDING THE BRIDE AT
MIDNIGHT TAKES OFF HER VEIL AND
PUTS ON A WHITE HAT. THIS IS A SYMBOL OF LOSING HER VIRGINITY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 12-00-1977

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(POLAND) WEDDING TRADITION

AFTER CEREMONY THE BRIDE SITS IN A CHAIR. THE FAMILY FORM A CIRCLE
AND SLOWLY MOVE IN A CIRCULAR MOTION PULLING VEIL OFF BRIDE.
SIGNIFIES: THE PEOPLE AROUND THE CHAIR REPRESENT TWELVE ANGELS IN
HEAVEN. THE REMOVAL OF THE VEIL MEANING, ALREADY MARRIED. WISHING THE
BEST AND PROSPEROUS LIFE AHEAD FOR THE BRIDE AND GROOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; LUTHER HAVEN

Subject headings: 686 Seconds / Twice / Two
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil
BELIEF -- Angel
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 10-00-1982

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WHEN THE BRIDE IS ABOUT TO LEAVE THE WEDDING RECEPTION,
SHE TAKES OFF HER VEIL AND GIVES IT TO HER MAID-OF-
HONOR. THE BRIDE THEN PUTS ON A BABOOSHKA TO SIGNIFY
THAT SHE IS NOW A MARRIED WOMAN.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT SAID THIS WAS AN OLD POLISH CUSTOM OBSERVED
MANY YEARS AGO IN POLAND.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; POLAND ; SAINT CLAIR SHORES

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 02-20-1972

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REMOVAL OF THE BRIDAL VEIL SIGNIFIES THAT THE BRIDE
IS NOW A MARRIED WOMAN.

Submitter comment: SHE LEARNED THIS FROM HER MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; MADISON HEIGHTS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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THE BRIDE AT ALL POLISH WEDDINGS GIVES HER HEADPIECE
TO THE MAID OF HONOR TO WEAR AT THE BEGINNING OF THE
BRIDAL DANCE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; TAYLOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 03-30-1970

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AT MIDNIGHT OF POLISH WEDDING, A BRIDE WILL EXCHANGE HER
VEIL WITH THE VEIL OF THE MAID OF HONOR, WHICH SIGNIFIES
THE END OF THE WEDDING CELEBRATIONS. SOON AFTERWARDS
THE BRIDE LEAVES THE ROOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 01-26-1968

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THIS IS A POLISH CUSTOM PRACTICED DURING THE BRIDE AND
GROOM'S WEDDING RECEPTION. JUST BEFORE TWELVE O'CLOCK,
BEFORE THE BRIDE AND GROOM LEAVE, THIS CUSTOM IS
PRACTICED. THE BRIDE SITS ON THE GROOM'S LAP AND THE
GUESTS CIRCLE AROUND THEM. THE MOTHER OF THE BRIDE TAKES
OFF THE BRIDE'S VEIL AND GIVES IT TO THE MAID OF HONOR.
THEN THE MOTHER PLACES A SMALL WREATH OF FLOWERS ON HER
HEAD--THIS SIGNS THE END OF HER VIRGINITY.

Submitter comment: KNOWN FROM TRADITION.

Where learned: HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 08-00-1964

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POLISH

AT A WEDDING, THE MAID OF HONOR WEARS THE BRIDE'S
VEIL AND DANCES WITH THE GROOM. THEN ALL THE GIRLS
OVER 16 TAKE TURNS WEARING THE VEIL, AND DANCING
WITH THE GROOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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POLISH WEDDING CUSTOM: THE MAID OF HONOR AND THE BRIDE
EXCHANGE VEILS AND THEN THE MAID OF HONOR DANCES WITH
THE GROOM. ALL GIRLS OVER 16 TAKE A TURN TO WEAR
THE VEIL AND DANCE WITH THE GROOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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BRIDAL VEIL MUST BE REMOVED AT MIDNIGHT, OTHERWISE
IT IS BAD LUCK.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BLOOMFIELD HILLS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 10-06-1969

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AT POLISH WEDDINGS, BEFORE THE BRIDE AND GROOM LEAVE
THE RECEPTION, THE GUESTS HOLD HANDS AND FORM A CIRCLE
AROUND A CHAIR. THE GROOM SITS IN THE CHAIR; THE
BRIDE SITS ON HIS LAP. AS THE PEOPLE SING, SOMEONE
TAKES THE VEIL OFF THE BRIDE'S HEAD AND PLACES IT ON
THE MAID OF HONOR'S HEAD. THEN ALL THE GUESTS DANCE.
ONLY AFTER THIS MAY THE BRIDE AND GROOM LEAVE. THIS
IS CALLED "OCZEPINY."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 03-20-1967

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AT THE RECEPTION OF A POLISH WEDDING, THE BRIDE
CHANGES VEILS WITH HER MAID-OF-HONOR. THIS
SYMBOLIZES THAT THE BRIDE WILL NO LONGER REMAIN
A VIRGIN.

