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BREAKING OF BREAD

DURING EASTER, BEFORE DINNER, THE FAMILIES GATHER TOGETHER AND EACH
MEMBER HAS A PIECE OF "ANGEL BREAD" (UNLEAVENED BREAD). THEN EACH
MEMBER BREAKS A PIECE OFF OF EACH OF THE OTHER MEMBERS' PIECE(S)
OF "ANGEL BREAD" WHILE WISHING THEM THE BEST OF EVERYTHING FOR THAT
SEASON, FOLLOWED BY A KISS OR A HANDSHAKE. AFTER EVERYONE HAS
EXCHANGED, THE PIECES ARE EATEN.
IF A MEMBER IS OUT OF TOWN, THE OUT OF TOWNER SENDS A PIECE OF "ANGEL
BREAD" IN A GREETING CARD TO THE FAMILY FOR EXCHANGE.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Gesture

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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AN OLD POLISH EASTER CUSTOM

ONE EASTER EGG IS CUT SO THAT EACH FAMILY MEMBER WILL HAVE ONE PIECE.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EVERYBODY'S EATING PART OF THE ONE EGG IS THE
LESSON OF ONENESS AND FAMILY UNITY. THIS CUSTOM IS USUALLY OBSERVED
JUST BEFORE THE BREAKFAST MEAL ON EASTER SUNDAY.

Submitter comment: MY GRANDMOTHER LEARNED THIS CUSTOM AS A LITTLE GIRL SINCE HER FAMILY
HAD ALWAYS OBSERVED IT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; FERNDALE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

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EASTER CUSTOM

ON EASTER MORNING THE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY ASSEMBLE AT THE BREAKFAST
AND ONE HARD-BOILED EASTER EGG IS DIVIDED AMONG THE MEMBERS OF THE
FAMILY.

Submitter comment: THIS CUSTOM IS PERFORMED EVERY YEAR AND IT IS SUPPOSED TO SIGNIFY
THE UNITY OF THE FAMILY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 10-20-1970

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AMONG UKRAINIANS IT IS CUSTOMARY TO EAT A CEREMONIAL EASTER BREAKFAST
AFTER RESURRECTION SERVICES. BEFORE BREAKFAST BEGINS, THE FATHER
CUTS THE SPECIALLY BLESSED EASTER EGG AND GIVES A PIECE TO EACH
MEMBER OF HIS FAMILY, FROM OLDEST TO YOUNGEST. WHILE DOING THIS HE
SAYS TO EACH ONE--"LET THE MERCIFUL GOD GRANT THAT WE STILL BE
TOGETHER ALIVE AND WELL FOR MANY MORE EASTERS TO COME."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
SPEECH -- Formula

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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EASTER CUSTOM (POLISH)

( THE ) WHOLE FAMILY MUST EAT PIECES OF A BLESSED EGG TOGETHER
BEFORE THEY EAT EASTER DINNER. THE SYMBOLISM IS A
CORRELATION BETWEEN CHRIST COMING OUT OF THE TOMB WITH NO HELP AND
THE EGG COMING OUT OF THE HEN WITH NO HELP.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROSEVILLE

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: 686 Properties attributed to specific numbers or numerals individually.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 09-00-1969

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POLISH RELIGIOUS CELEBRATION

THE POLES CELEBRATE EASTER ON SUNDAY, MINDAY & TUESDAY
WITH A BIG FAMILY MEAL EACH DAY.

Data entry tech comment: COLLECTOR'S SPELLING HAS BEEN CORRECTED BY THE KEYPUNCHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GRAND RAPIDS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Ascension Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pentecost
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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HOLIDAY MEAL

VOGELIA - IN A SPECIAL FAMILY DINNER ON CHRISTMAS OR EASTER, AN ODD
NUMBER OF COURSES ARE SERVED (7, 9, OR MORE). NO MEAT IS SERVED AT
ALL, BUT FISH IS ALLOWED. EACH COURSE IS BROUGHT OUT INDIVIDUALLY;
FOR EXAMPLE, BREAD MIGHT BE FIRST, THEN FOLLOWED BY SOUP, THEN
FOLLOWED BY THE FISH OR BY FRUIT FOR DESSERT.

