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CUSTOM (FESTIVAL)

ON EASTER, ALWAYS MAKE THE SIGN OF THE CROSS ON A BLESSED EGG BEFORE
EATING.

Data entry tech comment: THE EGG IS PERHAPS THE STRONGEST SYMBOL OF THE EASTER SEASON. THE
CUSTOM HAS ITS ORIGINS IN ANCIENT FERTILITY LORE. IN PRE-CHRISTIAN
TIMES THE EGG WAS GIVEN AS A GIFT TO CELEBRATE THE "DEAD" OF WINTER
AWAKENING INTO SPRING (AS THE SEEMINGLY DEAD EGG BECAME A CHICK).
IT IS NOW GIVEN AND EATEN WITH THE SAME THOUGHT IN MIND--THE
AWAKENING OF A NEW CHRISTIAN/SPIRITUAL LIFE.

Where learned: HOME

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: 10-00-1968

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POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

A HARD-BOILED EGG OR EGGS IS PASSED FROM PERSON TO PERSON AND EACH
ONE TAKES A PIECE. THIS IS A POLISH EASTER CUSTOM.

Submitter comment: THIS IS A POLISH CUSTOM AND A FAMILY TRADITION.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

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AN OLD POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

ONE EASTER EGG IS CUT SO THAT EACH FAMILY MEMBER WILL HAVE ONE PIECE.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EVERYBODY'S EATING PART OF THE ONE EGG IS THE
LESSON OF ONENESS AND FAMILY UNITY. THIS CUSTOM IS USUALLY OBSERVED
JUST BEFORE THE BREAKFAST MEAL ON EASTER SUNDAY.

Submitter comment: MY GRANDMOTHER LEARNED THIS CUSTOM AS A LITTLE GIRL SINCE HER FAMILY
HAD ALWAYS OBSERVED IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FERNDALE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

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EASTER CUSTOM

ON EASTER MORNING THE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY ASSEMBLE AT THE BREAKFAST
AND ONE HARD-BOILED EASTER EGG IS DIVIDED AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY.

Submitter comment: THIS CUSTOM IS PERFORMED EVERY YEAR AND IT IS SUPPOSED TO SIGNIFY
THE UNITY OF THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 10-20-1970

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AMONG UKRAINIANS IT IS CUSTOMARY TO EAT A CEREMONIAL EASTER BREAKFAST
AFTER RESURRECTION SERVICES. BEFORE BREAKFAST BEGINS, THE FATHER
CUTS THE SPECIALLY BLESSED EASTER EGG AND GIVES A PIECE TO EACH
MEMBER OF HIS FAMILY, FROM OLDEST TO YOUNGEST. WHILE DOING THIS HE
SAYS TO EACH ONE--"LET THE MERCIFUL GOD GRANT THAT WE STILL BE
TOGETHER ALIVE AND WELL FOR MANY MORE EASTERS TO COME."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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BELIEF IN A CUSTOM ( EASTER )

ON EASTER SUNDAY THE HARD-BOILED DYED EGGS THAT EACH PERSON HAS ARE
CUT INTO PIECES WHICH ARE THEN EXCHANGED AMONG THE PEOPLE AT THE
TABLE--EACH PERSON HAS 1 PIECE OF EVERYONE ELSE'S EGG. THE
SUPERSTITION HAS IT THAT ALL THE PEOPLE AT THE TABLE WILL BE THERE
AGAIN NEXT YEAR.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED ABOUT IT IN HER CHILDHOOD (1922-29) FROM HER
MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE ILE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 10-04-1970

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SPRING CUSTOM EASTER

SOME UKRANIAN ( UKRAINIAN ) PEOPLE ON EASTER HAVE THE HEAD OF THE
HOUSEHOLD SELECT ONE COLORED EGG AND DIVIDE IT INTO AS MANY PARTS
AS ARE PEOPLE AT THE TABLE. EACH PERSON EATS A PART OF THE EGG. THE
HEAD OF THE HOUSEHOLD DECLARES, "CHRIST HAS RISEN" AND THE OTHERS
REPLY, "INDEED CHRIST HAS RISEN".

