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ITALIAN FESTIVAL

IN ITALY WHEN THE GRAPES ARE HARVESTED THERE IS A GREAT FESTIVAL
IN WHICH THE PRETTIEST GIRLS OF THE TOWN DANCE ON THE GRAPES WHICH
ARE IN HUGE DRUMS TO CERTAIN SONGS PLAYED ONLY AT THIS FESTIVAL.
IT IS THE ONLY TIME OF THE YEAR WHEN THE MEN ALLOW THEMSELVES TO
GET DRUNK ON THE WINE WHICH IS THE PRODUCT OF THEIR GRAPES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Dance
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 10-27-1969

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SWEDISH WINE MAKING FESTIVAL ( FALL )

TRADITIONALLY, EACH FALL THE PEOPLE OF HARRIS, MINN. CARRY BUSHEL
BASKETS OF GRAPES FROM THEIR FARMS TO THE TOWN ON FOOT. THE BASKETS
OF GRAPES ARE THEN DUMPED INTO A LARGE VAT AND STOMPED BY BAREFOOTED
GIRLS. AFTER EACH BUSHEL IS DUMPED, THE FARMERS RELAX AND HAVE
SOME OF THE WINE THAT HAD BEEN MADE THE PREVIOUS YEAR AND OPEN(ED)
FOR THE FIRST TIME AT THE FESTIVAL. AFTER THIS THEY RETURN TO THEIR
FARMS AND PICK-UP ANOTHER BASKET OF GRAPES, REPEATING THE
PROCEDURE.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT LEARNED THE CUSTOM FROM HIS WIFE WHO IS OF SWEDISH DESCENT.

Where learned: WISCONSIN ; WEST BEND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 09-30-1967

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HARVEST WAS AN AFFAIR THAT THE WHOLE VILLAGE PARTICIPATED IN --
YOUNG AND OLD ALIKE. ON THE DAY THAT A FARMER'S HARVEST WAS
DECLARED, MOST OF THE VILLAGERS TURNED OUT TO HELP HIM. IT WAS
AT THESE HARVESTS THAT MANY YOUNG GIRLS FELL IN LOVE WITH SOME OF
THE FARM HANDS. ONLY THE OLDER HOUSEWIVES STAY HOME AND PREPARE
HUGE AMOUNTS OF FOOD FOR THE MID-DAY MEAL AND THEN THE BIG DINNER
OF THE HARVESTERS AT THE END OF THE DAY.
YOUNG MEN, OLDER MEN AND EVEN WOMEN GO ON UP AHEAD AND CUT THE
WHEAT WITH SICKLES. THE YOUNGER PEOPLE ( GIRLS AND LITTLE BOYS )
GO BEHIND AND CUT THE WHEAT OR WHATEVER INTO BUNDLES AND STAND
THEM UP BEHIND THEM, COME OTHERS TO STACK UP FIVE BUNDLES TO A
STACK SO THAT THE LOADERS WOULD BE ABLE TO LOAD THEM INTO THE
TRUCK EASILY. WITH EVERYONE HELPING, A FARMER'S HARVEST IS USUALLY
DONE IN ABOUT THREE DAYS.
AT NIGHT, EVERYONE SITS TOGETHER TALKING, SINGING, JOKING, DANCING.
IT WAS A TIME OF HAPPINESS AND CHEERFULNESS BEFORE THE
REDS TOOK OVER.

Data entry tech comment: LOCATION OF THIS CUSTOM IS NOT INDICATED.

