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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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ASH WEDNESDAY

IN ITALY, ON THE THURSDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY THE CHILDREN DRESS
UP IN THEIR VERY BEST CLOTHES AND PARADE THROUGH THE CITY THROWING
CONFETTI.

Where learned: ITALY ; ROME

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 10-00-1970

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TURONIE

IN POLAND, THE PERIOD BETWEEN THE NEW YEAR AND THE BEGINNING
OF LENT IS CHARACTERIZED BY PARDIES AND MASQUERADE BALLS THAT
REACH THEIR HEIGHT ABOUT THE LAST PRE_LENTEN THURSDAY. THESE
ACTIVITIES DERIVE FROM THE OLD CUSTOM OF DRESSING IN ANIMAL AND
MONSTER COSTUMES TO FEND OFF EVIL SPIRITS FROM HOMES TO FIELDS
TO INSURE A BOUNTIFUL HARVEST. FOLK LEGEND ASCRIBED SUCH
MAGICAL PROPERTIES TO GOATS, STORKS, BEARS, WOLVES, AND THE
"AUROCKS" (AN EXTINCT WELD OX) AND THE CUSTOM IS KNOWN AS "TURONIE".
(NAMED AFTER THE WELD OX OR "TUR").

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; LIBRARY ; UNIVERSITY OF DETROIT ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): RELIGIOUS CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 10-11-1972

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SLOVAK PRE-LENT CUSTOM

ON THE SATURDAY BEFORE LENT, PARTIES AND DANCES ARE A MUST.
THEY LAST FROM SATURDAY THRU TUESDAY BEFORE MIDNIGHT
WHICH IS THE BEGINNING OF ASH WEDNESDAY. MANY A YOUNG MAN DID NOT
COME HOME DURING THIS FESTIVE WEEK BECAUSE IT WAS ALL DANCE - PARTY -
EAT - DRINK - SINGING. ALL WERE VERY GAYLY DRESSED.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 00001967 FALL

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HALLOWEEN

IN BELGIUM, HALLOWEEN IS NOT CELEBRATED AT THE SAME TIME AS IN
AMERICA. AS A MATTER OF FACT, OUR MARDI GRAS IS THEIR HALLOWEEN.
IT IS ALWAYS CELEBRATED THE SUNDAY, MONDAY, AND TUESDAY BEFORE
ASH WEDNESDAY.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; PITTSBURGH

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

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FOOD CUSTOM

IT IS THE CUSTOM OF THE ENGLISH TO MAKE AND EAT PANCAKES ON SHROUD
TUESDAY (TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY).

Data entry tech comment: I BELIEVE THIS TUESDAY IS REFERRED TO AS SHROVE, RATHER THAN SHROUD,
TUESDAY. IT MEANS THE DAY ON WHICH PEOPLE ARE SHRIVEN FROM SINS.
THE TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY IS THE LAST TIME A PERSON CAN
RECEIVE CONFESSION UNTIL LENT IS OVER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): FEASTING BEFORE FASTING

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
663 Mardi Gras
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 03-17-1970

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PUNCHKIE DAY (PACZKI)

THE DAY BEFORE LENT, THAT TUESDAY IS CONSIDERED PUNCHKIE DAY.
A PUNCKKIE IS A JELLY FILLED DOUGHNUT. THIS TUESDAY IS
CALLED SO BECAUSE IT IS THE LAST DAY BEFORE FASTING BEGINS. SO WHEN
PUNCHKIES ARE MADE ON THIS TUESDAY THEY ARE NORMALLY ALL EATEN
TOO. OF CURSE, PUNCHKIES CAN BE MADE ANY OTHER TIME OF THE YEAR,
BUT THIS IS THE DAY WHEN THEIR POPULARITY IS THE GREATEST

Data entry tech comment: (THE COLLECTOR HAS CHOSEN TO SPELL "PUNCHKIE" AS IT IS PRONOUNCED
(IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. BECAUSE IT IS A WORD OF POLISH
(ORIGIN, THE ENGLISH ALPHABET DOES NOT ACCOMODATE ITS PROPER
(SPELLING. IN ENGLISH, THE CLOSEST WE CAN COME TO THE CORRECT
(SPELLING IS "PACZKI.")

