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Trade and Development

Trade and Development Report 2006: Global Partnership and National Policies for Development

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"The Trade and Development Report 2006 offers relevant ideas and general principles for designing macroeconomic, sectoral and trade policies that can help developing countries to succeed in today's global economic environment.  Particular attention is given to policies that support the creative forces of markets and the entreprenuerial dimension of investment.

The Report also argues that a global partnership for development will be incomplete without and effective system of global economic goernance.  Such a system should take into account the specific needs of developing sovereignty in national economic policy-making on the one hand, and multilateral disciplines and collective governance on the other.  "

Trade and Development Report 2005: New Features of Global Interdependence

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"Since 2002, strong demand from East and South Asia, in particular China and India, has been the main factor behind the rise in commodity prices and the improved terms of trade of many developing countries.  But how long will this continue?

The recent boom in the markets for certain primary commodities does not spell the end of the long-term declining trend and the instability of most commodity prices.  Now is not the time for complacency about the commodity problem.  On the contrary, developing countries must seize the opportunity to increase investment in manufacturing in order to achieve higher productivity and greater diversification."

Trade and Development Report 2004: Policy Coherence, Development Strategies and Integration into the World Economy

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"Global economic recovery is underway.  But will it be sustained, and will it benefit all countries?  There are considerable downside risks stemming from oil prices and exchange rates.  Moreover, both the sources and incidence of growth are unequally distributed around the globe.

Rising United States deficits and rapidly expanding demand in East and South Asia have been the main stimulus for the world economy.  What are the implications of this pattern for current trends and future prospects in the world economy?"

Trade and Development Report 2003: Capital Accumulation, Growth and Structural Change

Division on Globalization and Development Strategies of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development under the guidence of Yilmaz Akyuz.

"The Trade and Development Report 2003 offers a distinct perspective on global economic trends and prospects.  With the leading industrial countries still not pulling in the same direction, prospects for much of the developing world are couded by tensions in the trading system, volatility in the currency market and deflationary pressures.  This year's Report traces the difficulites back to the pattern of global trade and finanical flows in the 1990's.  But the Report also asks whether market-led reforms adopted in many developing countries after the debt crisis of the early 1980's have strengthened these countries' ability to withstand external shocks.  The climate, their patterns of industrial development and their international competitiveness.  The focus of this analysis is Latin America where the reforms have gone furthest, but where initally observed successes have not endured.  As the UN Secretary General notes in his Foreword, "The Report provides explanations that may challenge conventional points of view, and calls for new thinking on development strategies."

Trade and Development Report 2002: Developing Countries in World Trade

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"The Trade and Development Report 2002 (TDR 2002) analyses trends and outlooks for the world economy and focuses on export dynamism and industrialization in developing countries.  It demonstrates that, although integration into world trade is essential, it is not in itself sufficient for ensuring a country's development.  The Report questions the conventional wisdom that export growth and foreign direct investment (FDI) automatically generate commensurate income gains.  Why is it that developing countries are trading more, but earning relatively less?  UNCTAD thinks they are competing among themselves to export similar labour-intensive manufacturing products to the same markets.  It suggests that countries should move into higher-value exports by upgrading technology and improving productivity.  What next for develpoing countries after Doha and Monterrey?  And what will China's WTO accession mean for other develping countries -  and for China itself?  There are signs that a world economic recovery may be under way.  If so, will it be sustained at a fast enough pace to benefit most developing countries?  This would rquire a 3% growth rate in the industrial world - a rather unlikely prospect, predicts UNCTAD.

Trade and Development Report 2001: Global Trends and Prospects, Financial Architecture

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"International economic issues touch the lives of people everywhere.  Whether grappling with the challenges posed by new informationn technologies, seeking to draw policy lessons from financial crises in emerging markets, or assessing the possible impact of China's entry into the World Trade Organization, we look to economics as a guide in our rapidly changing world.  The poorest nations especially require a clear economic road map if they are to make progress against the persistent problems of hunger, ill health and social insecurity.

