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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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TRADITION

IRELAND - GOOD FRIDAY - CALLED BLACK FAST - FAST FROM
DAIRY PRODUCTS AND EGGS, BESIDES MEAT - COULD EAT FISH AND
POTATOES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): FASTING ON GOOD FRIDAY

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-30-1972

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RELIGIOUS CUSTOM

THE JEWISH PEOPLE FAST ON THE HOLIDAY YOM KIPPUR.

Submitter comment: YOM KIPPUR OR THE DAY OF ATONEMENT IS THE HOLIEST DAY OF THE YEAR.
GOD DECIDES ON THIS DAY WHO SHALL LIVE AND WHO SHALL DIE.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; SCRANTON

James Callow Keyword(s): FASTING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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CUSTOMS

DURING THE FIRST SEVEN WEEKS IN LENT, YOU HANG A STRING FROM
THE CEILING. YOU TIE SEVEN CHICKEN FEATHERS ON THE END OF
THE STRING. IF YOU ARE GOOD FOR THE FIRST WEEK AND HAVE KEPT
THE FAST, A FEATHER IS TAKEN OUT AND THROWN AWAY. THIS IS
DONE FOR ALL SEVEN WEEKS. IF YOU ARE BAD AND THE FEATHER
ISN'T REMOVED, IT WILL COME AND STICK IN YOUR EYE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ALLEN PARK

James Callow Keyword(s): FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Lent
686 Seven / Sevenths / Several

Date learned: 09-00-1972

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SLOVAK PRE-LENT CUSTOM

ON THE SATURDAY BEFORE LENT, PARTIES AND DANCES ARE A MUST.
THEY LAST FROM SATURDAY THRU TUESDAY BEFORE MIDNIGHT
WHICH IS THE BEGINNING OF ASH WEDNESDAY. MANY A YOUNG MAN DID NOT
COME HOME DURING THIS FESTIVE WEEK BECAUSE IT WAS ALL DANCE - PARTY -
EAT - DRINK - SINGING. ALL WERE VERY GAYLY DRESSED.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 00001967 FALL

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FOOD CUSTOM

IT IS THE CUSTOM OF THE ENGLISH TO MAKE AND EAT PANCAKES ON SHROUD
TUESDAY (TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY).

Data entry tech comment: I BELIEVE THIS TUESDAY IS REFERRED TO AS SHROVE, RATHER THAN SHROUD,
TUESDAY. IT MEANS THE DAY ON WHICH PEOPLE ARE SHRIVEN FROM SINS.
THE TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY IS THE LAST TIME A PERSON CAN
RECEIVE CONFESSION UNTIL LENT IS OVER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
663 Mardi Gras
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 03-17-1970

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LENTEN FESTIVAL

THE POLISH LENT BEGINS WITH PACZKI DAY, WHICH IS THE TUESDAY BEFORE
ASH WEDNESDAY. EITHER MEMBERS OF A FAMILY OR A GROUP OF FRIENDS
MEET AND EAT HOT JELLY DONUTS. THE DONUTS
ARE SWEET AND EATEN WITH GREAT RELISH. FOR THE COMING
6 ( SIX ) WEEKS OF THE LENTEN SEASON THE POLES THUS BID FAREWELL
TO SWEETNESS AND PREPARE TO UNDERTAKE SACRIFICES.
FOR THE SUFFERING OF CHRIST.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; UNION

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Mardi Gras
663 Ash Wednesday

Date learned: 11-26-1970

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KREWE

THIS IS THE GENERIC TERM FOR CARNIVAL ORGANIZATIONS. THERE ARE
66, REX IS THE OLDEST AND CELEBRATED ITS 100TH
PARADE AND BALL THIS YEAR. SOME GROUPS
SPONSOR ONLY A PARADE OR BALL BUT MANY HAVE BOTH. THE MARDI GRAS
LASTS FROM 12TH NIGHT TO THE TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; New Orleans

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Mardi Gras
663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany

Date learned: 02-00-1971

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BOEUF GRAS

A FATTED OX, PART OF THE PRE LENTEN FESTIVITIES OF THE REX
--THE EARLIEST KREWE OF THE MARDI GRAS. IT IS THE SYMBOL OF THE LAST
FLESH MEAT EATEN BEFORE THE LENTEN AUSTERITY.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; New Orleans

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Mardi Gras

Date learned: 02-00-1971

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LENTEN CUSTOM

IN THE CATHOLIC RELIGION THERE WAS A CUSTOM THAT ADULTS (PERSONS OVER
21) MUST FAST FROM EATING IN BETWEEN MEALS AND WERE NOT ALLOWED TO
HAVE THE EQUIVALENT OF 2 FULL MEALS DURING THE DAY FOR THE PERIOD
FROM ASH WEDNESDAY TO EASTER SUNDAY.

