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MOROCCAN WEDDINGS

IN MOROCCO, AFRICA WATER AND MILK ARE SPRINKLED OVER YOUNG BRIDES
DURING THE MARRIAGE CEREMONY. THIS IS TO PURIFY THE GIRLS OF ANY
EVIL DEMONS THAT MAY BE AROUND. IN OTHER CEREMONIES THEY CROSS
SWORDS OVER THE NEWLYWED'S HEADS TO SCARE AWAY BAD SPIRITS.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT ACTUALLY PARTICIPATED IN SUCH A CEREMONY.

Where learned: MARYLAND ; BALTIMORE ; TOLD IN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony
BELIEF -- Ghost Spirit Phantom Specter
BELIEF -- Sign Geometric figure Cross and its various modifications

Date learned: 00001971 WINTER

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WEDDING CUSTOM

MRS. ST. AMOUR'S MATERNAL FAMILY ALWAYS HAD THE LOHERGRIN WEDDING
MARCH PLAYED AT FAMILY WEDDINGS.

Submitter comment: THE LOHERGRIN HAS BEEN PLAYED FOR FIVE OR SIX GENERATIONS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BLOOMFIELD HILLS

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Crucial moment of life Life cycle Crucial Moment in Life
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church F538.21
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 12-03-1982

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A LEBANESE WEDDING CEREMONY.

AT A LEBANESE WEDDING CEREMONY THE PRIEST SINGS THE SERVICE AND
PLACES A CROWN ON THE HEAD OF THE BRIDE AND GROOM.
THE COUPLE TRADE THEIR CROWNS SEVERAL TIMES DURING THE CEREMONY
TO SYMBOLIZE THE UNION OF THE COUPLE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SOUTHFIELD

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

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DURING THE GREEK WEDDING CEREMONY, A PRAYER IS READ REGARDING
THE ROLE OF HUSBAND AS RULER OF THE HOUSEHOLD AND THE
RULER OF HIS WIFE. IF THE BRIDE HAS ANY OBJECTION TO
THIS, SHE DISCREETLY TAPS THE GROOM'S FOOT WITH HER RIGHT
FOOT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony
BELIEF -- Body part Senses
BELIEF -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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AFTER A WEDDING IN FLANDERS, THE BRIDE AND GROOM WOULD
WALK BACK TO THEIR HOUSE. ON THE WAY, VILLAGE
CHILDREN WOULD HALT THEIR PROGRESS BY HOLDING A
RIBBON ACROSS THEIR PATH AND GIVE THEM FLOWERS. THE
PARTY COULD NOT PROCEED UNTIL THE GROOM GAVE THEM
SOME MONEY.

Submitter comment: MISS VANNESTE LEARNED THIS FROM HER FLEMISH MOTHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; BELGIUM ; FLANDERS

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 10-02-1967

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AFTER A MARRIAGE IN WHICH ONE CROATIAN MEMBER IS
INVOLVED, THE CROATIAN MOTHER OR FATHER HAS THE
COUPLE KNEEL ON TWO SEPARATE PILLOWS WHILE SHE
OR HE BLESSES THEM WITH HOLY WATER. THIS CUSTOM
TAKES PLACE AT THE FRONT DOOR ENTRANCE BEFORE THE
COUPLE MAY ENTER THE PARENTS' HOME.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: VARIOUS DATES

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TO ENSURE A HAPPY MARRIAGE, THE GROOM MUST BE THE
FIRST TO KISS THE BRIDE AFTER THE CEREMONY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BIRCH RUN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 00-00-1970

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IMMEDIATELY AFTER WEDDING CEREMONY, PARENTS GIVE
BRIDE AND GROOM A DOLLAR BILL (ONE TO EACH) SO
THEY WILL NEVER BE BROKE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 03-10-1970

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SLOVENE MARRIAGE CUSTOM

WHEN THE BRIDE COMES OUT OF THE CHURCH THE RELATIVES
MAKE HER STEP ON AN EGG SO HER BIRTH PAINS WON'T
BE SO BAD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 11-22-1968

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GERMAN WEDDING CUSTOM

MOTHER OF THE BRIDE IN TRADITIONAL GERMAN WEDDINGS
NEVER ATTENDED THE WEDDING AT THE CHURCH. SHE WAS
SUPPOSED TO BE HOME EITHER DOING THE COOKING OR
SUPERVISING THE PREPARATIONS FOR THE RECEPTION
AFTER THE WEDDING.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT LEARNED OF THIS CUSTOM FROM HIS GERMAN
PARENTS AS A YOUNG BOY IN OWOSSO, MICHIGAN, WHICH IS
A STRONGLY GERMAN COMMUNITY. THIS CUSTOM IS NOT
GENERALLY PRACTICED IN AMERICA.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; OWOSSO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 12-22-1963