Where learned: DETROIT ; MICHIGAN, ASSUMED

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Number Odd number (not specific)

Date learned: 11-02-1971

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ITALIAN-AMERICAN EASTER CUSTOM

THE FAMILIES OF SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA AND OF ITALIAN-AMERICAN
HERITAGE, ACCORDING TO CUSTOM, GET TOGETHER ON EASTER SUNDAY AND
HAVE A MEAL OF PASTA-VAZULA (BEANS, MACARONI, AND CHEESE), AND
EASTER BREAD (BREAD BAKED WITH RAISINS).

Submitter comment: INFORMANT PERSONALLY EXPERIENCED THE CUSTOM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 10-04-1967

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EASTER CUSTOM

AT THE BEGINNING OF BREAKFAST THE FATHER SHARES FOOD WITH THE REST OF
THE FAMILY. HE SLICES UP BLESSED BREAD, EGGS AND KIELBASA AND GIVES
A SMALL PIECE TO EVERYONE. THIS FOOD MUST BE EATEN BEFORE ADDITIONAL
FOOD IS TAKEN.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; GLENVIEW

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-29-1970

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EASTER DAY

THE FOOD THAT WAS BLESSED ON SATURDAY MUST BE EATEN FOR BREAKFAST.
IT MUST INCLUDE HORSERADISH TO REPRESENT THE BURNING LIQUID GIVEN
CHRIST WHILE HE HUNG ON THE CROSS. THE REMAINING FOOD SHOULD BE
SHARED WITH THE DAY'S VISITORS SO THAT IT IS FINISHED ON SUNDAY.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; ERIE

Keyword(s): CHARITY, HOSPITALITY ; FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

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EASTER MORNING RITUAL (OR CUSTOM)

ON EASTER MORNING, AFTER RESURRECTION MASS, THE FAMILY WOULD ALL
GATHER FOR BREAKFAST, MADE UP OF THE THINGS FOUND IN THE SWIECONKA
(EASTER BASKET BLESSED AT CHURCH ON HOLY SATURDAY).
MY FATHER WOULD TAKE ONE OF THE BOILED, PEELED EGGS (BLESSED) AND CUT
IT INTO FIVE PIECES--ONE FOR EACH MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. THEN HE
WOULD TAKE A PIECE OF RAW HORSERADISH (SCRAPED CLEAN THE PREVIOUS
DAY) AND GIVE EACH OF US A PIECE OF IT. A LOAF OF RYE BREAD WAS CUT
AND DISTRIBUTED TO EACH OF US (IT WAS A TINY LOAF, MADE ESPECIALLY
FOR THE EASTER BASKET), AS WAS THE KIELBASA, BUTTER AND COFFEE CAKE.
AFTER EACH OF US HAD AT LEAST A TINY PIECE OF EACH OF THE ABOVE, WE
WERE ALLOWED TO HAVE LARGER PORTIONS OF THE NON-BLESSED FOOD.
HOWEVER, ONE OF THE RITUALS THAT MY DAD WOULD GO THROUGH WAS TAKING
A WHOLE, BLESSED EGG (BOILED AND PEELED) AND RUBBING IT ON HIS JAW,
FROM LEFT EAR TO HIS CHIN THEN TO THE RIGHT EAR, THEN BACK AGAIN TO
THE LEFT. THIS, HE TOLD US, WOULD WARD OFF TOOTHACHES.

