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Title: Alexander Crummell

Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection

Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.

Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)

Title: Emeline Sullivan

Speaker or author: Sullivan, Emeline

Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)

Brief overview of a lecture regarding the benefits of "mental improvement." The speaker gives illustrations of lives that have benefited from education.

Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 184 word document (text and image)

Title: James McCune Smith

Speaker or author: Smith, James McCune, 1813-1865

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Congregational Library -- Boston, Massachusetts -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets

A lecture on the history of the Haytian Revolutions with a "character sketch" of Toussaint L'Ouverture given to benefit the Colored Orphan Asylum. The lecture outlines the class structure in Hayti and the timeline leading up to the revolutions from 1791 through 1803. (Speeches 06086, 06136, 06196, 06220, 06242, 06269, and 06309 are duplicates of this speech.)

Description of file(s): PDF 26 page, 9,292 word document (text and images)

Title: John J. Gaines

Speaker or author: Gaines, John J.

Newspaper or publication: Anti-Slavery Bugle

Speech describing the effects of prejudice in the U.S. on living arrangements and education.

Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 872 word document (text and images)

Title: John Mercer Langston

Speaker or author: Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.

Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Historical Society -- Pamphlet Collection

The speaker traced the history of the human struggle for freedom, justice and liberty. He emphasized that the struggle for emancipation of the slaves was part of this universal, human struggle for freedom. The speaker stressed that all human beings have an innate desire to be free, and this is their birthright.

Description of file(s): PDF 25 page, 8,341 word document (text and images)

Title: William E. Mathews

Speaker or author: Matthews, William E.

Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Speech delivered on the April 16th anniversary of the emancipation of Washington, DC. The speaker stressed his belief that the accomplishments of all renowned black people should be celebrated on a special holiday.

Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 418 word document (text and images)

Title: William G. Allen

Speaker or author: Allen, William G., fl. 1849-1853

Newspaper or publication: Frederick Douglass' Paper

Lengthy speech describing the various attributes and skills of a great orator, and the benefits of the freedom of public speaking in the U.S. The speaker believes oratory to be the greatest art of expression in a free country.

Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 8,718 word document (text and images)

Title: William Wells Brown

Speaker or author: Brown, William Wells, 1814?-1884

Newspaper or publication: Pine and Palm

The speaker described the turbulent history of Hayti in detail stressing the battles and triumphs of its military heroes. He stressed that those seeking to immigrate to Hayti would find it rich in natural resources, especially cotton and coffee, which offered competition to slave-grown produce in the U.S. [This speech is a continuation of speech 24115, published in the June 15, 1861 issue of the Pine and Palm.]

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 3,436 word document (text and images)

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