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FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST

ON THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST GIRLS MADE WREATHS
FROM FLOWERS NEAR THE WATER. THEY PLACED CANDLES ON THEIR
WREATHS
AND SAW WHICH ONE WOULD FLOAT THE LONGEST. THAT GIRL WOULD BE
MARRIED FIRST WHOSE WREATH STAYED UP THE LONGEST.

Submitter comment: THIS WAS DONE IN POLAND.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; POLAND ; Sterling Heights ; GOWARCZOW

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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IT IS BAD LUCK TO GO SWIMMING BEFORE THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN THE
BAPTIST, (JUNE 24)

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 23
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Bad luck P882.2

Date learned: 00-00-1972

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ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST

IT IS BAD LUCK TO GO SWIMMING BEFORE THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN
THE BAPTIST ON JUNE, 24.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Observation
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 21 solstice to September 22
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 11-00-1972

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GERMAN CELEBRATION ON THE LONGEST DAY OF THE YEAR.

IN JUNE IN GERMANY, ON THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN, WHICH IS THE LONGEST
DAY OF THE YEAR, THE PEOPLE GO UP ON SMALL MOUNTAINS AND BUILD A
FIRE. THEY SING, EAT, AND DANCE AROUND THE FIRE. WHEN THE FIRE IS
BURNED DOWN, THEY JUMP OVER IT. IT IS NOW USUALLY DONE BY YOUNG
PEOPLE WHO WANT TO KEEP UP THE OLD TRADITIONS.

Submitter comment: SHE LEARNED IT IN GERMANY WHERE SHE WAS BORN AND SPENT MUCH OF
HER LIFE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; CAMPUS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day

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ST. JOHN AND SWIMMING

THERE IS AN OLD POLISH SUPERSTITION THAT NO ONE IS SUPPOSED TO GO
SWIMMING BEFORE THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST BECAUSE THE WATER
IS NOT BLESSED, AND THEREFORE THE PERSON WILL DROWN.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ALLEN PARK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 07-00-1964

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CUSTOM FESTIVAL

IN UKRAINE, ON ST. JOHN'S DAY, YOUNG BOYS AND GIRLS MAKE DOLLS FROM
HAY (WHICH REPRESENT WINTER). THEN THEY BURN THESE DOLLS IN A FIRE
WHILE SINGING AND DANCING.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT RECEIVED INFORMATION FROM VARIOUS ACQUAINTANCES AND
RELATIVES IN UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: DRAMA -- Secular
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day

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LITHUANIAN ST. JOHN' EVE

ON ST. JOHN'S EVE (JUNE 24) A DIAMOND HUNT IS HELD. IT IS BELIEVED
THAT A LUCKY DIAMOND APPEARS IN THE WOODS ON THIS DAY. LITHUANIAN
YOUNG PEOPLE GATHER IN A WOODED AREA, BUILD A BONFIRE, AND SING
RELIGIOUS SONGS WHILE HUNTING FOR THE DIAMOND. OFTEN A PLASTIC
DIAMOND IS PLANTED PREVIOUS TO THE HUNT. THE INFORMANT
PARTICIPATES IN THIS ACTIVITY WITH HER LITHUANIAN YOUTH GROUP.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 23
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Mineral

Date learned: 11-16-1969

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SEASONAL CUSTOM -- SUMMER

ON THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST, WHICH IS ON THE FIRST DAY OF
SUMMER, SINGLE GIRLS IN POLAND MAKE WREATHES OF THE FIRST SUMMER
FLOWERS AND THROW THEM ON THE LAKE OR POND. IF THE WREATHES FLOAT,
SHE WILL BE MARRIED THAT YEAR, IF IT SINKS, SHE WILL NOT.

Data entry tech comment: FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST: JUNE 24

Where learned: NEW YORK ; NIAGARA FALLS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Summer
BELIEF -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Number
BELIEF -- Use of Object

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MIDSOMMAR DAGEN

AMONG THE FOLK OF SWEDISH DESCENT IN MINNESOTA, MIDSUMMER DAY
ON JUNE 24TH IS OF SPECIAL SIGNIFICANCE. THIS IS THE BIRTHDAY OF
JOHN THE BAPTIST, EXACTLY SIX MONTHS BEFORE THE BIRTHDATE OF
CHRIST. "JOHANNES DOPARENS DAG" IS CELEBRATED WITH LARGE
FESTIVE PICNICS.
THE INFORMANT SAYS THAT JOHN THE BAPTIST DAY PICNICS ARE STILL
CELEBRATED AMONG MANY SWEDISH COMMUNITIES.

Where learned: MINNESOTA ; STURGEON LAKE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 03-28-1970

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FUTURE WIFE

ON JUNE 24, THE GIRLS MAKE WREATHS OF FLOWERS AND FASTEN A CANDLE TO
THE COMPLETED WREATH. THEN THEY LIGHT THE CANDLE AND PLACE THE
WREATH WITH CANDLE ON RIVER. THE BOYS GATHER ROUND AND TRY TO
CATCH THE LIGHTED WREATHS. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THE OWNER OF THE
WREATH THAT A CERTAIN BOY CATCHES WILL BE THE FUTURE WIFE OF
THAT BOY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HAMTRAMCK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 10-09-1971

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CUSTOM FESTIVAL

IN UKRAINE, ON ST. JOHN'S DAY, IT IS CUSTOMARY FOR YOUNG GIRLS TO
MAKE WREATHS AND FLOAT THEM DOWN A RIVER TO AWAITING BOYS
DOWNSTREAM. THEN THE BOY WHO CATCHES A CERTAIN GIRL'S WREATH WILL
EVENTUALLY MARRY THAT GIRL.

