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KRAKOWIAK (POLISH DANCE)

LIKE THE AMERICAN SQUARE DANCE.

Where learned: CHILDHOOD ; NOT GIVEN ; HOME ; PENNSYLVANIA ; MICHIGAN ; LETTER ; OHIO ; NEW JERSEY ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; AUTOGRAPH BOOK ; GROSSE POINTE ; HARPER WOODS ; GROSSE POINTE WOODS ; WARREN ; JAPAN ; RUSSIA ; GRAND RAPIDS ; SHIPLE HALL ; GARDEN CITY ; ROYAL OAK ; TOLEDO ; TRENTON ; FARMINGTON ; KALAMAZOO ; CANADA ; ONTARIO ; MARYGROVE COLLEGE ; DETROIT ; MAIL ; INDIANA ; DETROIT, ASSUMED ; TOLD AT HOME ; FERNDALE ; SOUTHFIELD ; TENNESSEE ; MACKENZIE HIGH SCHOOL ; HAMTRAMCK ; DEARBORN ; MINNESOTA ; ILLINOIS ; NEW YORK ; FLORIDA ; KOREA ; WISCONSIN ; NEW HAMPSHIRE ; STUDENT UNION ; READING ; AUSTRALIA ; Sylvania ; Sterling Heights ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED ; GROSSE POINTE PARK ; OAK PARK ; SOUTHGATE ; STURGEON LAKE ; REDFORD ; TOORAK ; VICTORIA ; ROSEVILLE ; LINCOLN PARK ; TRAVERSE CITY ; HUNTINGTON WOODS ; PONTIAC ; TROY ; PORT CHESTER ; SOUTH AMERICA ; BROOKVILLE ; MONTREAL ; SEOUL ; NORTH OLMSTED ; EASTOWN THEATER ; ERIE ; University of Notre Dame ; FRANKLINVILLE ; TORONTO ; TOLD AT ; TOLD BY ; TOLD IN ; SCRANTON ; MONROE ; GLENVIEW ; MOSCOW ; GULLEY ; FINLAND ; HARBOR BEACH ; HOUGHTON LAKE ; Hudson Lake ; INDIANAPOLIS ; JONESBORO ; KANSASVILLE ; LEXINGTON ; MASSILLON ; MAUCH CHUNK ; MELVINDALE ; MILFORD ; NEW ROCHELLE ; NIAGARA FALLS ; PANAMA CITY ; PATAGONIA ; ARGENTINA ; RESIDENCE HALL ; SAINT CLAIR SHORES ; TOLD AT HONORS HOUSE ; AMERICAN HISTORY CLASS

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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POI DANCE

POI DANCES ARE PERFORMED BY THE MAORIS PEOPLE IN NEW
ZEALAND, WHICH ARE DONE VERY CLEVERLY AND RHYTHMICAL.
EACH ONE IN THE DANCE SWINGS ONE TO TWO POIS. A POI IS
A BALL OF FLAX TIED TO A STRING, WHICH THE DANCER CLEVERLY
MOVES TO THE TIME OF THE MUSIC.

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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HAMBONE

A DANCE IS RECITED WITH THE DANCE, BUT I WISH THIS ITEM TO
BE THE DANCE ITSELF. AS CALVIN, COMPLETELY NEGRO AND WITH
AN AMAZING SENSE OF RHYTHEM, RECITED "HAMBONE, HAMBONE,
HAVE YOU HEARD?" PAUSE. "POPPA'S GONNA BUY YOU A MACKIN'
BIRD!" ETC., DURING THE PAUSES HE PERFORMED AN EXTRAORDINARY
"DANCE" WHICH ALMOST HAS TO BE A NEGRO CUSTOM. HE'D
VIGOROUSLY AND RHYTHMICALLY ALTERNATELY SLAP HIS FOREARMS,
THIGHS, HANDS, AND CHEST.

