Back to Top
Top Nav content Site Footer
University Home
Black Abolitionist Archive
Search for
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: ADS -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Handwritten eulogy given after the death of Thomas Sipkins Sidney with a detailed account of Sidney's life and accomplishments.
Description of file(s): PDF 34 page, 9,475 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: AD -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten sermon on spiritual improvement for the people of color with a strong emphasis on Christian moral ethics.
Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 3,138 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy and eloquent eulogy on the life and character of Thomas Clarkson. The speaker spoke about Clarkson's early years, his struggles, and his accomplishments. He included the history of slavery, the current situation with the slaves and freed people of color, and his hopes and beliefs in a positive future.
Description of file(s): PDF 60 page, 17,894 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech describing the current situation in the new colony of Monrovia in Liberia, Africa. The speaker emphasized the positive aspects of an abundance of natural resources, a freedom based society and a just government available there. (speech 23971 is a duplicate of this speech)
Description of file(s): PDF 16 page, 4,524 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: AD Draft -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten notes for speech regarding the speaker's idea that the colonization of Africa is part of God's plan. The speaker emphasized the potential for a quality life there doing God's work.
Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 1,412 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy sermon in which the speaker compares the plight of those held in bondage in the U.S. with the experiences of slaves in ancient Egypt. The speaker believed that it was God's Will that the people of Africa should be converted to Christianity.
Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 6,407 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: AD -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten speech regarding the importance of education for the advancement of the free people of color. The speaker noted that the speech is offered "As a Testimonial of respect for Talent, Worth, and Nobleness of Character." Includes original editing and omissions.
Description of file(s): PDF 50 page, 13,486 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets
Lengthy speech given as the annual oration on Independence Day in Liberia, Monrovia. The speaker emphasized the advances in Monrovia's economy, industry, resources and education of its people made since its humble beginnings.
Description of file(s): PDF 46 page, 12,594 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library
Lengthy sermon regarding the history of slavery, the abuses suffered by slaves in the U.S., and the necessity for evangelizing (and colonizing) Africa.
Description of file(s): PDF 40 page, 14,207 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.
Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Speech emphasizing the benefits of colonization in Africa. The speaker listed each benefit and positive feature of Africa in a very rational and pragmatic way emphasizing trade, economics, education and Christian missionary work that have improved the colonized areas.
Description of file(s): PDF 25 page, 6,423 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy sermon regarding the important role of God and religion in government. The speaker addressed issues of slavery and society throughout the history of the world.
Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 5,823 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Overview of speech regarding the conditions of African Americans given before an English audience. The speaker stressed the appeal of England to those of African descent.
Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,635 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
The speaker stressed the history, benefit, and continued need of missionary work in Africa. He emphasized the work of Jewish, Baptist, Episcopalian, Catholic, Evangelical, Presbyterian and Protestant missionaries.
Description of file(s): PDF 19 page, 5,354 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech on the importance of the English language to civilization and the success of the newly emerging society in Liberia. The speaker praised the literary history of the English language, emphasizing the importance of education in this area.
Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 12,785 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech given during a celebration held in honor of a battle the colonists fought with native Africans in December, 1822. The focus of the speech was on the responsibilities of the founding fathers in establishing the moral, ethical, and social regulations of a new colony like Monrovia in Africa. He emphasized that what the founding fathers establish now would affect the citizens of these colonies for generations to come. It is important, then, to lay a positive foundation now. (this speech is combined with speech 27949 and published as speech number 27139)
Description of file(s): PDF 22 page, 9,150 word document (text and images)
Title: Austin Steward
Speaker or author: Steward, Austin
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Onondaga County Public Library [Coles, Howard W., The Cradle of Freedom, (1941), pp. 23-26]
At the termination of slavery in the U.S., the speaker reflected on what had been an accepted economic mainstay in the system of slavery and what potential for change was now available for all U.S. citizens. He urged his audience to take advantage of the opportunity to prosper by adopting a Christian lifestyle, avoiding "hard spirits," and focusing on civil rights.
Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,307 word document (text and images)
Title: Charles Henry Langston
Speaker or author: Langston, C. H. (Charles Henry), b. 1821?
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- State Historical Society of Wisconsin -- Pamphlet Collection

Eloquent speech delivered before a court about to pronounce sentence on the speaker for his actions in working against the Fugitive Slave Law. After his impassioned call for reason, justice, and humanity in the exercising of the Fugitive Slave Law, the speaker was fined $100 and sentenced to 20 days in jail.

Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 4,108 word document (text and images)
Title: Charles Lenox Remond
Speaker or author: Remond, Charles Lenox, 1810-1873
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Boston Public Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets
Brief speech supporting a resolution that denounced slaveholding. He emphasized that education was the key to ending the contradiction evident in a country established in freedom but depending for its survival on slavery.
Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 491 word document (text and images)
Title: George Thomas Downing
Speaker or author: Downing, George T. (George Thomas), 1819-1903
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Boston Athenaeum -- Pamphlet Collection
The speaker expressed suspicion at the request of the African Civilization Society for help with those in need in Liberia. He believed this was a backhanded way for the colonization society to get funds.
Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 311 word document (text and image)
Title: H. Ford Douglass
Speaker or author: Douglass, H. Ford
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Historical Society -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets
Speech in reply to John Mercer Langston who the speaker accuses of not being clear regarding his support of colonization. The speaker argues for immigration as a solution to the questions that arise regarding the nominally free people living in the U.S.
Description of file(s): PDF 18 page, 5,605 word document (text and images)
Title: Henry Highland Garnet
Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882
Newspaper or publication: Morgan State University Library -- Pamphlet Collection
Speech given before the House of Representatives denouncing slavery as an inhumane system in a country founded on freedom. The speaker related his own experiences with slavery and the injustices he had witnessed growing up as a slave. Now that slavery had ended, he asked that the government approach the recovery of the Union with an eye towards racial harmony.
Description of file(s): PDF 20 page, 5,472 word document (text and images)
Title: Henry Highland Garnet
Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Boston Athenaeum -- Pamphlet Collection
The speaker responded to remarks criticizing the African Civilization Society as being established only as a money making scheme. The speaker stressed that it was a very valuable means to educate African American children and to improve the race in general.
Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 394 word document (text and image)
Title: Henry Higland Garnet
Speaker or author: Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882.
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library
Excerpt from a longer speech first delivered on 1843, modified, and republished in 1848. The speaker called for action among the slaves of the nation through a passionate appeal for liberty and freedom.
Description of file(s): PDF 9 page, 3,314 word document (text and images)
Title: J. W. C. Pennington
Speaker or author: Pennington, James W. C.
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Congregational Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets
Speech regarding the injustices of slavery and prejudice emphasizing the extreme cruelity that can result from fear and hatred in mass populations. The speaker noted that while slavery intended to make "beasts of burden" of human bodies, the reality of slavery demonstrated that the institution was instead a battle to chain human minds.
Description of file(s): PDF 29 page, 12,568 word document (text and images)
Back to Top