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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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SANDMAN AND BOOGIE MAN

IN HER FAMILY, THE SANDMAN WAS EQUIVALENT TO THE BOOGIE MAN AND
NEITHER WERE REGARDED AS BAD FIGURES.

Submitter comment: HER PARENTS TOLD HER THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BERKELEY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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THE SANDMAN

IF THE SANDMAN SEES YOU WITH YOUR EYES OPEN, HE PUTS SAND IN THEM.

Submitter comment: LEARNED FROM HER PARENTS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BERKELEY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 11-29-1967

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THE SANDMAN

IF YOU DO SOMETHING WRONG, HER PARENTS WOULD SAY: "THE SANDMAN
WAS PEEK'N."

Submitter comment: HER PARENTS SAID THIS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; BERKELEY

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 11-29-1967

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FAIRY GODMOTHER

IF YOU PLACE A TOOTH UNDER YOUR PILLOW, THE FAIRY GODMOTHER WILL
LEAVE MONEY DURING THE NIGHT (IT MUST BE ONE OF YOUR OWN THAT HAS
FALLEN OUT).

Submitter comment: I BELIEVED THIS AS A CHILD AND ALWAYS FOUND MONEY UNDER MY PILLOW.
I THINK SOME TEETH WERE PULLED THAT WEREN'T EVEN LOOSE--I ENJOYED
PULLING OUT MY BABY TEETH AND LIKED MONEY QUITE WELL.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 00-00-1948

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SAINT PATRICK'S DAY

THE BELIEF IN LEPRECHAUNS IS MOST PREVALENT ON ST. PAT'S DAY. PEOPLE
BELIEVE IN ANY CHARM OR SPELL WHICH WILL HELP THEM FIND A LEPRECHAUN.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

Subject headings: Charm / Enchantment / Conjuration
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 17 Feast of St. Patrick
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Word Letter

Date learned: CA1960-1975

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LEGEND

IN THE PHILIPPINES, YOUNG CHILDREN ARE KEPT FROM PLAYING OUTDOORS
LATE AT NIGHT BY THE LEGEND OF UNANO OR DWENDE. THESE CREATURES
HAVE HOMES UNDER MOUNDS OF EARTH, BUT LEAVE THEM DURING THE DAY.
AT DUSK, HOWEVER, THE UNANO OR DWENDE RETURNS TO HIS HOME, AND IF
A CHILD SHOULD HAPPEN TO STEP ON ONE OF THESE EARTH MOUND HOMES,
THE UNANO OR DWENDE WILL BECOME AGGRAVATED AND WILL CHASE THE CHILD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): INTIMIDATION

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 09-00-1969

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THE BLACK FAIRY

THERE IS A BELIEF AMONG THE INHABITANTS OF A PRIMARILY IRISH
FARMING TOWN IN OHIO, THAT IF A PERSON EVER SEES THE BLACK FAIRY,
THAT PERSON WILL DIE THREE DAYS LATER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: 686 Thirds / Thrice / Three / Triple
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Color

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LEPRECHAUNS

IN IRELAND THESE LITTLE FOLK HAVE POTS OF GOLD HIDDEN SOMEWHERE
AND IF YOU ARE LUCKY ENOUGH TO CATCH A LEPRECHAUN, HE WILL HAVE
TO GIVE UP HIS TREASURE TO YOU.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 00-00-1955

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THE GOOD FAIRY

WHEN AS A CHILD YOU LOSE A TOOTH, IF YOU PUT IT UNDER YOUR PILLOW
THE SAME NIGHT, THE GOOD FAIRY WILL COME AND TAKE THE TOOTH AND
REPLACE IT WITH MONEY.

Submitter comment: KEYPUNCHERS COMMENT. THERE ARE NUMEROUS OTHER CARDS ON THE TOOTH
FAIRY IN THE CARD FILES. THEY ARE ALL ESSENTIALLY THE SAME, WITH
SOME DIFFERENCES AS TO THE REWARD. IT COULD BE GOLD, OR A PRESENT
OF SOME SORT, OR MONEY SUCH AS DIMES AND QUARTERS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Mouth, teeth, lips, tongue

Date learned: 00001950S

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CUSTOM

EACH NIGHT BEFORE GOING TO BED, A GLASS OF COLD WATER SHOULD BE
PLACED ON THE TABLE, IN CASE THE 'GOOD PEOPLE' WANTED A DRINK
DURING THE NIGHT.