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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BLEZDINGELE (HOUSE MARTIN)

THIS IS A DANCE DANCED WITH A WHITE HANDKERCHIEF, BY 12
GIRLS. IT SYMBOLIZES THE ARRIVAL OF WINTER, WHEN THE
BIRDS ARE FLYING SOUTH. THE GIRLS REPRESENT THE BIRDS
OR THE SPRING, FOR THEY WAVE THEIR HANDKERCHIEFS IN A
FAREWELL FASHION. THE MUSIC IS SLOW BUT BEAUTIFUL, THE
STEPS ARE SMALL, SLOW AND GRACEFUL.

Submitter comment: THIS DANCE IS DANCED ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF WINTER OR
DURING THE EARLY MONTHS OF WINTER.

James Callow comment: DANCED ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF WINTER?

Where learned: NOT GIVEN

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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DANCE SONG

PUT YOUR LITTLE FOOT,
PUT YOUR LITTLE FOOT,
PUT YOUR LITTLE FOOT RIGHT OUT.

POINT YOUR LITLE TOE,
POINT YOUR LITTLE TOE,
POINT YOUR LITTLE TOE ABOUT.

NOW WE CLAP OUR HANDS,
NOW WE CLAP OUR HANDS,
NOW WE CLAP OUR HANDS SO HIGH. MM[
SEE US DO OUR DANCE,
COME AND JOIN OUR DANCE,
YOU CAN DO IT IF YOU TRY.

Submitter comment: THE ACTIONS ARE DONE AS VERSES INDICATE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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THE CHOCTAWSOF THE MISSISSIPPI STILL DANCE THE COMPLICATED
STEPS OF SUCH TRADITIONALCHOCTAW TURNS AS OK-FOCHUSH-ME-THA,
THE DUCK DANCE, ANDE-E-LE-HO-THA, THE FAST WAR DANCE. THEIR
MOVEMENTS ARE IN SNAKELIKE PATTERNS. DRUMMERS HUDDLEOVER
AN OVERSIZE TOM-TOM TO SET THE RHYTHM WHILE THE DANCERS
SHUFFLE AND STEP IN A WAVERING LINE AROUND A FIRE.

Where learned: HOME

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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THE POLISH FOLK DANCE HAS DEVELOPED RHYTHMS AND ARRANGEMENTS
ALL ITS OWN. THE BEST KNOWN POLISH FOLK DANCES ARE THE
KNAKOWIAK, OBEREK, MAZEU, AND THE ZBOJNICKI (DANCE OF THE
HIGHLANDER BRIGANDS). ALL OF THEM COMBINE SENTIMENT WITH
SWASHBUCKLING VERVE, CHIVALRY WITH MERRIMENT, AND FANTASY
WITH VIGOR.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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THE LIMBO

TWO PEOPLE LOWER A POLE, WHILE YOU SLITHER UNDERNEATH,
BENDING YOUR KNEES AND LEANING FAR BACKWARDS. THIS
DANCE IS LIKE A GAME. YOU LOSE IF YOU TOUCH THE POLE
OR IF YOU FALL.

Where learned: TRINIDAD ; MICHIGAN ; Lansing

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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SECOND LINE

THIS IS AN INSTRUMENTAL. THE MUSIC GIVES THE IMPRESSION
OF A SNAPPY MARCH.

Submitter comment: THE 'SECOND LINE ' IS NOT ONLY A SONG, BUT A DANCE OR STRUT.
IT IS VERY POPULAR AMONG BLACKS IN NEW ORLEANS. THIS STRUT
IS NOT ONLY PERFORMED DURING THE MARDI GRAS SEASON, IT IS
PERFORMED AT THE END OF LAMOST EVERY DANCE, WHITE OR BALCK.
WHEN YOU HEAR THE BLAST OF THE TRUMPETS, IT IS LIKE CALLING
ALL THE PEOPLE TO THE DANCE FLOOR. YOUNG AND OLD ALIKE
CANNOT BEAR TO SIT WHILE THIS TUNE IS PLAYING.
IT IS ALWAYS THE LAST DANCE OF THE BALL. THE SECOND
LINE TUNE IS ALSO PLAYED AFTER A JAZZ FUNERAL, BUT THEY
USUALLY REMEMBER THE SONG 'WHEN THE SAINTS GO MARCHING IN.'
ON MARDI GRAS DAY YOU WILL SEE THE INDIANS DOING THE
'SECOND LINE DANCE' TO THEIR CHANTS AND TO THE MUSIC THAT
THEY MAKE.
THE TUNE ITSELF CAN BE PLAYED AT A RELATIVELY SLOW TEMPO FOR
THE PRESENTATIONS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE CLUB GIVING
THE BALL. THE TEMPO IS QUICKENED FOR THE FINALAE OF THE BALL.
THE SECOND LINE DANCE IS KNOWN BY MANY WHITES IN NEW ORLEANS,
BUT IT IS BASICALLY A TRADITION OF THE BLACKS THERE.

