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Citing information: APA style

 

Given all the information available in libraries today and on the worldwide web, it is important to take a logical, organized approach to your search for information or you may find yourself wasting a great deal of time. Be sure to record the complete citations of all sources that you use for your bibliography. Documenting and providing a citation to phrases, entire passages, a sentence, paragraph or longer excerpt, paraphrasing the work of another, etc. avoids the serious academic offense of plagiarism.

Most research papers require a combination of books, periodical articles, newspaper articles, statistics, and/or government documents. Reference sources are needed to clarify a point or provide quick information or statistics. For assistance with APA formatting, see the Citation Machine for print and electronic formats at:

Citation Machine

The Citation Machine helps writers by formatting bibliographic citations in APA (American Psychological Association) and MLA (Modern Language Association) formats. A more complete service for using these formats, including notes, is RefWorks

Useful Links for APA:

Basics of APA Style tutorial 
CitationMachine
Research and Documentation Online (with formatted paper examples)

Disclaimer: The Library system has made every effort to provide appropriate and accurate information to serve the research and writing needs of the University of Detroit Mercy community. The Library system is not liable for inaccurate or incomplete information delivered by the licensing vendors' databases or summary information prepared herein from databases, more specifically:

  • for loss or damage to any research or personal work of a student, faculty member, or staff member should a citation be created improperly
  • for a researcher's use or acceptance of the completeness of information provided on developing a citation
  • for the user's violation of the U.S. Copyright Law in citing the content of any research or personal work.

Please also note the disclaimer on the introductory page for The Citation Machine:

The following shows the information to include when citing books and journal articles in a bibliography. All of the following information and examples are derived from:

American Psychological Association (2009). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Sample Book Citation

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available) (Date of Publication). Book Title (in italics). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example:

Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., & Williams, J. M. (1995). The craft of research (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Sample of Chapter in an Edited Book

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available) (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In editors names (Eds.), Title of the book (in italics) (pagination pp-pp). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example: 

Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). New York, NY: Random House.

Sample of a Print Journal Article Citation

Include the issue number of the journal in parentheses after the volume number if each issue of the journal begins with page 1.

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), second authors' last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), & third author's last name (and middle initial if available) (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal (in italics)volume number (in italics) (issue number if necessary), pagination (pp-pp).

Example: 

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229.

Sample Journal Article Citation with DOI

Include the digital object identifier, if one is assigned, in the citations of articles retrieved electronically. Include the issue number of the journal in parentheses after the volume number if each issue of the journal begins with page 1. Retrieval data is not necessary.

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), second authors' last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), & third author's last name (and middle initial if available) (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal (in italics)volume number (in italics)( issue number if necessary), pagination pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Example: 

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Sample Journal Article Citation without DOI

If no DOI is assigned to an article retrieved online, include the homepage URL of the journal in the reference (not the URL of the database from which it was retrieved.) No retrieval date is needed. Include the issue number of the journal in parentheses after the volume number if each issue of the journal begins with page 1.

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), second authors' last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), & third author's last name (and middle initial if available) (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal (in italics)volume number (in italics) )( issue number if necessary), pagination(pp-pp. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxx

Example: 

Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from http:///ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap

Sample of a Print Magazine Article Citation

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), second authors' last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), & third author's last name (and middle initial if available) (year of publication, month of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine (in italics)volume number (in italics) (issue number if necessary), pagination pp-pp.

Example: 

Chamberlin, J., Novotney, A., Packard, E., & Price, M. (2008, May). Enhancing worker well-being: Occupational health psychologists convene to share their research on work, stress, and health. Monitor on Psychology, 39(5), 26-29.

Sample of an Online Magazine Article Citation

The URL of the magazine's homepage is included in place of pagination.

Author's last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), second authors' last name, first initial (and middle initial if available), & third author's last name (and middle initial if available) (year of publication, month of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine (in italics)volume number (in italics) (issue number if necessary). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx.xxxxxxx

Example:

Clay, R. (2008, June). Science vs. ideology: Psychologists fight back about the misuse of research. Monitor on Psychology, 29(6). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/

See also: Anatomy of a citation (PDF)

Permalink Last updated 01/29/2018 by N. Blume

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