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The James T. Callow Folklore Archive

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SAINT PATRICK'S DAY

ONE OF THE THINGS THE WOMEN ALWAYS DID WAS TO DYE THEIR
HAIR GREEN WITH FOOD COLORING.

Submitter comment: IN MY GRANDMOTHER'S DAY THE UNMARRIED WOMEN DIED THEIR HAIR.
NOW IT IS DONE MORE IN THE HIGHSCHOOLS.

Where learned: HOME ; MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

James Callow Keyword(s): COLOR ; GREEN HAIR COLORING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- March 17 Feast of St. Patrick
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
ART CRAFT ARCHITECTURE -- Color Design
BELIEF -- Color

Date learned: CA1960-1975

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WEATHER BELIEF, IN REGARD TO JEWISH HOLIDAY

IT IS A COMMON BELIEF THAT ON ANY JEWISH HOLIDAY IT IS GOING
TO RAIN, EVEN IF THE DAY STARTS OUT AS SUNNY AND BRIGHT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

James Callow Keyword(s): ANTI-SEMITISM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- NOT SURE
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control P890.7

Date learned: 11-15-1969

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WEATHER BELIEF

WHEN THE CLOUDS ARE PINK AT SUNSET, SANTA CLAUS IS MAKING CANDY.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Santa Claus
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew
BELIEF -- Color
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control P890.7

Date learned: 10-00-1971

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SUPERSTITIONS SCOTTISH HIGHLANDS

NO GRAVES ARE DUG OR FIELDS PLOWED ON GOOD FRIDAY. THERE IS SOME
TABOO AGAINST THE USE OF IRON ON THIS DAY.

Data entry tech comment: THE TABOO AGAINST THE USE OF IRON STEMS FROM THE FACT THAT NAILS WERE
USED TO CRUCIFY CHRIST.

Where learned: RESIDENCE

Keyword(s): IRON ; WORK TABOO

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Death Funeral Burial
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: DATE NOT RECORDED BY COLLECTOR

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SUPERSTITION

IT'S A GRAVE SIN TO POUND NAILS ON GOOD FRIDAY.

Submitter comment: INFORMANT'S MOTHER ALWAYS SAID THIS TO INFORMANT AROUND EASTER TIME.

Data entry tech comment: THIS APPEARS TO RELATE TO THE SCOTTISH SUPERSTITION REGARDING THE
USE OF IRON ON GOOD FRIDAY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): HOMEOPATHIC MAGIC ; IRON ; WORK TABOO

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: 11-00-1971

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GOOD FRIDAY

IN ITALY, ON GOOD FRIDAY, IT WAS A CUSTOM FOR THE PEOPLE TO TAKE
NOISEMAKERS TO CHURCH. AT A PRESCRIBED TIME DURING THE SERVICES,
EVERYONE WOULD BEGIN MAKING NOISES. SOMETIMES THIS WOULD BE A PIECE
OF WOOD AND A HAMMER AND NAILS--ANYTHING THAT WOULD MAKE NOISE.
ALSO IF SOMEONE IN FRONT OF YOU HAD A COAT ON AND LAID IT ON
THE PEW, YOU MIGHT NAIL THE COAT TO THE PEW AS A TYPE OF PRANK.

Submitter comment: AS RECOUNTED FROM MRS. BENESTELLI, A NEIGHBOR, ON TAPE.

Where learned: PENNSYLVANIA ; PITTSBURGH

Keyword(s): HOMEOPATHIC MAGIC ; PRANKS

Subject headings: 663 Good Friday
Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Entertainment Diversion
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: 11-01-1970

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SARDINIAN EASTER

ON EASTER IN SARDINIA, AT 8 A.M., TWO PROCESSIONS BEGIN. THE
FIRST WITH HALF OF THE PEOPLE FROM THE TOWN,
PROCESS(ES) WITH THE STATUE OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY
WHICH IS DRESSED IN BLACK. THE SECOND GROUP COMES FROM THE
CEMETERY WITH A STATUE OF CHRIST. THE GROUPS MEET IN THE TOWN
SQUARE WHERE THE MOURNING GARB IS REMOVED FROM THE VIRGIN. BOTH
PROCESSIONS THEN PROCEED TOGETHER TO THE CHURCH WHERE MASS IS
CELEBRATED. DURING THE CONSECRATION, FIREWORKS ARE SET OFF TO
SYMBOLIZE JOY.