Where learned: LOUISIANA ; New Orleans

James Callow Keyword(s): INTERRACIALISM, NOT RACISM

Subject headings: 663 Mardi Gras
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Festival C436.663
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Music
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Entertainment Diversion
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 02-11-1975

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ITALIAN FESTIVAL

IN ITALY WHEN THE GRAPES ARE HARVESTED THERE IS A GREAT FESTIVAL
IN WHICH THE PRETTIEST GIRLS OF THE TOWN DANCE ON THE GRAPES WHICH
ARE IN HUGE DRUMS TO CERTAIN SONGS PLAYED ONLY AT THIS FESTIVAL.
IT IS THE ONLY TIME OF THE YEAR WHEN THE MEN ALLOW THEMSELVES TO
GET DRUNK ON THE WINE WHICH IS THE PRODUCT OF THEIR GRAPES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 10-27-1969

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SOCIAL DEBUT

WHEN A GIRL IS FIFTEEN YEARS OLD SHE IS PRESENTED TO THE SOCIETY AS
A CELEBRATION FOR ATTAINING HER MATURITY. IT IS ACCOMPANIED WITH A
BIG DANCE AFTERWARDS.

Where learned: PUERTO RICO

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Maturity
BELIEF -- Number P686.1.15

Date learned: 00-00-1979

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DANCING

IN NIGERIA NIGERIAN DANCING IS SOMETHING TO BE SEEN. UPON ARRIVING AT THE
VILLAGE, QUEENS TOWN VILLAGE, RIVERSTATE, NIGERIA, I SAW ALL THE
GIRLS IN A BENT OVER POSITION STOMPING THEIR FEET INTO THE GROUND
AND CHANTING A SONG. THEY HAD IN EACH HAND A WHITE HANDKERCHIEF
AND SOMETHING LIKE SHELLS ON EACH ANKLE. THEY EMPHASIZED
THEIR BUTTOCKS BY STICKING THEM OUT AND WIGGLING THEM.
THE STEPS ARE VARIED AND HARD TO CATCH ON TO.

Submitter comment: LAGOS, NIGERIA

Subject headings: Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

Date learned: 10-00-1979

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BRIDAL DANCE

A TABLE WAS PUT IN THE CENTER OF THE HALL AND THE BRIDE SAT ALONG-
SIDE IT. ONE AT A TIME FAMILY AND FRIENDS WOULD COME UP TO HER AND
SHE WOULD DANCE WITH EACH GUEST ABOUT ONE CIRCULAR TURN. THEY WERE
OFFERED A DRINK OR A CIGAR BY THE BRIDE'S FATHER AND WOULD DROP SOME
MONEY ON THE TABLE FOR THE NEWLYWEDS.

Submitter comment: IN POLISH WEDDINGS TODAY, RELATIVES AND FRIENDS ARE MANY FOR THE
BRIDE TO DANCE WITH EVERYONE. BUT THE COUPLE IS CONGRATULATED AT
THE HALL AND RECEIVE SOME GIFT.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; CHICAGO

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Marriage

Date learned: 00-00-1940

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GREEK DANCES

THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF GREEK DANCES: A SLOW DANCE IN WHICH THE
LEADER HAS THE ATTENTION WHILE HOLDING A HANDKERCHIEF. IT IS CALLED
SAMIKO.
THEN THERE IS A MODERATE TEMPO WHICH IS MOSTLY PLAYED AT WEDDINGS.
IT IS CALLED SYRTO.
THE THIRD TYPE IS A LIVELY DANCE CALLED HASAPIKO.

