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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Speech emphasizing the benefits of colonization in Africa. The speaker listed each benefit and positive feature of Africa in a very rational and pragmatic way emphasizing trade, economics, education and Christian missionary work that have improved the colonized areas.

Description of file(s): PDF 25 page, 6,423 word document (text and images)

Title: Henry Highland Garnet

Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The speaker approves of the civilization goals of the African Aid Society that proposes to move black families from Canada to Africa. He believes this offers a postive way to improve the lives of all concerned, and provide England with a different source for cotton. Like many abolitionists, he believes that slavery is mainly continued in the U.S. based on the money made from the production of cotton.

Description of file(s): PDF 6 page, 1,360 word document (text and images)

Title: Martin Robison Delany

Speaker or author: Delany, Martin Robison, 1812-1885

Newspaper or publication: Chatham Tri-Weekly Planet (with portions taken from the Chatham Weekly Planet)

The speaker gave an account of his recent explorations in Liberia including geological and geographical information. He also stressed the kindness, curiosity and willingness to learn of the people he encountered in Africa.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 630 word document (text and images)

Subtitle: Hints and Queries.

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - December 14, 1861

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

With "three-fourths of a million" white men joining the Union army and heading into war, the North is suffering from a labor shortage. The writer suggests that now is the time for free African Americans to fill those needed positions and lift themselves out of menial jobs. He focuses on the change taking place within the social structure.

Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page

Subtitle: "What shall be done with the Slaves?"

Title: Weekly Anglo-African - November 23, 1861

Speaker or author: editor

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

The writer considers two suggestions for dealing with the slaves once they are free men and women.

Description of file(s): three scanned newspaper pages (five columns)

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