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WEDDING CUSTOM IN INDIA

THE GIRLS AND THEIR GROOMS NEVER MEET. THE BRIDES ARE
ONLY 15 TO 17 YEARS OLD. A TROUSSEAU IS FURNISHED BY
THE GROOM'S FAMILY BUT A DOWRY IS PROVIDED BY TH
BRIDE'S FATHER. THE BRIDE MUST RECEIVE A MINIMUM OF
SEVEN NEW OUTFITS OR THE MARRIAGE WILL BE CALLED OFF.
THE HONEYMOON CONSISTS OF A 7 DAY VISIT TO THEIR
MOTHER-IN-LAW'S HOMES, WHERE THE BRIDES SIT ON THE
FLOOR AND NEVER SPEAK, WITH THEIR EYES CAST DOWN AND
EVEN REFUSE FOOD UNLESS URGED UPON THEM. THIS IS THE
WAY THE BRIDES SHOW THAT THEY ARE SWEET, HUMBLE AND
SHY--PERFECT COMPANIONS FOR THE MOTHERS' SONS. THE
GROOMS DO NOT HAVE TO FACE SUCH A TEST. THEY GO ABOUT
THEIR WORK, SHOWING HOW MANLY THEY ARE.

Where learned: INDIA

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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MARRIAGE IN SAUDI ARABIA

WHEN AN 18 YEAR OLD BOY IN SAUDI ARABIA SEES A YOUNG
GIRL, HE WOULD LIKE TO MARRY, THERE'S NO FOOLING
AROUND. HE GOES STRAIGHT TO FATHER OF BRIDE WITH TWO
OTHER MEN, USUALLY HIS FATHER AND ONE FRIEND. BOY'S
FATHER SPEAKS FOR HIM, ASKING FOR THE HAND OF THIS
MAN'S DAUGHTER. DOWRY IS SET AND THE YOUNG GIRL IS
BROUGHT IN AND ASKED IF SHE WANTS TO MARRY THIS YOUNG
MAN, THE TYPICAL RESPONSE THEN BEING "FATHER,
WHATEVER YOU WANT FOR ME." SO THE WEDDING IS SET.
A RELIGIOUS PERSON IS PRESENT FOR WEDDING TO GIVE
BLESSING AND LEGALIZE THE DOWRY. BRIDE'S FATHER
GIVE HER AWAY--BRIDE IS NOT PRESENT FOR CEREMONY.
THE WHOLE WEDDING CEREMONY IS MERELY A BUSINESS-TYPE
ORDEAL. AFTER WEDDING, GROOM GOES IN TO SEE BRIDE.
HOWEVER, HE DOESN'T SLEEP WITH HER THAT NIGHT.
THE NEXT NIGHT IS THE CELEBRATION, POETS, DANCERS,
FOOD, DRINK, THE WHOLE WORKS. THE GUESTS USUALLY
STAY ONE DAY AND TWO NIGHTS PARTYING. RIGHT BEFORE
THE GROOM TAKES THE BRIDE AWAY FOR HONEYMOON, HE
THROWS A BUNCH OF GOLD PIECES BEHIND HIS SHOULDER,
THE AMOUNT DEPENDING ON WEALTH, AND THEN RUNS AWAY
WITH HIS NEW WIFE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 11-22-1971

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WHEN TWO PEOPLE DECIDE TO GET MARRIED IN BELGIUM, ALL
THE RELATIVES WERE ASKED AND THIS THING IS GOING TO
SURPRISE YOU, BECAUSE IN BELGIUM RELIGIION AND THE
AUTHORITIES ARE ONE. THE PRIESTS GET PAID BY THE
GOVERNMENT, AND THERE IS ONLY ONE KIND OF SCHOOL.
THE PRIEST HAS NO RIGHT TO MARRY PEOPLE. THE MAN
AND WOMAN GO TO THE CITY HALL AND DECLARE THEIR
INTENTION OF GETTING MARRIED AND FOR THREE WEEKS
THEIR NAMES APPEAR ON THE NOTICE BOARD ON THE OUTSIDE
OF THE CITY HALL. IF ANYONE HAS AN OBJECTION, THEY GO
TO THE CITY HALL TO MAKE IT; IF THERE ARE NO OBJECTIONS
THE MARRIAGE CAN GO AHEAD. ON THE DAY OF THE WEDDING
THE COUPLE WOULD WALK TO THE CITY HALL AND PERFORM
THE CIVIL CEREMONY, BUT BECAUSE THEY ARE SUCH A
RELIGIOUS PEOPLE, THEY WOULD NEVER ACCEPT A MARRIAGE
LIKE THAT, THEN THEY WENT TO CHURCH AND THE PRIEST
WOULD REPEAT THE CEREMONY. AFTER THE MASS, ALL THE
ONES THAT WERE INVITED FOR DURING THE DAY, THEY ALL
GOT BEHIND THEM AND START SINGING "YOU'LL BE SORRY"
AND THIS AND THAT. THEN THEY STARTED TO GO TO THE
SALOONS CAUSE THERE WAS ALWAYS DRINKING WITH IT--
HE HAD NEVER MET WITH ANYTHING ELSE THAT WAS
DIFFERENT.
THEN AT NIGHT THERE WAS THE BIG RECEPTION; BUT THERE
WAS NO HALLS.

