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IF THE GROUNDHOG SEES HIS SHADOW ON FEBRUARY 2ND,
ANOTHER SIX WEEKS OF COLD WEATHER WILL FOLLOW. IF
HE DOES NOT SEE HIS SHADOW, THE WEATHER WILL BEGIN
TO GET WARMER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HIGHLAND PARK

Subject headings: Observation
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day

Date learned: 06-00-1964

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GROUNDHOG

IF THE GROUNDHOG COMES OUT ON FEBRUARY 2ND AND SEES A
SHADOW, THEN THERE IS SUPPOSED TO BE SIX WEEKS LEFT OF WINTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; RESIDENCE HALLS

Subject headings: 686 Sixths / Six
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control

Date learned: 00001950S AND 00001960S

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CUSTOM

ON JAN. 5TH, IT IS A CUSTOM IN MEXICO TO SERVE A CIRCULAR CAKE--

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ANN ARBOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 5
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day

Date learned: 02-04-1968

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POLISH BELIEF

THE POLISH HAVE A LARGE CANDLE CALLED GROMINCA. IT IS BLESSED ON
FEBRUARY SECOND AND IS USED TO BLESS AND PROTECT THE FAMILY DURING
STORMS. THIS CANDLE IS MADE OF PURE BEESWAX.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HARPER WOODS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day

Date learned: 11-22-1971

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CUSTOM

ON CANDLEMAS DAY, MOTHERS SINGE A SMALL PIECE OF THEIR CHILDREN'S
HAIR WITH THE CANDLE THAT WAS BLESSED IN CHURCH THAT DAY TO
PREVENT THEM FROM BEING SCARED OF STORMS AND LIGHTNING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): CURE FOR FRIGHT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
BELIEF -- Body part Senses
BELIEF -- Lightning Thunder

Date learned: 02-07-1971

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CANDLEMAS DAY CUSTOM

ON CANDLEMAS DAY, WHICH IS FEBRUARY 2ND, POLISH CATHOLICS HAVE
BEESWAX CANDLES BLESSED AT MASS. THESE ARE LIT DURING BAD STORMS
AND THEY ARE ALSO PLACED IN THE HANDS OF THE DYING.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT STILL PRACTICES THIS CUSTOM EXCEPT FOR LIGHTING THE
CANDLE DURING STORMS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Lightning Thunder

Date learned: 02-07-1971

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WEATHER PROVERB

POLISH: JAK NA GROMNICZNEJ MROZ, TO LADUJ CHLOPIE WOZ.
TRANSLATION: IF ON CANDLEMAS DAY (FEB. 2) THERE'S FROST, MAN
START FIXING UP YOUR WAGON.
(IN WINTER SLEIGHS ARE USED; THEREFORE, THIS MEANS THAT SPRING IS
COMING.)

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Belief Belief
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- P0202

Date learned: 02-07-1971

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SUPERSTITION

IT WAS BELIEVED BY MY GREAT AUNT
THAT IF ONE DID NOT RECITE THE LITANY OF THE
BLESSED VIRGIN MARY ON ALL HER FEASTDAYS, ONE WOULD NEVER SEE HEAVEN
AND ONE WOULD HAVE DISEASES OF THE FEET FOR THE REST OF ONE,S LIFE.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED ITEM WHILE IN CANADA ON TOUR OF MARIAN SHRINES.

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 25
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May 31
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- July 2
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- August 15 Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- August 22
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- September 8
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- September 12
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F100
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F101
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F101
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F112
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F822
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Body part Senses
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Prayer
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 00-00-1979

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WEATHER PROVERB.

JAK NA GROMNICZNEJ MROZ,
TO LADUJ CHLOPIE WOZ.

Submitter comment: POLISH.
IF ON CANDLEMAS DAY THERE'S FROST,
MAN, START FIXING UP YOUR WAGON.

Data entry tech comment: COMMA IN SECOND LINE ADDED BY KEYPUNCHER

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): POLISH ; WEATHER.

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Proverb Proverb
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew
BELIEF -- Measure of time Spring

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PROVERBIAL APOTHEGM

NA GROMNICZNE PO LODZIE NA WELKANOC PO WODZIE. (ON FEB. 2, THE
PURIFICATION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY AND CANDLEMAS, IF YOU WALK
ON ICE, EASTER WILL BE WET.)