Where learned: NO LOCATION INDICATED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 03-26-1972

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FALL FESTIVAL: OBON FESTIVAL IN OKINAWA

THIS FESTIVAL TAKES PLACE IN MIDDLE OCTOBER EVERY YEAR. ALL GO TO
THE TEMPLES WHERE RELATIVES ARE BURIED IN TORTOISE-SHAPED TOMBS.
THEY ARE OPENED, THE ASHES ARE GATHERED TOGETHER AND THE TOMBS ARE
WASHED OUT WITH SAKI WINE. AFTER THIS THE ASHES ARE PUT BACK IN AND
( THE ) TOMBS ARE CLOSED. THE FESTIVAL THEN PROCEEDS WITH FEASTING
AND DANCING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F100
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 10-12-1965

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TURKEY-DAY

THERE IS A CUSTOM IN AMERICA IN WHICH THE PRIMARY FOOD ON
THANKSGIVING IS TURKEY. IT IS BELIEVED THAT WHEN THE PILGRIMS
CELEBRATED THE FIRST THANKSGIVING, THE INDIANS GAVE THEM TURKEY
TO EAT, AND IT HAS CARRIED OVER.

Where learned: ILLINOIS ; CHICAGO

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 00-00-1955

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CREEK INDIAN CEREMONY

IN THE SOUTHERN UNITED STATES, THE CREEK INDIANS HOLD AN ANNUAL
4-8 DAY RELIGIOUS CEREMONY IN JULY OR AUGUST WHEN THE CROPS MATURE.
THE MALES DRINK PASSA OR BLACK DRINK FOR PURIFICATION. DANCING
CONTINUES THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE CEREMONY. FIRES ARE KINDLED IN THE
INDIVIDUAL HOMES FROM A COMMON FIRE BUILT OUT IN THE SQUARE GROUND.
BOTH MEN AND WOMEN PURIFY THEMSELVES BY RUBBING ASHES OVER THEIR
BODIES AND PLUNGE INTO THE WATER.

Where learned: NO LOCATION INDICATED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- July
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- August
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 12-01-1967

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CUSTOM

TURKEY AT THANKSGIVING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: NO DATE INDICATED.

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NEW ENGLAND FOOD

A TRADITION AT THANKSGIVING IS ALWAYS A MEAT PIE.

Where learned: NO LOCATION INDICATED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 02-20-1970

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THANKSGIVING FOOD

ON AN ITALIAN THANKSGIVING, THE HUSBAND WOULD KILL A PIG AND THEY
MAKE BLOOD PUDDING WITH NUTS AND RAISINS ADDED. THIS WAS EATEN THE
NIGHT OF THE PIG KILLING.

Where learned: NO LOCATION INDICATED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 11-17-1968

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OCKTOBER FEST

THE OCKTOBER FEST IS A GERMAN HOLIDAY HELD IN THE FALL WHEN THE BEER
IS DRUNK AND GREAT CELEBRATION ACCOMPANIES THE CONCLUSION OF THE
HARVEST.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; CAMPUS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 02-13-1968

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THANKSGIVING CUSTOM

THE CHEROKEE INDIANS ALWAYS COOK ONE EAR OF CORN IN THE FIRE UNTIL
BROWN ON THANKSGIVING.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 03-17-1970

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LIVESTOCK BELIEF

IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA, AT THE END OF THE SUMMER, ALL SORTS OF HERBS AND
PLANTS ARE MADE INTO A BOUQUET, TAKEN TO CHURCH TO BE BLESSED AND
DURING THE YEAR, FED TO THE LIVESTOCK TO WARD OFF EVIL SPIRITS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving
BELIEF -- Mammal
BELIEF -- Plant

Date learned: 03-02-1970

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AUGUST FESTIVAL

A TRUNK WAS FOUND IN THE SEA BETWEEN TWO CITIES IN ITALY,
TRAPANI AND MARSALA. THE TWO CITIES DISAGREED TO WHOM THE TRUNK
WHICH CONTAINED A BEAUTIFUL STATUE OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN, BELONGED.
FINALLY THEY MEASURED THE DISTANCE AND TRAPANI WON. NOW THEY HAVE A
THREE DAY FESTIVAL IN AUGUST WHERE THEY DRESS THE STATUE ALL IN
GOLD. NO ONE SLEEPS FOR THESE THREE DAYS IF POSSIBLE. MIRACULOUS
FAVORS HAVE BEEN SAID TO OCCUR THROUGH THE INTERCESSION OF THE
BLESSED MOTHER IN THIS FORM. DEVOTED PEOPLE LEAVE JEWELRY WITH THE
STATUE AS OFFERINGS FOR FAVORS OR PROTECTION. THE THREE DAY
FESTIVAL COULD BE COMPARED TO A MARDI GRAS, FIRE WORKS, ETC. THE
STATUE IS CALLED "MADRE DE TRAPANI."