Submitter comment: AS FAR AS I HAVE BEEN ABLE TO DETERMINE, MY FATHER GOT THIS CUSTOM
FROM HIS PARENTS WHO WERE BORN AND RAISED IN POLAND. MY FATHER CAME
TO AMERICA IN 1914, AT THE AGE OF !7.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM ; SWIECZONKA

Subject headings: 663 Holy Saturday
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 04-00-1965

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EASTER CELEBRATIONS:

ON EASTER DAY THE GREEKS EAT SOUP MADE FROM THE GUTS OF A LAMB
(A GREEK RECIPE) TO SYMBOLIZE CHRIST AS THE LAMB OF GOD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-14-1969

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WHEN INFORMANT WAS SINGLE, SHE REMEMBERS THAT EVERYONE IN HER
LITTLE HOMETOWN IN PENNSYLVANIA (WHICH IS NONEXISTANT), NEVER ATE
HAM FOR EASTER EVEN THOUGH EVERY SURROUNDING TOWN DID. THEY ALL
ATE LAMB BECAUSE THEY FELT CHRIST DIDN'T EAT HAM--ONLY LAMB.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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LAMB ON EASTER

AT THE EASTER MEAL IT IS A FAMILY TRADITION TO HAVE LAMB TO EAT. IT
IS TO REMEMBER CHRIST'S DEATH ON THE CROSS.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector are the same person.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM ; SYMBOL

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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BARANEK WIELKANOCNY

BUTTER IN THE SHAPE OF A LAMB TO BE EATEN ON EASTER SUNDAY.

Where learned: HOME

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-05-1968

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LAMB OF BUTTER

IT IS A POLISH TRADITION TO HAVE A LAMB MADE OF BUTTER FOR EVERY MEAL
AT EASTER. IN POLISH IT IS CALLED SWIENCONKA.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; informant's home

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 03-12-1970

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HOLIDAY

CHAMELNEISM IS A HOLIDAY CELEBRATED THE MONDAY AFTER EASTER IN
EGYPT. IT IS THE ONLY FEAST THAT EVERYONE CELEBRATES TOGETHER.
IT USED TO BE A NATIONAL HOLIDAY.
PEOPLE WAKE UP VERY EARLY AND GO TO THE NILE AND FEAST. BESIDES LOTS
OF OTHER FOOD, EVERYONE MUST EAT ONIONS, EGGS AND SALTED FISH,
THE DATE IS SET ACCORDING TO THE COPTIC EASTER WHICH USUALLY
FALLS AFTER THE LAST FULL MOON OF FEBRUARY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Monday Dyngus
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 02-00-1972

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EASTER EGG TRADITION

THERE IS A CUSTOM WITH THE POLISH PEOPLE OF PASSING AROUND THE
DINNER TABLE ONE BLESSED HARD-BOILED EASTER EGG. THE OLDEST MALE
MEMBER OF THE FAMILY BEGINS TO BREAK THE SLICES OF THE EGG WITH
OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY. USUALLY A WISH IS MADE BETWEEN THE
TWO AND THEN SEALED WITH A KISS. HOWEVER, IF THE EGG DROPS, ONE OF
THE TWO WILL NOT LIVE TO SEE THE NEXT EASTER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN ; informant's home

Keyword(s): FAMILY UNITY ; FOOD CUSTOM

Subject headings: 870
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter eggs
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: 03-27-1970

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ITALIAN-AMERICAN COOKING

AT CHRISTMAS EVE DINNER, MEAT IS NEVER SERVED. INSTEAD, ITALIAN-
AMERICANS DINE ON DIFFERENT KINDS OF FISH AND ROASTED CHESTNUTS.

Submitter comment: REALLY ENJOYS TALKING ABOUT ITALIAN COOKING.

Where learned: OHIO ; AKRON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 24 Christmas Eve
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Meat Fish and other animal life related to water

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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ITALIAN-AMERICAN COOKING

ON EASTER, THEY SERVE WHOLE ROASTED BALRY LAMB AND MANICOTTI WITH
TOMATO SAUCE. EVERY HOLIDAY HAS ITS OWN SPECIAL MEAL, BUT THEY ALL
END UP WITH EXPRESSO COFFEE AND FRUIT AND NUT MIX.

Submitter comment: REALLY ENJOYS TALKING ABOUT ITALIAN COOKING.

Where learned: OHIO ; AKRON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Noon mealsDinnerLunch
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Plant food Vegetable
Food Drink -- Plant food Fruit
Food Drink -- Plant food Nut
Food Drink -- Meat Bred animal
Food Drink -- Non-alcoholic fruit beverage Coffee

Date learned: 10-00-1976

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