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT'S FRIEND SMENA RAKOVSKEY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
WAS UKRANIAN ( UKRAINIAN ) AND HIS FAMILY DID THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-25-1971

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EASTER

AFTER MASS ON SUNDAY THE FAMILY GATHERS AROUND THE TABLE AND THE
FATHER IS TO SPLIT ONE HARD BOILED EGG AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY AND EACH IS TO EAT IT WITH HORSERADISH.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT'S FAMILY PRACTICES THIS ACTIVITY EACH EASTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 03-06-1971

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EASTER

ON EASTER MORNING, THE HEAD OF THE HOUSEHOLD TAKES ONE COLORED
EASTER EGG AND PEELS IT. HE DIVIDES IT EVENLY FOR AS MANY PEOPLE
LIVING IN HIS HOME AND AFTER RECITING A PRAYER IN SLOVAK, GIVES
EACH PERSON IN HIS HOME A PIECE OF THE EGG. IT SYMBOLIZES
TOGETHERNESS IN THE FAMILY AND THAT GOD WILLING, ALL IN THE FAMILY
WILL LIVE UNTIL NEXT EASTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SAINT CLAIR SHORES

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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EASTER CUSTOM

A TRADITION WE WOULD TAKE PART IN AT EASTER WAS THAT THE HEAD OF THE
FAMILY WOULD CUT A BLESSED EGG APART INTO AS MANY PIECES AS MEMBERS
OF HIS FAMILY. EACH WOULD TAKE A PIECE AND WOULD WISH THE BEST AND
FINEST HE COULD THINK OF TO THE REST OF THE FAMILY.

Where learned: OHIO ; TOLEDO

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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EASTER-TOAST

THE FIRST FOOD EATEN ON EASTER MORNING IS A PIECE OF HARD-BOILED
EGG THAT WAS BLEST ON HOLY SATURDAY. IT IS USED IN
GIVING A TOAST OF HAPPY EASTER TO THE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 03-10-1970

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EASTER CUSTOM (POLISH)

( THE ) WHOLE FAMILY MUST EAT PIECES OF A BLESSED EGG TOGETHER
BEFORE THEY EAT EASTER DINNER. THE SYMBOLISM IS A
CORRELATION BETWEEN CHRIST COMING OUT OF THE TOMB WITH NO HELP AND
THE EGG COMING OUT OF THE HEN WITH NO HELP.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROSEVILLE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 09-00-1969

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EASTER EGG SHELLS

IT IS A POLISH CUSTOM TO HAVE YOUR EASTER EGGS BLESSED. SINCE THESE
EGGS ARE BLESSED, SO ARE THE SHELLS AND MUST BE BURNED, AS ALL
BLESSED ITEMS MUST BE.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 03-12-1970

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EASTER CUSTOM

UKRANIANS DO NOT EAT ANY OF THEIR EASTER BASKET FOOD UNTIL AFTER THE
FIRST LITURGY ON EASTER SUNDAY MORNING. SINCE THE FOOD IS
BLESSED, CUSTOM HAS IT THAT LEFTOVERS MUST BE DISCARDED BY BEING
BURNT--E.G. THE EGG SHELLS DO NOT GO INTO THE GARBAGE DISPOSAL OR
IN THE TRASH BARREL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 03-17-1970

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EASTER CUSTOM

AT THE BEGINNING OF BREAKFAST THE FATHER SHARES FOOD WITH THE REST OF
THE FAMILY. HE SLICES UP BLESSED BREAD, EGGS AND KIELBASA AND GIVES
A SMALL PIECE TO EVERYONE. THIS FOOD MUST BE EATEN BEFORE ADDITIONAL
FOOD IS TAKEN.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; GLENVIEW

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-29-1970

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EASTER MORNING RITUAL (OR CUSTOM)