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving
BELIEF -- Religious hero
BELIEF -- Number

Date learned: 12-00-1969

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CUSTOM

ITALIAN AMERICANS WHO WORK IN THE VINEYARDS OF CALIFORNIA CELEBRATE
THE TIME OF GRAPE HARVEST. THIS IS A CUSTOM BROUGHT FROM THEIR
NATIVE ITALY.

Where learned: NO LOCATION INDICATED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: NO DATE INDICATED.

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CUSTOM, NAVAJO INDIANS: NEW MEXICO

THE YEI-BE-CHOI DANCE IS PERFORMED IN THE FALL WHEN THE THUNDER
GOD SLEEPS. IT IS HELD TO PREVENT BLINDNESS.

Where learned: NEW MEXICO ; SHIPROCK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: NO DATE INDICATED.

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CHRISTMAS

ON THANKSGIVING HIS FAMILY (ON THE SCOTCH SIDE) DRAWS NAMES TO SEE
WHO WILL BUY WHO PRESENTS FOR CHRISTMAS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT ; CAMPUS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 11-02-1967

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CUSTOM

THIS IS A SCOTCH HARVEST CUSTOM KNOWN AS THE "OLD WOMAN." THE
FIRST FARMER WHO COMPLETES HIS HARVESTING MAKES AN "OLD WOMAN" OUT
OF THE LOOSE CORN CUT. THIS FIGURE IS PASSED TO EACH FARMER. THE
LAST FARMER TO COMPLETE HIS HARVESTING MUST KEEP THE FIGURE TILL
THE FOLLOWING YEAR. THE FIGURE IS CARRIED ON A CART BY THE FARMERS.

Where learned: RESIDENCE

Keyword(s): EFFIGY

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Work Commerce Business
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving
BELIEF -- Number

Date learned: DATE NOT GIVEN BY COLLECTOR

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HAY GATHERINGS

ALL FARMERS OF THE COMMUNITY IN INDIANA WOULD STOP ALL THEIR WORK
AND ALL JOIN IN TO HELP EACH OTHER WITH THEIR HAY GATHERING.
THE GROUP OF MEN WOULD SPEND TWO DAYS AT EACH FARM.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT ; INDIANA

Keyword(s): FARMING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Work Commerce Business
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: 10-10-1971

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THANKSGIVING CUSTOM

EVERY THANKSGIVING MY MOTHER SERVED TWO TRADITIONAL FOODS. SHE
ALWAYS HAD SALTED ALMONDS AND MAPLE MOUSSE. I NEVER REMEMBER HAVING
PUMPKIN PIE THOUGH.

Submitter comment: MY GRANDMOTHER'S NAME IS DOROTHY NEWMAN. ALTHOUGH MY MOTHER
REMEMBERS SALTED ALMONDS AND MAPLE MOUSSE EVERY THANKSGIVING SHE
NEVER KNEW ANY REASON WHY HER MOTHER SERVED THEM. THIS TRADITION
WAS NOT CARRIED DOWN INTO MY GENERATION. INSTEAD OF SALTED ALMONDS
AND MAPLE MOUSSE, WE HAVE NUTS IN THEIR SHELLS AND PUMPKIN PIE.

Where learned: OHIO ; SOLON

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: CA00001929

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ENTERTAINMENT

DURING FALL AT HARVEST TIME THERE IS A BIG PARTY IN THE TOWNS.
A PIG IS ROASTED FOR DINNER AND THERE IS FOLK DANCING AND SINGING.

Submitter comment: THIS CUSTOM IS DONE IN POLAND.

Where learned: DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

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