Submitter comment: LEARNED IN POLAND AS A CHILD. INFORMANT SAYS HE WATCHES THE WEATHER
AND PARTIALLY BELIEVES THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Proverb Proverb
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Elements
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew

Date learned: 02-07-1980 ; 00-00-1934

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GROMMICE

THE CHRISTMAS SEASON OFFICIALLY ENDS ON CANDLEMAS DAY,
FEBRUARY 2, WHEN CANDLES ARE BLESSED IN THE POLISH
CHURCHES. THESE CANDLES, KNOWN IN POLISH AS
GROMMICE (FROM THE WORD FOR LIGHTNING: GROM)
ARE BELIEVED TO SAFEGUARD AGAINST STORMS, AS WELL AS
DISEASES AND OTHER MISFORTUNES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): GROMNICE?

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Lights and candles

Date learned: 10-11-1972

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ON THE SECOND OF FEBRUARY, THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF COUNTY
KERRY, IRELAND ANNUALLY HELD A DANCE CALLED THE "BIDDIE
BALL," IN HONOR OF ST. BRIDGET. IN ORDER TO RAISE MONEY
FOR THE DANCE, THE YOUNG PEOPLE WOULD GO AROUND FROM DOOR
TO DOOR COLLECTING FUNDS. THEY CARRIED A LIFE SIZE
STATUE OF ST. BRIDGET, WHICH WAS ALL DRESSED IN PLAITED
STRAW. THE YOUNG MEN OF THE GROUP WOULD DRESS IN STRAW
SUITS AND THE YOUNG WOMEN IN STRAW SKIRTS AND HATS. THEY
WOULD BURST INTO EACH HOME WITH STRAW DRESS AND PAINTED
FACES. THEY WOULD THEN DANCE AROUND THE ROOM TO THE TUNE
OF AN ACCORDIAN. THEY WOULD DANCE UNTIL THE FAMILY
MADE A DONATION AND THEN THIS MONEY WOULD BE USED AT THE
"BIDDIE BALL" LATER ON THAT NIGHT. THE COLLECTING OF
THE MONEY ALWAYS TOOK PLACE AT NIGHT, JUST BEFORE THE DANCE.

Submitter comment: MR. SULLIVAN FIRST HEARD OF THIS CUSTOM FORTY YEARS AGO
IN COUNTY KERRY, IRELAND.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; IRELAND ; COUNTY KERRY

Subject headings: Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Festival C436.0202
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: 12-29-1963 ; 00-00-1923

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IF THE GROUND HOG SEES HIS SHADOW ON GROUNDHOG'S DAY,
FEBRUARY 2, WE WILL HAVE SIX WEEKS (MORE) OF WINTER.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; FRANKLIN

Subject headings: 686 Sixths / Six
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Mammal
BELIEF -- Measure of time Winter

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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IF A GROUND HOG SEES HIS SHADOW, WE WILL HAVE SIX MORE WEEKS
OF COLD WEATHER.

Data entry tech comment: ON GROUNDHOG'S DAY, PRESUMABLY.

Where learned: ALABAMA, ASSUMED ; MONTGOMERY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control
BELIEF -- Sign or prediction through Plants
BELIEF -- Sign or prediction through A time segment or a direction

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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HAVE YOU GOT THE THING ABOUT THE GROUNDHOG? WELL, ON
FEBRUARY 2, EVERY YEAR A GROUNDHOG IS SUPPOSED TO COME UP OUT
OF HIS HOLE, AND IF HE DOESN'T SEE HIS SHADOW, THEN WE'VE
GOT SOME MORE WINTER LEFT.

Where learned: NASHVILLE ; TENNESSEE, ASSUMED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Measure of time Winter
BELIEF -- Sign or prediction through Observation of galactic or celestial bodies

Date learned: 07-23-1968

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IF THE GROUNDHOG SEES HIS SHADOW ON FEBRUARY 2, THERE WILL BE
SIX MORE WEEKS OF WINTER.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; PRIMM SPRINGS

Subject headings: 686 Sixths / Six
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Measure of time WeekDayHour
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control
BELIEF -- Sign or prediction through A time segment or a direction

Date learned: 07-19-1968

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IF THE GROUNDHOG SEES HIS SHADOW ON GROUNDHOG DAY,
THERE'LL BE SIX MORE WEEKS OF WINTER.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

Subject headings: 686 Sixths / Six
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Mammal

Date learned: 11-12-1973

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IF A GROUNDHOG SEES HIS SHADOW ON FEBRUARY 2, HE GOES INTO
THE GROUND FOR FORTY DAYS OF BAD WEATHER.

Where learned: TENNESSEE ; NASHVILLE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 2 Candlemas Groundhog Day
BELIEF -- Mammal
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control
BELIEF -- Measure of time Winter
BELIEF -- Number P686.1.40

Date learned: 11-11-1973

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