ON EASTER MORNING, AFTER RESURRECTION MASS, THE FAMILY WOULD ALL
GATHER FOR BREAKFAST, MADE UP OF THE THINGS FOUND IN THE SWIECONKA
(EASTER BASKET BLESSED AT CHURCH ON HOLY SATURDAY).
MY FATHER WOULD TAKE ONE OF THE BOILED, PEELED EGGS (BLESSED) AND CUT
IT INTO FIVE PIECES--ONE FOR EACH MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. THEN HE
WOULD TAKE A PIECE OF RAW HORSERADISH (SCRAPED CLEAN THE PREVIOUS
DAY) AND GIVE EACH OF US A PIECE OF IT. A LOAF OF RYE BREAD WAS CUT
AND DISTRIBUTED TO EACH OF US (IT WAS A TINY LOAF, MADE ESPECIALLY
FOR THE EASTER BASKET), AS WAS THE KIELBASA, BUTTER AND COFFEE CAKE.
AFTER EACH OF US HAD AT LEAST A TINY PIECE OF EACH OF THE ABOVE, WE
WERE ALLOWED TO HAVE LARGER PORTIONS OF THE NON-BLESSED FOOD.
HOWEVER, ONE OF THE RITUALS THAT MY DAD WOULD GO THROUGH WAS TAKING
A WHOLE, BLESSED EGG (BOILED AND PEELED) AND RUBBING IT ON HIS JAW,
FROM LEFT EAR TO HIS CHIN THEN TO THE RIGHT EAR, THEN BACK AGAIN TO
THE LEFT. THIS, HE TOLD US, WOULD WARD OFF TOOTHACHES.

Submitter comment: AS FAR AS I HAVE BEEN ABLE TO DETERMINE, MY FATHER GOT THIS CUSTOM
FROM HIS PARENTS WHO WERE BORN AND RAISED IN POLAND. MY FATHER CAME
TO AMERICA IN 1914, AT THE AGE OF !7.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 04-00-1965

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EASTER FOOD

UKRAINIANS PLACE CHOCOLATE EASTER EGGS, BUBBLE GUM, CATSUP, POTATO
CHIPS, ETC. IN THEIR EASTER BASKETS TO REPRESENT MODERN DAY
SACRIFICES DURING LENT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SELF-SACRIFICE ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: 663 Lent
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 03-17-1970

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EASTER CELEBRATIONS

A POLISH CUSTOM IS THAT ON THE DAY AFTER EASTER IF A
BOY CATCHES A GIRL SHE MUST GIVE HIM ONE OF HER EGGS. SHE MAY
CHALLENGE HIM FOR THAT EGG. THIS IS DONE BY THE HITTING OF THE
TWO EGGS TOGETHER. IF HER EGG DOESN'T BREAK THEN SHE GETS HIS EGG.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GRAND RAPIDS

Keyword(s): GAME

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Special Object or Implement
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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ON EASTER MORNING, THE CHILDREN OF THE FAMILY GO AROUND THE HOUSE
HUNTING FOR EASTER EGGS THAT THE EASTER BUNNY HID FOR THEM.

Data entry tech comment:

THE EASTER BUNNY, LIKE THE EGG, HAS ITS ORIGINS IN PRE-CHRISTIAN
FERTILITY LORE. BEING SUCH FERTILE ANIMALS, THE HARE AND THE RABBIT
SYMBOLIZED THE NEW LIFE OF THE SPRING SEASON.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; STUDENT UNION

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Bunny

Date learned: 04-06-1971

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EASTER CUSTOM OF APPLETON, WISCONSIN

THE RESIDENTS OF APPLETON, WISCONSIN TRADITIONALLY COLOR EASTER
EGGS AND HIDE THEM FOR THEIR CHILDREN ON EASTER SUNDAY MORNING.
MANY AT THE SAME TIME GIVE THEIR CHILDREN EASTER BASKETS FILLED
WITH CANDY AND TOYS.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT HAS EXPERIENCED THE CUSTOM.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): EASTER GIFTS ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Bunny
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter baskets

Date learned: 10-04-1967

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