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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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"WAJANG KULIT" (FLAT FIGURE)

THE "WAJANG KULIT" ARE FLAT FIGURES THAT HAVE BEEN CUT OUT
OF PAPER AND ATTACHED TO STICKS. EACH FIGURE PORTRAYS
A CHARACTER AS THE PEOPLE PUT ON A SHOW FOR THE AUDIENCE.
THE PEOPLE PUTTING ON THE SHOW ARE HIDDEN BEHIND ANY SORT
OF MAKE-SHIFT STAGE. WHEN NIGHT COMES, A LIGHT IS PLACED
BEHIND THE FLAT FIGURES SO ONLY THE SHADOW APPEARS. THE
AUDIENCE WILL PAY FOR THE ENTERTAINERS, ANYONE WHO DOES
NOT PAY IS CHASED AWAY BEFORE AND DURING THE SHOW.

Submitter comment: THE INDONESIANS BASICALLY PUT ON THESE SHOWS FOR THE DUTCH
COLONISTS. THE DUTCH HAD ALL THE MONEY, SO JUST ABOUT
ANYTHING THE "INDOS" DID, WAS FOR CASH.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Sterling Heights

Subject headings: Favorites
DRAMA -- Secular
DRAMA -- Puppet

Date learned: 04-00-1979 ; 00001930-1950

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"KUDA KEPENG" (HORSE FIGHT)

PEOPLE WOULD CUT OUT AN IMAGE OF A HORSE OUT OF CARDBOARD.
THEN WITH ACTORS, A STORYTELLER, AND SOME MUSIC, A STORY
WOULD BE ACTED OUT. THE STORIES WERE OF SOME GREAT
INDONESIAN WARRIOR OR LEGENDARY HERO. DURING THE SHOW,
ANOTHER PERSON WENT THROUGH THE CROWD AND COLLECTED MONEY.
ANYONE WHO DIDN'T GIVE SOMETHING WAS CHASED AWAY.

Submitter comment: THIS WAS AN INDONESIAN ENTERTAINMENT WITNESSED ABOUT 1930-1940.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Sterling Heights

Subject headings: DRAMA -- Secular
DRAMA -- Puppet

Date learned: 04-00-1979 ; 00001930-1950

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"ONDEL, ONDEL"

THE ONDEL ONDEL IS ACTUALLY DERIVED FROM THE WAJUNG KULIT
OF INDONESIAN CULTURE. BUT WHILE THE WAJANG KULIT IS STATION-
ARY, THE ONDEL ONDEL IS ABLE TO MOVE ABOUT. ON NEW YEAR'S EVE
AN INDONESIAN NATIVE WOULD CARRY A LARGE STICK ON HIS BACK,
THE STICK WAS TWO LARGE PUPPETS. ONE WAS A MAN, THE OTHER
WAS A WOMAN, WALKING ABOUT, THE NATIVE WOULD BOUNCE UP
AND DOWN, CAUSING THE ARMS TO WAVE AROUND. THE NATIVES
DESCRIBED THE SOUNDS AND THE ACTION AS "ONDEL ONDEL".
THE IDEA WAS TO MAKE THE CHARACTERS SO RIDICULIOUS LOOKING,
THAT THEY MADE PEOPLE LAUGH. AS THIS WAS WALKING PAST
YOUR HOME, YOU WOULD PAY THEM A TIP.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; Sterling Heights

Subject headings: DRAMA -- Puppet
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 31 New Year's Eve
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Entertainment Diversion
SPEECH -- Onomatopoeia

Date learned: 04-00-1979 ; 00001930-1950

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EVENTS ON CHRISTMAS EVE

FROM EVENING UNTIL MIDNIGHT, BOYS WALK FROM VILLAGE TO VILLAGE WITH
AN ILLUMINATED STAR AND A KING HEROD CHARACTER, TO SING CAROLS.
THIS IS DONE TO RECEIVE GIFTS. IN SOME DISTRICTS THE BOYS CARRY
PUPPET SHOWS CALLED SZOPKI. THESE ARE BUILT LIKE A LITTLE HOUSE
WITH TWO TOWERS, OPEN IN THE FRONT WHERE A SMALL CRIB IS SET AND
BEFORE WHICH MARIONETTES SING THEIR DIALOGUES.

Submitter comment: THE DRAMATIZATION AND PUPPET SHOWS WERE EAGERLY AWAITED BY THE
CHILREN OF POLAND AS WELL AS THE ADULTS.

Where learned: POLAND ; WARSAW ; MIELIEC

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Religious
DRAMA -- Religious
DRAMA -- Puppet
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve

Date learned: 00-00-1940

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showing 4 items

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