Submitter comment: THE GREEK DANCES ARE VERY LIVELY. THEY USE A LOT OF GESTURES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: 00-00-1980

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POLONAISE-POLISH NATIONAL DANCE STEP

POLONAISE, OR POLONEZ, WAS ORIGINALLY POPULAR AS A
DANCE OF THE NOBILITY. IT APPEARS IN FOLK DANCES
ACCORDING TO JAN SEJDA, INSTRUCTOR OF POLISH FOLK
DANCE. THE TIME IS 3/4 . I WILL PRESENT ONLY THE DANCE
STEP CHARACTERISTICALLY USED IN MANY DANCES. ONE
POLONEZ STEP REQUIRES ONE MEASURE OF MUSIC (THREE
BEATS) AND THREE CHANGES OF WEIGHT. COUNT ONE; THE
KNEE ABOVE THE WEIGHTED FOOT IS BENT AS THE TOE OF THE
FREE FOOT IS EXTENDED AND REACHES FORWARD, CLOSE TO
THE FLOOR. THE FORWARD PART OF THE FOOT TOUCHES THE
FLOOR FIRST, THE HEEL IS LAST. COUNT TWO; A NORMAL
WALKING STEP, EXCEPT THAT AGAIN, THE FORWARD PART OF
THE FOOT TOUCHES THE FLOOR FIRST, AND THEN THE FULL
FOOT. COUNT THREE; ANOTHER WALKING STEP AS DESCRIBED
FOR COUNT TWO. THE STEP IS SMOOTH -VERY SMOOTH-AND
THE TORSO REMAINS ERECT AND ELEGANT THROUGHOUT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

Date learned: 10-01-1967

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FIRE DANCE

THE FIRE DANCE WAS OFTEN HELD OUTDOORS, USUALLY LATE AT NIGHT
IN THE MOONLIGHT AND IT WAS PERFORMED BY ADULTS. A FIRE WAS
LIGHTED IN THE MIDST OF THE PARTICIPANTS GATHERED TOGETHER IN A
RING FORMATION. THEY WOULD SING, CLAP THEIR HANDS, AND BEAT
DRUMS AS THE INDIVIDUAL DANCERS PERFORMED IN THE CENTER OF THE
RING. THE DANCERS WOULD EXECUTE AS MANY EXTRAVAGANT CAPERS IN,
OVER, AROUND AND ABOUT THE FIRE AS THEY COULD WITHOUT BURNING
THEMSELVES.

Submitter comment: TODAY THE FIRE DANCE IS EXTINCT AS A COMMUNITY ACTIVITY, BUT
A WATERED DOWN VERSION OF IT MAY BE FOUND IN NIGHTCLUB ACTS IN
NASSAU AND FREEPORT.

Where learned: BAHAMAS ; NASSAU

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

Date learned: 00001970S

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JUMP-IN OR JUMPING DANCE

THIS DANCE IS PERIODICALLY PERFORMED AND ITS MUSIC IS CHARACTER-
IZED BY A RHYTHMIC PATTERN OF FIVE EVEN DRUM BEATS WITH A
STRONG ACCENT ON THE FIFTH. IT IS OFTEN DESCRIBED AS A SENSUAL
DANCE. THE FIRST DANCER LEAPS INTO THE CIRCLE IN AN ANGULAR
POSE, HIS LEGS ARE WIDE APART, AND HIS ARMS AKIMBO OR TO HIS
SIDE (BOTH HANDS RESTING ON THE SIDES OF THE WAIST). EACH BEAT
OF THE DRUM SENDS THE MALE DANCER SPINNING AND LEAPING ABOUT
THE CIRCLE IN A WIDE ARC OF RAPID AND COMPLEX LEAPS, AT THE END
OF WHICH THE DRUM JERKS HIM BACKWARD INTO ANOTHER ANGULAR
POSTURE. HE IS THEN SIGNALLED OUT OF THE RING AND HIS FINAL
LEAP CARRIES HIM IN FRONT OF A FEMALE WHOM HE VIOLENTLY GESTURES
TO DANCE. HE DOES THIS BY THRUSTING THE PELVIC REGION FORWARD
ON THE FIFTH BEAT OF THE DRUM. THE FEMALE DANCER REPLACES THE
MALE DANCER BY ENTERING THE RING AND WITH WHIRLING SKIRTS SHE
DANCES TO THE BEAT OF THE DRUMS. WHEN SHE IS SIGNALLED OUT OF
THE RING SHE MOVES HER HIPS FROM SIDE TO SIDE AND THE PELVIC
REGION IS THRUST FORWARD.