Over the past 20 years, UNCTAD's Trade and Development Report has established itself as an authoritative voice on key internatinal economic issues.  This year's Report offers an assessment of recent trends and prospects in the world economy, with particular focus on the impact that developments and policies in the industrial economies are likely to have on prospects in the developing world.  With policy makers everywhere concerned about the effect of the economic slowdown in the United States, the Report's call for greater coordination and cooperation on economic issues deserves careful consideration. "

Trade and Development Report 2000: Global Economic Growth and Imbalances

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"UNCTAD's Trade and Development Report has become a valuable analytical source on trends and prospects in the global economy, and its challenging analysis of pressing economic issues is eagerly anticipated, particularly by policy makers in the developing world.

This year's Report continues the tradition.  Fortunately, the economic storm clouds, which began gathering over East Asia in 1997, have now broken, and the world economy last year posted a recovery that surpassed expectations.  However, even as the digital age creates new opportunities, financial fragilities in the world economy continue to constrain policy makers everywhere.  Given the severity of East Asia's financial crisis, much of the focus and conern in recent years has been on developments in the region.

This year's Report takes a careful look at the forces driving the recovery in East Asia, its weakness and the long-term prospects and policy for sustained growth and development."        Kofi A. Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations"


Trade and Development Report 1999: Fragile Recovery and Risks Trade, Finance and Growth

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"The 1999 Report makes compelling reading for those seeking answers to some of the most pressing policy challenges in today's rapidly changing global economy.

The Report offers:

  • A detailed empirical analysis of the links between economic growth, external deficits and instability in developing countries over the past three decades.
  • An explanation of why trade rather than augmented private capital flows is the more secure basis for development in the South, outlining a positive trade agenda for developing countries in the next round of trade negotiations.
  • A comparison of recent financial crises in Asia, Russia and Latin America.
  • An extensive discussion of trends in teh world oil market and its impact on oil exporters and importers."


Trade and Development Report 1998: Financial Instability, Growth in Africa

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"The 1998 Report makes compelling reading for those seeking answers to some of the most pressing policy challenges in today's rapidly changing global economy:

The Report offers:

  • An in-depth analysis of the causes and consequences of the financial turmoil currently sweeping across the global economy
  • New ideas on reforming the international financial system to diminish the chances of future crises and to ensure their better management if they do occur
  • A fresh approach to development prospects in Africa and the kind of policy measures and institutional reforms that might help to revitalize investment and sustain growth across the region"


Trade and Development Report 1997: Globalization, Distribution and Growth

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"The 1997 Report makes compelling reading for those seeking new knowledge and insights into the effects of globalization.

The Report offers in-depth analyses of:

  • The impact of globalization on income distribution and economic growth
  • Polarization and income inequality among and within countries
  • The links between profits, income levels and investment in today's globalizing world"

Trade and Development Report 1996

The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

"The UNCTAD Trade and Development Report, 1996 (TDR) makes compelling reading for those seeking to go beyond mainstream analysis of globalization and its impact on the world economy.  Will Globalization improve the lives of two billion poor in the developing world?  What are its costs?  What are its prospects in terms of employment in the North?  TDR 96 provides thought-provoking answers to these questions.

Like its predecessors, TDR 96 discusses the recent performance of, and prospects for, the world economy as a whole and for the different geogrpahic regions.  UNCTAD has an authoritative record in economic forecast, and has on various occasions differed significantly from other official sources.  This year's report warns against the concequences of the deflationary policies followed by the industrialized nations.

Rising living standards in East Asia point to the growth potential of a more integrated world economy.  Can the East Asian success be replicated?  This is another major question dealt with in this year's TDR.  A clear answer is provided based on a detailed examination of the underlying factors of export-led industrialization of the "tigers".  Government policies towards trade and technology remain crucial.  TDR 96 finds that the new trading environment does not exclude East Asian type growth.  New trading opportunites mean the South no longer rises or falls with the North.

TDR 96 also casts a critical eye on the availability of external financing for development and of debt relief.

Julia L. Eisenstein

Associate Librarian
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