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Title: Abraham D. Shadd
Speaker or author: Shadd, Abraham D.
Newspaper or publication: Colored American (1837 - 1842)
Speech given on the anniversary of the emancipation of the British West Indies stressing the political implications of this and the continued slavery in the U.S.
Description of file(s): PDF 10 page, 2,565 word document (text and images)
Title: Charles L. Reason
Speaker or author: Reason, Charles Lewis, 1818-1893
Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard
Speech denouncing the plans and goals of the American Colonization Society. The speaker stressed that this idea is just a scheme to remove African Americans from the U.S.
Description of file(s): PDF 5 page, 1,221 word document (text and images)
Title: Charles L. Reason
Speaker or author: Reason, Charles Lewis, 1818-1893
Newspaper or publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard
Speech given against the goals of the American Colonization Society and the speaker's belief that colonization of Africa simply offered another type of enslavement to African Americans.
Description of file(s): PDF 11 page, 3,314 word document (text and images)
Title: Charles L. Reason
Speaker or author: Reason, Charles Lewis, 1818-1893
Newspaper or publication: Pennsylvania Freeman
Speech dedicating a library for the Institute for Colored Youth stressing the benefits of education to the elevation of the race.
Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 3,096 word document (text and images)
Title: Charles Reason
Speaker or author: Reason, Charles Lewis, 1818-1893
Newspaper or publication: Impartial Citizen
Brief speech by Charles Reason, professor at New York Central College describing the college and the area surrounding its location.
Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 179 word document (text and images)
Title: Daniel A. Payne
Speaker or author: Payne, Daniel Alexander, 1811-1893.
Newspaper or publication: Liberator

Anecdotal speech given at the National Anti-Slavery Convention regarding the abuses and injustices of slavery with emphasis placed on the role of the Church and the Christian community.

Description of file(s): PDF 3 page, 751 document (text and images)
Title: John James Moore
Speaker or author: Moore, John Jamison, 1818-1893.
Newspaper or publication: Pacific Appeal
Speech delivered in celebration of the emancipation of Washington, DC. The speech also commemorated the anniversary of the emancipation of the British West Indies. The speaker stressed the challenges that lay ahead for the country regarding the changes from a slave driven economy to a free wage economy. He traced the history of the abolitionist movement and emphasized his belief in the realization of total U. S. emancipation. (Speech 25858 is combined with this speech and included at the end of speech 25830.)
Description of file(s): PDF 13 page, 2,832 word document (text and images)
Title: John Jamison Moore
Speaker or author: Moore, John Jamison, 1818-1893.
Newspaper or publication: Presscopy -- Harvard University, Cambridge -- Rare Books and Manuscripts
The speaker addressed the issue of suffrage for all African Americans. He expressed his belief that African Americans had earned their civil and equal rights through patriotism, patience, loyalty, and fighting for their country. He asked that they be given only what any American would claim as a U.S. citizen.
Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 1,638 word document (text and images)
Title: Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman
The speaker opened a debate on the merits of emigration to Canada by the free people of color. She emphasized the benefits of the climate, economy, opportunities in agriculture and property ownership, and the positive character of the Canadian people.
Description of file(s): PDF 7 page, 1,482 word document (text and images)
Title: Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: AD -- Ontario Archives -- Toronto, Canada -- Mary Shadd Cary Papers
Copyright Permission granted by the Archives of Ontario (August 2007). -- Sermon regarding the role of women in slavery and society in general.
Description of file(s): PDF 9 page, 1,327 word document (text and images)
Title: Mary Ann Shadd [Cary]
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: British Banner
Brief speech regarding fugitive slaves who had escaped to Canada and were now prospering there. The speaker called for action to promote the freedom to settle in Canada by all those who desired to do so regardless of race.
Description of file(s): PDF 1 page, 200 word document (text and image)
Subtitle: Politics.
Title: Provincial Freeman - 1858
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
[Copyright permission granted August 2007.] The writer tells her readers that the newspaper usually remains independent in its political reporting, but that there's a vast difference between being independent and being neutral. She expresses a brief opinion of the current political atmosphere in the U.S.
Description of file(s): three scanned, two columned, handwritten pages
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 18, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer tells her readers that recently C. C. Foote of the Refugees Home Society has taken action to obtain property from two of the home's tenants.
Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 18, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer responds briefly to a letter the newspaper received from the Refugees Home. The letter indicates the humiliating treatment in the name of charity that C. C. Foote's is providing there. Fugitives arriving in Canada are looking for freedom and equality, not pity and handouts.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 18, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
From a source at the Refugee Home, the writer learns of a legal battle to obtain land for the Home from a deceased settler.
Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column
Subtitle: The Things most Needed.
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 25, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer tells her readers that what Canadian people of African descent really need is a good British education. What they don't need (or want) are the prejudices, slavery, charity, and politics of the United States.
Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column
Subtitle: The "Raleigh Plains" Lands.
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 25, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer alerts her readers to the likely disposal of land by the Canadian government to speculators since most of it is under water. This action would remove those who have settled there in hopes of establishing a homestead.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: The Hon. Colonel Prince in Parliament.
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 4, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer briefly comments on recent activity in Canadian Parliament.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: "Stealing the Livery of Heaven to Serve the Devil."
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 4, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer responds to those who believe that the refugees from slavery who are arriving in her area are needing of aid and in a dire state. The assumption that those of African descent living in Canada are needy and barely surviving is insulting.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: Anti-Slavery Meetings in Chatham.
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 8, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer provides an overview of a recent lecture on the subject of slavery.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: Meetings at Philadelphia.
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 8, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer condemns the Dred Scott decision and thus lends her voice to those who participated in a recent meeting regarding this in Philadelphia. She urges those African American leaders who protested this decision to immigrate to Canada.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: Rowdyism by three Trustees.
Title: Provincial Freeman - April 8, 1857
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer describes an angry event that erupted in a local church that caused services to end prematurely. The subject of slavery created a row which highlighted the current rift within the local community between Canadians of African descent and the newly arrived American fugitive slaves.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: Editorial Correspondence No. 2.
Title: Provincial Freeman - August 8, 1857
Speaker or author: Shadd, Isaac D.
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer tells of his travels on a lecture journey across the U.S. and parts of Canada.
Description of file(s): two scanned, two columned, newspaper pages
Subtitle: Canadian Churches fellowshiping the Proslavery Religious Bodies of the United States.
Title: Provincial Freeman - December 13, 1856
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer discusses the influence of the "American Church" on the continuation of the system of slavery in the U.S.
Description of file(s): one scanned, two columned, newspaper page
Subtitle: Beggars.
Title: Provincial Freeman - December 27, 1856
Speaker or author: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd, 1823-1893
Newspaper or publication: Provincial Freeman (1853 - 1859)
The writer warns readers about the spread of those who collect money illegally under the guise of helping the poor.
Description of file(s): one scanned newspaper column
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