Submitter comment: THE JUMP-IN DANCE IS DESCRIBED AS LASCIVIOUS AND SENSUAL
BECAUSE THE DANCERS THRUST THE PELVIC REGION FORWARD WHEN
DANCING BEFORE A MEMBER OF THE OPPOSITE SEX.

Where learned: BAHAMAS ; NASSAU

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

Date learned: 00001970S

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JUNKANOO

THE JUNKANOO PARADE IS A MUSIC FESTIVAL CELEBRATED IN THE
BAHAMAS ANNUALLY. IN THE CULTURAL CALENDAR OF THE BAHAMAS
JUNKANOO IS THE BIGGEST AND MOST SPECTACULAR EVENT. JUNKANOO
OCCURS ON DECEMBER 26 WHICH IS CALLED BOXING DAY IN THE BAHAMAS
AND ON JANUARY 1, NEW YEAR'S DAY. COMMENCING IN THE EARLY HOURS
OF THE MORNING (3:00 A.M.) AND CONTINUING UNABATED UNTIL AFTER
SUNRISE (9:00 A.M.). HUNDREDS OF COSTUMED REVELLERS IN
EXTRAVAGANT OR IMAGINATIVE HEADDRESSES CONGREGATE ON MAIN
STREETS SUCH AS BAY STREET AND FREDRICK STREET TO PERFORM
BEFORE THOUSANDS OF SPECTATORS. MOST OF THE JUNKANOOS OR
PARTICIPANTS BELONG TO ORGANIZED GROUPS SUCH AS:
THE MUSIC MAKERS, SAXONS, OR THE VALLEY BOYS. OTHER CATEGORIES
ARE INDIVIDUAL COSTUMES AND SCRAP GANGS. SCRAP GANGS HAVE LITTLE
INTEREST IN COSTUMES AND THE PARTICIPANTS' MAIN INTEREST LIES IN
EXPERIENCING THE SHEER JOY AND UNINHIBITED ABANDON OF RUSHING
THROUGH THE CROWD. THE GROUPS SUCH AS THE SAXONS AND VALLEY BOYS
SPEND MONTHS DESIGNING, CONSTRUCTING, AND PASTING PAPER FRINGE
COSTUMES RELATED TO SPECIFIC THEMES SUCH AS "KINGS OF AFRICA".
THE GROUPS MAY BE SMALL OR LARGE (50-300 PARTICIPANTS).
THERE IS AN INTENSE COMPETITION BETWEEN THE GROUPS TO WIN THE
PRESTIGIOUS TITLE AND CASH PRIZE AWARDED TO THE BEST ADULT GROUP
ANNUALLY DURING THE CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR'S JUNKANOO PARADES.
IN THE EARLIER DAYS OF JUNKANOO THE COSTUMES WERE NOT RESTRICTED TO
LARGE PAPER FRINGE THEME PIECES AND SMALL OR SIMPLE PAPER FRINGE
COSTUMES AS THEY ARE TODAY. JUNKANOO PARTICIPANTS IN THE EARLIER
DAYS WORE COSTUMES MADE FROM CLOTH, NEWSPAPER, SPONGES,
BRANCHES OF TREES, AS WELL AS BROADLY FRINGED PAPER COSTUMES
WHICH WERE THE FORERUNNERS OF THE COSTUMES WE SEE TODAY.
THE PAPER USED IN MAKING THE COSTUMES IS CALLED CREPE PAPER
AND THERE ARE MANY COLOURS, WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO THE BEAUTY OF
THE COSTUMES. THE PAPER IS ALSO FRINGED OR CUT FINE AS OPPOSED
TO THE BROAD FRINGES IN EARLIER TIMES.
THE BEAUTIFUL COSTUMES ARE ONLY ONE FEATURE OF JUNKANOO. TWO
VERY IMPORTANT FEATURES ARE MUSIC AND DANCE. TWO EXAMPLES OF
DANCE ARE:
(1) MARANGY--A DANCE WHEREIN YOU MOVE YOUR HIPS FROM SIDE TO
SIDE AND SPIN AROUND.
(2) SKULLING--A DANCE WHEREIN YOU PUT ONE FOOT IN FRONT OF THE
THE OTHER AND ROCK YOUR BODY FORWARD AND BACKWARD.