Where learned: NEW YORK ; PORT CHESTER

Keyword(s): SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Lent
663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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LENTEN CUSTOM

THE CATHOLIC CUSTOM IS TO FAST DURING THE 40 DAYS OF LENT AS CHRIST
DID ON MT. SINAI.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Lent
BELIEF -- Number

Date learned: 11-04-1968

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HOLY WEEK

IN UKRAINE, IT IS CUSTOMARY NOT TO EAT MEAT ALL WEEK.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE FROM MEAT ; SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting F663.30

Date learned: 12-03-1967

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EASTER

HER GRANDMOTHER NEVER EATS FROM HOLY THURSDAY TO EASTER SUNDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Holy Thursday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 11-00-1967

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SLOVAK EASTER CUSTOM

STRICT FAST ON GOOD FRIDAY AND HOLY SATURDAY. THIS APPLIES ONLY TO
ADULTS AND ONLY UNTIL NOON. THE ADULTS MAY HAVE COFFEE OR MILK
AND A PIECE OF BREAD, SOMETIMES BUTTERED. THEN THE FAST IS RESUMED.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Keyword(s): SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
663 Holy Saturday

Date learned: 00001967 FALL

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BLACK FAST

ON GOOD FRIDAY, THE GROWN-UPS REALLY OBSERVED THE "BLACK FAST". THEY
ATE ONLY DARK BREAD AND BLACK COFFEE. THE CHILDREN HAD MILK, ( ; )
WE WERE NOT REALLY HUNGRY BUT HAD MEAGER MEALS.

Where learned: OHIO ; TOLEDO

Keyword(s): SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday

Date learned: 10-00-1968

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GOOD FRIDAY SUPPER

ON GOOD FRIDAY, ONE CAN ONLY HAVE ONE MEAL. HE SHOULD SPEND THE REST
OF HIS DAY CONTEMPLATING THE SERIOUS OCCASION WHICH THE DATE
REPRESENTS. THE MEAL SHOULD CONSIST OF COOKED NOODLES, PRUNES, AND
SMALL SQUARES OF BREAD. THIS AGAIN SHOULD REPRESENT THE SEVERITY
OF CHRIST'S DEATH AND ITS IMPORTANCE TO MANKIND.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A TRADITIONAL CUSTOM OF THE PEOPLE OF WESTPHALIA. MR.
STOERKEL IS FROM THIS AREA OF GERMANY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Mount Clemens

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday

Date learned: 00001940S LATE

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HOLY WEEK ( GOOD FRIDAY )

IN UKRAINE, IT IS CUSTOMARY NOT TO EAT DAIRY PRODUCTS ON HOLY FRIDAY
(ALONG WITH MEAT).

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS FROM RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE ; SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday

Date learned: 12-03-1967

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A RELIGIOUS TRADITION

"ON GOOD FRIDAY AT HOME WE WERE ALLOWED TO EAT ONLY
APPLES AND SODA CRACKERS FROM MIDNIGHT HOLY THURSDAY TO MIDNIGHT
GOOD FRIDAY, AND WE COULD ONLY DRINK WATER."

Submitter comment: LEARNED AS A CHILD AT HOME.

Where learned: HOME ; TOLD IN

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Holy Thursday
663 Good Friday

Date learned: 03-10-1967

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HOLY WEEK CUSTOMS ( GOOD FRIDAY )

ON GOOD FRIDAY, NO DAIRY PRODUCTS OR PRODUCTS MADE OF DAIRY PRODUCTS,
NO MEAT, AND NO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES MAY BE CONSUMED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BLOOMFIELD HILLS

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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ITALIAN EASTER MONDAY CUSTOM

THE ITALIANS BELIEVE THAT EATING JUST BREAD AND DRINKING JUST WATER
ON THE MONDAY AFTER EASTER SUNDAY FOR SEVEN YEARS WILL BRING
BLESSINGS.

Submitter comment:

[INFORMANT] RELATED THAT HE TRIED IT FOR FOUR YEARS AND GAVE UP.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SELF-SACRIFICE--FASTING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
BELIEF -- Number
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

Date learned: 11-17-1968

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TAPEWORM

TO CURE TAPEWORM: DON'T EAT FOR A WEEK.
THEN SIT DOWN IN A PAN OF WATER
WHICH IS WARM. THE TAPEWORM IS SUPPOSED TO COME OUT.

Where learned: DETROIT

Keyword(s): FASTING

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Remedy

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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