Submitter comment: I HAVE TOLD THIS WORD FOR WORD AS MR. VALKEN TOLD ME.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; BELGIUM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 10-20-1971

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THE WEDDING CELEBRATION IN POLAND IS A THREE-DAY AFFAIR.
1ST DAY--THE FAMILY AND FRIENDS BRAID WEDDING WREATHS
OF MYRTLE FOR THE BRIDE AND BRIDESMAIDS. THEY BAKE
BREAD, "BABKI" (COFFEE CAKES), KIELBASA (SAUSAGE) AND
PREPARE OTHER FOODS. IN THE EVENING, THE MUSICIANS
ARRIVE, AND THERE IS DANCING AND SINGING.
2ND DAY--IN THE MORNING, THE CARRIAGES ARE DECORATED
ALONG WITH THE HORSES. EVERYONE DRESSES IN THEIR
SUNDAY BEST. BEFORE LEAVING FOR THE CHURCH, THE BRIDE
ASKS HER PARENTS FOR THEIR BLESSING. AS SHE'S LEAVING
THE HOUSE, THE BAND (USUALLY CONSISTING OF TWO
VIOLINS, AN ACCORDIAN AND A DRUM) PLAYS A LIVELY WED-
DING MARCH. ALL THE WAY TO THE CHURCH THE BRIDE AND
GROOM ARE SERENADED, AND THEY EVEN JOIN IN SINGING
SOME OF THE FOLK BALLADS.
UPON RETURNING FROM CHURCH, THE FAMILY GREETS THE
NEWLYWEDS WITH BREAD AND SALT, SO THAT THEY MAY NEVER
LACK BREAD. THE BAND PLAYS "SERDECENA MATKO"--A
SENTIMENTAL RELIGIOUS SONG.
AFTER GRACE IS SAID, THE BEAT STARTS WITH THE SERVING
OF LARGE BOWLS OF "KAPUSTA" (SAUERKRAUT SOUP), COOKED
BUCKWHEAT, "FLACZKI" (TRIPE STEW), LARGE BAKED PIEROGI
MADE OF CHEESE AND POTATOES OR SAUERKRAUT, KIELBASA,
ETC., FOLLOWED BY FANCY PASTRY. IF THE BUCKWHEAT
SHOULD NOT BE PREPARED PROPERLY, THE BRIDESMAIDS SING
AS FOLLOWS:
POLISH: GOSPODYNIA NASZA, POTARGANA KASZA.
TYLKO SIE PORADCIE I KASZE NAM POMASCIE.
TRANSLATION: OUR DEAREST COOK, THE BUCKWHEAT ISN'T
RIGHT.
OUR ADVICE IS BUTTER IT UP NICE.
THE "UCZEPINY" OF UNVEILING TAKES PLACE AT AROUND
MIDNIGHT. WHILE THE BRIDE IS SEATED ON THE GROOM'S
LAP, THE BRIDESMAIDS REMOVE HER WREATH WHILE SINGING
"DWANASCIE ANIOLOW" (THE SONG OF TWELVE ANGELS) AND
REPLACE IT WITH A CAPULET. THIS SYMBOLIZES THAT SHE
IS NOW A MATRON.
THEN, THE BRIDESMAIDS TAKE THEIR TURNS WEARING THIS
WREATH, SO THEY TOO WOULD SOON BE MARRIED OFF (SORT
OF GOOD LUCK IN FINDING A HUSBAND).
BRIDE ASKS EVERYONE INDIVIDUALLY TO DANCE WITH HER, AND
AFTER THIS DANCE THE GUEST PLACES SOME MONEY IN A BOWL
ON THE TABLE AS A GIFT FOR HER. THE BRIDE BOWS AND
THANKS EACH ONE.
DANCING ALWAYS CONTINUES UNTIL THE EARLY MORNING.
IF THE BRIDE IS TO LIVE WITH THE GROOM'S FAMILY, SHE
TAKES HER ENTIRE TROUSSEAU, HOPE CHEST, ETC., ON THE
WAGON. LOUD CRYING COMMENCES WHEN SHE KISSES HER
PARENTS AND FAMILY BEFORE DEPARTURE.
HOWEVER, IF THE GROOM COMES TO LIVE WITH THE BRIDE'S
PARENTS, THE TRUCK WITH HIS BELONGINGS IS BROUGHT
TO THE HOUSE BY THE USHERS.
3RD DAY--TO THE "POPRAWINY" ARE INVITED ALL THE CLOSE
RELATIVES TO EAT UP THE LEFTOVERS AND SPEND MOST OF
THIS DAY JUST SITTING AND TALKING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 02-07-1971