EACH GROUP CONCENTRATES ON IMPROVING AND CO-ORDINATING ITS
JUNKANOO SOUND, AND IT IS NOT UNUSUAL TO HEAR JUNKANOO MUSIC
BEING REHEARSED THROUGHOUT NEW PROVIDENCE (NASSAU) FROM AS
EARLY AS THE BEGINNING OF NOVEMBER. THE INSTRUMENTS WHICH
CONTRIBUTE TO THE JUNKANOO SOUND ARE:
(1) GOAT-SKIN DRUMS--HANDBEATEN INSTRUMENTS WHICH CREATE LOUD
VIBRATING SOUNDS.
(2) COWBELLS--HANDSHAKEN INSTRUMENTS USED TO CREATE A SHARP
METALLIC SOUND.
(3) WIND INSTRUMENTS--THESE INCLUDE WHISTLES, BUGLES, AND
BICYCLE HORNS WHICH CREATE A PIERCING OR HIGH PITCHED SOUND.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUMENTS INCLUDE CONCH SHELLS AND OTHER ODD
OBJECTS SUCH AS A CUTTING SAW AND THE RIM OF WHEELS.
ONE NOTABLE CHANGE THAT HAS OCCURRED IN THE MUSIC SEGMENT OF
JUNKANOO IS THE FACT THAT SINGING IS NO LONGER CONSIDERED
ESSENTIAL TO THE SOUND OF JUNKANOO. TODAY THERE ARE FEW
JUNKANOO SONGS THAT REMAIN FROM THE EARLIER DAYS. A NAME
OF SUCH A SONG IS "MAMA BAKE YOUR JOHNNIE CAKE".
JUNKANOO ORIGINATED IN THE DAYS OF SLAVERY WHEN IT WAS
CUSTOMARY TO ALLOW THE SLAVES THREE DAYS OFF TO CELEBRATE
CHRISTMAS. IT IS ALSO A COMMON BELIEF THAT THE JUNKANOO
FESTIVITIES WERE CONNECTED WITH THE MEMORY OF A CELEBRATED
AFRICAN TRADER-PRINCE NAMED JOHN CONUU OR JOHN CONNY. THE
BAHAMAS REMAINS UNIQUE IN THAT IT IS THE ONLY COUNTRY WHERE
THE CELEBRATION HAS NEITHER DISAPPEARED ENTIRELY NOR DECLINED
INTO ALMOST TOTAL OBSCURITY BUT, ON THE CONTRARY HAS DEVELOPED
INTO AN ANNUAL EVENT OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE. IN FACT
JUNKANOO IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF BAHAMIAN HERITAGE.

Where learned: BAHAMAS ; NASSAU

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Musical accompaniment
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F110
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 26 Boxing Day St. Stephen's Day

Date learned: 00001970S

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I've never heard this version from anyone else:
Ring around the rosey,
Pocket full of posey,
Johnny's in the sugar bowl,
We all fall down.

Where learned: NEW YORK ; Kenmore ; Kindergarten

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Song
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance

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Song and Dance

Gypsy music- Hungarians celebrate and mourn to the sounds of
the violin played by the Gypsies. The folk dances are danced by
the peasants in the villages.

Where learned: HUNGARY

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Music
BELIEF -- P439

Date learned: 00001950S

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