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Subtitle: Colored people always opposed to Colonization.

Title: Colored American - May 13, 1837

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Colored American (1837 - 1842)

The editor includes an excerpt from an 1827 issue of the Freedom's Journal to prove that the majority of African Americans have never agreed with the idea of colonization. Colonization presented some grand ideas and goals, but the decesdants of slaves born in the U.S. have only considered the U.S. their home. The majority of African Americans are committed to the belief that equality and racial harmony are reasonable and achievable goals in this country.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Title: Owen B. Nickens

Speaker or author: Nickens, Owen B.

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Report from Liberator newspaper describes a speech given during celebration activities on the anniversary of the emancipation of slavery in New York state.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 889 word document (text and images)

Title: Peter Williams

Speaker or author: Williams, Peter, 1780?-1840

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Speech given for the benefit of the "coloured community of Wilberforce" in Upper Canada. Speech addresses efforts of the Colonization Society to relocate free people of color to Africa and Hayti. (Speech 00793 is duplicate of this speech)

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 3,488 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: The Threatening Storm.

Title: Provincial Freeman - March 8, 1856

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)

The editor draws similarities between the recent war in Russia and the human "war" with slavery. He suggests too that if Great Britain is inclined to go to war with the United States it should begin at once.

Description of file(s): two scanned newspaper pages (three columns)

Title: Robert Gordon

Speaker or author: Gordon, Robert

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Institute of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

Sermon delivered in London to celebrate the August 1st anniversary of the emancipation of the British West Indies. The speaker gave a history of slavery in the U.S., compared this with the enslaving of the Jews in the Biblical era, and praised Great Britain for its progressive stance on abolishing slavery.

Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 7,356 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Illegal Slavery.

Title: Voice of the Fugitive - January 15, 1851

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Voice of the Fugitive (1851 - 1852)

The writer comments on the irony of a system of slavery existing in the U.S., a country established on the ideas of freedom and liberty.

Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column

Title: William Wells Brown

Speaker or author: Brown, William Wells, 1814?-1884

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

The speaker addressed the issue of the competence and intellectual abilities of African Americans. He offered a rebuttal on the idea that freed slaves would be unable to take care of themselves. He emphasized a historical perspective on the intellectual ability of the Negro race to not only survive but to prosper independent of European influence.

Description of file(s): PDF 14 page, 3,770 word document (text and images)

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