READINESS OF NEWLY LICENSED REGISTERED NURSES TO SCREEN FOR INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE

Gorkiewicz, Emily, Zia Muntford, Omni Sullivan, and PhD Wyatt

Intimate partner violence is a serious health and social problem in the United States, causing both short and long term consequences in which could be detrimental to the victim. Screening rates for intimate partner violence are inconsistent and low. The expectation by The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) is justified by the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence (NIPSC) and Victimization of Sexual Orientation survey (VSO) that found one in three women (36%) and on in four men (29%) surveyed reported having experienced IPV, including physical violence, rape and stalking (Black, et al., 2011) More specifically, 57% of women and 92% of men experienced physical violence alone. Furthermore, 44% lesbian, 61% bisexual and 35% of heterosexual women, as well as 26% of gay men, 37% of bisexual men, and 29% of heterosexual men have experienced rape, physical violence, or stalking in their lifetime (Black et al., 2011).This qualitative grounded theory study used national sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) to conduct individual interviews. The interviews focused on (a) the perceived beliefs and attitudes of NLRNs regarding screening for DV, (b) how these perceived beliefs are influenced by pre-licensure education and additional training in the workplace, and (c) how and why these NLRNs would use existing pre-selected screening tools for domestic violence. Seventeen NLRNs were interviewed. Each BUILD student coded three manuscripts using grounded theory with guidance from the principal investigator. Four themes were identified: taboo, intuition, preparedness, and comfort level. Many NLRNs admitted they weren’t educated enough on domestic violence or how to screen nor were aware that screening tools e available beyond “Do you feel safe”. All participants were strong in their suggestions regarding educational needs that included role play, hands on learning and simulation. Also reeducation, yearly, in this area would be highly recommended for all nurses that work directly with patients.