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GREEK WEDDING CUSTOM

BRIDE AND GROOM TRY TO STEP ON EACH OTHERS' FEET
AND WHOEVER DOES WILL DOMINATE THE MARRIAGE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 11-05-1968

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IN A MARRIAGE CUSTOM, THE HUSBAND AND WIFE PARTICIPATE
IN A CEREMONY. IF THE WIFE PUTS HER HAND FIRST OVER
THE RICE BOWL, THEN HER HUSBAND PUTS HIS HAND OVER
HERS, HE WILL BE THE DOMINANT PARTNER. IT CAN ALSO
WORK THE OTHER WAY AROUND, SO THAT THE WIFE COULD
BE THE DOMINANT PARTNER. BOTH PARTNERS USUALLY
HESITATE TO PUT OUT THEIR HANDS FIRST.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THIS IN THAILAND.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 02-11-1971

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IT IS A WEDDING CUSTOM TO KISS THE BRIDE AND GROOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 09-00-1967

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THE GIRLS IN THE FAMILY, WHO WERE GETTING MARRIED,
NEVER FOLLOWED THE TRADITION IN CATHOLIC FAMILIES
OF PRESENTING A BOUQUET OF FLOWERS TO THE BLESSED
VIRGIN AFTER THE WEDDING CEREMONY. INSTEAD,
THERE WOULD BE TWO LIGHTED CANDLES AT THE SIDE OF
THE BRIDE AND GROOM. AFTER THE VOWS WERE RECITED
THE LIGHTS FROM THE TWO CANDLES WOULD BE BLOWN OUT AND
ONE CANDLE WOULD BE LIT SIGNIFYING THE UNION OF THE
MARRIED COUPLE. THE LIT CANDLE WOULD BE PLACED
BEFORE THE STATUE OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN INSTEAD
OF THE BOUQUET OF FLOWERS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 02-22-1970

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INDIAN WEDDING CUSTOM

PERSONS INVITED TO THE WEDDING BY THE GROOM'S FAMILY
MUST BE PROVIDED WITH FOOD, LODGING AND EVEN
TRANSPORTATION TO THE WEDDING. NOT TO ATTEND THE
CEREMONY WOULD BE A HIGH INSULT TO THE MARRIED
COUPLE.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 03-08-1968

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INDIAN WEDDING CUSTOM

THE MARRIAGE CEREMONY WILL LAST THREE DAYS. THE
BRIDEGROOM IS BROUGHT OUT THE FIRST DAY BY THE
ELDEST SISTER AND INTRODUCED TO THE COMPANY. THE
BRIDE'S BROTHER INTRODUCES ALL OF THE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY TO THE GROOM'S FAMILY, WHILE THE GROOM'S
SISTER INTRODUCES HIS FAMILY.
A FIRE OF SANDLEWOOD IS PUT IN THE CENTER OF THE
SQUARE ABOUT WHICH THE CLOSE FAMILY SITS. A
MINIMUM OF 20 PRIESTS PERFORMS A THREE HOUR CEREMONY
DURING WHICH GUESTS ARE SERVED DRINKS AND FOOD. THE BRIDE
IS THEN BROUGHT IN AND A TWO-HOUR FAMILY RITUAL FOLLOWS.
AFTER THIS IS OVER, ALL THE GUESTS GO OUT FOR A
24 COURSE BANQUET.
ON THE SECOND DAY, DURING A CEREMONY, A NECKLACE
OF GOLD ALTERNATED BY BLACK PEARLS IS PRESENTED
BY THE GROOM TO THE BRIDE. THIS HAS BEEN PURCHASED
BY THE BRIDE'S PARENTS.
ON THE THIRD DAY, THE BRIDE AND GROOM SERVE EACH INVITED
PERSON SOME JUICE. AFTER ALL HAVE BEEN SERVED, A LARGE
BANQUET BEGINS. THIS CONCLUDES THE CEREMONY.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage Ceremony

Date learned: 03-08-1968

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