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Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: ADS -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Handwritten eulogy given after the death of Thomas Sipkins Sidney with a detailed account of Sidney's life and accomplishments.
Description of file(s): PDF 34 page, 9,475 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Non Conformist
Brief speech regarding the effect the American cotton growers and their slave labor have on the world economy. The speaker called for Britain to stop buying and using products produced with slave labor. (Speech 09789 is a duplicate of this speech.)
Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 614 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: AD -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten sermon on spiritual improvement for the people of color with a strong emphasis on Christian moral ethics.
Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 3,138 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy and eloquent eulogy on the life and character of Thomas Clarkson. The speaker spoke about Clarkson's early years, his struggles, and his accomplishments. He included the history of slavery, the current situation with the slaves and freed people of color, and his hopes and beliefs in a positive future.
Description of file(s): PDF 60 page, 17,894 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech describing the current situation in the new colony of Monrovia in Liberia, Africa. The speaker emphasized the positive aspects of an abundance of natural resources, a freedom based society and a just government available there. (speech 23971 is a duplicate of this speech)
Description of file(s): PDF 16 page, 4,524 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: African Repository
The speaker stressed the benefits of immigration to Liberia by free African Americans. He emphasized the potential for riches, quality education, and peaceful freedom that were available in Liberia.
Description of file(s): PDF 2 page, 550 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: African Repository
Overview of speech regarding the benefits of living in Liberia. The speaker painted a picture of a booming civilization with natural abundance and potential for economy growth and prosperity.
Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 1,020 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: AD Draft -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten notes for speech regarding the speaker's idea that the colonization of Africa is part of God's plan. The speaker emphasized the potential for a quality life there doing God's work.
Description of file(s): PDF 8 page, 1,412 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy sermon in which the speaker compares the plight of those held in bondage in the U.S. with the experiences of slaves in ancient Egypt. The speaker believed that it was God's Will that the people of Africa should be converted to Christianity.
Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 6,407 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Anti-Slavery Reporter
Brief speech encouraging "free-labor produce" in Britain. The speaker explained that the slave-trade would be negatively impacted if Britain stopped purchasing slave-produced products from the U.S. He encouraged Britain to buy only "free-labor" products in order to help abolish slavery.
Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 1,135 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Weekly Anglo-African (1859 - 1862)
Overview of speech given in response to the speaker's welcome back to New York from his new home in Africa. The speaker emphasizes the positive condition of the new Liberian society he is helping to establish there.
Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 592 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: AD -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
-- Copyright Permission Granted September 2007 -- Handwritten speech regarding the importance of education for the advancement of the free people of color. The speaker noted that the speech is offered "As a Testimonial of respect for Talent, Worth, and Nobleness of Character." Includes original editing and omissions.
Description of file(s): PDF 50 page, 13,486 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library -- Anti-Slavery Pamphlets
Lengthy speech given as the annual oration on Independence Day in Liberia, Monrovia. The speaker emphasized the advances in Monrovia's economy, industry, resources and education of its people made since its humble beginnings.
Description of file(s): PDF 46 page, 12,594 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: African Repository
Lengthy speech describing the current conditions in Africa, the new colony in Monrovia and in Liberia. The speaker emphasized the abundance of natural resources, the stability of the freedom based government, and the availability of education to everyone. (Speech 24099 is a duplicate of this speech. Speech 24140 offers another version of this speech.)
Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 5,852 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- British Library
Lengthy sermon regarding the history of slavery, the abuses suffered by slaves in the U.S., and the necessity for evangelizing (and colonizing) Africa.
Description of file(s): PDF 40 page, 14,207 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech justifying the idea of colonization based on evangelization of Africa. The speaker believed that this was the divine duty of the Negro race since Africa was their spiritual home. The speaker presented a history of Africa and slavery to provide a basis for his reasoning.
Description of file(s): PDF 38 page, 11,220 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Liberator
The speaker expressed his joy at the progress being made through emancipation in the U. S., and welcomed any African American interested in moving to Liberia to teach and/or add benefit to the continent of Africa.
Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 999 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Speech emphasizing the benefits of colonization in Africa. The speaker listed each benefit and positive feature of Africa in a very rational and pragmatic way emphasizing trade, economics, education and Christian missionary work that have improved the colonized areas.
Description of file(s): PDF 25 page, 6,423 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: African Repository
The speaker offered a report on the progress being made in Liberia over the previous four years. Trade, education and immigration had increased, and the future for the country looked bright and hopeful.
Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 388 word document (text and image)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy sermon regarding the important role of God and religion in government. The speaker addressed issues of slavery and society throughout the history of the world.
Description of file(s): PDF 21 page, 5,823 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Overview of speech regarding the conditions of African Americans given before an English audience. The speaker stressed the appeal of England to those of African descent.
Description of file(s): PDF 4 page, 1,635 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
The speaker stressed the history, benefit, and continued need of missionary work in Africa. He emphasized the work of Jewish, Baptist, Episcopalian, Catholic, Evangelical, Presbyterian and Protestant missionaries.
Description of file(s): PDF 19 page, 5,354 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: African Repository
The speaker encouraged immigration to Liberia for former slaves. He emphasized the future potential awaiting free African Americans in Africa that would not only benefit the country, but benefit the race.
Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 276 word document (text and image)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Patriot
The speaker expressed opposition to the recently passed Fugitive Slave law and emphasized that slavery was a "...disposition on the part of the strong and selfish to use and employ the weak and miserable part of creation as their own instruments...." The speaker felt that the only remedy for this situation was to improve and elevate the condition of the race. He believed that a type of colonization of Africa based in missionary work was the answer, although he expressed that this was not related to a scheme to remove the race from the U.S. as some believed.
Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 936 word document (text and images)
Title: Alexander Crummell
Speaker or author: Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- New York Public Library -- Schomburg Collection
Lengthy speech on the importance of the English language to civilization and the success of the newly emerging society in Liberia. The speaker praised the literary history of the English language, emphasizing the importance of education in this area.
Description of file(s): PDF 36 page, 12,785 word document (text and images)
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