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CLOVER BELIEF

AS CHILDREN IN MAMARONECK, NEW YORK, WE BELIEVED THAT IF
FOUR LEAF CLOVER MEANS GOOD LUCK.

James Callow comment: INCOMPLETE ITEM

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
BELIEF -- Good luck P881.11

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VAMPIRE BELIEF

THE ONLY WAY TO KEEP VAMPIRES AWAY IS TO WEAR A CROSS ON YOUR
NECK.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Cross ; SUPERNATURAL ; Vampire

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Werewolf Vampire
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 03-21-1968

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VAMPIRE BELIEF

A VAMPIRE CAN BE FRIGHTENED OFF BY MAKING A CROSS OUT OF
ANYTHING, SUCH AS TWO STICKS OR EVEN YOUR ARMS.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: OHIO ; FREMONT

Keyword(s): Cross ; SUPERNATURAL ; SUPERSTITION ; SYMBOL ; Undead ; Vampire

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: 686 Seconds / Twice / Two
BELIEF -- Werewolf Vampire
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Upper body, arms, neck
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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VAMPIRE BELIEF

YOU CAN STOP A VAMPIRE WITH A CRUCIFIX WITH GARLIC FLOWERS,
(THE SCENT KILLS THEM)
OR BY CATCHING THEM OUTSIDE THEIR GRAVE IN THE DAYTIME.
ANY VAMPIRE THAT GOES OUTSIDE HIS GRAVE IN THE DAYTIME
DESERVES TO BE KILLED ANYWAY IF HE IS STUPID ENOUGH TO
DO THAT

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT

Keyword(s): Crucifix ; Garlic ; SUPERNATURAL ; SUPERSTITION ; Vampire

Subject headings: Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
BELIEF -- Werewolf Vampire
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 11-19-1968

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BATS

BATS ATTACK PEOPLE AND PREY ON THE HUMAN BLOOD, TO COUNTERACT
THIS ATTACK, ONE SHOULD WEAR A CROSS AROUND THE NECK. THIS
WILL ALSO KEEP AWAY VAMPIRES.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): Bats ; FEAR ; SUPERNATURAL ; SUPERSTITION

James Callow Keyword(s): ANIMALS

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Werewolf Vampire
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Upper body, arms, neck
BELIEF -- Animal
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 02-10-1972

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WAYS TO KILL A VAMPIRE

SHOOTING A VAMPIRE WITH A SILVER BULLET OR OTHER BULLET WITH
A CROSS CARVED ON IT WILL KILL THE VAMPIRE.

Where learned: ENGLAND ; WORCESTER

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Werewolf Vampire
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 04-00-1972

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JAMAICAN SPIRIT BELIEF

PUT A PAIR OF OPEN SCISSORS UNDER YOUR BED TO DRIVE AWAY EVIL
SPIRITS.

Submitter comment: DONALD LEE LEARNED THIS ITEM IN BUFF BAY, JAMAICA.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
BELIEF -- Ghost Spirit Phantom Specter
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 10-31-1975

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ELF BELIEF

WHENEVER YOU DIG A HOLE IN THE EVENING PUT CROSS(ED) STICKS ABOVE THE
HOLE AND TIE A STRING TO THEM SO IT HANGS DOWN. AT MIDNIGHT THE
ELVES WILL COME AND USE YOUR HOLE TO CLIMB OUT.

Submitter comment: DONALD LEE WAS NOT CERTAIN THIS WAS JAMAICAN LORE.
DONALD LEE LEARNED THIS ITEM IN BUFF BAY, JAMAICA.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Measure of time WeekDayHour
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 10-31-1975

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SLOVAK CHRISTMAS SUPPER CUSTOM

BEFORE CHRISTMAS DINNER THE OLDEST MALE MEMBER OF THE HOUSEHOLD
TAKES A CLOVE OF GARLIC AND DIPS IT INTO HONEY. HE THEN MAKES
THE SIGN OF THE CROSS ON THE FOREHEAD OF EACH MEMBER OF THE
HOUSEHOLD. THIS SIGNIFIES THE SWEETNESS AND BITTERNESS OF LIFE.

Submitter comment: SLOVAK IMMIGRANTS. THEY NOW LIVE IN ERII, PENNSYLVANIA.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Forehead
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

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PALM SUNDAY CUSTOM

TAKE A STRIP OF PALM LEAF AND BEND IT IN HALF SO IT IS AT RIGHT
ANGLES TO ITSELF. THEN START CROSSING AND WEAVING TWO ENDS BACK AND
FOR ( FORTH ) SO IT FORMS A SMALL CROSS. THESE ARE USUALLY PLACED IN
A PROMINENT POSITION ABOVE A DOOR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 663 Palm Sunday
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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EASTER CROSS

AN ITALIAN EASTER CUSTOM IS TO MAKE A CROSS OUT OF THE PALM LEAVES
RECEIVED IN CHURCH ON PALM SUNDAY. THIS CROSS IS MOUNTED ON THE WALL
AND IS TO REMAIN THERE THROUGHOUT THE EASTER SEASON. THIS BRINGS
GOOD LUCK.