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; GROSSE POINTE ; TOLD IN

Keyword(s): RELIGIOUS CUSTOM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Season
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Palm Sunday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 02-01-1972

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"FASCHING"

FASCHING IS A CARNIVAL LIKE A PARADE WHICH BEGINS ON THE 6TH
( SIXTH ) OF JANUARY UNTIL THE TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY. THE
PEOPLE IN GERMANY DURING THE "FASCHING" PARADE IN COSTUMES OF ALL
KINDS AND HAVE MANY DECORATED FLOATS. ALSO A PRINCE AND PRINCESS
WHICH HAVE ALREADY BEEN CHOSEN FOR THIS OCCASION ON THE 11TH
( ELEVENTH ) OF NOVEMBER, APPEAR IN DANCES AROUND THE CITY. IN A
FEW PLACES THE PEOPLE WALK ON STILTS AND WEAR MASKS SO AS TO SCARE
THE EVIL SPIRITS OF LONG AGO. THE PEOPLE ENJOY THE MASQUERADES,
DANCES, AND FLOATS, WHICH COST THEM A GOOD SUM OF MONEY. THEREFORE,
ON ASH WEDNESDAY THE PEOPLE GO TO A WELL OR SPRING AND WASH
OUT THEIR PURSES BECAUSE THEY ARE EMPTY AFTER ALL THE EXPENSES OF
THE FASCHING.

Data entry tech comment: FASCHING MEANS RUNNING AROUND CRAZILY. (TRANSLATED FROM THE ANCIENT
GERMANIC WORD VASEN.)

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; MARYGROVE COLLEGE ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): WATER

Subject headings: 663 Ash Wednesday
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F111
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 11-00-1970

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IN AUSTRIA, PEOPLE WEAR SCARY MASKS AT FASCHING OR CARNIVAL
TIME. THEY DANCE IN THE STREETS, LAUGH AND SING, RING BELLS
AND MAKE AS MUCH NOISE AS THEY CAN. PEOPLE SAY THAT ALL THE NOISE
WILL SCARY ( SCARE ) WINTER SO THAT SPRING CAN COME.
FASCHING IS LENT.

Data entry tech comment: FASCHING IS BEFORE LENT, I.E., ON THE TUESDAY BEFORE ASH
WEDNESDAY.
IN PRE-CHRISTIAN TIMES, SPRING RITES WERE HELD MAINLY TO SYMBOLIZE A
FIGHT BETWEEN WINTER AND SPRING. THE PEOPLE FOUGHT AGAINST OR
SCARED WINTER BY WEARING MASKS AND COSTUMES AND MAKING LOUD NOISES.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROCHESTER HILLS

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

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LENTEN DISHES

IN BULGARIA IMMEDIATELY BEFORE THE BEGINNING OF THE LONG LENTEN FAST,
EVERY DISH IN THE HOUSE IS SCRUBBED TO REMOVE ANY POSSIBLE MEAT
RESIDUE.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT SAID THIS IS DONE BECAUSE DURING THE SEVERAL WEEKS OF
LENT IN THE ORTHODOX CHURCH, NO MEAT CAN BE EATEN.

Where learned: HENDRICKSONS PHARMACY ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): ABSTINENCE

Subject headings: 663 Lent
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 03-21-1970

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FOOD

DURING LENT, POLISH CATHOLICS GIVE UP DAIRY PRODUCTS AND SWEETS.
THEIR FAVORITE BAKED GOOD IS PACZKI WHICH ARE MADE WITH MUCH GREASE
AND SUGAR. SO THE TUESDAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY, POLISH PEOPLE
EAT MANY PACZKI (LIKE A DONUT).

Submitter comment: TOLD AT A POLISH FAMILY DINNER

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Pastry Sweet Dessert

Date learned: 02-00-1970

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PACZKI DAY

THE DAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY IS KNOWN AS PACZKI DAY,
AND ON THIS DAY MOST POLISH COOKS BAKE PACZKI AND
DISTRIBUTE THEM TO THE CHILDREN, AND THESE PACZKI ARE
THEN EATEN AS DESERT AFTER A MEAL ON THAT DAY.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT REMEMBERS THIS TRADITION FROM HER YOUTH
WHEN PACZKI, JELLY-BUNS, WERE EATEN ON THAT DAY,
ESPECIALLY TO REMIND THE PERSON OF THE LENTEN DAYS
WHICH LIE AHEAD.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Home
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Measure of time Week Day Hour
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 01-09-1964