Data entry tech comment: COMMAS ADDED BY THE KEYPUNCHER.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; MARYGROVE COLLEGE ; DETROIT

Subject headings: Favorites
DRAMA -- Religious
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Easter Sunday

Date learned: 00001968 FALL

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AT THE STATE QUARRIES IN BETHESDA, MARYLAND, THE MINERS REFUSED TO
WORK ON ASCENSION DAY. THE MANAGERS TRIED TO BREAK THEM OF THIS
CUSTOM AND SUCEEDED FOR TWO YEARS. HOWEVER, THE MEN AGAIN REFUSED,
AS THERE HAD BEEN FATAL ACCIDENTS BOTH YEARS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; MARYGROVE COLLEGE ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): WORK TABOO

Subject headings: Favorites
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Spring Planting Ascension Day

Date learned: 02-12-1968

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VALENTINE'S DAY

DON'T SEW ON VALENTINE'S DAY. IF YOU DO, YOU'LL GET ST. VITIS
DANCE.

Submitter comment: THE INFORMANT HEARD ABOUT THIS SUPERSTITION FROM SOME OF HER
POLISH FRIENDS.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): WORK TABU

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 14 Valentine's Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
BELIEF -- Means of Causing or Avoiding Illness

Date learned: 06-29-1964

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SENDING VALENTINE DAY CARDS, CANDY AND FLOWERS TO A SWEETHEART.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN HEIGHTS

Keyword(s): GIFT GIVING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- February 14 Valentine's Day
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern

Date learned: 10-02-1968

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ITALIAN HOLIDAY CUSTOM

THE FOLLOWING IS TYPICAL OF SMALL TOWNS AND CITIES IN SICILY:
EACH TOWN HAS A FAVORITE SAINT AND A SHRINE OF ADORATION IN CHURCH
WITH A STATUE OF THE SAINT. ON THE PARTICULAR DAY SET ASIDE FOR
THE SAINT, EVERYONE IN THE TOWN CELEBRATES, NOBODY WORKS ON THIS DAY.
THEY HAVE A PARADE WITH THE STATUE BORNE ON A BIER AND A RELIC OF
THE SAINT, CARRIED BY THE CLERGY, WITH A SPECIAL BLESSING FROM THE
POPE ADMINISTERED TO ALL PRESENT. AS THE STATUE AND RELIC PASSES
THE PEOPLE WILL KNEEL AND SAY THE SAINT'S SPECIAL PRAYER.
RIGHT AFTER THE RELIGIOUS CEREMONIES THE FESTIVITIES BEGIN--SUCH AS
GROUPS SINGING, GROUPS DANCING, FIREWORKS, HORSE RACING WITHOUT
RIDERS, AND GYMNASTICS AND FEATS OF STRENGTH FOR PRIZES. ALL
PRIZES ARE DONATED BY TOWNSPEOPLE.
THE THEME OF THIS DAY, IN REALITY, IS LOVE OF GOD AND MAN AS
EXEMPLIFIED BY THE SAINT. ALL ANIMOSITIES SHOULD END ON THIS DAY.
ANYONE KNOWING OF ILL-FEELING AMONGST INDIVIDUALS, WILL ON THIS DAY,
BRING THE PARTIES TOGETHER AND IF ONE OR BOTH OF THE PARTIES
INVOLVED REFUSES TO MAKE UP, IT IS CONSIDERED AN INSULT TO THE
TOWN AND THE INDIVIDUAL THAT BROUGHT THE PARTIES TOGETHER.
THE CONCILIATORS ARE USUALLY THE CLERGY OR TOWN DIGNITARIES.
THESE FEAST DAYS BEGIN EARLY IN THE MORNING AND LAST TILL MIDNIGHT.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DEARBORN