Submitter comment: THIS WAS PRACTICED BY THE INFORMANT'S OLDER SISTER EVERY NIGHT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 11-18-1970

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LEPRECHAUNS

IF YOU CAN CATCH A LEPRECHAUN, HE MUST GIVE YOU WHAT YOU WANT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WYANDOTTE

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 01-20-1970

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LEPRECHAUNS

IF YOU ARE POOR, HONEST AND GOOD, THE LITTLE PEOPLE WILL COME
AND HELP YOU.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WYANDOTTE

James Callow Keyword(s): POVERTY VIRTUE

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 01-20-1970

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THE GOOD FAIRY

WHEN YOU LOSE A TOOTH, YOU PLACE IT IN A GLASS OF WATER BEFORE
GOING TO BED. UPON AWAKENING THE GOOD FAIRY WILL HAVE REPLACED
THE TOOTH FOR A DIME.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Mouth, teeth, lips, tongue

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ELF

THE IRISH BELIEVE THAT IF YOU CATCH A LEPRECHAUN, YOU WILL GET
A POT OF GOLD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

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BANSHEE

IRISH: WHENEVER A BANSHEE (DEVIL) APPEARED THIS BECAME AN OMEN OF A
DEATH OF A FRIEND OR RELATIVE. THE BANSHEE IS USUALLY A BEAUTIFUL 6 INCH WOMAN.

James Callow comment: BANSHEES ARE NOT USUALLY EQUALLED WITH DEVILS

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; EAST DETROIT

Subject headings: Observation
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Devil Demon
BELIEF -- Product or activity of man or animal P477.4
BELIEF -- Death Funeral Burial

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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CHRISTMAS BELIEF

AROUND THE FIRST OF DECEMBER, THE SPECIAL WORKERS OF SANTA, THE
BROWNIES, COME OUT IN FULL FORCE. THEY CARRY BIG BOOKS WITH EACH
GIRL'S AND BOY'S NAME IN IT. THEIR JOB IS TO SNEAK AROUND AND MARK
YOUR BEHAVIOR IN THEIR BOOK AND THEN REPORT TO SANTA. IF YOU HAVE
BEEN BAD, SANTA WILL NOT BRING YOU ANYTHING.

Where learned: OHIO ; NORTH OLMSTED

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F120
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 25 Christmas Also see F642, below.
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Beliefs
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Santa Claus
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: 00-00-1950

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IRISH: THE LITTLE PEOPLE OR LEPRECHAUNS-- ACCORDING TO A PERSON
OF IRISH DESCENT, THESE PEOPLE WERE ABLE TO PRODUCE A POT OF
GOLD IF THEY WERE EVER CAUGHT. AT OTHER TIMES, THEY GRANTED THE
CAPTURER 3 MAGIC WISHES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; EAST DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome

Date learned: NOT GIVEN

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SHOES

ONE MUST NOT LEAVE HIS SHOES ON THE FLOOR AT THE END OF ONES BED,
AS THE LEPRACHAUNS WILL COME AND DANCE IN THEM AT NIGHT.

Submitter comment:

THIS WAS TOLD TO THE INFORMANT BY HIS GRANDFATHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): POSITION DIRECTION PLACEMENT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Use of Object Human beings and their activities

Date learned: 11-00-1967

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ROSALKA

THE ROSALKA IN RURAL AREAS OF BULGARIA ARE GOOD AND KINDLY
SPIRIT-FAIRIES WHO LIVE AROUND LAKES AND STREAMS. THEY HELP
SHEPHERDS IN DIFFERENT WAYS INCLUDING FINDING HELPFUL HERBS
TO CURE SICKNESS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Plant

Date learned: 03-21-1970

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THE TOOTH-FAIRY RAT

WHEN A LITTLE CHILD LOSES A TOOTH, THE WHITE RAT WILL COME IF HE
PUTS HIS TOOTH UNDER THE PILLOW. IF HES BEEN GOOD, THE WHITE RAT
WILL LEAVE HIM MONEY, OR A FIG, OR AN ORANGE. IF HE HASNT BEEN
GOOD, THE WHITE RAT WILL LEAVE HIM A LUMP OF COAL, OR A ROCK, OR
SOMETHING THAT'S USELESS. SO IF YOU ARE A SMART BAD KID, YOU WON'T
PUT YOUR TOOTH UNDER THE PILLOW.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: PROSE NARRATIVE -- Mammal
BELIEF -- Fairy Elf Goblin Gnome
BELIEF -- Body part Senses Mouth, teeth, lips, tongue

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