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ON CHRISTMAS EVE, BEFORE WE COULD GET OUR GIFTS, EVERY CHILD HAD TO
DO SOMETHING FOR THE REST OF THE FAMILY (MAKE UP AND READ A POEM
OR STORY, SING A SONG, PLAY THE PIANO, ETC.).  MY MOTHER'S PART IN
THE PROGRAM WAS TO PLAY "SILENT NIGHT" ON THE PIANO. MY DAD'S PART
WAS TO PASS OUT PRESENTS.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname and place of residence.

James Callow comment:


 

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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WE HAD A SMALL WOODEN MANGER MADE FOR OUR FAMILY BY A FRIEND.
DURING ADVENT, EVERY TIME ONE OF THE CHILDREN WOULD DO A GOOD DEED,
HE OR SHE COULD PUT IN A SMALL PIECE OF YARN. BY CHRISTMAS EVE IT
WOULD BE QUITE SOFT FOR "BABY JESUS."

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share same surname and place of residence.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 645 645.2
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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WHEN WE LIVED ON THE FARM, ABOUT AN HOUR AFTER DINNER, SANTA CLAUS (MY FATHER OR MOTHER) CAME AND PASSED OUT ORANGES, WALNUTS, COOKIES,
ETC. (NO TOYS). I DON'T KNOW IF THIS WAS A POLISH CUSTOM OR NOT.

James Callow comment:

COLLECTOR DOES NOT SPECIFY DAY. BOGGS NUMBERS ARE
ADDED BY ME TO COVER POSSIBILITIES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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CHRISTMAS EVE

AS THE DINNER IS BEING SERVED ON CHRISTMAS EVE, YOU TURN TO THE
PERSON SITTING NEXT TO YOU, TAKE HIS OR HER HEAD, SLOWLY SHAKE IT
BACK AND FORTH AND SAY "GOOD LUCK" ADDING THE NAME OF THE FOOD
BEING PASSED AROUND THE TABLE AT THAT TIME. FOR INSTANCE--"GOOD LUCK, POTATOES."
 

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Other ingredients
BELIEF -- Prayer
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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AT CHRISTMAS TIME A MANGER SCENE IS SET UP. THE INFANT, HOWEVER, IS NOT
PLACED IN THE CRIB UNTIL CHRISTMAS MORNING AND THE THREE WISE MEN ARE NOT PLACED WITH THE SCENE UNTIL
"THREE KING'S DAY" (JANUARY 6).

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: DRAMA -- Religious
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Manger scenes

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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ON CHRISTMAS MORNING, AFTER MIDNIGHT MASS, OUR FAMILY ATE WHAT WE CALLED
ANGEL BREAD. (IT WAS A KIND OF UNLEAVENED BREAD THAT HAD BEEN BLESSED.)

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve F122.82
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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IT IS A TRADITION IN OUR FAMILY THAT THE WHOLE FAMILY ATTENDS
MIDNIGHT
MASS TOGETHER ON CHRISTMAS EVE. AFTER THE MASS THE CHILDREN COULD
OPEN THEIR PRESENTS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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STOCKINGS

SWISS FILL STOCKINGS NOT FOR THEIR OWN FAMILY BUT TO TAKE TO
NEIGHBORS ON CHRISTMAS EVE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 11-04-1972

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CHRISTMAS

DECEMBER 25TH IN ITALY IS CELEBRATED ONLY AS THE BIRTHDAY OF
CHRIST, WITH SPECIAL MASS AND A SPECIAL DINNER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 11-09-1972

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FAST

THE NIGHT BEFORE CHRISTMAS IS A FAST NIGHT. EVEN THE
SPAGHETTI IS MADE WITH FISH. THE NUMBER OF VARIETIES OF FISH YOU SERVE DETERMINES
THE WEALTH OF THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRMINGHAM

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 11-09-1972

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

IN THE EVENING ON CHRISTMAS EVE A KNOCK WOULD BE HEARD AT THE DOOR.
UPON OPENING IT CANDY WOULD BE THROWN INTO THE ROOM BY WHOM WAS
BELIEVED TO BE ST. NICHOLAS. IT WAS A SIGN THAT THE CHILDREN IN THE
HOUSE HAD BEEN GOOD AND COULD EXPECT A VISIT FROM SANTA CLAUS THE
NEXT MORNING.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): GIFTGIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-14-1972

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CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER

THE TRADITIONAL CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER WAS FISH. THERE WERE AT LEAST THREE
DIFFERENT TYPES OF FISH SERVED.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 10-03-1972

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BELIEF

IT'S A RELIGIOUS BELIEF TO PUT STRAW UNDER THE TABLE CLOTH TO
REPRESENT THE CHRIST CHILD'S MANGER AT CHRISTMAS.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S FAMILY DOES THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-09-1972

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

AT CHRISTMAS A SPECIAL WAFER WITH A HOLY PICTURE ON IT WAS PASSED
AROUND THE DINNER TABLE AND EVERYONE TOOK A BITE. IT WOULD BRING
GOD'S BLESSING ON EVERYONE

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT'S FAMILY DID THIS WHEN SHE WAS SMALL

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; MONROE

James Callow Keyword(s): OPLATKI

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20

Date learned: 10-07-1972

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KRIS KRINGLE

ONE WEEK BEFORE CHRISTMAS, MEMBERS OF A FAMILY DRAW ONE ANOTHER'S
NAMES FROM A HAT. DURING THE NEXT WEEK, YOU ARE THE KRIS KRINGLE
TO THE PERSON WHOSE NAME YOU DREW BY SECRETLY DOING FAVORS FOR HIM.
ON CHRISTMAS DAY ALL THE PEOPLE REVEAL WHOSE NAMES THEY DREW.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; New Orleans

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F121
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.

Date learned: 00001972 (CHRISTMAS)

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CHRISTMAS

IN MALTA, YOU SPEND ALL DAY IN CHURCH TO BRING A GOOD NEW YEAR.

Where learned: UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Measure of time Year

Date learned: 03-21-1975

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CHRISTMAS CUSTOM

ON CHRISTMAS DAY ALL UNMARRIED PEOPLE SHOULD WATCH IN WHICH DIRECTION
THE DOG BARKS BECAUSE THAT IS THE DIRECTION WHERE THE PERSON THEY
ARE TO MARRY LIVES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Observation
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
BELIEF -- Mammal
BELIEF -- Marriage

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CHRISTMAS BELIEF

AROUND THE FIRST OF DECEMBER, THE SPECIAL WORKERS OF SANTA, THE
BROWNIES, COME OUT IN FULL FORCE. THEY CARRY BIG BOOKS WITH EACH
GIRL'S AND BOY'S NAME IN IT. THEIR JOB IS TO SNEAK AROUND AND MARK
YOUR BEHAVIOR IN THEIR BOOK AND THEN REPORT TO SANTA. IF YOU HAVE
BEEN BAD, SANTA WILL NOT BRING YOU ANYTHING.

Where learned: OHIO ; NORTH OLMSTED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Beliefs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Santa Claus
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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STAR BELIEF

ON CHRISTMAS EVE, THE BRIGHT STAR TO THE NORTH IS SHINING OVER
THE STABLE AT BETHLEHEM.

Where learned: OHIO ; NORTH OLMSTED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F122
BELIEF -- Star

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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