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Fixed DateFor specific dates, use the following system:
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 11-30-1971

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SLOVAK FEAST DAYS

WHENEVER THE SLOVAKS CELEBRATE A FEAST DAY, THEY WALK AS MUCH AS 10
OR 12 MILES TO A LARGER CHURCH AND BY HOMEMADE TORCHLIGHT, THEY WALK
BACK, SINGING ALL THE WAY. FOR FOOD THEY TAKE ALONG A PIECE OF
KOLBASI, BACON, BREAD AND EAT ON THE WAY. THEY ALSO CHANT
ROSARIES. IT IS LIKE A PILGRIMAGE.
MANY PEOPLE HAVE NO SHOES (ON). THEY WALK BAREFOOT, CARRYING THEIR
SHOES. WHEN THEY NEAR THE CHURCH, THEY PUT THEM ON. MANY TIMES
THERE WAS SNOW ON THE GROUND AND THEY WALK BAREFOOT TO THE
CELEBRATIONS.

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Fixed DateFor specific dates, use the following system:
SPEECH -- Gesture

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CUSTOM FESTIVAL

ERNTENDANK FEST IS COMPARABLE TO AMERICA'S THANKSGIVING. IT IS
NOT CELEBRATED NATION WIDE ON THE SAME DAY HOWEVER. IN BAD NAUHEIM
IT IS CELEBRATED ON THE FIRST SUNDAY IN OCTOBER. VARIANTS WOULD
OCCUR IN DIFFERENT CITIES DEPENDING UPON THE HARVEST TIME.
RELIGIOUS ASPECT -- WHEAT, RYE, ETC. ARE BROUGHT TO CHURCH TO BE
BLESSED TO PRAY FOR BETTER CROPS NEXT YEAR.
FESTIVE ASPECT -- ADULTS ARE IN THE RESTAURANT DANCING AND THE
CHILDREN ARE ENJOYING A SMALL SCALE FAIR WITH A MERRY-GO-ROUND.
EATING -- THE NORMAL MEAL INCLUDES FRANKFURTERS, SAUERKRAUT, AND
APPLE TURNS ( TURN-OVERS ?).

Submitter comment: MEMORIES OF HOMELAND GERMANY.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): BLESSING

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F100
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Autumn Fall Harvest Thanksgiving

Date learned: NO DATE INDICATED.

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MAGIC BELIEF

IF A COW DOESN'T PRODUCE MILK, IT'S BECAUSE THE WITCH
HAD CAST A SPELL, THEREFORE, BEFORE ALL HOLY DAYS, POLISH
VILLAGERS WOULD BURN BLESSED HERBS IN AN INCENSE BURNER IN THE
BARN, BELIEVING THAT THE SMOKE WOULD CHASE AWAY THE WITCH.

Data entry tech comment:

Updated by TRD

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; DETROIT

Keyword(s): BELIEF ; Cow ; CURSE ; FARMING ; MAGIC ; Milk ; POLAND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
BELIEF -- Witch Shaman

Date learned: 02-07-1971

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Entry filtered.

WEATHER BELIEF

IT'S A COMMON BELIEF THAT ON ANY JEWISH HOLIDAY IT'S GOING TO RAIN, EVEN IF THE DAY STARTS OUT AS SUNNY AND BRIGHT.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

 

Where learned: NOT RECORDED

James Callow Keyword(s): ANTI-SEMITISM

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- F000
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control P890.7

Date learned: 11-15-1969

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WEATHER

WHEN THE CLOUDS ARE PINK AT SUNSET, IT MEANS THAT SANTA CLAUS IS MAKING CANDY.