Submitter comment: MY MOTHER AND GRANDMOTHER HAVE ALWAYS DONE THIS.

Where learned: NEW YORK, ASSUMED ; FRANKLINVILLE

Keyword(s): LUCK

Subject headings: 663 Palm Sunday
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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WHEN SOMEONE DOESN'T GO TO KISS THE CROSS IN CHURCH ON GOOD FRIDAY,
IT WILL APPEAR BEFORE THEM THE WHOLE DAY.

Where learned: HOME

Keyword(s): APPARITION OF CROSS

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: 10-00-1968

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CUSTOM (FESTIVAL)

ON EASTER, ALWAYS MAKE THE SIGN OF THE CROSS ON A BLESSED EGG BEFORE
EATING.

Data entry tech comment: THE EGG IS PERHAPS THE STRONGEST SYMBOL OF THE EASTER SEASON. THE
CUSTOM HAS ITS ORIGINS IN ANCIENT FERTILITY LORE. IN PRE-CHRISTIAN
TIMES THE EGG WAS GIVEN AS A GIFT TO CELEBRATE THE "DEAD" OF WINTER
AWAKENING INTO SPRING (AS THE SEEMINGLY DEAD EGG BECAME A CHICK).
IT IS NOW GIVEN AND EATEN WITH THE SAME THOUGHT IN MIND--THE
AWAKENING OF A NEW CHRISTIAN/SPIRITUAL LIFE.

Where learned: HOME

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: 10-00-1968

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CHURCH CUSTOM

CERTAIN PRIESTS OF THE KANSAS CITY-SAINT JOSEPH DIOCESE UPHOLD
THE FOLLOWING TRADITION: IF A PARENT BRINGS AN INFANT TO
COMMUNION, BEFORE THE PRIEST GIVES THE HOST TO THE PARENT, HE
MAKES THE SIGN OF THE CROSS WITH IT OVER THE CHILD, BLESSING IT.

Where learned: MISSOURI ; SAINT JOSEPH

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
BELIEF -- Church
BELIEF -- Prayer
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
SPEECH -- Gesture

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IRISH CUSTOM

ON THE FEAST OF ST. BRIGID, FEBRUARY 1ST, COUNTRY PEOPLE CUT RUSHES
AND FORM THEM INTO A CROSS--CALLED ST. BRIGID'S CROSS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 1
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 08-00-1964

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ON FEBRUARY 1ST, MRS. CHRISTMAN MAKES THE SIGN OF THE CROSS WITH
CORNSTARCH ON EVERY DOORWAY IN HER HOME. THIS, SHE SAID,
SYMBOLIZES THAT GOD WILL GUARD THE HOME FROM EVIL FOR THE YEAR.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT BELIEVED IN THIS RITUAL.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; DALLAS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 1
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

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RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL (BLESSING OF OLIVE TREES)

ON SAINT MARCO'S FEAST DAY (APRIL 25) AFTER MASS THERE WOULD BE A
PROCESSION, WITH CHILDREN IN FRONT, HOLDING CROSSES AND TOSSING
FLOWERS AND SINGING THE LITANY, TO THE OLIVE TREES. THERE THE
PRIEST WOULD BLESS THE TREES FOR PROTECTION WHILE THE PEOPLE KNELT.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT SAID THAT THE PRIEST'S BLESSING IS SAID TO BE EFFECTIVE
FOR A SEVEN MILE RADIUS, WHICH INCLUDED HER FATHER'S TREES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; KALAMAZOO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- April 25
BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Prayer
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
BELIEF -- Number

Date learned: 02-18-1971

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CONJURATION

IF A BABY HAS BEEN FRIGHTENED BY SOMEONE OR
SOMETHING AND IT CRIES OUT DURING IT'S SLEEP,
YOU TAKE TWO STRAWS FROM A BROOM AND FORM THEM INTO
A CROSS. THEN YOU TAKE AND MELT WAX FROM A BLESSED CANDLE,
NEXT YOU MAKE SURE THE BABY IS COVERED, HOLD A PAN
OR CONTAINER OVER THE BABY'S HEAD WITH THE
CROSS OVER IT AND THEN POUR THE HOT WAX OVER THE CROSS.
A FIGURE OF WHATEVER FRIGHTENED THE BABY WILL FORM
ON THE CROSS FROM THE WAX. AFTER THIS IS DONE THE BABY
WILL NO LONGER BE FRIGHTENED. THE ABOVE IS REFERRED
TO AS OKADZICH.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; SCRANTON

Keyword(s): HOMEOPATHIC MAGIC

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 04-00-1972

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A LEBANESE BELIEF

THE LEBANESE BELIEVE THAT A PERSON WHO
CARRIES EVEN THE SMALLEST PORTION OF THE TRUE
CROSS WITH THEM IS COMPLETELY IMMUNE FROM
ALL HARM, NO MATTER WHAT.

Where learned: MARYGROVE COLLEGE

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 00-00-1968

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MAGIC

HER MOTHER ALWAYS PUTS A CROSS IN THE MIDDLE OF HER UNBAKED
BREAD BECAUSE IT SYMBOLIZES CHRIST'S BODY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

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