Submitter comment: I LEARNED OF THIS CUSTOM AT THE WEDDING OF A
FRIEND, LARRAINE TLALKA.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WYANDOTTE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

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POLISH

AT EXACTLY MIDNIGHT ON THE DAY OF THE WEDDING, THE
MARRIED COUPLE IS SEATED IN THE MIDDLE OF THE HALL
WITH ALL THE GUESTS STANDING AROUND THEM IN A BIG
CIRCLE. AT THIS TIME, THE BRIDE'S VEIL IS
REMOVED BY THE BRIDESMAID TO SIGNIFY THAT THE GIRL
IS NO LONGER A BRIDE BUT A MARRIED WOMAN. THE MEMBERS
OF THE BAND OR THE COOK AND WAITRESSES OF THE HALL
THEN SING A SONG TO THE BRIDE TELLING HER THAT SHE
IS NOW A MARRIED WOMAN.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT, MY MOTHER, REMEMBERS THIS VERY WELL
FOR IT WAS DONE AT HER WEDDING AND, AS A MATTER OF
FACT, IS STILL DONE AT ALL POLISH WEDDINGS; BUT
SOMETIMES THE SINGING IS LEFT OUT AND JUST THE VEIL
IS REMOVED. I HAVE WITNESSED THIS MYSELF MANY TIMES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 01-09-1964

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IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA AT MIDNIGHT OF A WEDDING, THE
GODMOTHER OF THE BRIDE WOULD REMOVE THE VEIL FROM
THE BRIDE'S HEAD, PUT HER BRAIDED HAIR INTO A BUN
ON TOP OF HER HEAD AND COVER IT WITH A BONNET OR
"CEPEC." FROM THEN ON, THE YOUNG WOMAN WOULD ALWAYS
WEAR HER HAIR IN A BUN COVERED WITH A "CEPEC." IN THIS
WAY, EVERYONE KNEW SHE WAS MARRIED.

Submitter comment: FROM MY MOTHER

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 03-02-1970

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POLISH CUSTOM: AT MIDNIGHT OF THE NIGHT OF THE
WEDDING, THE BRIDE REMOVES HER VEIL. THIS SIGNIFIES
THAT SHE IS NO LONGER A BRIDE FOR HER WEDDING DAY
IS OVER.

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 03-13-1970

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AT MIDNIGHT OF THE WEDDING DAY, THE MOTHER OF THE BRIDE
TAKES THE BRIDE'S VEIL OFF AS A SYMBOL OF HER GENTLE-
NESS THROUGHOUT LIFE, TOWARD THE BRIDE. SHE NEVER
PULLED HER HAIR. IT IS ALSO A SYMBOL TO THE GROOM
TO TREAT THE BRIDE THE SAME WAY HER MOTHER TREATED
HER AND NOT TO PULL HER HAIR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 03-10-1970

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AT POLISH WEDDINGS, THE SONG OF THE TWELVE ANGELS
IS SUNG. THE TWELVE ANGELS ARE THERE TO HELP TAKE
OFF THE BRIDE'S VEIL. DURING THIS PROCESS OF
UNVEILING, THE SONG GOES ON TO ANNOUNCE THAT THE
BRIDE LEAVES HER PARENTS FOREVER, FINDS HAPPINESS
FROM GOD AND BEGINS A NEW LIFE WITH HER HUSBAND.
THE VEIL IS REMOVED AND REPLACED WITH A SCARF TO
SYMBOLIZE THAT SHE IS NO LONGER A MAIDEN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 11-12-1969

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IN POLISH WEDDINGS, JUST BEFORE THE BRIDE AND
GROOM LEAVE, THE MAID OF HONOR TAKES OFF THE BRIDE'S
VEIL AND GIVES IT TO THE MOTHER AND FATHER OF THE
BRIDE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 11-14-1968

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AT ITALIAN WEDDINGS, THE BRIDE WEARS A FLOOR
LENGTH VEIL. AT THE RECEPTION THE GROOM CUTS THE
VEIL TO SHOULDER LENGTH AS A SYMBOL THAT THE
BRIDE IS NO LONGER A MAIDEN. THE BRIDAL PARTY
THEN HOLDS THE VEIL OVER THE COUPLE FOR THEIR
"SWEETHEART" DANCE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ALLEN PARK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 10-00-1971

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THIS POLISH CUSTOM OCCURS AT THE WEDDING, WHEN
THE BRIDE AND GROOM PREPARE TO LEAVE FOR THE
HONEYMOON. THE BRIDE TAKES OFF HER VEIL AND
IS GIVEN A SMALL VEIL IN ITS PLACE, TO SYMBOLIZE
THAT SHE IS NO LONGER A BRIDE, BUT A WIFE NOW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Removing veil

Date learned: 03-12-1970

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