 

Where learned: OHIO ; CLEVELAND

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 Santa Claus
BELIEF -- Cloud Fog Mist Rain Hail Ice Snow Frost Dew
BELIEF -- Color
BELIEF -- Weather sign or control P890.7

Date learned: 10-00-1971

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FESTIVAL

THERE ARE MANY CHURCHES IN MALTA. EACH CHURCH TRIES TO OUTDO
THE OTHERS, COMMEMORATING ITS PATRON SAINT'S FEAST DAY WITH
FIREWORKS, BANDS, AND COLORFUL PROCESSIONS.

Submitter comment:

From grandmother.

Where learned: HOME

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Fixed DateFor specific dates, use the following system:

Date learned: 11-11-1967

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DURING LUNAR NEW YEAR, YOU PARTAKE IN
ANCESTOR WORSHIP. INCENSE AND FIRE CRACKERS ARE
DONE IN FRONT OF TABLET REPRESENTING ANCESTORS.
DELICIOUS FOOD IS ALSO PLACED IN FRONT OF THE TABLET.

Where learned: Informant's office

Keyword(s): NOISE

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Winter

Date learned: 11-11-1971

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CUSTOM

THE NEW YEAR IS CELEBRATED FOR 7 DAYS IN JAPAN. DURING THIS TIME,
GREETING CALLS ARE MADE ON FAMILY FRIENDS, AND EACH ENTERTAINS THE
OTHER WITH ELABORATE AND TRADITIONAL NEW YEAR DISHES WHICH ARE ALL
PREPARED BY THE NEW YEAR AND CONTAINED IN TRADITIONAL LACQUERED
BOXES. LITTLE BOYS FLY PAINTED KITES; GIRLS PLAY BATTLEDORE AND
SHUTTLECOCK, WHILE AT SOCIAL GATHERINGS (WHERE BOYS AND GIRLS,
UNTIL THE AMERICAN OCCUPATION, PLAYED TOGETHER IN AN OTHERWISE
SEGREGATED SOCIETY) POEM CARD GAMES ARE PLAYED.

Submitter comment:

INFORMANT GREW UP IN JAPAN BEFORE THE END OF WORLD WAR II.

Data entry tech comment:

Informant and collector share the same surname.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; WARREN

Keyword(s): VISITING

Subject headings: Ballad Song Dance Game Music Verse -- Special Object or Implement
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 1 New Year's
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- 39815
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- 39816
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 4
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 5
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 6 Twelfth Day Epiphany
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- January 7
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- December 21 solstice to March 20 F642.101
Food Drink -- Typical menus for the various meals For meal hours, see F574.84. Special or festive meals

Date learned: 08-01-1964

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THE CROWNING OF THE BLESSED MOTHER

ON A SUNDAY IN MAY THE CATHOLICS IN NEW ORLEANS HELD A PROCESSION
TO CELEBRATE THE CROWNING OF THE BLESSED MOTHER. MOSTLY CHILDREN
DRESSED IN WHITE AND PASTELS WALKED ABREAST AHEAD OF A LITTLE
GIRL WHO CARRIED A CROWN MADE OF ROSES. THEY WALKED FOR SEVERAL
BLOCKS IN THE AREA OF THE CHURCH WHILE SINGING CHURCH HYMNS.
THE PROCESSION ENDED AT THE CHURCH WHERE THE GIRL WHO CARRIED THE
CROWN PLACED IT ON THE HEAD OF THE STATUE OF THE BLESSED MOTHER.
INCLUDED IN THE PROCESSION WERE LITTLE GIRLS CARRYING BASKETS OF
ROSE PETALS. THEY WALKED IN THE CHURCH WHILE KISSING A SINGLE
PETAL AT A TIME AND THREW IT ON THE FLOOR. BENEDICTION FOLLOWED.

Where learned: MICHIGAN ; SOUTHFIELD

Subject headings: CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- May
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Church
CUSTOM FESTIVAL -- Typical Elements of a Festive Pattern
BELIEF -- Religious hero

Date learned: 02-00-1979

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