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FASCHNACHT DAY

ON THE DAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY, THE CHILDREN
OF LEWISTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA WOULD BRING DOUGHNUTS
TO THEIR SCHOOLROOM EARLY, BEFORE THEIR TEACHER
ARRIVED. WHEN THEIR TEACHER SHOWED UP, THEY
WOULD LOCK HIM, OR HER, OUT OF THE ROOM, EAT THE
DOUGHNUTS, AND REMAIN LOCKED IN THE CLASSROOM
UNTIL THE TEACHER FINALLY LEFT. WHEN THEY WERE
SURE THAT THE TEACHER HAD GONE, THE CHILDREN WENT
HOME FOR THE DAY.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT CANNOT RECALL THE DATE THAT HER
FATHER TOLD HER THE STORY. HER FATHER'S NAME
IS MARTIN GINGERICH, BORN MAY 24, 1933, LEWISTOWN,
PENNSYLVANIA. HER FATHER REMEMBERS THIS CUSTOM
FROM LEWISTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA AROUND 1942. THOUGH
HE BELIEVES THAT IT BEGAN AS A PENNSYLVANIA DUTCH
CUSTOM, ALL CHILDREN PARTICIPATED.
THE INFORMANT CELEBRATED FASCHNACHT IN ANN ARBOR,
MICHIGAN IN 1982 BY BAKING SEVERAL BATCHES OF DOUGHNUTS
AND EATING THEM ON THE SAME DAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; ROYAL OAK

James Callow Keyword(s): LOCK-OUT ; THE LOCK OUT

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Street Trip Relations between relatives, friends, host and guest Social class Rank
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- School
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals
Food Drink -- Pastry Sweet Dessert

Date learned: 09-00-1982

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METONU-A PICTURE CARD GAME IN UKRAINIAN

THIS PARTICULAR CARD GAME IS ONLY PLAYED THE WEEK BEFORE
LENT. THE CARDS CONTAIN NUMBERS AND PICTURES OF PEOPLE,
FOOD AND ANIMALS. SOME ITEMS ON THE CARDS ARE A JEWISH MAN,
A POLICEMAN, A ROBBER, GARLIC, ONIONS, CARROTS, A PIG,
AND A PORCUPINE. THE PLAYERS HAD TO KNOW THE NAMES OF THE
PICTURES IN UKRAINIAN AND HAD TO MATCH THE CARDS ACCORDING
TO USE, RELATIONSHIP OR ASSOCIATION. ONE MATCH COULD BE
THE POLICEMAN CATCHES THE ROBBER. ALL THE CARDS ARE DEALT
TO THE PLAYERS. ANY MATCHES IN THEIR HAND WERE LAID OUT ON
THE TABLE. THE REMAINING CARDS HAD TO BE MATCHED BY TAKING
A CARD FROM THE PLAYER ON THE RIGHT. CERTAIN CARDS HAD A
PENALTY. IF YOU PICKED THAT CARD YOU HAD TO GIVE THE PLAYER
ONE OF THE THREE BEANS EACH PLAYER RECEIVED AT THE START.
IF YOU LOST ALL THREE BEANS, YOU WERE OUT AND YOUR CARDS
WERE RETURNED TO THE DECK. THE PLAYER HAVING THE MOST
BEANS WON THE GAME.

Submitter comment: THIS CARD GAME IS NOT PLAYED BY THE UKRAINIAN LAY PEOPLE.
ONLY UKRAINIAN RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES OF PRIESTS AND OF
SISTERS STILL PLAY METONU BOTH IN CANADA AND THE UNITED
STATES.

Where learned: CANADA ; ALBERTA ; MUNDARE

Subject headings: Favorites
Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Special Object or Implement
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent

Date learned: 00001940S

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Ponczki

The tradition of ponczki (or jelly rolls) symbolizes giving up
sweets and the beginning of fasting for the Catholic "lent" period.
The fasting begins on Ash Wednesday, and is preceded by what is
known as "Fat Tuesday." Polish people indulge in sweet, jelly
donuts because it will be weeks before they are allowed to have
sweets. It is seen as a sacrifice and giving up something that one
really enjoys in honor of the Easter Holiday.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; HAMTRAMCK

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

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PACKI (PUNCHKI) DAY

THE DAY BEFORE ASH WEDNESDAY, PEOPLE WOULD BUY PACZKI AT BAKERIES.
IN THE OLD DAYS PEOPLE WOULD MAKE THEM INSTEAD. A PACZEK (SINGULAR)
IS LIKE A JELLYROLL. PEOPLE DID THIS AS ONE LAST CHANCE TO EAT SWEETS
BEFORE FASTING DURING LENT. THIS IS STILL DONE IN POLISH AREAS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Pre Lent
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 11-00-1973

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showing 15 items

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