Submitter comment: INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM RELATIVES AND ACQUAINTANCES IN UKRAINE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 10-07-1967

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RELIGIOUS CUSTOM

INFORMANT STATED THAT, AS A CHILD, SHE REMEMBERS THAT EACH YEAR ON
JUNE 24TH, THE FRENCH CATHOLICS IN CALUMET, MICHIGAN WOULD DRESS A
YOUNG BOY IN THE GARB OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST. EACH PARISH WOULD
CENTER FESTIVITIES AROUND THIS EVENT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day

Date learned: 03-01-1970

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BELIEF

SOME PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT IT IS UNLUCKY TO GO SWIMMING BEFORE THE
FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST, WHICH IS JUNE 24.
INFORMANT STILL BELIEVES IN THIS STATEMENT. IN CHILDHOOD, I
ALWAYS HAD TO OBEY THIS BELIEF, AND COULDN'T GO SWIMMING BEFORE
JUNE 24.

Where learned: NEW YORK ; POUGHKEEPSIE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

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WWIELU OKOLICACH POLSKI PANIYE WSROE LUDU PRZEKONAMIE, ZE NIE
NALEZY KAPAC SIE IV RZECE LUB JEZIORZE PRZED DNIEM SIV. JANA
ZAKAZ DOTYCZY SPRAWY BEZ POROWNINIA WAZNIEJSZEJ USWIECENIA WODY.
THERE EXISTS IN MANY VILLAGES IN POLAND THIS BELIEF THAT NO ONE IS
TO GO SWIMMING INTO THE LAKES OR POOLS BEFORE THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN.
IT IS BELIEVED THAT WITH THIS FEAST THE WATER IS BLESSED.

Where learned: OHIO ; TOLEDO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Water
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

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CUSTOM

ON THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN, THE GIRLS MADE WREATHS FROM GREENS, PUT
A CANDLE IN THE MIDDLE, AND SET THEM AFLOAT. AS THEY FLOATED AWAY,
THE BOYS MADE A WISH WITH THE IDEA THAT THESE WREATHS WOULD MEET
OTHERS.
THIS CEREMONY IS COUPLED TO THE BELIEF THAT THE FERN HAS A
FLOWER WHICH BLOOMS ONLY ONCE A YEAR, ON THE NIGHT OF ST. JOHN'S.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; TAYLOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Plant
BELIEF -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 11-27-1967

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CUSTOM

DURING THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN THE SINGLE GIRLS MELT METAL AND DROP
IT IN WATER. WHEN IT HARDENS, IF THE METAL COMES OUT SHINY, THE
GIRL WILL MARRY A HANDSOME MAN AND BE HAPPY, BUT IF IT COMES OUT
BLACK AND DULL, SHE WILL MARRY AN UGLY MAN AND BE UNHAPPY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; TAYLOR

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Marriage
BELIEF -- Use of Object

Date learned: 11-11-1967

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ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST

IT IS BAD LUCK TO GO SWIMMING BEFORE THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN
THE BAPTIST (JUNE 24).

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): BAD LUCK ; Legend ; LUCK ; Saint ; Saint John the Baptist ; SWIMMING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Fate Destiny Luck Chance

Date learned: 10-00-1972

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WATER

POLISH PEOPLE AVOID SWIMMING BEFORE THE 24TH OF JUNE, ST. JOHN'S DAY.
THEY SEND WREATHS WITH LIGHTED CANDLES DOWN THE RIVERS AND WATERS.
THE WATER IS THEN BLESSED SO THAT PEOPLE WON'T DROWN.

Submitter comment: THIS CUSTOM IS OBSERVED IN POLAND.

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Prayer

Date learned: 03-22-1979

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ST JOHNS DAY

ON JUNE 24 OF EVERY YEAR PEOPLE OF THE VILLAGE GO TO THE RIVER TO
BATHE AND GET THEIR HAIR CUT: IT:S GOOD LUCK BECAUSE IT WILL GROW
(JUNE 24 IS SAINT JOHN THE BAPTISTI DAY).

Submitter comment: THIS CUSTOM IS PRACTICED IN MEXICO. HISTORICALLY IT TIES IN
RELIGIOUS WITH PAGAN CUSTOMS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): BATHE, WATER

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day
BELIEF -- Body part Senses
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 11-00-1981

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ON SOME DATE IN EARLY JUNE (PERSON CAN'T REMEMBER)
THE WATERS ARE BLESSED. TO GO SWIMMING BEFORE
THIS IS A SURE SIGN OF DROWNING.

Data entry tech comment: FEAST OF ST. JOHN
CN[ GEBOLYS, SUZETTE

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; PIZZERIA

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- June 24 St. John's Day / Midsummer Day

Date learned: 03-21-1968

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